261 results match your criteria social-cognitive bias


The residential stability mindset increases racial in-group bias in empathy.

Biol Psychol 2021 Sep 21:108194. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Psychology,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Social Cognitive Neuroscience and Mental Health,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease,Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

With the deepening of internationalization, the population's mobility has greatly increased, which can impact people's intergroup relationships. The current research examined the hypothesis that residential mobility plays a crucial role in racial in-group bias in empathy (RIBE) with three studies. By manipulating the residential mobility/stability mindset and measuring subjective pain intensity ratings (Study 1) and event-related potentials (ERPs, Study 2) of Chinese adults on painful and neutral expressions of Asian and Caucasian faces, we found that the RIBE in subjective ratings and N1 amplitudes increased and P3 amplitudes decreased in the stability group. Read More

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September 2021

Current Evidence and Directions for Future Research in eHealth Physical Activity Interventions for Adults Affected by Cancer: Systematic Review.

JMIR Cancer 2021 Sep 20;7(3):e28852. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Physical activity (PA) interventions can increase PA and improve well-being among adults affected by cancer; however, most adults do not meet cancer-specific PA recommendations. Lack of time, facility access, and travel distances are barriers to participation in PA interventions. eHealth technologies may address some of these barriers, serving as a viable way to promote PA behavior change in this population. Read More

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September 2021

Self-assessment of social cognition in a sample of Lebanese in-patients with schizophrenia.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2021 Dec 9;26:100207. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

INSERM, Univ. Limoges, IRD, U1094 Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Epidemiology and Tropical Neurology, GEIST, Limoges, France.

Objective: The primary objective was to evaluate social cognitive complaints in a sample of chronic in-patients with schizophrenia and compare it to healthy controls. The secondary objective was to explore factors related to social cognitive complaints in these patients, such as neurocognition, clinical symptoms, depression, and insight.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted between July 2019 and March 2020 at the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross (HPC)-Lebanon enrolled 120 chronic in-patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders and 60 healthy controls. Read More

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December 2021

Physical activity interventions using behaviour change theories for women with breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Cancer Surviv 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Sydney School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia.

Purpose: Physical activity is a well-established strategy to alleviate breast cancer-related adverse outcomes. To optimise health benefits, behaviour change theories provide frameworks to support women in improving their physical activity. This review aimed to evaluate (i) the effects of behaviour change theory-based physical activity interventions for women with breast cancer and (ii) the application of these theories. Read More

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September 2021

A systematic review of the intervention characteristics, and behavior change theory and techniques used in mother-daughter interventions targeting physical activity.

Prev Med 2021 Aug 17;153:106764. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

School of Public Health, Physiotherapy, and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland; Institute of Sport and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Growing gender disparities in levels of physical inactivity put women and female youths at a greater risk of associated health problems. Mother-daughter interventions have been proposed as means to promote physical activity in this at-risk cohort. However, there is a lack of clarity as to if and why these types of interventions might be effective. Read More

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Effect of uncertainty-dependent residential mobility on loss aversion.

Psych J 2021 Aug 16. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Psychology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Social Cognitive Neuroscience and Mental Health, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The current research aimed to examine the relationship between residential mobility and loss aversion, a ubiquitous decision-making bias conceptualized in prospect theory. Combining correlational, experimental, and electroencephalography approaches, we tested the hypothesis that residential mobility may increase loss aversion. The results revealed a positive correlation between residential mobility and loss aversion (Study 1). Read More

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" Student Pharmacists' Views on the Stigma Associated with Opioid use Disorder.

Innov Pharm 2021 10;12(2). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Translational Science, University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Pharmacy.

Background: Student pharmacists represent an important potential population for targeted educational interventions focused on skill and confidence development in order to improve interactions with opioid users and to decrease stigma. The objective of this study was to understand student pharmacists' perceptions of opioid users.

Methods: Focus groups were conducted with student pharmacists across Tennessee over two months in 2020. Read More

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High-frequency rTMS over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on chronic and provoked pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Brain Stimul 2021 Sep-Oct;14(5):1135-1146. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia.

