234,603 results match your criteria society university


Constructing confidence: User perspectives on AlereLAM testing for tuberculosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 12. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Health, Ethics & Society, Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Diagnosing tuberculosis in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is challenging due to atypical clinical and radiological presentation and higher rates of sputum negative or extrapulmonary disease. Urine LAM is a promising diagnostic biomarker to address these challenges. Yet, AlereLAM, a WHO recommended point-of-care test of this kind, remains underutilized. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Building a bridge between patients and transplant healthcare professionals - A descriptive study.

Transpl Int 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Donation and Transplant Coordination Unit, Hospital Clinic, Associate Professor Surgical Department, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

This paper describes a pathway for collaboration between transplant healthcare professionals and organ recipients. Under the umbrella of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (ESOT) a joint initiative started from three Sections and Committees of ESOT: EDTCO (European Donation and Transplant Coordination Organisation), ETHAP (European Transplant Allied Healthcare Professionals) and ELPAT (Ethical, Legal and Psycho-social Aspects of Transplantation). The formal "kick-off" of the Advisory Board Meeting of the European Transplant Patients' Organisation (ETPO) was during the ESOT congress in 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Investigating the Impact of Group Holding on the Transfer of Ophidiomyces ophidiicola DNA in Free-ranging Lake Erie Watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon insularum).

J Wildl Dis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Wildlife Epidemiology Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine, 2001 S. Lincoln Ave, Urbana, Illinois 61802, USA.

Ophidiomycosis threatens snakes worldwide. We swabbed free-ranging Lake Erie watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon insularum) for quantitative PCR detection of Ophidiomyces ophidiicola before and after group and individual holding in pillowcases. Our results indicate that group, rather than individual, holding does not significantly increase detection of O. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The International Anesthesia Research Society Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Scientific Advisory Board: Supporting a Pandemic of Positivity.

Anesth Analg 2021 Oct;133(4):903-905

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Ethical Considerations in Dementia Diagnosis and Care: AAN Position Statement.

Neurology 2021 Jul;97(2):80-89

From the Department of Neurology (W.C.), University of California San Francisco; Evidence-Based Practice Center (A.Y.T.), ECRI, Plymouth Meeting, PA; Division of Neurology (A.Y.T.), Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia; Department of Neurology (Z.S.), The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey; School of Law (R.J.B.), University of Virginia, Charlottesville; and Department of Neurology (J.A.R.), Lahey Medical Center, Burlington, MA.

Alzheimer disease and other dementias present unique practical challenges for patients, their families, clinicians, and health systems. These challenges reflect not only the growing public health effect of dementia in an aging global population, but also more specific ethical complexities including early loss of patients' capacity to make decisions regarding their own care, the stigma often associated with a dementia diagnosis, the difficulty of balancing concern for patients' welfare with respect for patients' remaining independence, and the effect on the physical, emotional, and financial well-being of family caregivers. Caring for patients with dementia requires respecting patient autonomy while acknowledging progressively diminishing decisional capacity and continuing to provide care in accordance with other core ethical principles (beneficence, justice, and nonmaleficence). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recommendations of the Italian society for infectious and tropical diseases (SIMIT) for adult vaccinations.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Sep 15:1-18. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

UOC Division of Emerging Infectious Diseases and Immunosuppressed, AOU Ospedali Riuniti of Ancona, Ancona, Italy.

Vaccination prevents 2-3 million deaths worldwide every year. Nevertheless, vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) still cause a considerable number of deaths especially in subjects belonging to "risk groups." These are represented by older adults, immunocompromised individuals and all subjects with underlying chronic medical conditions (cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal and liver chronic diseases, diabetes, immunodeficiency disorders). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Reinforcing rigor and reproducibility expectations for use of sex and gender in cardiovascular research.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Physiology, Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Efficient Conversion of Glycerol to Ethanol by an Engineered Strain.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 Sep 15:AEM0026821. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Japan.

Glycerol is an eco-friendly solvent that enhances plant biomass decomposition via glycerolysis in many pretreatment methods. Nonetheless, inefficient conversion of glycerol to ethanol by natural limits its use in these processes. Here, we have developed an efficient glycerol-converting yeast strain by genetically modifying the oxidation of cytosolic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) by an O-dependent dynamic shuttle and abolishing both glycerol phosphorylation and biosynthesis in D452-2 strain, as well as vigorous expression of whole genes in the DHA-pathway ( glycerol facilitator, glycerol dehydrogenase, endogenous dihydroxyacetone kinase, and triosephosphate isomerase). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Lexical Color Categories.

Annu Rev Vis Sci 2021 Sep;7:605-631

College of Optometry, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.

Color is a continuous variable, and humans can distinguish more than a million colors, yet world color lexicons contain no more than a dozen basic color terms. It has been understood for 160 years that the number of color terms in a lexicon varies greatly across languages, yet the lexical color categories defined by these terms are similar worldwide. Starting with the seminal study by Berlin and Kay, this review considers how and why this is so. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Radiation Oncology's Place in Payment Reform: ASTRO Advocates for a Place at the Table.

