222 results match your criteria speakers construct

Arabic version of the international knee documentation committee subjective knee form (IKDC): Translation and validation.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

School of Health and Society, University of Salford, Salford, UK.

Background: In order to administer the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC) questionnaire to Arabic speakers, a rigorous process of cross-cultural adaptation and validation is required in order to reach equivalence between the original publication and target version of the questionnaire.

Objectives: The main aim of this study is to translate and culturally adapt the IKDC into Arabic to suit the Arabic population. The secondary aim is to assess the Arabic version of the IKDC in order to test the psychometric characteristics (reliability, validity and dimensionality). Read More

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October 2021

Translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric properties of the Thai version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI-THAI) questionnaire.

Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: This study developed a Thai version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI-THAI) questionnaire.

Methods: To determine construct validity, 200 participants with a history of lateral ankle sprain completed the IdFAI-THAI, the Modified Thai Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), the Visual Analog Scale of Instability (VAS-I), and the Thai Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM). Eight days later, 100 randomly selected participants refilled the IdFAI-THAI to assess test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Read More

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October 2021

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

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September 2021

Immune Recovery Following Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in HIV-Related Lymphoma Patients on the BMT CTN 0803/AMC 071 Trial.

Front Immunol 2021 3;12:700045. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Hematology & Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duarte, CA, United States.

We report a first in-depth comparison of immune reconstitution in patients with HIV-related lymphoma following autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (AHCT) recipients (n=37, lymphoma, BEAM conditioning), HIV(-) AHCT recipients (n=30, myeloma, melphalan conditioning) at 56, 180, and 365 days post-AHCT, and 71 healthy control subjects. Principal component analysis showed that immune cell composition in HIV(+) and HIV(-) AHCT recipients clustered away from healthy controls and from each other at each time point, but approached healthy controls over time. Unsupervised feature importance score analysis identified activated T cells, cytotoxic memory and effector T cells [higher in HIV(+)], and naïve and memory T helper cells [lower HIV(+)] as a having a significant impact on differences between HIV(+) AHCT recipient and healthy control lymphocyte composition (p<0. Read More

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September 2021

Adapting and Testing the Self-Efficacy in Environmental Risk Reduction Instrument Among Spanish-Speaking Populations.

J Nurs Meas 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Washington State University Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine, Spokane, Washington, DC.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to adapt and test the Self-Efficacy in Environmental Risk Reduction instrument in a Spanish-speaking population.

Methods: Harkness' model of cross-cultural survey design was used to adapt the instrument. We sampled 95 adult, Spanish speakers from a federally qualified health clinic. Read More

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September 2021

Ok Google: Using virtual assistants for data collection in psychological and behavioral research.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Media and Communication Science, University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany.

Because of the increasing popularity of voice-controlled virtual assistants, such as Amazon's Alexa and Google Assistant, they should be considered a new medium for psychological and behavioral research. We developed Survey Mate, an extension of Google Assistant, and conducted two studies to analyze the reliability and validity of data collected through this medium. In the first study, we assessed validated procrastination and shyness scales as well as social desirability indicators for both the virtual assistant and an online questionnaire. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of PCSK9 Immunization on Glycemic Indices in Diabetic Rats.

J Diabetes Res 2021 30;2021:4757170. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Methods: To prepare the anti-PCSK9 vaccine, a peptide construct called Immunogenic Fused PCSK9-Tetanus (IFPT) was linked to the surface of nanoliposome carriers. Healthy rats received four subcutaneous injections of the vaccine at biweekly intervals. Two weeks after the last vaccination, anti-PCSK9 antibody titers, PCSK9 targeting, and inhibition of PCSK9-low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) interaction were evaluated. Read More

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Configurational-based institutional analysis: Unbundling the multi-dimensional state fragility construct.

MethodsX 2021 19;8:101209. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Darla Moore School of Business, Sonoco International Business Department, University of South Carolina, 1014 Greene St, Columbia, SC 29208 USA.

To guide researchers interested in replicating our configurational approach to comparative institutional analysis, we report on a methodology that builds from existing state fragility indices to differentiate between types of state fragility in 189 countries across the world. We first present the steps we used to identify three constituent dimensions of state fragility. We then report how we configured these first-order institutional measures to build a large-N, fuzzy set qualitative set analysis (fs/QCA) of variation in the degree and type of informal economic sectors found across the world. Read More

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January 2021

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the neurogenic bladder symptom score for Spanish speakers.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Aug 15. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Urology Division, Hospital de Clínicas Jose de San Martin, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Aim: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Neurogenic Bladder Symptom Score (NBSS) to Spanish in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction.

Materials And Methods: The questionnaire was culturally adapted according to international guidelines. It was applied, twice in a range of 14-28 days. Read More

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Measuring Collaboration Load With Pupillary Responses - Implications for the Design of Instructions in Task-Oriented HRI.

Front Psychol 2021 20;12:623657. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Division of Speech, Music and Hearing, Department of Intelligent Systems, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

In face-to-face interaction, speakers establish common ground incrementally, the mutual belief of understanding. Instead of constructing "one-shot" complete utterances, speakers tend to package pieces of information in smaller fragments (what Clark calls "installments"). The aim of this paper was to investigate how speakers' fragmented construction of utterances affect the cognitive load of the conversational partners during utterance production and comprehension. Read More

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Syntactic Networks of Interlanguage Across L2 Modalities and Proficiency Levels.

Front Psychol 2021 14;12:643120. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Centre for Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou, China.

Over time, interlanguage studies have shifted from early qualitative to quantitative studies of specific linguistic structures. However, the focus of these studies is usually on one aspect of an interlanguage instead of the whole system. The ideal object of interlanguage research is a second language (L2) learner language system, for only in this way can the entire L2 learning process can be examined. Read More

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Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Psychometric Validation of the English Version of the Postural Awareness Scale.

Pain Med 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Pacific University, School of Graduate Psychology, Forest Grove, OR.

Purpose: The Postural Awareness Scale (PAS) was developed among a sample of German speakers to measure self-reported awareness of body posture. The first aim of this study was to conduct an English translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the PAS. The second aim was to assess psychometric properties of the English version of the PAS. Read More

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Compassion in Spanish-speaking health care: A systematic review.

Curr Psychol 2021 Jun 25:1-20. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Departament of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibánez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Altought compassionate care is an important factor in health care, remains an unmet need in patients. The studies have been carried out in Anglo-Saxon countries with cultural environments and health systems that are very different from Spanish-speaking contexts. The aim of this study to understand the conceptual, evaluation and clinical application nuances of compassion and compassionate care in Spanish-speaking health care settings, through a systematic review. Read More

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Antitumor efficacy and reduced toxicity using an anti-CD137 Probody therapeutic.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(26)

Program of Immunology and Immunotherapy, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain;

Costimulation via CD137 (4-1BB) enhances antitumor immunity mediated by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Anti-CD137 agonist antibodies elicit mild liver inflammation in mice, and the maximum tolerated dose of Urelumab, an anti-human CD137 agonist monoclonal antibody, in the clinic was defined by liver inflammation-related side effects. A protease-activated prodrug form of the anti-mouse CD137 agonist antibody 1D8 (1D8 Probody therapeutic, Pb-Tx) was constructed and found to be selectively activated in the tumor microenvironment. Read More

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Parent rating of intelligibility: A discussion of the construct validity of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) and normative data of the Swedish version of the ICS.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 07 14;56(4):873-886. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet (KI), Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Intelligibility can be defined as the speakers' ability to convey a message to the listener and it is considered the key functional measure of speech. The Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) is a parent rating scale used to assess intelligibility in children.

Aims: To describe normative and validation data on the ICS in Swedish and to investigate how these are related to age, gender and multilingualism. Read More

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Measuring uncertainty: A streamlined application for the Ecuadorian economy.

Empir Econ 2021 Jun 1:1-26. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Universidad Tecnológica Ecotec, Samborondón, Ecuador.

This paper develops a macroeconomic uncertainty index based on the multistage procedure that combines maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation methods proposed by Jurado et al. (Am Econ Rev 105(3):1177-1216, 2015). Our approach streamlines the computation of the macroeconomic uncertainty index by specifying a state-space model estimated by maximum likelihood that allows us to obtain in one step the parameters of the model, the dynamic factors, and the forecast errors of the macroeconomic variables used to construct the index. Read More

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Development of a simple screening tool based on the 5-question geriatric locomotive function scale for locomotive syndrome.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga, Japan.

Background: The optimal cut-off values of the 5-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-5) as a screening tool to identify Locomotive Syndrome (LS) diagnosed with the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25) has yet to be fully investigated. This study aimed to construct a simple screening tool, based on the GLFS-5, for the detection of LS-1, LS-2, and LS-3 diagnosed with the GLFS-25.

Methods: This research was approved by the institutional review board of Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine (No. Read More

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Comparing verbal and aided single sentence productions in Malayalam-speaking adults with aphasia: a preliminary investigation.

Clin Linguist Phon 2021 Nov 2;35(11):1036-1059. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.

The primary aim of the study was to investigate the semantic and syntactic aspects of verbal and aided single sentence productions in adults with aphasia and neurotypical adults to determine which mode allowed the exchange of information more effectively. The participants of this study included 20 adults with aphasia and 20 neurotypical adults who were native speakers of Malayalam, an Indo-Dravidian language spoken in the south-western state of Kerala in India. Thirteen action picture stimuli were constructed to elicit single sentences. Read More

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November 2021

Development and Validation of the Spanish AzBio Sentence Corpus.

Otol Neurotol 2021 01;42(1):154-158

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Objective: To create and validate a Spanish sentence test for evaluation of speech understanding of Spanish-speaking listeners with hearing loss or cochlear implants (CI).

Study Design: Two thousand sentences were recorded from two male and two female speakers. The average intelligibility of each sentence was estimated as the mean score achieved by five listeners presented with a five-channel cochlear implant simulation. Read More

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January 2021

Structural validity of the Brazilian version of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index in patients with chronic shoulder pain.

