1,134,558 results match your criteria specific proteins


Genome-wide survey of the F-box/Kelch (FBK) members and molecular identification of a novel FBK gene TaAFR in wheat.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0250479. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Life Sciences/Key Laboratory of Hebei Province for Plant Physiology and Molecular Pathology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, Hebei, China.

F-box proteins play critical roles in plant responses to biotic/abiotic stresses. In the present study, a total of 68 wheat F-box/Kelch (TaFBK) genes, unevenly distributed across 21 chromosomes and encoding 74 proteins, were identified in EnsemblPlants. Protein sequences were compared with those of Arabidopsis and three cereal species by phylogenetic and domain analyses, where the wheat sequences were resolved into 6 clades. Read More

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Semi-industrial development of nutritious and healthy seafood dishes from sustainable species.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jul 19:112431. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

CIIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Terminal de Cruzeiros do Porto de Leixões, Av. General Norton de Matos S/N, 4450-208, Matosinhos, Portugal. Electronic address:

This study aimed to devise innovative, tailor-made, appealing, tasty and semi-industrialized dishes, using sustainable and under-utilized seafood species (bib, common dab, common carp, blue mussel and blue whiting), that can meet the specific nutritional and functional needs of children (8-10-years), pregnant women (20-40-years) and seniors (≥60-years). Hence, contests were organised among cooking schools from 6 European countries and the best recipes/dishes were reformulated, semi-industrially produced and chemically and microbiologically evaluated. The dishes intended for: (i) children and pregnant women had EPA + DHA and I levels that reached the target quantities, supporting the claim as "high in I"; and (ii) seniors were "high in protein" (24. Read More

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Liquid-liquid phase separation as a common organizing principle of intracellular space and biomembranes providing dynamic adaptive responses.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2021 Jul 19:119102. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Research Center for Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskiy pereulok, 9, Dolgoprudny, 141700, Russia; Department of Molecular Medicine and USF Health Byrd Alzheimer's Research Institute, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., MDC07, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. Electronic address:

This work is devoted to the phenomenon of liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS), which has come to be recognized as fundamental organizing principle of living cells. We distinguish separation processes with different dimensions. Well-known 3D-condensation occurs in aqueous solution and leads to membraneless organelle (MLOs) formation. Read More

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An insight on the impact of teleost whole genome duplication on the regulation of the molecular networks controlling skeletal muscle growth.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0255006. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Fish muscle growth is a complex process regulated by multiple pathways, resulting on the net accumulation of proteins and the activation of myogenic progenitor cells. Around 350-320 million years ago, teleost fish went through a specific whole genome duplication (WGD) that expanded the existent gene repertoire. Duplicated genes can be retained by different molecular mechanisms such as subfunctionalization, neofunctionalization or redundancy, each one with different functional implications. Read More

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Spatially resolved analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm proteomes measured by laser ablation sample transfer.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0250911. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.

Heterogeneity in the distribution of nutrients and oxygen gradients during biofilm growth gives rise to changes in phenotype. There has been long term interest in identifying spatial differences during biofilm development including clues that identify chemical heterogeneity. Laser ablation sample transfer (LAST) allows site-specific sampling combined with label free proteomics to distinguish radially and axially resolved proteomes for Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Read More

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Signaling through retinoic acid receptors is essential for mammalian uterine receptivity and decidualization.

JCI Insight 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, United States of America.

Retinoic Acid (RA) signaling has long been speculated to regulate embryo implantation, because many enzymes and proteins responsible for maintaining RA homeostasis and transducing RA signals are tightly regulated in the endometrium during this critical period. However, due to lack of genetic data, it was unclear whether RA signaling is truly required for implantation, and which specific RA signaling cascades are at play. Herein we utilize a genetic murine model that expresses a dominant negative form of RA receptor specifically in female reproductive organs to show that functional RA signaling is fundamental to female fertility, particularly implantation and decidualization. Read More

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Modular Platform for the Development of Recombinant Hemoglobin Scavenger Biotherapeutics.

Mol Pharm 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Division of Internal Medicine, Universitätsspital and University of Zurich, Zurich 8091, Switzerland.

Cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) is a driver of disease progression in conditions with intravascular or localized hemolysis. Genetic and acquired anemias or emergency medical conditions such as aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage involve tissue Hb exposure. Haptoglobin (Hp) captures Hb in an irreversible protein complex and prevents its pathophysiological contributions to vascular nitric oxide depletion and tissue oxidation. Read More

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New Impedimetric Sandwich Immunosensor for Ultrasensitive and Highly Specific Detection of Spike Receptor Binding Domain Protein of SARS-CoV-2.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Bioengineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale 17100, Turkey.

An impedance sensing platform-combined conducting nanocomposite layer was fabricated to develop an effective and rapid method for detection of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) specific spike receptor binding domain (RBD) protein, a precious antigen marker of COVID-19 disease. Coronavirus infection has spread globally and swiftly with major impacts on health, economy, and quality of life of communities. Fast and reliable detection of COVID-19 is a very significant issue for the effective treatment of this bad illness. Read More

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Exploring amino acid functions in a deep mutational landscape.

Mol Syst Biol 2021 Jul;17(7):e10305

European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Cambridge, UK.

Amino acids fulfil a diverse range of roles in proteins, each utilising its chemical properties in different ways in different contexts to create required functions. For example, cysteines form disulphide or hydrogen bonds in different circumstances and charged amino acids do not always make use of their charge. The repertoire of amino acid functions and the frequency at which they occur in proteins remains understudied. Read More

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A Fast and Ratiometric Method for Quantification of Cysteine-Bound Persulfides Based on Alkylation and Gel-Shift Assays.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2353:191-205

Université Paris-Saclay, CEA, CNRS, Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), Gif-sur-Yvette, France.

Cysteine-bound persulfides (Cys-SSH) in proteins are sulfur carrier intermediates in the synthesis of essential cofactors such as iron-sulfur clusters, molybdenum cofactor, vitamin (thiamine), and thionucleosides (thiolated tRNA). Protein-bound persulfides are also used for signaling purposes as a carrier of the "HS" signal. Several methods have been developed to detect and quantify cysteine-bound persulfides in protein and monitor their exchange. Read More

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January 2021

Residue-level determinants of RGS R4 subfamily GAP activity and specificity towards the G subfamily.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

The Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, University of Haifa, 199 Aba Khoushy Ave., Mt. Carmel, 3498838, Haifa, Israel.

The structural basis for the GTPase-accelerating activity of regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins, as well as the mechanistic basis for their specificity in interacting with the heterotrimeric (αβγ) G proteins they inactivate, is not sufficiently understood at the family level. Here, we used biochemical assays to compare RGS domains across the RGS family and map those individual residues that favorably contribute to GTPase-accelerating activity, and those residues responsible for attenuating RGS domain interactions with Gα subunits. We show that conserved interactions of RGS residues with both the Gα switch I and II regions are crucial for RGS activity, while the reciprocal effects of "modulatory" and "disruptor" residues selectively modulate RGS activity. Read More

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Cytosolic aggregation of mitochondrial proteins disrupts cellular homeostasis by stimulating the aggregation of other proteins.

Elife 2021 Jul 20;10. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Centre of New Technologies, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Mitochondria are organelles with their own genomes, but they rely on the import of nuclear-encoded proteins that are translated by cytosolic ribosomes. Therefore, it is important to understand whether failures in the mitochondrial uptake of these nuclear-encoded proteins can cause proteotoxic stress and identify response mechanisms that may counteract it. Here, we report that upon impairments in mitochondrial protein import, high-risk precursor and immature forms of mitochondrial proteins form aberrant deposits in the cytosol. Read More

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DBP-GAPred: An intelligent method for prediction of DNA-binding proteins types by enhanced evolutionary profile features with ensemble learning.

J Bioinform Comput Biol 2021 Jul 21:2150018. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Computer Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan.

DNA-binding proteins (DBPs) perform an influential role in diverse biological activities like DNA replication, slicing, repair, and transcription. Some DBPs are indispensable for understanding many types of human cancers (i.e. Read More

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Propionate and Dietary Fermentable Fibers Upregulate Intestinal Heat Shock protein70 in Intestinal Caco-2 Cells and Mouse Colon.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan.

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), including propionate, are major metabolites of intestinal microorganisms and play an essential role in regulating intestinal epithelial integrity. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) promote cellular homeostasis under physiological and stressed conditions. This study aimed to investigate the regulation of intestinal HSP70 by propionate in human intestinal Caco-2 cells and the colon of fermentable dietary fiber (DF)-fed mice and germ-free mice. Read More

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miR-485's anti-drug resistant epilepsy effects by regulating SV2A/PSD-95 and targeting ABCC1 and neuronal signaling-transduction proteins in hippocampus of rats.

