J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 Jul 28:e37279. Epub 2021 Jul 28.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA.
Despite efforts to achieve tissue selectivity, the majority of systemically administered drug delivery systems (DDSs) are cleared by the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) before reaching target tissues regardless of disease or injury pathology. Previously, we showed that while tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) binding peptide (TBP)-targeted polymeric nanoparticles (TBP-NP) delivering a bone regenerative Wnt agonist improved NP fracture accumulation and expedited healing compared with controls, there was also significant MPS accumulation. Here we show that TBP-NPs are taken up by liver, spleen, lung, and bone marrow macrophages (Mϕ), with 76 ± 4%, 49 ± 11%, 27 ± 9%, and 92 ± 5% of tissue-specific Mϕ positive for NP, respectively. Read More