23,648 results match your criteria social expression

Age as a determining variable in the practice or abandonment of physical exercise among young people.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(6):e0253750. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Specific Didactics, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain.

Background: Numerous studies have reported a gradual decline in the practice of physical exercise with age, confirming high dropout rates in the adolescent period. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivation or barriers that lead to greater or lesser adherence to physical exercise among children and adolescents.

Methods: In this study, 1,081 individuals volunteered to participate [239 children (age: 10. Read More

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What is text reading fluency and is it a predictor or an outcome of reading comprehension? A longitudinal investigation.

Dev Psychol 2021 May;57(5):718-732

College of Social Work, Florida State University.

Text reading fluency refers to the ability to read connected texts with accuracy, speed, and expression (prosody), and has garnered substantial attention as an important skill for reading comprehension. However, two fundamental questions remain-the dimensionality of text reading fluency including text reading efficiency (accuracy and speed) and reading prosody, and the directionality of the relation between text reading fluency and reading comprehension. These questions were addressed using longitudinal data from Grade 1 ( = 6. Read More

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'My story is like a magic wand': a qualitative study of personal storytelling and activism to stop violence against women in Turkey.

Glob Health Action 2021 Jan;14(1):1927331

Institute for Global Health, University College London, UK.

: Telling personal stories of violence has been central to recent advocacy efforts to prevent violence against women around the world. In this paper, we explore the use of personal storytelling as a form of activism to prevent femicide in Turkey. This study is part of a broader storytelling initiative called SHAER (Storytelling for Health: Acknowledgement, Expression and Recovery) to alleviate the psychological and emotional suffering of women who have experienced gender-based violence in high-prevalence settings. Read More

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January 2021

Differences in Expression in Pancreatic Cancers and Pancreatic Cysts in Egypt.

J Carcinog Mutagen 2018 26;9(1). Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Environmental, Occupational, and Geospatial Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, City University of New York, New York, USA.

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. with most patients diagnosed at advanced stages followed by short survival. Read More

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PD-L1 Dysregulation in COVID-19 Patients.

Front Immunol 2021 7;12:695242. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, "Scuola Medica Salernitana", University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic has reached direct and indirect medical and social consequences with a subset of patients who rapidly worsen and die from severe-critical manifestations. As a result, there is still an urgent need to identify prognostic biomarkers and effective therapeutic approaches. Severe-critical manifestations of COVID-19 are caused by a dysregulated immune response. Read More

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"Have You Taken the A4 Challenge?" Correlates and Impact of a Thin Ideal Expression From Chinese Social Media.

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:669014. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

In three studies, we assessed knowledge, correlates, and effects of the A4 challenge, an expression of the thin ideal from Chinese social media. In Study 1, gender differences in familiarity with the A4 challenge were assessed among 225 women and 151 men. Compared to men, women and female peers from participant social networks were more familiar with and likely to have taken the challenge themselves. Read More

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Cultural values shape the expression of self-evaluative social emotions.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 23;11(1):13169. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Social emotions are key to everyday social life and therefore shaped by cultural values in their expression. Prior research has focused on facial expressions of emotions. What is less clear, however, is the extent to which cultural values shape other modalities of emotional expression. Read More

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The Glow Still Shows: Effects of Facial Masking on Perceptions of Duchenne Versus Social Smiles.

Perception 2021 Jun 24:3010066211027052. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

6789Cabrini University, Pennsylvania, United States.

Facial expressions of emotion have important communicative functions. It is likely that mask-wearing during pandemics disrupts these functions, especially for expressions defined by activity in the lower half of the face. We tested this by asking participants to rate both Duchenne smiles (DSs; defined by the mouth and eyes) and non-Duchenne or "social" smiles (SSs; defined by the mouth alone), within masked and unmasked target faces. Read More

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The Predictive Utility of Reward-Based Motives Underlying Excessive and Problematic Social Networking Site Use.

Psychol Rep 2021 Jun 23:332941211025271. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Psychology, 3057Durham University, UK.

Compulsive seeking of reward is a hallmark feature of drug addiction, but the role of reward is less well understood in behavioural addictions. The present study investigated the predictive utility of ten reward-based motives, which we identified in the literature, in explaining excessive and problematic use of social networking sites (SNSs). These motives were examined in a cross-sectional survey of 411 young adults, revealing that prolonged use and excessive checking were predicted by distinctly different motives. Read More

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Comparative analysis of hippocampal transcriptional features between major depressive disorder patients and animal models.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 11;293:19-28. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

NHC Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment on Brain Functional Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China; Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China. Electronic address:

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a psychiatric disorder caused by various etiologies. Chronic stress models are used to simulate the heterogeneous pathogenic processes of depression. However, few studies have compared transcriptional features between stress models and MDD patients. Read More

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Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomal miR-206 promotes osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in osteoarthritis by reducing Elf3.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedic, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve as gene silencers involved in essential cell functions. The role of miR-206 and E74-like factor 3 (Elf3) has been identified in osteoarthritis (OA), while the effect of exosomal miR-206 from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in OA remains largely unknown. Thus, we aim to explore the role of exosomal miR-206 from BMSCs in OA with the involvement of Elf3. Read More

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Digital failure: An emerging reason of anger expression among adolescents.

