406,304 results match your criteria social behaviors

Oxytocin and 'social hyperthermia': Interaction with β-adrenergic receptor-mediated thermogenesis and significance for the expression of social behavior in male and female mice.

Horm Behav 2021 Apr 17;131:104981. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Science, Indiana University-Purdue University, Columbus, Columbus, IN, United States of America.

Oxytocin (OT) is a critical regulator of multiple facets of energy homeostasis, including brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. Nevertheless, it is unclear what, if any, consequence the thermoregulatory and metabolic effects of OT have for the display of social behavior in adult rodents. Here, we examine the contribution of the OT receptor (OTR) and β adrenergic receptor (βAR) to the increase in body temperature that typically accompanies social interaction (i. Read More

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The bullies are the leaders of the next generation: inherited aminergic neurotransmitter system changes in socially dominant zebrafish, Danio rerio.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Apr 17:113309. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Anatomy, POB 63, 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

We studied the social hierarchy in zebrafish and assessed differences in neurotransmitters and behavior in the F1 generation offspring of dominant and subordinate zebrafish (Danio rerio). We used behavioral assays to study locomotion, ability to complete cognitive tasks, social interaction and aggression. To study the neurochemical changes, we applied quantitative polymerase chain reaction, high pressure liquid chromatography and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Social Interaction Masking Contributes to Changes in the Activity of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus and Impacts on Circadian Rhythms.

Physiol Behav 2021 Apr 17:113420. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofísica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.. Electronic address:

Light is the most powerful temporal cue that entrains physiology and behavior through modulation of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. However, on a daily basis, individuals face a combination of light and several non-photic cues, such as social interaction. In order to investigate whether SCN activity and SCN-driven rhythms are altered by social interaction, adult male C57BLJ/6 mice were maintained in groups of 3-4 animals per cage or 1 animal per cage (socially isolated) under 12:12 h / light:dark (LD) cycles or constant darkness (DD). Read More

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Positive Psychological Responses and Information Seeking Behaviors Influence Anxiety among the WeChat Users During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mainland China: A Cross-sectional Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, 110122, P.R. China, Shenyang, CN.

Background: The rapid outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) around the world has adversely affected the mental health of the public. The prevalence of anxiety among the public increased dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there are few studies on the effects of positive psychological responses and information seeking behaviors on WeChat users' anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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The Pace and Pulse of the Fight against Coronavirus across the US, A Google Trends Approach.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Surgo Ventures, 1701 Rhode Island Ave NW, Washington, US.

Background: The coronavirus pandemic has impacted our lives at unprecedented speed and scale - including how we eat and work, what we worry about, how much we move, and our ability to earn. Traditional surveys in the area of public health can be expensive, time-consuming, and rapidly go out of date. Analyzing big data sets (such as electronic patient records, surveillance systems) is very complex. Read More

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Physician's perspective regarding asthma guided self-management: directives or guidance?

J Asthma 2021 Apr 20:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Clinical Research and Knowledge Transfer Unit on Childhood Asthma, Research Centre, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: Asthma guided self-management enhances patients' control of their condition under the guidance of the treating physician. The aim of the present study was to understand how physicians perceive, endorse, uptake, and support asthma guided self-management.

Methods: We conducted a secondary supplementary analysis of data originally collected as part of a multicenter collective case study in which physicians treating patients with asthma were interviewed. Read More

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Fear of Missing Out and Consumer Happiness on Instagram: A Serial Mediation of Social Media Influencer-Related Activities.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Stan Richards School of Advertising and Public Relations, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA.

Mounting research shows negative psychological effects for social media and recognizes fear of missing out (FoMO) as a key driver of social media use. This article focuses on social media influencers (SMIs) and investigates potentially positive forms of usage on psychological well-being (i.e. Read More

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Promoting Sleep and Balanced Screen Time among School-Aged Children with Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Disorders: A Parent Perspective.

Child Obes 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Boston College School of Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA.

Children with neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders (N/MHD), such as autism spectrum, mood disorders, and anxiety, are more likely to engage in excessive screen time, receive insufficient sleep, and to have obesity than neurotypical peers. However, little is known about how parents of these children approach promoting sleep and balanced screen time. We conducted semistructured interviews with 24 parents of children aged 8-15 years with a diagnosis of N/MHD to assess barriers and facilitators to promoting sleep and balanced screen time. Read More

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Internet-Related Behaviors and Psychological Distress Among Schoolchildren During the COVID-19 School Hiatus.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

This study assessed the mediating roles of problematic gaming, problematic social media use, and problematic smartphone use in the associations between psychological distress and screen time use among primary school children during the school hiatus due to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Students ( = 2,026; mean [standard deviation] age = 10.71 years [1. Read More

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Direct Versus Indirect Causation as a Semantic Linguistic Universal: Using a Computational Model of English, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and K'iche' Mayan to Predict Grammaticality Judgments in Balinese.

Cogn Sci 2021 Apr;45(4):e12974

Institute of Population Health Sciences, University of Liverpool.

The aim of this study was to test the claim that languages universally employ morphosyntactic marking to differentiate events of more- versus less-direct causation, preferring to mark them with less- and more- overt marking, respectively (e.g., Somebody broke the window vs. Read More

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Beyond political affiliation: an examination of the relationships between social factors and perceptions of and responses to COVID-19.