Background: High-frequency rTMS over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has demonstrated mixed effects on chronic and provoked pain.

Objectives/methods: In this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to characterise the potential analgesic effects of high-frequency rTMS over the DLPFC on both chronic and provoked pain.

Results: A total of 626 studies were identified in a systematic search. Read More

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Cultural considerations in health care capacity building: A qualitative study in Lesotho.

Glob Public Health 2021 Jul 18:1-14. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA.

International non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and academic institutions support health care capacity building to strengthen health systems in low and middle-income countries. We conducted a phenomenological study of foreign and Basotho clinicians who participated in clinical continuing professional development (CPD) in Lesotho. Clinicians included physicians, nurses, and a nutritionist. Read More

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The Relationship Between Employee's Status Perception and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Psychological Path of Work Vitality.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2021 10;14:743-757. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Management, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Studies have shown that status-based rankings exist within almost every human social group and influence most aspects of organizational life. However, few studies have discussed the relationship between employees' status and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Based on social cognitive theory, this paper explores the relationship between employees' status perception and two types of OCBs: challenging and affiliative, as well as the mechanism underlying this relationship by introducing work vitality as the mediator and dominance motivation as the moderator. Read More

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Trustworthiness appraisals of faces wearing a surgical mask during the Covid-19 pandemic in Germany: An experimental study.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(5):e0251393. Epub 2021 May 18.

Institute of Psychiatric and Psychosomatic Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: During the Covid-19 pandemic, the negative effects of wearing a mouth-nose cover (MNC) on interpersonal functioning have been discussed in public media but empirical studies on how wearing MNCs affect social judgements are sparse. In the present study, we investigated the effects of MNCs on trustworthiness appraisals, the influence of changes due to MNCs in evaluating joy, and the relationship between a social-cognitive appraisal bias and a participant's characteristics.

Methods: All participants (N = 165) judged the intensity of happiness and trustworthiness in calm facial stimuli presented with and without a surgical mask covering part of the face. Read More

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Blurred boundaries between us and them: Do young children affiliate with outgroup members with shared preferences?

Authors:
Mioko Sudo

J Exp Child Psychol 2021 Aug 29;208:105150. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Electronic address:

Children tend to assume that their ingroup members are more likely to share their preferences than outgroup members, but group membership and shared preferences need not be congruent in reality. The current study investigated 76 3- to 6-year-old children's baseline intergroup attitudes in a minimal group context and their subsequent attitudes after being informed that either (a) their ingroup, but not their outgroup, shared their preferences or (b) their outgroup, but not their ingroup, shared their preferences. Cues about shared preferences affected children's intergroup biases to some extent, such that children tended to like their outgroup more and to allocate resources fairly among their ingroup and outgroup when they learned that their outgroup shared their preferences. Read More

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Impaired theory of mind and emotion recognition in pediatric bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 06 12;138:246-255. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Diyarbakır Children's Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Background: Social cognition is impaired in patients with severe mental disorders. We aimed to investigate impairments in social cognition in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) through a systematic review of the literature and the meta-analysis.

Method: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we searched in PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane CENTRAL for studies reporting on the theory of mind (ToM) and emotion recognition (ER) abilities of patients with PBD compared to healthy controls (HC). Read More

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Comparing person and people perception: Multiple group members do not increase stereotype priming.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2021 Aug 26;74(8):1418-1431. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

A characteristic feature of daily life is encountering people in groups. Surprisingly, however, at least during the initial stages of processing, research has focused almost exclusively on the construal of single individuals. As such, it remains unclear whether person and people (i. Read More

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PCIT engagement and persistence among child welfare-involved families: Associations with harsh parenting, physiological reactivity, and social cognitive processes at intake.