Ind Psychiatry J 2020 Jul-Dec;29(2):335-338. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka,India.

Network connectivity can often lead to positive as well as negative mood states among regular Internet users. Recently, studies have mainly focused on the impact of Internet abuse/addiction on the various aspects of the individual, in terms of cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal domains. However, one of the issues that is not much reported are the issues about what happens to the children who are not able to access the internet due to connectivity issues. Read More

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COVID-19 related stigma and health-protective behaviours among adolescents in the Netherlands: An explorative study.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(6):e0253342. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many governments to impose social distancing measures upon its citizens, including in the Netherlands. Motivating adolescents to adhere to measures such as social distancing can be challenging, since adolescents are relatively more affected by them, while experiencing virtually no personal health benefit. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic seems to impact the social environment of adolescents in schools, as some media sources have reported bullying and stigmatisation of students with an Asian appearance. Read More

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Scn2a severe hypomorphic mutation decreases excitatory synaptic input and causes autism-associated behaviors.

JCI Insight 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Weill Cornell Autism Research Program, Weil Cornell Medical College, New York, United States of America.

SCN2A, encoding the neuronal voltage-gated Na+ channel NaV1.2, is one of the most commonly affected loci linked to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Most ASD-associated mutations in SCN2A are loss-of-function, but studies examining how such mutations affect neuronal function and whether Scn2a mutant mice display ASD endophenotypes have been inconsistent. Read More

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Genome-enabled discovery of evolutionary divergence in brains and behavior.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 21;11(1):13016. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

School of Biological Sciences and Petit Institute of Bioengineering and Bioscience, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Lake Malawi cichlid fishes exhibit extensive divergence in form and function built from a relatively small number of genetic changes. We compared the genomes of rock- and sand-dwelling species and asked which genetic variants differed among the groups. We found that 96% of differentiated variants reside in non-coding sequence but these non-coding diverged variants are evolutionarily conserved. Read More

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Does vitamin D supplementation improve ovarian reserve in women with diminished ovarian reserve and vitamin D deficiency: a before-and-after intervention study.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 Jun 21;21(1):126. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Objective: Evaluation of vitamin D supplementation on ovarian reserve in women with diminished ovarian reserve and vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: The study is a before-and-after intervention study that was performed on women with diminished ovarian reserve referred to Shahid Mofteh Clinic in Yasuj, Iran. Eligible women were prescribed vitamin D tablets at a dose of 50,000 units weekly for up to 3 months. Read More

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The gene as a modulator of division of labour in social insects.

J Neurogenet 2021 Jun 20:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

The social ants, bees, wasps, and termites include some of the most ecologically-successful groups of animal species. Their dominance in most terrestrial environments is attributed to their social lifestyle, which enable their colonies to exploit environmental resources with remarkable efficiency. One key attribute of social insect colonies is the division of labour that emerges among the sterile workers, which represent the majority of colony members. Read More

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FKBPL and SIRT-1 Are Downregulated by Diabetes in Pregnancy Impacting on Angiogenesis and Endothelial Function.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 2;12:650328. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

The Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.

Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth. Although the mechanisms leading to these pregnancy complications are still poorly understood, aberrant angiogenesis and endothelial dysfunction play a key role. FKBPL and SIRT-1 are critical regulators of angiogenesis, however, their roles in pregnancies affected by diabetes have not been examined before in detail. Read More

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Aerobic Exercise During Advance Stage of Uncontrolled Arterial Hypertension.

Front Physiol 2021 3;12:675778. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Botucatu Medical School, UNESP, Sao Paulo State University, Botucatu, Brazil.

Aim: To evaluate the influence of physical training on myocardial function, oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), at advanced stage of arterial hypertension, which precedes heart failure development.

Methods: We studied four experimental groups: normotensive Wistar rats (W, = 27), trained W (W-EX, = 31), SHR ( = 27), and exercised SHR (SHR-EX, = 32). At 13 months old, the exercise groups underwent treadmill exercise 5 days a week for 4 months. Read More

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Adolescent Stress Reduces Adult Morphine-Induced Behavioral Sensitization in C57BL/6J Mice.

Front Behav Neurosci 2021 3;15:678102. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States.

Deaths related to opioid use have skyrocketed in the United States, leading to a public health epidemic. Research has shown that both biological (genes) and environmental (stress) precursors are linked to opioid use. In particular, stress during adolescence-a critical period of frontal lobe development-influences the likelihood of abusing drugs. Read More

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Histomorphological and Morphometric Evaluation of Microvessel Density in Nodal Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Using CD34 and CD105.

