2,773 results match your criteria southern iran


Isolation, identification and reviewing the health effect of HPC bacteria in household point-of-use (PoU) water treatment devices: a case study, Ahvaz, Iran.

J Environ Health Sci Eng 2021 Jun 16;19(1):59-69. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Center for Water Quality Research (CWQR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 1417993361, Tehran, Iran.

In Ahwaz, a city in west southern Iran, the majority of households are using Point of Use (PoU) water treatment units. The heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria were isolated from these units while they were mounted on water distribution system in order to determine the variations in HPC and diversity of the bacterial population using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results showed that bacterial population regrowth in PoU units could increase HPC exceeding the limit of the 500 CFU/mL in outlet water. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19-related knowledge, risk perception, information seeking, and adherence to preventive behaviors among undergraduate students, southern Iran.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

Globally, the novel COVID-19 has been recognized as one of the most important pandemics and devastating diseases in human history, with many deaths and morbidities. In the absence of effective treatment and limited supply of COVID-19 vaccine, people must adhere to recommended preventive measures. This study aimed to determine the level of COVID-19 knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, and health information-seeking and preventive behaviors as well as associated factors with preventive behaviors in a sample of Iranian students at Persian Gulf University. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Re: Morphological risk model assessing anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture: Development and validation.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Jun 11:106756. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Stroke Endovascular Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The relationship between coping strategies and resilience among adolescents with beta-thalassemia major.

J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.

Problem: Adolescents with beta thalassemia major face various physical and psychosocial challenges. Resilience plays a protective role in coping with the stress resulting from this disease.

Methods: This descriptive correlational study was carried out on 134 adolescents (age: 11-21 years old) with beta-thalassemia major who were referred at the Thalassemia Centre in southern Iran from October to December 2018 via convenience sampling method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A global-scale screening of non-native aquatic organisms to identify potentially invasive species under current and future climate conditions.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 20;788:147868. Epub 2021 May 20.

Animal and Plant Sciences Group, Edinburgh Napier University, Sighthill, Edinburgh EH11 4BN, UK.

The threat posed by invasive non-native species worldwide requires a global approach to identify which introduced species are likely to pose an elevated risk of impact to native species and ecosystems. To inform policy, stakeholders and management decisions on global threats to aquatic ecosystems, 195 assessors representing 120 risk assessment areas across all six inhabited continents screened 819 non-native species from 15 groups of aquatic organisms (freshwater, brackish, marine plants and animals) using the Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit. This multi-lingual decision-support tool for the risk screening of aquatic organisms provides assessors with risk scores for a species under current and future climate change conditions that, following a statistically based calibration, permits the accurate classification of species into high-, medium- and low-risk categories under current and predicted climate conditions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A 5-year experience on perinatal outcome of placenta accreta spectrum disorder managed by cesarean hysterectomy in southern Iranian women.

BMC Womens Health 2021 06 15;21(1):243. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: We aimed to investigate the risk factors of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorder, management options and maternal and neonatal outcomes of these pregnancies in a resource-limited clinical setting.

Methods: All women diagnosed with placenta accreta, increta, and percreta who underwent peripartum hysterectomy using a multidisciplinary approach in a tertiary center in Shiraz, southern Iran between January 2015 until October 2019 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Maternal variables, such as estimated blood loss, transfusion requirements and ICU admission, as well as neonatal variables such as, Apgar score, NICU admission and birthweight, were among the primary outcomes of this study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Integrating spatial analysis and questionnaire survey to better understand human-onager conflict in Southern Iran.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 14;11(1):12423. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station, 2500 S. Pine Knoll, Flagstaff, AZ, USA.

Southern Iran is a conservation priority area for the endangered Persian onager (Equus hemionus onager), which is threatened by habitat fragmentation and conflict with local communities. To better understand factors that influence onager conservation, we administered a questionnaire in local communities to survey their ecological knowledge, personal experience related to onager, and attitudes toward traditional solutions for reducing crop damage by onager. In addition, we used resistant kernel and factorial least-cost path analyses to identify core areas and corridors for onager movement, and spatial randomization of vehicle collisions and crossing locations to test the predictive ability of resistant kernel and factorial least-cost path predictions of movement. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A 10-year assessment of ambient fine particles and related health endpoints in a large Mediterranean city.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 7;278:130502. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

ARGANS, Sophia-Antipolis, France. Electronic address:

Fine particles i.e., with an aerodynamic diameter lower than 2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Oocyte maturation with royal jelly increases embryo development and reduces apoptosis in goats.

Anim Reprod 2018 Aug 16;15(2):124-134. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Animal Science, Food and Nutrition, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, USA.

Royal jelly (RJ) was supplemented to goat oocyte maturation (IVM) medium at three different concentrations (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/ml). Maturation rate, embryo cleavage, and blastocyst rate were recorded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

PCR-based detection of Toxoplasma gondii from cattle in southern Iran.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Aug 2;77:101677. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Jahrom City Veterinary Office, Jahrom, Iran.