Brain Behav 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Child Psychology, National Clinical Research Center For Child Health, The Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Aim: Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE), most subsequently developing refractory epilepsy, causes a significant burden to the society. microRNAs have been demonstrated as key regulators and therapeutic targets in epilepsy. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to test whether miR-485 could be a potential target for DRE. Read More

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Knockdown of astrocytic Grin2a aggravates β-amyloid-induced memory and cognitive deficits through regulating nerve growth factor.

Aging Cell 2021 Jul 22:e13437. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Neural Regeneration and Repair, Department of Anatomy, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing Institute of Brain Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Synapse degeneration correlates strongly with cognitive impairments in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Soluble Amyloid-beta (Aβ) oligomers are thought as the major trigger of synaptic malfunctions. Our earlier studies have demonstrated that Aβ oligomers interfere with synaptic function through N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Read More

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Labeling and receptor affinity of an ultra-short somatostatin analogue Thz-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-DOTA.

J Pept Sci 2021 Jul 21:e3361. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

Somatostatin analogues play an important role in the therapy of neuroendocrine tumors by binding to somatostatin receptors on the surface of cancer cells. In this work, we analyze the receptor-binding affinity and in vitro stability of a novel ultra-short somatostatin analogue Thz-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-DOTA (DOTA-P4). This conjugate is successfully radiolabeled with Sc, Y, Eu, and Bi, characterized and validated by thin layer and high-performance liquid chromatography. Read More

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Are serum cortisol measurements by immunoassays reliable?: A case series.

Med Res Arch 2020 May 25;8(5). Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Laboratory Medicine. National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center. Bethesda, MD, United States of America.

Routinely used automated immunoassays have been found to give unrealiable measurements of thyroid hormones in the presence of either high or low levels of thyroxine-binding globulin. Thyroid hormones are not the only analytes bound to specific binding proteins that are measured by immunoassays. Preliminary data from a series of cases, comparing IA measurements to those obtained by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, reveal for the first time that IA measurements report falsely low (by an average of 27%) serum cortisol concentrations. Read More

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Biochemical and Phylogenetic Characterization of a Novel NADP-Specific Isocitrate Dehydrogenase From the Marine Microalga .

Front Mol Biosci 2021 5;8:702083. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Molecular Enzymology and Mechanism of Major Diseases, Key Laboratory of Biomedicine in Gene Diseases and Health of Anhui Higher Education Institutes, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China.

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) family of proteins is classified into three subfamilies, namely, types I, II, and III. Although IDHs are widely distributed in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes, all type III IDHs reported to date are found only in prokaryotes. Herein, a novel type III IDH subfamily member from the marine microalga (PtIDH2) was overexpressed, purified, and characterized in detail for the first time. Read More

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Crowding Effects on the Structure and Dynamics of the Intrinsically Disordered Nuclear Chromatin Protein NUPR1.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 5;8:684622. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos (BIFI), Joint Units IQFR-CSIC-BIFI and GBsC-CSIC-BIFI, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

The intracellular environment is crowded with macromolecules, including sugars, proteins and nucleic acids. In the cytoplasm, crowding effects are capable of excluding up to 40% of the volume available to any macromolecule when compared to dilute conditions. NUPR1 is an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) involved in cell-cycle regulation, stress-cell response, apoptosis processes, DNA binding and repair, chromatin remodeling and transcription. Read More

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Nutritional Impact and Its Potential Consequences on COVID-19 Severity.

Front Nutr 2021 5;8:698617. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Airways Disease Section, Faculty of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

During late 2019 a viral disease due to a novel coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, China, which rapidly developed into an exploding pandemic and poses a severe threat to human health all over the world. Until now (May 2021), there are insufficient treatment options for the management of this global disease and shortage of vaccines. Important aspects that help to defeat coronavirus infection seems to be having a healthy, strong, and resilient immune system. Read More

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Comparative Analysis of Fruit Softening at Different Flesh Ripening Stages Using Tandem Mass Tag Technology.

Front Nutr 2021 5;8:684271. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Institute of Bast Fiber Crops, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Changsha, China.

Owing to its medicinal and high nutritional values, can be considered as a new type of medicinal and edible homologous resources, and it has begun to be widely cultivated in many areas of China. Over-softening of fruit would affect the sensorial quality, utilization rate, and consumer acceptance of the fruit postharvest. However, fruit softening has not been characterized and the molecular mechanism underlying fruit softening during ripening remains unclear. Read More

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MS/MS analysis of four scorpion venoms from Colombia: a descriptive approach.

J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis 2021 9;27:e20200173. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO), University of Porto, Vila do Conde, Portugal.