Dev Psychopathol 2021 Mar 26:1-18. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

College of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

Parent-Child interaction therapy (PCIT) has been shown to improve positive, responsive parenting and lower risk for child maltreatment (CM), including among families who are already involved in the child welfare system. However, higher risk families show higher rates of treatment attrition, limiting effectiveness. In N = 120 child welfare families randomized to PCIT, we tested behavioral and physiological markers of parent self-regulation and socio-cognitive processes assessed at pre-intervention as predictors of retention in PCIT. Read More

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The neural underpinnings of intergroup social cognition: an fMRI meta-analysis.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2021 Sep;16(9):903-914

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Roughly 20 years of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have investigated the neural correlates underlying engagement in social cognition (e.g. empathy and emotion perception) about targets spanning various social categories (e. Read More

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September 2021

Social cognition in patients with first episode of psychosis in remission.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020 Sep-Oct;62(5):544-554. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Aim: The present study aimed to compare the social cognition (SC) deficits in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and healthy controls and evaluate the association of SC deficits with socio-occupational functioning, insight, quality of life, and stigma.

Methods: This study included 30 patients with FEP in remission phase and 26 healthy controls matched for age, gender, education, and intelligent quotient. SC was assessed on the domains of theory of mind (ToM), social perception, and attributional bias. Read More

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October 2020

Self-reported social functioning and social cognition in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: Using ecological momentary assessment to identify the origin of bias.

Schizophr Res 2021 04 2;230:17-23. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States of America; Bruce W. Carter VA Medical Center, Miami, FL, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objectives: People with schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar illness (BPI) generate self-reports of their functioning that diverge from objective information. It has been suggested that these participants do not base such reports on daily experiences, relying on other information. We used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to sample socially relevant daily activities in SCZ and BPI and related them to self-reported and observer-rated social functioning and social cognitive ability. Read More

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Support for the social-cognitive model of internalized stigma in serious mental illness.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 05 13;137:41-47. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Veterans Affairs VISN 5 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Division of Psychiatric Services Research, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.

One prominent social-cognitive model of internalized stigma by Corrigan and his colleagues (2012; 2002) proposes that individuals are exposed to societal stereotypes about mental illness, at least tacitly agree with them, and may apply them to oneself, engendering harmful self-beliefs. There is limited empirical support for this model in serious mental illness. Moreover, it is not clearly established how internalized stigma and its associated factors impact recovery in this population. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 social isolation on aspects of emotional and social cognition.

Cogn Emot 2021 Feb 25:1-10. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

The present study aimed to examine the impact of COVID-19 social isolation upon aspects of emotional and social cognitive function. We predicted that greater impairments in emotional and social cognition would be observed in people who experienced more disruption to their usual social connectivity during COVID-19 social isolation. Healthy volunteers (N = 92) without prior mental health problems completed assessments online in their own homes during the most stringent period of the first COVID-19 "lockdown" in the UK (March - May 2020). Read More

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February 2021

Bystander responses to bias-based bullying and retaliation: Is retaliation perceived as more acceptable than bias-based bullying?

Br J Dev Psychol 2021 Sep 25;39(3):442-461. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

The current study examined intergroup-related and social-cognitive correlates of bystanders' acceptability judgements and their responses to bias-based bullying of immigrant peers and to possible retaliation for the bullying. Participants included 179 immigrant-origin and non-immigrant-origin youth (M  = 13.23; SD = 1. Read More

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September 2021

Social Cognition and Interpersonal Problems in Persistent Depressive Disorder vs. Episodic Depression: The Role of Childhood Maltreatment.

Front Psychiatry 2020 25;11:608795. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Little is known about the specific psychological features that differentiate persistent depressive disorder (PDD) and episodic depression (ED). Thus, the present study aimed to investigate differences in social cognition and interpersonal problems between these two forms of depression and healthy controls. In addition, we aimed to examine childhood maltreatment (CM) as a possible origin of these alterations. Read More

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January 2021

Personal relative deprivation impairs ability to filter out threat-related distractors from visual working memory.

Int J Psychophysiol 2021 04 6;162:86-94. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Ministry of Education, School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. Electronic address:

The literature has indicated that personal relative deprivation (PRD) results in anxiety disorders. Given that some cognitive models propose that attention bias toward a threat causes and maintains anxiety, relatively deprived individuals may have difficulty gating threat from working memory. To test this hypothesis, this study investigated the influence of PRD on the filtering ability of happy, angry, and neutral facial distractors from visual working memory using electroencephalography (EEG). Read More

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Self-referential gaze perception of patients with schizophrenia and its relationship with symptomatology and cognitive functions.

