30,739 results match your criteria social play


Parents' attitudes towards school students' overuse of smartphones and its detrimental health impacts: A qualitative study.

JMIR Pediatr Parent 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Immunology, Ministry of Health-Kuwait, Kuwait, KW.

Background: Parents' awareness of the risks of the overuse of smartphones (SPs) among their children and parents' attitudes towards this societal phenomenon are crucial factors to consider when investigating the causes and effects of, as well as interventions to control, this public health issue.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the awareness and attitudes of parents regarding SP overuse among their children and the detrimental impacts associated with it.

Methods: The qualitative method of semi-structured face-to-face interviews was used to collect data from fathers and mothers of children aged 6-18 years. Read More

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Birth characteristics and childhood leukemia in Switzerland: a register-based case-control study.

Cancer Causes Control 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Mittelstrasse 43, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

Purpose: Initial genetic alterations in the development of childhood leukemia occur in utero or before conception; both genetic and environmental factors are suspected to play a role. We aimed to investigate the associations between childhood leukemia and perinatal characteristics including birth order, birth interval to older siblings, parental age, birth weight, and multiple birth.

Methods: We identified cases diagnosed between 1981 and 2015 and born in Switzerland between 1969 and 2015 from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry and randomly sampled five controls per case from national birth records matched on date of birth, sex, and municipality of residence at birth. Read More

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Declining Levels of Specialized Synaptic Surface Proteins in nNOS-Expressing Interneurons in Mice Treated Prenatally with Valproic Acid.

Neurochem Res 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Center for Genetic Medicine, Xuzhou Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Xuzhou, China.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, and repetitive or restricted interests and behaviors. Membrane proteins are a significant part of the proteins in cell and play key functions in synaptic transmission. We have recently shown that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression was reduced in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) of mice following postnatal valproic acid (VPA) exposure. Read More

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Critical incidents in anorexia nervosa: perspectives of those with a lived experience.

J Eat Disord 2021 Apr 19;9(1):53. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

School of Education, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background: Although social-emotional difficulties are believed play a key role in anorexia nervosa (AN), there is uncertainty regarding what these difficulties might look like. Previous research has largely focused on a "disease model" of social-emotional processing in AN with little attention paid to positive emotions and experiences. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to obtain a fuller picture of critical life events as identified by those with lived AN experience. Read More

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Early trauma and schizophrenia onset: preliminary results of an outpatient cohort in Brazil.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Translational Research Group on Mental Health (GPTranSMe), Dom Bosco Catholic University, Campo Grande, Brazil. Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LabPR-UFRJ), Psychiatry Institute of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IPUB-UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Departments of Psychiatry, Neuroscience and Genetics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of early trauma in individuals with onset of schizophrenia at early (≤ 18 years) and adult (> 18 years) ages (EOP and AOP, respectively). and explore relationship between the onset of disease and clinical variables, including traumatic events, psychotic and mood symptoms.

Methods: Subjects with SZ (n=71) and EOP and AOP were compared for the history of psychological trauma, sexual abuse, and physical punishment through the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report - Short Form (ETISR-SF); a history of comorbidities and affective disorders through the Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis and Affective Disorders, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia was correlated with the disease duration. Read More

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Facing Our Fears: The Impact of a 4-Day Training Intervention to Reduce Negative Perspectives on Sexual and Gender Minorities among Religious Leaders in Kenya.

J Sex Res 2021 Apr 19:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University.

This study evaluated short- and long-term impact of a 4-day training intervention to reduce negative perspectives of religious leaders in Kenya on sexual and gender minorities, adopting a one-group pretest-posttest-follow-up design. Religious leaders' perspectives play an important role in maintaining the negative status quo for sexual and gender minorities, especially in Africa, where religion's impact is ubiquitous and holding negative attitudes against these populations is perceived as an expression of doctrinal orthodoxy. The training, developed by a community-based organization, employs a variety of strategies, including education, storytelling, and in-person contact. Read More

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[Role of music activities in psychiatric rehabilitation].

Psychiatr Hung 2021 ;36(2):187-208

SZTE AOK IODI Pszichiatriai Klinika, Szeged, Hungary, E-mail:

Introduction: In Hungary, the use of music in rehabilitation is a scarcely researched area. In this study we aimed to examine the structure, purpose, and role of music activities conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged. We studied the rehabilitation programs of psychiatric patients and the role of music activities in healing and reintegration. Read More

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January 2021

Does play shape hand use skill in rats?