Background: Scorpions are widely known for the neurotoxic effects of their venoms, which contain peptides affecting ionic channels. Although Colombia is recognized for its scorpion diversity, only a few studies are available describing the venom content.

Methods: In this descriptive study, we analyzed the MS/MS sequence, electrophoretic and chromatographic profile linked to a bioinformatics analysis of the scorpions (Chactidae), (Hormuridae), (Buthidae) and (Buthidae) from Colombia. Read More

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Dynamics of the Magnitude, Breadth and Depth of the Antibody Response at Epitope Level Following Dengue Infection.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:686691. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Unit of Virology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.

Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. Since the Zika epidemic and the increased co-circulation of other arboviruses, the serology-based diagnosis of dengue has become more problematic due to the high antigenic resemblance, especially among the flavivirus family. Therefore, a more comprehensive understanding of the diversity, specificity and temporal evolution of the antibody response following dengue infection is needed. Read More

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Distinct Human Gut Microbial Taxonomic Signatures Uncovered With Different Sample Processing and Microbial Cell Disruption Methods for Metaproteomic Analysis.

Front Microbiol 2021 5;12:618566. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The use of metaproteomics for studying the human gut microbiota can shed light on the taxonomic profile and the functional role of the microbial community. Nevertheless, methods for extracting proteins from stool samples continue to evolve, in the pursuit of optimal protocols for moistening and dispersing the stool sample and for disrupting microbial cells, which are two critical steps for ensuring good protein recovery. Here, we evaluated different stool sample processing (SSP) and microbial cell disruption methods (CDMs). Read More

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A CURE Biochemistry Laboratory Module to Study Protein-Protein Interactions by NMR Spectroscopy.

J Chem Educ 2020 Feb 6;97(2):437-442. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Chemistry, New York University, New York, NY 10003.

Design of undergraduate laboratory courses that provide meaningful research-based experiences enhance undergraduate curricula and prepare future graduate students for research careers. In this article, a Course-based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE) laboratory module was designed for upper-division undergraduate biochemistry and chemistry students. The laboratory module enabled students to build upon recently published data in the literature to decipher atomistic insight for an essential protein-protein interaction in human biology through the use of biomolecular NMR spectroscopy. Read More

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February 2020

Sexually dimorphic neuroanatomical differences relate to ASD-relevant behavioral outcomes in a maternal autoantibody mouse model.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies reactive to fetal brain proteins in mothers of children with ASD have been described by several groups. To understand their pathologic significance, we developed a mouse model of maternal autoantibody related ASD (MAR-ASD) utilizing the peptide epitopes from human autoantibody reactivity patterns. Male and female offspring prenatally exposed to the salient maternal autoantibodies displayed robust deficits in social interactions and increased repetitive self-grooming behaviors as juveniles and adults. Read More

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Targeted delivery of cytotoxic proteins to prostate cancer via conjugation to small molecule urea-based PSMA inhibitors.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14925. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

The Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Viragh Building, 201 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Prostate cancer cells are characterized by a remarkably low proliferative rate and the production of high levels of prostate-specific proteases. Protein-based toxins are attractive candidates for prostate cancer therapy because they kill cells via proliferation-independent mechanisms. However, the non-specific cytotoxicity of these potent cytotoxins must be redirected to avoid toxicity to normal tissues. Read More

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A new immunochemical strategy for triple-negative breast cancer therapy.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14875. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly diverse group of malignant neoplasms which tend to have poor outcomes, and the development of new targets and strategies to treat these cancers is sorely needed. Antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) therapy has been shown to be a promising targeted therapy for treating many cancers, but has only rarely been tried in patients with TNBC. A major reason the efficacy of ADC therapy in the setting of TNBC has not been more fully investigated is the lack of appropriate target molecules. Read More

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Lipid bilayer degradation induced by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein as revealed by neutron reflectometry.

Sci Rep 2021 07 21;11(1):14867. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institut Laue-Langevin, 71 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 156, 38042, Grenoble, France.

SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins are responsible for the membrane fusion event, which allows the virus to enter the host cell and cause infection. This process starts with the binding of the spike extramembrane domain to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a membrane receptor highly abundant in the lungs. In this study, the extramembrane domain of SARS-CoV-2 Spike (sSpike) was injected on model membranes formed by supported lipid bilayers in presence and absence of the soluble part of receptor ACE2 (sACE2), and the structural features were studied at sub-nanometer level by neutron reflection. Read More

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