Schizophr Res 2021 02 23;228:288-294. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR; The State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Self-referential gaze perception (SRGP)-the perception that others' gaze is towards oneself-is a core experience in patients with schizophrenia, and may be related to common delusional themes such as delusions of reference. Studies exploring SRGP bias in schizophrenia are limited and results have been inconsistent, particularly regarding its relationship with symptomatology and cognition. Seventy-five patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (25 with high level of reference delusion, 25 with low reference delusion and 25 in clinical remission) and 25 matched healthy controls were compared in a gaze perception task to judge whether averted gaze with varied ambiguity was directed at them. Read More

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February 2021

The Role of Immigration Background, Intergroup Processes, and Social-Cognitive Skills in Bystanders' Responses to Bias-Based Bullying Toward Immigrants During Adolescence.

Child Dev 2021 May 17;92(3):e296-e316. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

North Carolina State University.

This study examined how intergroup processes and social-cognitive factors shape bystander responses to bias-based and general bullying. Participants included sixth and ninth graders (N = 179, M = 13.23) who evaluated how likely they would be to intervene if they observed bullying of immigrant-origin and nonimmigrant-origin peers. Read More

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Neural Mechanisms of Attitude Change Toward Stigmatized Individuals: Temporoparietal Junction Activity Predicts Bias Reduction.

Mindfulness (N Y) 2020 Jun 17;11(6):1378-1389. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania.

Objectives: Psychological and neural evidence suggests that negative attitudes toward stigmatized individuals arise in part from failures to perceive them as social targets. Here, we tested whether experimentally up-regulating neural regions involved in social cognition would predict subsequent decreases in bias toward stigmatized individuals (i.e. Read More

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Cultural variation in young children's social motivation for peer collaboration and its relation to the ontogeny of Theory of Mind.

PLoS One 2020 19;15(11):e0242071. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Comparative Cultural Psychology, Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

Children seek and like to engage in collaborative activities with their peers. This social motivation is hypothesized to facilitate their emerging social-cognitive skills and vice versa. Current evidence on the ontogeny of social motivation and its' links to social cognition, however, is subject to a sampling bias toward participants from urban Western populations. Read More

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January 2021

Stable middle-aged face recognition: No moderation of the own-age bias across contexts.

Br J Psychol 2021 Aug 19;112(3):645-661. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia.

The own-age bias (OAB) has been proposed to be caused by perceptual expertise and/or social-cognitive mechanisms. Investigations into the role of social cognition have, however, yielded mixed results. One reason for this might be the tendency for research to focus on the OAB in young adults, between young and older adult faces where other-age individuation experience is low. Read More

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An updated transdiagnostic review of social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology.

J Psychiatr Res 2020 Nov 9. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Existing data suggest that deficits in social cognitive functioning are transdiagnostic phenomena that are observed across various forms of psychopathology. The goal of the present review was to provide an updated systematic review of the literature on social cognitive functioning across eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). Studies that assessed six areas of social cognition were included: theory of mind, social perception, social knowledge, attributional bias, emotion perception, and emotion processing. Read More

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November 2020

Free Smiles Are Worth a Lot for Social Media Influencers: The Mediating Roles of Warmth, Competence, and Admiration.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2021 Feb 27;24(2):135-140. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Department of Advertising and Public Relations, Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

This research examines how visual representation of social media influencers affects perceptions and attitudes toward influencers and their persuasive messages. Using the theoretical frameworks of the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) and the Behaviors from Interpersonal Affect and Stereotypes (BIAS) Map, Study 1 demonstrated that influencers with broad smiles were perceived as warmer and more competent and evaluated more positively than those with closed smiles. Study 2 revealed that warmth and competence judgments led to admiration toward the smiling influencers, which in turn resulted in positive attitudinal and behavioral responses to their persuasive messages. Read More

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February 2021