Objective: Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that is widely prevalent in most warm-blooded vertebrates. Humans mainly become infected by eating raw or undercooked meat. This study was designed to investigate the infection of cattle with T. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Augmented Package of Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: Responding to Refractory Suffering.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:886-895

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

The essential package of palliative care for cervical cancer (EPPCCC), described elsewhere, is designed to be safe and effective for preventing and relieving most suffering associated with cervical cancer and universally accessible. However, it appears that women with cervical cancer, more frequently than patients with other cancers, experience various types of suffering that are refractory to basic palliative care such as what can be provided with the EPPCCC. In particular, relief of refractory pain, vomiting because of bowel obstruction, bleeding, and psychosocial suffering may require additional expertise, medicines, or equipment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Essential Package of Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: Responding to the Suffering of a Highly Vulnerable Population.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:873-885

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Women with cervical cancer, especially those with advanced disease, appear to experience suffering that is more prevalent, complex, and severe than that caused by other cancers and serious illnesses, and approximately 85% live in low- and middle-income countries where palliative care is rarely accessible. To respond to the highly prevalent and extreme suffering in this vulnerable population, we convened a group of experienced experts in all aspects of care for women with cervical cancer, and from countries of all income levels, to create an essential package of palliative care for cervical cancer (EPPCCC). The EPPCCC consists of a set of interventions, medicines, simple equipment, social supports, and human resources, and is designed to be safe and effective for preventing and relieving all types of suffering associated with cervical cancer. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cervical Cancer-Associated Suffering: Estimating the Palliative Care Needs of a Highly Vulnerable Population.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:862-872

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Purpose: To enable design of optimum palliative care for women with cervical cancer, we studied the most common types of suffering and their severity, prevalence, and duration.

Methods: We first reviewed the literature on the major types, severity, prevalence, and duration of suffering associated with cervical cancer. We then conducted a modified Delphi process with experts in cervical cancer care to supplement the literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evolutionary and Ecological Drivers Shape the Emergence and Extinction of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Lineages.

Mol Biol Evol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Pirbright, Woking, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Livestock farming across the world is constantly threatened by evolutionary turnover of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) strains in endemic systems, the underlying dynamics of which remain to be elucidated. Here, we map the eco-evolutionary landscape of co-circulating FMDV lineages within an important endemic virus pool encompassing Western, Central and parts of Southern Asia, reconstructing the evolutionary history and spatial dynamics over the last 20 years that shapes the current epidemiological situation. We demonstrate that new FMDV variants periodically emerge from Southern Asia, precipitating waves of virus incursions that systematically travel in a westerly direction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of data quality assurance and control solutions on the completeness, accuracy, and consistency of data in a national spinal cord injury registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR).

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2021 Jun 10;7(1):51. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Objective: This study aimed to develop and evaluate a systematic arrangement for improvement and monitoring of data quality of the National Spinal Cord (and Column) Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR)-a multicenter hospital-based registry.

Setting: SCI community in Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Continental transmission of emerging COVID-19 on the 38° north latitude.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Emergency Department of Taipei City Hospital, Ren-Ai Branch, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: As COVID-19 has become a pandemic emerging infectious disease it is important to examine whether there was a spatiotemporal clustering phenomenon in the globe during the rapid spread after the first outbreak reported from southern China.

Materials And Methods: The open data on the number of COVID-19 cases reported at daily basis form the globe were used to assess the evolution of outbreaks with international air link on the same latitude and also including Taiwan. The dynamic Susceptible-Infected-Recovered model was used to evaluate continental transmission from December 2019 to March 2020 before the declaration of COVID-19 pandemic with basic reproductive number and effective reproductive number before and after containment measurements. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Integrated Strategy Reveals Complex Glycosylation of Erythropoietin Using Mass Spectrometry.

J Proteome Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Section Mass Spectrometric Proteomics, Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg 20246, Germany.

The characterization of therapeutic glycoproteins is challenging due to the structural heterogeneity of the therapeutic protein glycosylation. This study presents an in-depth analytical strategy for glycosylation of first-generation erythropoietin (epoetin beta), including a developed mass spectrometric workflow for N-glycan analysis, bottom-up mass spectrometric methods for site-specific N-glycosylation, and a LC-MS approach for O-glycan identification. Permethylated N-glycans, peptides, and enriched glycopeptides of erythropoietin were analyzed by nanoLC-MS/MS, and de-N-glycosylated erythropoietin was measured by LC-MS, enabling the qualitative and quantitative analysis of glycosylation and different glycan modifications (e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Moore swab performs equal to composite and outperforms grab sampling for SARS-CoV-2 monitoring in wastewater.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 2;790:148205. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) approaches to detect SARS-CoV-2 in municipal wastewater can provide unique information on the incidence or prevalence of COVID-19 in community. However, there are several technical challenges coupled with sewage sampling for SARS-CoV-2, including intermittent shedding of viruses, sampling time, volume, and frequency. Sampling schemes thus may need to be tailored to reach out highly sensitive, accurate, and reliable results. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spatial distribution of microplastics in sandy beach and inshore-offshore sediments of the southern Caspian Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Jun 5;169:112578. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran 1411813389, Iran.

The occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in nearshore zones of the southern Caspian coasts is well documented; however, no data are available on MP occurrence in offshore sediments. In this study, six sandy beach stations and 18 inshore-offshore stations (six transects) were surveyed. MPs were detected in all sediment samples. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A mathematical programming approach for equitable COVID-19 vaccine distribution in developing countries.

Ann Oper Res 2021 Jun 3:1-34. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Developing countries scramble to contain and mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and world leaders demand equitable distribution of vaccines to trigger economic recovery. Although numerous strategies, including education, quarantine, and immunization, have been used to control COVID-19, the best method to curb this disease is vaccination. Due to the high demand for COVID 19 vaccine, developing countries must carefully identify and prioritize vulnerable populations and rationalize the vaccine allocation process. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pulmonary hydatidosis genotypes isolates from human clinical surgery based on sequencing of mitochondrial genes in Fars, Iran.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jun 7;16(1):167. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE)/hydatidosis is an important neglected parasitic zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode of Echinococcus granulosus s.l. The present study was designed to identify the pulmonary CE species/genotypes in isolated human underwent to surgery in our center in Southern Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Latest developments in nanofluid flow and heat transfer between parallel surfaces: A critical review.

Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 21;294:102450. Epub 2021 May 21.

School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, China; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center for Nanotechnology in Renewable Energies, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

The enhancement of heat transfer between parallel surfaces, including parallel plates, parallel disks, and two concentric pipes, is vital because of their wide applications ranging from lubrication systems to water purification processes. Various techniques can be utilized to enhance heat transfer in such systems. Adding nanoparticles to the conventional working fluids is an effective solution that could remarkably enhance the heat transfer rate. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characteristics of flavored and non-flavored waterpipe tobacco users: a real-world setting study.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

We aimed to compare sociodemographic characteristics, smoking patterns, beliefs and perceptions, nicotine dependence, and psychological indicators between flavored waterpipe (WP) tobacco (FWT) and non-flavored WP tobacco (non-FWT) smokers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 94 WP-serving venues surrounding Tehran and Ardabil metropolitans in Iran. Convenience sampling was applied to select 900 current WP smokers [508 (56%) FWT-only and 392 (44%) non-FWT-only smokers] aged 18 years and older. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy with Lu-DOTATATE in a Case of Concurrent Neuroendocrine Tumors and Meningioma: Achieving Two Things in a Single Action

Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther 2021 06;30(2):107-109

Klinikum Westfalen, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Dortmund, Germany

We present a partial response of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with Lu-DOTATATE in a case of concurrent neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and meningioma. In addition to the valuable role of PRRT in inoperable NETs, it has been demonstrated that this treatment can be a promising therapy for progressive meningioma, especially in patients with low grade and refractory to standard regime. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genetic diversity of healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from Southern Iran.

Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen causing hospital infections. The increasing rate of healthcare-associated infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in developing countries has led to many public health problems. This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology as well as the antibiotic resistance pattern of clinical isolates of MRSA from Southern Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and Genetic Diversity of Avian Haemosporidian Parasites in Southern Iran.

Pathogens 2021 May 23;10(6). Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 9177948974, Iran.

Avian haemosporidians are widespread and diverse and are classified in the genera , , and . These species are known to cause haemosporidiosis and decreased fitness of their hosts. Despite the high diversity of habitats and animal species in Iran, only few studies have addressed avian haemosporidians in this geographic area. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Electrochemical Fingerprint Biosensor for Natural Indigo Dye Yielding Plants Analysis.

Biosensors (Basel) 2021 May 14;11(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Related Technologies, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Protective Technologies, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering (NIMTE), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China.

Indigo is a plant dye that has been used as an important dye by various ancient civilizations throughout history. Today, due to environmental and health concerns, plant indigo is re-entering the market.   (Nees) Kuntze is the most widely used species in China for indigo preparation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impact of Livelihood Assets on the Food Security of Farmers in Southern Iran during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, (ZALF e. V.), 15374 Müncheberg, Germany.

The impact of COVID-19 on farmers' livelihoods and food security is a key concern in rural communities. This study investigates the impacts of the livelihood assets on the food security of rural households during the COVID-19 pandemic and determines those factors related to food security. The population of this study includes rural households in Dashtestan county, Bushehr province, in southern Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Current State of SLC and ABC Transporters in the Skin and Their Relation to Sweat Metabolites and Skin Diseases.

Proteomes 2021 May 16;9(2). Epub 2021 May 16.

Institute of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark.

With a relatively large surface area (2 m) and 15% of total body mass, the skin forms the largest organ of the human body. The main functions of the skin include regulation of body temperature by insulation or sweating, regulation of the nervous system, regulation of water content, and protection against external injury. To perform these critical functions, the skin encodes genes for transporters responsible for the cellular trafficking of essential nutrients and metabolites to maintain cellular hemostasis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Potential Infection Risks of the Wheat Stripe Rust and Stem Rust Pathogens on Barberry in Asia and Southeastern Europe.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 11;10(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6430, USA.

Barberry ( spp.) is an alternate host for both the stripe rust pathogen, f. sp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF