6,570 results match your criteria soybean meal


Nutritive value of faba bean ( L.) as a feedstuff resource in livestock nutrition: A review.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Sep 22;9(9):5244-5262. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Animal Science and Technology Anhui Agricultural University Hefei China.

The review evaluates faba bean ( L.; FB) seeds relative to their nutritional composition, their content of antinutritional factors, and their impact on animal performance. The literature indicates that FB plant is a cool-season, annual grain legume that grows the best in cool and humid conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Enhancement of performance and anti-oxidant variables in broiler chicken fed diets containing sub-optimal methionine level with graded concentrations of sulphur and folic acid.

Anim Biosci 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500030, Telangana, India.

Objective: An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of supplementing graded concentrations of inorganic sulphur (S) without and with folic acid (FA) in maize-soybean meal diets on performance, slaughter and anti-oxidant variables, immune responses and serum protein fractions in broiler chicken.

Methods: Inorganic S was supplemented at 0.05, 0. Read More

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Diets containing processed barley grain as a potential rumen bypass starch source enhance productive responses of lactating Holstein dairy cows.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute of Nutritional Physiology "Oskar Kellner", Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.

Effect of diets containing untreated or processed barley grain [treated with sugar beet pulp extract (SBPE) or double sulphate of aluminium and potassium (ALUM)] and different levels of rumen undegradable crude protein (RUP) on production, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites of lactating Holstein cows were investigated. Untreated soybean meal (SBM) or xylose protected 'Yasminomax soy (YAS)' was included to represent a low (LR, 4.2% DM) and high (HR, 5. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Fermented Residue on Nutrient Digestibility and Reproductive Performance of Sows.

Front Nutr 2021 30;8:715713. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of fermented residue (FRPR) on reproductive performance, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients, and fecal short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) contents of sows. A total of 36 landrace × large white multiparous sows were randomly arranged into three treatments, representing supplementation with 0, 2, and 4% FRPR to a corn-soybean meal and wheat bran-based diet during the whole gestation period. The results showed that dietary FRPR had no effects on litter size and the number of total alive piglets ( > 0. Read More

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Phosphorus equivalency of phytase with various evaluation indicators of meat duck.

Poult Sci 2021 Apr 27;100(11):101216. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address:

The objective of the present experiment was to determine the efficacy and the phosphorus (P) equivalency of phytase in the corn-soybean meal-rapeseed meal diets of Cherry Valley ducks from 1 to 35 d of age. 320 ducks were randomly divided into 8 blocks of 5 cages with 8 ducks per cage. This experiment included eight treatments diets. Read More

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Dietary sodium butyrate supplementation attenuates intestinal inflammatory response and improves gut microbiota composition in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) fed with a high soybean meal diet.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471000, China.

The study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary sodium butyrate (NaBT) supplementation on the gut health of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) fed with a high soybean meal diet. Three isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated: a high fishmeal group (Control); a high soybean meal group (SBM), in which the 30% fishmeal protein in the Control diet was replaced by soy protein; and an NaBT group, in which 0.2% NaBT was added to the SBM diet. Read More

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September 2021

Transcriptomic assessment of dietary fishmeal partial replacement by soybean meal and prebiotics inclusion in the liver of juvenile Pacific yellowtail (Seriola lalandi).

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Marine Biotechnology, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Carretera Ensenada-Tijuana #3918, Zona Playitas, 22860, Ensenada, Baja California, México.

Background: Seriola lalandi is an important species for aquaculture, due to its rapid growth, adaptation to captivity and formulated diets, and high commercial value. Due to the rise in fishmeal (FM) price, efforts have been and still are made to replace it partially or entirely with vegetable meals in diets for carnivorous fish. The use of prebiotics when feeding vegetable meals has improved fish health. Read More

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September 2021

Anaerobic Solid-State Fermentation of Soybean Meal With sp. to Improve Nutritional Quality.

Front Nutr 2021 19;8:706977. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

College of Life Sciences, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, China.

The study evaluated the impact of fermentation with sp. on the nutritional quality of soybean meal (SBM) and the changes of bacterial community structure during fermentation. High protease-producing strains were screened to degrade SBM macromolecular protein and anti-nutritional factors (ANFs). Read More

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The Evaluation of UPro as a New Nutrient on High-Quality Egg Production From the Perspective of Egg Properties, Intestinal Histomorphology, and Oviduct Function of Laying Hens.