Exp Brain Res 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Research, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada.

Hand use is a widespread act in many vertebrate lineages and subserves behaviors including locomotion, predation, feeding, nest construction, and grooming. In order to determine whether hand use is similarly used in social behavior, the present paper describes hand use in the social play of rats. In the course of rough and tumble play sessions, rats are found to make as many as twenty different movements a minute with each hand for the purposes of manipulating a partner into a subordinate position or defending against a partner's attack. Read More

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The Use of Research Methods in Psychological Research: A Systematised Review.

Front Res Metr Anal 2020 20;5. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

WorkWell Research Institute, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Research methods play an imperative role in research quality as well as educating young researchers, however, the application thereof is unclear which can be detrimental to the field of psychology. Therefore, this systematised review aimed to determine what research methods are being used, how these methods are being used and for what topics in the field. Our review of 999 articles from five journals over a period of 5 years indicated that psychology research is conducted in 10 topics via predominantly quantitative research methods. Read More

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Credibility Contests: Media Debates on Do-It-Yourself Coronavirus Responses and the Role of Citizens in Health Crises.

Front Sociol 2020 4;5:592666. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Centre for Biomedicine, Self and Society, Usher Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe and North America, news outlets ran a series of stories reporting on "do-it-yourself" (DIY) coronavirus responses that were created and implemented by citizens. This news discourse exemplifies and can illuminate wider shifts in the roles of citizens in science, as individuals outside professional science institutions are becoming more actively involved in scientific knowledge production than before, while the epistemic authority of professional "expert" scientists has been increasingly contested. This paper focuses on DIY citizenship, taking news discourses on citizens' DIY coronavirus responses as a lens to explore wider questions around the changing ways in which the roles of different public health actors are delineated and represented under conditions of significant social and epistemic uncertainty. Read More

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November 2020

Intersections of Forced Migration and Gender in Physical Education.

Front Sociol 2020 14;5:539020. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Sports Sociology, Institute of Sport Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.

Rising refugee movements have affected global society in general and the social system of sports in particular. The main structures and discourses of the sports system are also reflected in physical education (PE) at schools, which can, therefore, be regarded as an integral part of it. PE can play a significant role in the sports biographies of young people from refugee backgrounds. Read More

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October 2020

Love Island and Relationship Education.

Front Sociol 2019 23;4:79. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

School of Humanities and Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

The rise of reality TV programmes focussing on relationships and the search for "love" has focussed media attention on the portrayal of healthy relationships, gender roles, and intimate partner abuse (IPVA). Love Island, a UK reality TV programme, was watched in 2019 by over 3 million viewers, a majority of whom are young women aged 16-34, though a younger teenage demographic also watch. Many of these younger viewers may be learning about what healthy relationships are like, and entering their first romantic relationships. Read More

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January 2020

"Human Beings Is What Women Want to Become, and to Partake of the Garland of Work and Victory." Visions of Emancipation, Community Spirit, and Social Reform in the First German Women's Movement.

Authors:
Susanne Schötz

Front Sociol 2019 13;4:64. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Chair of Social and Economic History, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany.

My reflections draw attention to the General German Women's Association (German: Allgemeiner Deutscher Frauenverein-ADF), which was founded on 18th October 1865 under the chairwomanship of writer, journalist and publicist Louise Otto-Peters (1819-1865). This event marks the beginning of the organized women's movement in Germany. I will pay special attention to Louise Otto-Peters, who not only initiated the ADF and chaired it for many years, she was also its most important theoretical thinker, and crucially, developed specific policies for women. Read More

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September 2019

"Research Usually Sits on Shelves, Through the Play It Was Shared." Co-producing Knowledge Through Post-show Discussions of Research-Based Theatre.

Front Sociol 2019 19;4:48. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

This is a critical analysis of the co-production of knowledge on health care with members of the public attending two research-based plays that were followed by post-show discussions with expert panelists. was developed from the findings of a qualitative research study of family decision making toward the end of life. explored help seeking pathways for young people experiencing psychosis in families of different ethnicities developed from a research study on this topic. Read More

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Benevolent and Hostile Sexism in Social Spheres: The Impact of Parents, School and Romance on Belgian Adolescents' Sexist Attitudes.