J Lab Physicians 2021 Mar 22;13(1):22-28. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Pathology, Pt. B. D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

 Expression of angiogenic markers determined by microvessel density (MVD) could be used as a reliable predictor of prognosis and as a potential target for antiangiogenic therapy in different categories of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).  The aim of this study was to evaluate MVD using immunohistochemical methods and computer-assisted quantitative image analysis in nodal NHL patients and compare CD34 and CD105 expression in lymph nodes of NHL patients.  The present study was conducted on 60 lymph node biopsies received in the Department of Pathology at our tertiary care center for histopathological examination. Read More

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Expressive suppression as an obstacle to social change: Linking system justification, emotion regulation, and collective action.

Motiv Emot 2021 Jun 12:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Research on system justification theory suggests that justifying the societal status quo decreases negative emotions, leading to less collective action. In this investigation, we propose that the degree to which negative emotions mediate the link between system justification and collective action may depend upon whether individuals tend to suppress the expression of their negative emotions. We tested this hypothesis in the diverse socio-political contexts of Turkey, Israel, and the U. Read More

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Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of tropoelastin gene and aortic dissection.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 May;46(5):458-466

Department of Vascular Surgery, Hainan General Hospital, Haikou 570311.

Objectives: To evaluate the relation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of tropoelastin gene and aortic dissection (AD) via identifying SNPs in the tropoelastin gene, and to detect the level of tropoelastin mRNA, elastin and elastic fibers.

Methods: The specimens of the AD group (=96) and the control group (=95), including their blood and aortic wall tissues, were collected. DNA was extracted from the blood samples in the 2 groups, and the SNPs in the tropoelastin gene were examined by the MassARRAY genotyping technique, and their haplotypes were constructed by PHASE software. Read More

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Differential expression of long non-coding RNA Regulator of reprogramming and its molecular mechanisms in polycystic ovary syndrome.

J Ovarian Res 2021 Jun 21;14(1):79. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Psychology, Harbin Medical Univercity (Daqing), Daqing, 163319, Heilongjiang, China.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease in women of reproductive age. Multiple studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and microRNAs (miRNA) play a role in PCOS. This study aimed to explore the role and molecular mechanism of lncRNA -Regulator of reprogramming (lncROR) in PCOS. Read More

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Using technology-based learning tool to train facial expression recognition and emotion understanding skills of Chinese pre-schoolers with autism spectrum disorder.

Int J Dev Disabil 2019 Sep 5;65(5):378-386. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Given the pervasiveness of emotional and behavioral deficits of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), there is a pressing need for effective interventions to address their difficulties on Facial Expression Recognition and Emotion Understanding (FER/EU). , a structured, app-based intervention program that is designed for Chinese children with ASD was utilized in this study. Three young children (two girls and one boy; age  = 4. Read More

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September 2019

Investigating mobile emotional learning for children with autistic spectrum disorders.

Int J Dev Disabil 2016 Aug 8;64(1):25-34. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chia Yi University, Chiayi, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Realizing facial expression is likely to be one of the earliest facilitators of social engagement, and it is a core deficit for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to build social relationship. Mobile learning creates the possibility of a learning environment and visual stimuli that can adapt its informal learning contexts to improve recognizing emotions for people with ASD. This study adopted features of mobile learning to help the realization of facial expression for the ASD. Read More

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Tissue remodelling and increased DNA damage in patients with incompetent valves in chronic venous insufficiency.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Ramón y Cajal Institute of Healthcare Research (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain.

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), in which blood return to the heart is impaired, is a prevalent condition worldwide. Valve incompetence is a complication of CVI that results in blood reflux, thereby aggravating venous hypertension. While CVI has a complex course and is known to produce alterations in the vein wall, the underlying pathological mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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Ingestion of Faecalibaculum rodentium causes depression-like phenotypes in resilient Ephx2 knock-out mice: A role of brain-gut-microbiota axis via the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerve.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 11;292:565-573. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Chiba University Center for Forensic Mental Health, Chiba, Chiba 260-8670, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The brain-gut-microbiota axis plays a crucial role in the bidirectional interactions between the brain and the gut. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (coded by the Ephx2 gene) plays an important role in inflammation, which has been implicated in stress-related depression. Ephx2 knock-out (KO) mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) did not show depression-like behaviors, indicating stress resilience. Read More

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A computational neuroethology perspective on body and expression perception.

Trends Cogn Sci 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Limburg 6200, MD, The Netherlands.

Survival prompts organisms to prepare adaptive behavior in response to environmental and social threat. However, what are the specific features of the appearance of a conspecific that trigger such adaptive behaviors? For social species, the prime candidates for triggering defense systems are the visual features of the face and the body. We propose a novel approach for studying the ability of the brain to gather survival-relevant information from seeing conspecific body features. Read More

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Social and non-social sensory responsivity in toddlers at high-risk for autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Empirical evidence concerning sensory responsivity in young children who later develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains relatively limited. It is unclear whether specific patterns or aspects of sensory responsivity underlay the emergence of the disorder. The goals of this study were to (a) examine whether social versus non-social context impacted the expression of sensory responsivity in infants at high risk for ASD, and (b) examine if sensory responsivity in social or non-social contexts was associated with severity of ASD symptoms. Read More

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