JCO Oncol Pract 2021 Sep 15:OP2100294. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

American Society for Radiation Oncology, Arlington, VA.

In its current form, the Radiation Oncology Model (RO Model) prioritizes payment cuts over true value-based payment transformation. With significant modifications to the payment methodology, the reporting requirements, and recognition of the unique challenges faced by disadvantaged populations, the RO Model can protect patient access to care, preserve the physician-patient decision-making process, and ensure the delivery of high-quality, efficient radiation therapy treatment. The American Society for Radiation Oncology has spent several years advocating for a meaningful alternative payment model for radiation oncology and continues to push The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation for changes to the RO Model that will recognize these key outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Characterization of Tattoo Aftercare Products: Allergenic Ingredients and Marketing Claims.

Dermatitis 2021 Sep-Oct 01;32(5):301-307

University of Minnesota Medical School.

Background: Common recommendations for tattoo aftercare to ensure proper healing include application of topical products. Little is known about tattoo aftercare products.

Methods: Tattoo aftercare products were identified from a previous study and a search on Amazon. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Impact of a mid-urethral synthetic mesh sling on long-term risk of systemic conditions in women with stress urinary incontinence: a national cohort study.

BJOG 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

British Society of Urogynaecology, UK.

Objective: To compare the incidence of systemic conditions between women who had surgical treatment for stress incontinence with mesh and without mesh.

Design: National cohort study.

Setting: English National Health Service. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome on the diagnostic odyssey: Rethinking complexity and difficulty as a hero's journey.

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Patients with hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, an hereditary disorder of the connective tissue, often face a long and difficult diagnostic odyssey in pursuit of a name for their condition. Clinicians may dismiss subjective symptoms of chronic pain, thus prolonging patients' odysseys and worsening their care and satisfaction and creating antagonisms in the patient-provider relationship. A greater understanding of patient experiences is necessary in order to decrease burdens of this relationship and to improve care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Compensatory bladder behaviors ("coping") in women with overactive bladder.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Aims: There is little information on how often or within what contexts individuals with OAB use compensatory behaviors ("coping") to manage symptoms. We sought to examine how frequently women with OAB report using coping behaviors and whether these are associated with psychosocial factors.

Methods: One hundred twenty adult women with OAB completed the OAB questionnaire (OAB-q), ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire, PROMIS Anxiety and Depression, Perceived Stress Scale, patient perception of bladder condition, and demographic and clinical data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effect of Hernia Mesh Weights on Postoperative Patient-Related and Clinical Outcomes After Open Ventral Hernia Repair: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Surg 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Cleveland Clinic Center for Abdominal Core Health, Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Importance: Although multiple versions of polypropylene mesh devices are currently available on the market for hernia repair, few comparisons exist to guide surgeons as to which device may be preferable for certain indications. Mesh density is believed to impact patient outcomes, including rates of chronic pain and perception of mesh in the abdominal wall.

Objective: To examine whether medium-weight polypropylene is associated with less pain at 1 year compared with heavy-weight mesh. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The interplay between stress and fullness in patients with functional dyspepsia and healthy controls: an exploratory experience sampling method study.

Psychosom Med 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Division of Gastroenterology-Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism (NUTRIM), Maastricht University Medical Centre+, P.O. Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands Food Innovation and Health, Centre for Healthy Eating and Food Innovation, Maastricht University, 5911 AA Venlo, The Netherlands Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: Fullness is a cardinal symptom in functional dyspepsia (FD). The use of real-time symptom assessment might provide more insight in factors, such as daily stress, that can influence fullness. Therefore, this study aimed to use the Experience Sampling Method (ESM, a real-time, repeated measurement method making use of repeated questionnaires available at random moments for a limited amount of time) to assess the association between stress and fullness in patients with FD and healthy controls (HC). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

LEAD and COMPASS: Tools to map the way forward for people with lower limb absence.

Authors:
Friedbert Kohler

Prosthet Orthot Int 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics Copenhagen, Denmark University of NSW, Sydney, Australia South Western Sydney Local Health District Liverpool, Australia Braeside Hospital, HammondCare Health, Sydney, Australia Corresponding author: Friedbert Kohler, Braeside Hospital, 340 Prairievale Road, Prairiewood, NSW, 2176, Australia. Email:

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Extracorporeal Life Support for Respiratory Failure in Patients With Electronic Cigarette or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury.

Crit Care Med 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonary Medicine and the Lung Transplant Program Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH. Department of Pediatrics-Critical Care, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, Ann Arbor, MI. Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN. Department of Critical Care Medicine, Mercy Hospital, St Louis, MO. Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, and London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON, Canada. Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, United Kingdom. Department of Radiology, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ. Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA. Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Barbara and Donald Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Manhasset, NY.

Objectives: Electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury is a clinical entity that can lead to respiratory failure and death. Despite the severity of electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury, the role of extracorporeal life support in its management remains unclear. Our objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury who received extracorporeal life support. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Time in Therapeutic Range Significantly Impacts Survival and Adverse Events in Destination Therapy Patients.

ASAIO J 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

From the Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, Illinois University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

The study aim was to examine the impact time in therapeutic range (TTR, International Normalized Ratio [INR] 2.0-3.0) has on survival and adverse events in patients receiving the HeartWare HVAD System in the ENDURANCE and ENDURANCE Supplemental Trials. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Psychological Effects of Heart Rate and Physical Vibration on the Operation of Construction Machines: Experimental Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Sep 15;9(9):e31637. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Graduate School of Technology Management, Ritsumeikan University, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: A construction method has emerged in which a camera is installed around a construction machine, and the operator remotely controls the machine while synchronizing the vibration of the machine with the images seen from the operator's seat using virtual reality (VR) technology. Indices related to changes in heart rate (HR) and physical vibration, such as heart rate variability (HRV) and multiscale entropy (MSE), can then be measured among the operators. As these indices are quantitative measures of autonomic regulation in the cardiovascular system, they can provide a useful means of assessing operational stress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Recent Academic Research on Clinically Relevant Digital Measures: Systematic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 15;23(9):e29875. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Background: Digital clinical measures collected via various digital sensing technologies such as smartphones, smartwatches, wearables, ingestibles, and implantables are increasingly used by individuals and clinicians to capture health outcomes or behavioral and physiological characteristics of individuals. Although academia is taking an active role in evaluating digital sensing products, academic contributions to advancing the safe, effective, ethical, and equitable use of digital clinical measures are poorly characterized.

Objective: We performed a systematic review to characterize the nature of academic research on digital clinical measures and to compare and contrast the types of sensors used and the sources of funding support for specific subareas of this research. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Examining Gender Imbalance in Chemistry Authorship.

ACS Chem Biol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, United States.

Despite decades of progress toward a more equitable society, gender representation in the sciences continues to be heavily skewed toward men. We were interested in gender representation in chemistry through the lens of scientific publishing. Publications are a central academic currency and are critical for funding, recruiting, and promotion in academia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cervical Cancer Screening: Updated Guidelines from the American Cancer Society.

Am Fam Physician 2021 Sep;104(3):314-315

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Jonesboro, AR, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development of a psychosocial oncology core curriculum for multidisciplinary education and training: Initial content validation using the modified Delphi Method.

Psychooncology 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Raymond A. Kent School of Social Work, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Objective: Despite its four decade history, the multidisciplinary specialty of psychosocial oncology (PSO) has no official consensus on core content. In 2014, the American Psychosocial Oncology Society (APOS) Board charged the APOS Professional Education Committee with outlining curricular content needed for core competence.

Methods: Content validation was completed using a four-phase modified Delphi Method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Who initiates punishment, who joins punishment? Disentangling types of third-party punishers by neural traits.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Social Neuroscience and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

The act of punishing unfair behavior by unaffected observers (i.e., third-party punishment) is a crucial factor in the functioning of human societies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The role of phage therapy in burn wound infection management: advantages and pitfalls.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pathology and Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto.

Burn wound infections are often the source of bacteria responsible for systemic infections, including bloodstream infections and pneumonia that ultimately can result in multisystem organ failure and death. Any rapid change in the burn wound appearance or the clinical condition of the burn patient may herald burn wound infection or sepsis. The revival of phage therapy, either in single mode or in combination with conventional antibiotics may represent a valuable alternative, to treat specific bacterial infections such as burn wound infections, including those caused by multidrug resistant organisms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Ethical evaluation of informed consent forms used in cardiology clinics and the importance of institutional standardized approach.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2021 Sep;49(6):477-487

Department of Medical Pharmacology, TOBB Economy and Technology University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the content of informed consent forms (ICFs) used during cardiology interventions by the university, research and training (R-T), and private hospitals with regard to ethical standards and compare them with the Turkish Society of Cardiology (TSC) templates and among various institutions.

Methods: A total of 185 forms from the university, R-T, and private hospitals and 19 TSC templates were selected and analyzed for 26 criteria. Compliance with TSC templates was also evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Ronald C.D. Breslow (1931-2017): A career in review.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Mar 26;115:104868. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Chemical Sciences, Ariel University, Israel. Electronic address:

Reviewed herein are key research accomplishments of Professor Ronald Charles D. Breslow (1931-2017) throughout his more than 60 year research career. These accomplishments span a wide range of topics, most notably physical organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and bioorganic chemistry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Unintended harm: A qualitative study of "harm" upon people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand.

Health (London) 2021 Sep 15:13634593211046841. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Thammasat University - Rangsit Campus, Thailand.

Given the highly pervasive health threats faced by people who inject drugs, harm reduction has been implemented in Thailand. Although harm reduction is a particularly effective public health strategy for reducing risky behavior, it is currently practiced with minimal understanding of unintended harm-drug policy, social exclusion, stigma, and discrimination-for people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. This study aims to understanding the "unintended harm" encountered by people who inject drugs in Bangkok in their everyday lives through social interaction at all levels of society from macro, micro, and individual levels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021