Front Nutr 2021 20;8:706067. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Risk Assessment Laboratory of Feed Derived Factors to Animal Product Quality Safety of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, National Engineering Research Center of Biological Feed, Institute of Feed Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

This study was to investigate the effects of UPro as a new nutritive fortifier on high-quality egg production from the perspective of egg properties, intestinal histomorphology, and oviduct function of laying hens. Four hundred thirty-two Hy-Line Brown laying hens aged 56 weeks were allocated to four groups. Layers were given a basal diet or supplemented with different levels of small peptides (0. Read More

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The Spleen as a Target to Characterize Immunomodulatory Effects of Down-Stream Processed Yeasts in Atlantic Salmon Exposed to a Dietary Soybean Meal Challenge.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:708747. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Animal and Aquaculture Sciences, Faculty of Biosciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.

Aquaculture feeds have changed dramatically from being largely based on fishmeal (FM) towards increased use of plant protein sources, which could impact the fish's immune response. In order to characterize immunomodulatory properties of novel functional ingredients, this study used four diets, one based on FM, a challenging diet with 40% soybean meal (SBM), and two diets containing 40% SBM with 5% of yeast exposed to different down-stream processing conditions: heat-inactivated (ICJ) or autolysation (ACJ). The immunomodulatory effects of the diets were analyzed in the spleen of Atlantic salmon after 37 days of feeding, using a transcriptomic evaluation by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and the detection of specific immunological markers at the protein level through indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (indirect ELISA). Read More

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Estimation of phosphorus requirements of sows based on 24-hour urinary phosphorus excretion during gestation and lactation.

Br J Nutr 2021 Sep 6:1-33. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Phosphorus requirements of reproducing sows were estimated using 24-hour urinary P excretion. Thirty-six multiparous sows were fed one of six corn-soybean meal-based diets with total P ranging from 0.40 to 0. Read More

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September 2021

Variations of Soybean Meal and Corn Mixed Substrates in Physicochemical Characteristics and Microbiota During Two-Stage Solid-State Fermentation.

Front Microbiol 2021 17;12:688839. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

National Engineering Laboratory of Biological Feed Safety and Pollution Prevention and Control, Key Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Ministry of Agriculture, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Zhejiang Province, Institute of Feed Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Corn germ meal (CGM) and corn gluten feed (CGF) are the two main corn byproducts (CBs) obtained from corn starch extraction. Due to their high fiber content, low protein content, and severe imbalance of amino acid, CBs are unable to be fully utilized by animals. In this study, the effect of microorganism, proteases, temperature, solid-liquid ratio, and time on nutritional properties of CB mixture feed (CMF) was investigated with the single-factor method and the response surface method to improve the nutritional quality and utilization of CBs. Read More

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Effects of supplemental xylanase and xylooligosaccharides on production performance and gut health variables of broiler chickens.

J Anim Sci Biotechnol 2021 Sep 6;12(1):98. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA.

Background: This study evaluated the effects of supplemental xylanase and xylooligosaccharides (XOS) in a corn-soybean meal (SBM)-based diet on growth performance and intestinal health of broilers. A total of 288 day-old chicks (Cobb 500) were allocated to 36 floor pens (8 birds/pen) equally in 9 dietary treatments in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement. The treatments were combinations of 3 levels of xylanase (0, 0. Read More

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September 2021

Soybean protein concentrate as a protein source for totoaba (Totoaba macdonaldi) juveniles: Effect on intermediary metabolism and liver histological organization.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Aug 31;262:111062. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC), Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada - Tijuana No. 3917, Col. Playitas, 22860 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of replacing fish meal (FM) with soybean protein concentrates (SPC) on the intermediary metabolism and health of Totoaba macdonaldi juveniles. Fish (initial weight 50 ± 1 g) were fed for 60 days with eight diets: a reference diet (RD) and seven experimental diets where FM was replaced gradually with 15 to 100% SPC (SPC15, SPC30, SPC45, SPC60, SPC75, SPC90, and SPC100, respectively). Hexokinase (HK), glucokinase (GK), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) enzyme activities showed highly significant differences (p < 0. Read More

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Stability of Senecavirus A in animal feed ingredients and infection following consumption of contaminated feed.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD, 57007, USA.

Animal feed and feed ingredients have recently been investigated as sources of pathogen introduction into farms and as a potential source of infection post-consumption. Survival of several viruses for a prolonged period has been demonstrated in feed. Here we determined the rate of decay of Senecavirus A (SVA) in swine feed ingredients as a function of time and temperature and established half-life estimates for the virus. Read More

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September 2021

Enhanced production of violacein by Chromobacterium violaceum using agro-industrial waste soybean meal.

J Appl Microbiol 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Biosciences, School of Science, Indrashil University, Rajpur, Mehsana, Gujarat, India.

Aims: The research is aimed at developing an economic and sustainable growth medium using abundantly available and highly nutritive agro-industrial waste soybean meal as the substrate for the production of violacein by Chromobacterium violaceum.

Methods And Results: Violacein produced using soybean meal medium was compared with the commercial complex growth media. Upon utilization of 2% w/v soybean meal (SM ) medium, 496 mg/L crude violacein was achieved after 48-hr incubation time, which was 1. Read More

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September 2021

A novel Bacillus sp. with rapid growth property and high enzyme activity that allows efficient fermentation of soybean meal for improving digestibility in growing pigs.

J Appl Microbiol 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: Soybean meal (SBM) contributes high-quality dietary protein for pigs. However, it also contains antinutritional factors such as allergenic high molecular weight proteins and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) that limit its use. Therefore, the objective of this study was to screen and characterize a robust Bacillus sp. Read More

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Benchmarking Nutraceutical Soybean Composition Relative to Protein and Oil.

Front Nutr 2021 11;8:663434. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Agronomy, 2004 Throckmorton Plant Science Center, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, United States.

The aim of this study was to explore relationships between protein, oil, and seed weight with seed nutraceutical composition, focused on total isoflavone (TI) and total tocopherol (TT) contents across genotypic and environmental combinations in soybean. We conducted a synthesis-analysis of peer-reviewed published field studies reporting TI, TT, protein, oil, and seed weight ( = 1,908). The main outcomes from this synthesis-analysis were: (i) relationship of TI-to-protein concentration was positive, though for the upper boundary, TI decreases with increases in protein; (ii) relationship of TT-to-oil concentration was positive, but inconsistent when oil was expressed in mg per seed; and (iii) as seed weight increased, TI accumulation was less than proportional relative to protein concentration and TT decreased more proportional relative to oil concentration. Read More

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Effects of Microbial Phytase Supplementation on Egg Production and Egg Quality in Hy-line Brown Hens During the Late Laying Period.

J Poult Sci 2021 ;58(3):171-176

Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam 31116, Korea.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of microbial phytase on egg production and egg quality in older hens. A total of 216, 63-week-old Hy-line brown laying hens were distributed in a randomized complete design 10-week feeding trial of 3 dietary treatments with 12 replications per treatment and 6 hens per replication. The 3 dietary treatments were corn-soybean meal-based diets supplemented with 0% (CON), 0. Read More

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January 2021

Replacing Soybean Meal with Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles plus Rumen-Protected Lysine and Methionine: Effects on Growth Performance, Nutrients Digestion, Rumen Fermentation, and Serum Parameters in Sheep.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 18;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 18.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou 730020, China.

(1) Background: we investigated the influence of dietary soybean meal (SBM) replaced with distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) plus rumen-protected (RP) lysine and methionine on the growth performance, nutrients digestion, rumen fermentation, and serum parameters of sheep. (2) Methods: ninety sheep were allocated to five groups: the control group (CON) which received the SBM diet, the DDGS group (NSM), the DDGS diet with RP lysine group (DRPL), the DDGS diet with RP methionine group (DRPM), and the DDGS diet with a mixture of RP lysine and methionine group (DRPLM). (3) Results: Final BW and carcass weight of the DRPLM and CON groups were greater ( ≤ 0. Read More

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Effect of Slow-Release Urea Administration on Production Performance, Health Status, Diet Digestibility, and Environmental Sustainability in Lactating Dairy Cows.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 14;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety "Carlo Cantoni" (VESPA), Università degli Studi di Milano, 26900 Lodi, Italy.

The effects of partially replacing soybean meal (SBM) with a slow-release urea source (SRU) on production performance, feed efficiency, digestibility, and environmental sustainability of dairy cows were evaluated. A total of 140 lactating Holstein Frisian cows were allocated into two study groups: (i) control (diet entirely based on SBM), and (ii) treatment (diet of 0.22% on dry matter basis (d. Read More

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The Inclusion of Pea in Concentrates Had Minor Effects on the Meat Quality of Light Lambs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 12;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (CITA-Universidad de Zaragoza), Avda. Montañana 930, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain.

The use of pea () has been recommended to replace soybean meal in the diet of ruminants, but it may affect meat quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the proportion of pea (0%, 10%, 20% and 30%) in fattening concentrates fed to light lambs for 41 days on carcass colour and on the meat quality. Pea inclusion affected neither the colour of the lamb carcasses nor affected most of the parameters of the meat quality. Read More

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Assessment of Intestinal Immunity and Permeability of Broilers on Partial Replacement Diets of Two-Stage Fermented Soybean Meal by and .