Front Sociol 2019 31;4:47. Epub 2019 May 31.

Cultural Diversity: Opportunities and Socialization (CuDOS) Research Group, Department of Sociology, Universiteit Gent, Ghent, Belgium.

Despite growing public awareness and policy efforts, gender equality has not yet been fully established in Western societies. Previous research has shown that hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes, which are grounded in traditional gender stereotypes, play a key role in the reproduction of gender inequalities. Whereas, hostile and benevolent sexism among adolescents has been previously studied, limited attention has been paid to social characteristics in understanding the support for these attitudes. Read More

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Rights-Based Training Enhancing Engagement of Health Providers With Communities, Cape Metropole, South Africa.

Front Sociol 2019 30;4:35. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Health and Human Rights Programme, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Community participation, the central principle of the primary health care approach, is widely accepted in the governance of health systems. Health Committees (HCs) are community-based structures that can enable communities to participate in the governance of primary health care. Previous research done in the Cape Town Metropole, South Africa, reports that HCs' potential can, however, be limited by a lack of local health providers' (HPs) understanding of HC roles and functions as well as lack of engagement with HCs. Read More

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Pregnancy or Psychological Outcomes of Psychotherapy Interventions for Infertility: A Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:643395. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Neurology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

The pregnancy and psychological status of infertile couples has always been a concern, but there is no clear evidence for the efficacy of psychotherapy for infertile couples. This study aimed to summarize the current evidence of the effects of psychotherapy on psychological and pregnancy outcomes for infertile couples. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMbase, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science (ISI) for articles published from 1946 to June 26, 2020. Read More

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Humor in Times of COVID-19 in Spain: Viewing Coronavirus Through Memes Disseminated via WhatsApp.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:611788. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Departamento de Didáctica de la Lengua y la Literatura, Faculty of Education, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain.

The COVID-19 crisis, and its ensuing periods of confinement, has generated high levels of social stress on a global scale. In Spain, citizens were isolated in their homes and were not able to interact physically with family members, friends or co-workers. Different resources were employed to face this new stressful and unexpected situation (fitness, reading, painting, meditation, mindfulness, dancing, listening to music, playing instruments, cooking, etc. Read More

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A Multiple Goals Approach to Exploring Social Worker Conversational Plans for Advance Care Treatment with Terminally Ill Patients.

J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care 2021 Apr 18:1-18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

The University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts, Austin, Texas, USA.

Social workers play an integral role in end-of-life planning and patient outcomes, and yet how social workers approach such conversations with patients is not well understood. The current study employed a cross-sectional design to examine social worker planned communication about end-of-life care using a multiple goals framework. Recruited from online listservs, a content analysis was conducted with social worker curated plans ( = 20) for end-of-life conversations. Read More

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Altered relationship between subjective perception and central representation of touch hedonics in adolescents with autism-spectrum disorder.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 Apr 17;11(1):224. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

An impairment of social communication is a core symptom of autism-spectrum disorder (ASD). Affective touch is an important means of social interaction, and C-Tactile (CT) afferents are thought to play a key role in the peripheral detection and encoding of these stimuli. Exploring the neural and behavioral mechanisms for processing CT-optimal touch (~3 cm/s) may therefore provide useful insights into the pathophysiology of ASD. Read More

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A novel measure of corporate carbon emission disclosure, the effect of capital expenditures and corporate governance.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 15;290:112581. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Westminster Business School, University of Westminster, WBS - 35 Marylebone Road, London, GB, NW1 5LS, UK. Electronic address:

The UK's 2050 net-zero emission target is one of the most ambitious goals in the world. Organisations should play a vital role by communicating a sufficient level of carbon emission information with the stakeholders. Motivated by the necessity of measuring the level of carbon disclosure, this paper provides a unique carbon emission disclosure measurement based on a sample of UK firms from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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The cortical organization of writing sequence: evidence from observing Chinese characters in motion.

Brain Struct Funct 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China.