J Hand Ther 2021 Jan 14. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Adult Health, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) is a measuring instrument for pain and disability in patients with shoulder dysfunction. However, its structure is controversial (ie, 1 or 2 domains).

Purpose: To investigate the structural validity of the Brazilian version of the SPADI in patients with chronic shoulder pain. Read More

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January 2021

Arabic translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric properties of the low back pain knowledge questionnaire.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Mar 23:1-11. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

: Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire (LBP_KQ) was originally developed and validated for English speakers but not yet available for Arabic speakers.: To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and test the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the LBP_KQ.: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation were performed according to recommended guidelines. Read More

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Measuring dysfunctional grief due to a COVID-19 loss: A Turkish validation study of the Pandemic Grief Scale.

Death Stud 2021 Mar 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey.

The global death toll to date of the COVID-19 pandemic has been enormous, and millions of people are grieving these losses. The aim of the current study is to validate a Turkish version of the Pandemic Grief Scale (PGS), which is a brief English-language mental health screener to identify probable cases of dysfunctional grief associated with a COVID-19 death. Participants were assessed using the PGS, Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) and Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). Read More

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Extrapyramidal side effects in first-episode schizophrenia treated with flupenthixol decanoate.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2021 11;27:1568. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Concern for the development of extrapyramidal side effects (EPSEs) represents a barrier to the routine use of long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic medication in patients with first-episode schizophrenia (FES). Flupenthixol decanoate is a first-generation antipsychotic, which is readily available in the public healthcare system in South Africa.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the nature, occurrence and severity of EPSEs and their impact on patients with FES over 12 months of treatment with flupenthixol decanoate (fluanxol depot). Read More

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January 2021

Cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties of the Arabic version of the Patient-Specific Functional Scale in patients with lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Feb 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To cross-culturally adapt the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) into Arabic language and to examine its measurement properties in patients with lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders.

Materials And Methods: The original English version of the PSFS was cross-culturally adapted into modern standard Arabic language following Beaton's guidelines. Patients with lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders ( = 116) were recruited to examine the test-retest reliability, measurement error, floor and ceiling effects, and construct validity of the Arabic PSFS. Read More

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February 2021

Structural biases that children bring to language learning: A cross-cultural look at gestural input to homesign.

Cognition 2021 06 10;211:104608. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

The University of Chicago, 5848 S. University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, United States of America.

Linguistic input has an immediate effect on child language, making it difficult to discern whatever biases children may bring to language-learning. To discover these biases, we turn to deaf children who cannot acquire spoken language and are not exposed to sign language. These children nevertheless produce gestures, called homesigns, which have structural properties found in natural language. Read More

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Spanish translation and cross-language validation of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Jan 9;30(1):151-157. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Miami Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Institute at Baptist Health South Florida, Miami, FL, USA; Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Background: The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form is one of the most frequently used outcomes score for shoulder pathology. The patient report section of the ASES questionnaire (p-ASES) is easy to complete, can be quickly administered, and is applicable to a wide range of shoulder pathologies, yet a validated Spanish translation of this questionnaire does not currently exist for diverse Spanish-speaking populations. The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the patient report section of the ASES to Spanish and to assess its validity and reliability among a culturally diverse group of Spanish-speaking patients, typically seen in the United States. Read More

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January 2021

Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Reliability, and Validity of the Persian Version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire for Iranian People With Nonspecific Chronic Neck Pain.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021 01 26;44(1):72-84. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Statistical Research and Information Technology, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and construct validity of, and perform confirmatory factor analysis of, the Persian version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) for Iranian people with nonspecific chronic neck pain.

Methods: We performed psychometric testing of the Persian version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire. Participants were 123 native Persian speakers with chronic neck pain lasting at least 3 months. Read More

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January 2021

Validation and cultural adaptation of the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale (IPOS) for the Portuguese population.

BMC Palliat Care 2020 Nov 24;19(1):178. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Centre for Health Studies and Research, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Background: To culturally adapt and validate the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale to European Portuguese.

Methods: Multi-centred observational study with 2 assessment points. Data were collected in nine centres using consecutive sampling. Read More

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November 2020

Personae in sociolinguistic variation.

Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci 2020 Nov 10;11(6):e1543. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.

While studies of sociolinguistic variation traditionally have focused on correlations between macro-social categories and the use of linguistic variants, sociolinguistic work examining social meaning-making at an interactional level views linguistic variation as a resource deployed by agentive speakers and listeners. The persona has become an important construct in understanding how on-the-ground interactional practice builds up to form larger-scale patterns of sociolinguistic variation and change. Rather than members of macro-social groups, personae are holistic, ideological social types that are recognizably linked with ways of being and speaking. Read More

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November 2020

Ecuadorian Spanish translation and validation of the VELO quality of life instrument.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Nov 13;138:110312. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Adapt the Spanish translation of VPI Effects on Life Outcome (VELO) instrument into Ecuadorian Spanish; test the resulting instrument for reliability and validity.

Methods: A cross-sectional, prospective design, set at a humanitarian mission within a community hospital. Linguistic validation: native Ecuadorian-Spanish speakers modified the Spanish VELO to Ecuadorian Spanish. Read More

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November 2020