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 8;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

The effect of soybean peptides from fermented soybean meal on the intestinal immunity and tight junction of broilers was assessed. Roughly, two-stage fermented soybean meal prepared with Bv and Lb (FSBM), which has nearly three times higher soluble peptides than soybean meal (SBM), and reduced galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) content and allergen protein. The one-stage fermented by Bv (FSBM) has the highest soluble peptides, while commercial lactic acid bacteria (FSBM) has the highest Lactic acid bacteria count; these were used to compare the differences in the process. Read More

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The Dynamic Conversion of Dietary Protein and Amino Acids into Chicken-Meat Protein.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 3;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Poultry Research Foundation, Department of Animal Science, The University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia.

This review considers the conversion of dietary protein and amino acids into chicken-meat protein and seeks to identify strategies whereby this transition may be enhanced. Viable alternatives to soybean meal would be advantageous but the increasing availability of non-bound amino acids is providing the opportunity to develop reduced-crude protein (CP) diets, to promote the sustainability of the chicken-meat industry and is the focus of this review. Digestion of protein and intestinal uptakes of amino acids is critical to broiler growth performance. Read More

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Optimal Replacement of Soybean Meal with Fermented Palm Kernel Meal as Protein Source in a Fish Meal-Soybean Meal-Based Diet of Sex Reversed Red Tilapia ( × ).

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 3;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Kidchakan Supamattaya Aquatic Animal Health Research Center, Aquatic Science and Innovative Management Division, Faculty of Natural Resources, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90112, Thailand.

The solid-state fermentation by effective microorganisms (containing photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, yeast and sp.) improved the nutritive values of palm kernel meal (PKM). Increased crude protein (20. Read More

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Dietary Yeast Cell Wall Improves Growth Performance and Prevents of Diarrhea of Weaned Pigs by Enhancing Gut Health and Anti-Inflammatory Immune Responses.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 31;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Dietary yeast cell wall products (YCW) are recognized as a feed additive due to multifunctional benefits by the biological response modulators. Thus, this study was conducted to verify a potential advantage of YCW for improving growth performance, nutrient digestibility, immune responses, and intestinal health and microbiota of weaned pigs. A total of 112 weaned pigs (7. Read More

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Diets for Dairy Cows with Different Proportions of Crude Protein Originating from Red Clover Silage versus Soybean Meal: Ruminal Degradation and Intestinal Digestibility of Amino Acids.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 23;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, 24118 Kiel, Germany.

The purpose was to assess the effect of exchanging crude protein (CP) of soybean meal (SBM) with red clover silage (RCS) in total mixed rations (TMR) on ruminal degradation and intestinal digestibility (ID) of essential amino acids (EAA). Four TMR and their individual feed components were studied. The TMR were composed of forage and concentrates (75:25), with proportions of RCS in TMR of 0. Read More

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Application of Apparent Metabolizable Energy versus Nitrogen-Corrected Apparent Metabolizable Energy in Poultry Feed Formulations: A Continuing Conundrum.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 22;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Monogastric Research Centre, School of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.

In the present investigation, N retention, AME, and AMEn data from six energy evaluation assays, involving four protein sources (soybean meal, full-fat soybean, rapeseed meal and maize distiller's dried grains with solubles [DDGS]), are reported. The correction for zero N retention, reduced the AME value of soybean meal samples from different origins from 9.9 to 17. Read More

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Effects of Weaning Age at 21 and 28 Days on Growth Performance, Intestinal Morphology and Redox Status in Piglets.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jul 22;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

The study objective was to assess effects of different weaning ages on growth performance, intestinal morphology and redox status in Duroc × Landrace × Large White piglets (n = 96) fed diets without antibiotic growth promoters. Piglets were selected from 24 litters based on similar body weight at 14 d of age. All piglets were allocated to two groups in a completely random design with six replicates and eight pigs per replicate (four barrows and four gilts), which were weaned at 21 (n = 48; BW = 6. Read More

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Statistical Optimizing of Medium for Clavulanic Acid Production by Streptomyces clavuligerus Using Response Surface Methodology.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 200237, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Clavulanic acid (CA) is a naturally occurring antibiotic produced by Streptomyces clavuligerus. Statistical optimization of the fermentation medium for CA production by Streptomyces clavuligerus was carried out. Multiple carbon sources, glycerol, dextrin, and triolein, were considered simultaneously. Read More

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