Writing sequences play an important role in handwriting of Chinese characters. However, little is known regarding the integral brain patterns and network mechanisms of processing Chinese character writing sequences. The present study decoded brain patterns during observing Chinese characters in motion by using multi-voxel pattern analysis, meta-analytic decoding analysis, and extended unified structural equation model. Read More

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Drinking games among university students in five countries: Participation rates, game type, contexts, and motives to play.

Addict Behav 2021 Apr 2;119:106940. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sunderland, The David Goldman Informatics Centre, Sir Tom Cowie Campus at St Peter's, St Peter's Way, Sunderland, Tyne & Wear SR6 0DD, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Most published studies, regarding students' participation in drinking games (DGs), originate from the United States of America (USA). This study extends research to the United Kingdom (UK) and countries of mainland Europe. University students from five countries completed an anonymous online questionnaire which included measures of the frequency of DG participation, along with types, contexts and motives for participation. Read More

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Mothers' perspectives on the influences shaping their early experiences with infants at risk of cerebral palsy in India.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Apr 15;113:103957. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

The University of Queensland, Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Accurate diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP) high-risk status is now possible in infants less than six months corrected age. Parents play a central role in providing nurturing care and implementing early intervention approaches. To design interventions tailored to needs of parents and understand how to improve parental support, this study aimed to understand the influences shaping parent experiences with an infant at high-risk of CP in West Bengal, India. Read More

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Psychosocial characteristics and HIV-related sexual behaviors among cisgender, transgender, and gender non-conforming MSM in China.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Apr 17;21(1):196. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

Background: While a growing number of studies focus on men who have sex with men (MSM), they typically ignore the heterogeneity of gender minorities within the MSM population. The recognition of new sub-groups among gender minorities (i.e. Read More

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The role of sex-differentiated variations in stress hormones, antioxidants, and neuroimmune responses in relation to social interaction impairment in a rodent model of autism.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Central Laboratory, Female Center for Medical Studies and Scientific Section, King Saud University, P O Box 22452, Riyadh, 11495, Saudi Arabia.

Males are more likely to develop autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder than females, but the mechanisms underlying male susceptibility are not fully understood. In this paper, we used a well-characterized propionic acid (PPA) rodent model of autism to study sex differences in stress hormones, antioxidants' status, and the neuroimmune response that may contribute to the preponderance of autism in males. Sprague Dawley rats of both sexes were divided into a saline-treated group as controls and PPA-treated groups, receiving 250 mg/kg of PPA per day for three days. Read More

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Early postnatal allergic airway inflammation induces dystrophic microglia leading to excitatory postsynaptic surplus and autism-like behavior.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan; Translational Neuroscience Center, Graduate School of Medicine, and School of Pharmacy at Fukuoka, International University of Health and Welfare, 137-1 Enokizu, Ookawa, Fukuoka 831-8501, Japan; Department of Neurology, Brain and Nerve Center, Fukuoka Central Hospital, International University of Health and Welfare, 2-6-11 Yakuin, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-0022, Japan. Electronic address:

Microglia play key roles in synaptic pruning, which primarily occurs from the postnatal period to adolescence. Synaptic pruning is essential for normal brain development and its impairment is implicated in neuropsychiatric developmental diseases such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Recent epidemiological surveys reported a strong link between ASD and atopic/allergic diseases. Read More

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A Gamified, Social Media-Inspired, Web-Based Personalized Normative Feedback Alcohol Intervention for Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer-Identified Women: Protocol for a Hybrid Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 16;10(4):e24647. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

HeadsUp Labs, Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Background: Sexual minority women are more likely to drink alcohol, engage in heavy drinking, and experience alcohol-related problems than heterosexual women. However, culturally tailored interventions for this population have been slow to emerge.

Objective: This type 1 effectiveness-implementation trial examines the feasibility and efficacy of a gamified, culturally tailored, personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for sexual minority women who psychologically identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer (LBQ). Read More

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Fathers' oxytocin responses to first holding their newborns: Interactions with testosterone reactivity to predict later parenting behavior and father-infant bonds.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Little is known about human fathers' physiology near infants' births. This may represent a period during which paternal psychobiological axes are sensitive to fathers' new experiences of interacting with their newborns and that can provide insights on how individual differences in fathers' biology relate to post-partum parenting. Drawing on a sample of men in South Bend, IN (U. Read More

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