J Behav Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Psychology, Ohio University, 22 Richland Avenue, Athens, OH, 45701, USA.

A significant challenge in the United States' response to COVID-19 continues to be wide variation in the extent to which individuals believe the virus is a credible health threat and are willing to undertake measures to protect personal and public health. In this study, data were collected from a national sample of 1141 participants from the United States to examine how beliefs and behavioral responses to COVID-19 have been shaped by sociopolitical characteristics. The relationships between social predictors; perceived severity, knowledge, and fear of the virus; and health behaviors were tested using path analysis. Read More

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Physicians and the pharmaceutical industry: impact on prescription attitudes and habits.

Gac Med Mex 2020 ;156(6):546-552

Specialty Hospital, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City. Mexico.

Introduction: The physician-pharmaceutical industry relationship has been identified as an ethical problem, due to conflicts of interest motivated by the benefits that doctors receive and that can affect their clinical judgment.

Objective: To identify the frequency of physicians participation in activities financed by the pharmaceutical industry (PI), their attitudes towards PI representatives (PIRs), their prescriptive behavior and the association between their characteristics and their workplace with their participation in activities financed by the PI.

Method: Cross-sectional survey to internists and cardiologists. Read More

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January 2020

Healthfulness Assessment of Recipes Shared on Pinterest: Natural Language Processing and Content Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 20;23(4):e25757. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Health Administration and Policy, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States.

Background: Although Pinterest has become a popular platform for distributing influential information that shapes users' behaviors, the role of recipes pinned on Pinterest in these behaviors is not well understood.

Objective: This study aims to explore the patterns of food ingredients and the nutritional content of recipes posted on Pinterest and to examine the factors associated with recipes that engage more users.

Methods: Data were collected from Pinterest between June 28 and July 12, 2020 (207 recipes and 2818 comments). Read More

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Primate phageomes are structured by superhost phylogeny and environment.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Apr;118(15)

Epidemiology of Highly Pathogenic Organisms, Robert Koch Institute, 13353 Berlin, Germany;

Humans harbor diverse communities of microorganisms, the majority of which are bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. These gut bacterial communities in turn host diverse bacteriophage (hereafter phage) communities that have a major impact on their structure, function, and, ultimately, human health. However, the evolutionary and ecological origins of these human-associated phage communities are poorly understood. Read More

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Long-term neurodevelopmental outcome after prenatal exposure to maternal hematological malignancies with or without cytotoxic treatment.

Child Neuropsychol 2021 Apr 20:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Center for Gynecologic Oncology Amsterdam, the Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Data on the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of children exposed to hematological maternal cancer with or without treatment during pregnancy are lacking. A total of 57 children, of whom 33 males and 24 females, prenatally exposed to hematological malignancies and its treatment, were invited for neuropsychological and physical examinations at 18 months, 36 months, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 years of age. Oncological, obstetrical, neonatal and follow-up data of these children were collected. Read More

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Social policy as an integral component of pandemic response: Learning from COVID-19 in Brazil, Germany, India and the United States.

Glob Public Health 2021 Apr 20:1-14. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

It is easy but mistaken to think that public health emergency measures and social policy can be separated. This paper compares the experiences of Brazil, Germany, India and the United States during their 2020 responses to the COVID-19 pandemic to show that social policies such as unemployment insurance, flat payments and short-time work are crucial to the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions as well as to their political sustainability. Broadly, public health measures that constrain economic activity will only be effective and sustainable if paired with social policy measures that enable people to comply without sacrificing their livelihoods and economic wellbeing. Read More

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Toward a socio-spiritual approach? A mixed-methods systematic review on the social and spiritual needs of patients in the palliative phase of their illness.

Palliat Med 2021 Apr 20:2692163211010384. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Center of Expertise Palliative Care Utrecht, UMC Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Patients express a variety of needs, some of which are labeled social and spiritual. Without an in-depth exploration of patients' expressions of these needs, it is difficult to differentiate between them and allocate appropriate healthcare interventions.

Aim: To gain insight into the social and spiritual needs of patients with a life-limiting illness and the distinction between these needs, as found in the research literature. Read More

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Chronotype-specific Sleep in Two Versus Four Consecutive Shifts.

J Biol Rhythms 2021 Apr 20:7487304211006073. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA.

The study aimed to explore chronotype-specific effects of two versus four consecutive morning or night shifts on sleep-wake behavior. Sleep debt and social jetlag (a behavioral proxy of circadian misalignment) were estimated from sleep diary data collected for 5 weeks in a within-subject field study of 30 rotating night shift workers (29.9 ± 7. Read More

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The Impact of Stress and Coping Strategies on Life Satisfaction in a National Sample of Adolescents: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach.

Stress Health 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology and Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Although stress strongly predicts life satisfaction, the psychosocial mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. To investigate the possible mediating role of coping, we conducted a cross-sectional study that assessed youths' life stress levels; propensity to engage in active coping, internal coping, withdrawal; and life satisfaction in a probabilistic, two-stage stratified cluster sample of 1,830 high school seniors (986 females; age range: 17-22) from 26 schools in or around the four largest cities in Croatia. We used correlational analysis and structural equation modeling to test the hypothesis that coping mediates the relation between stress and life satisfaction. Read More

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Implementation of the polycystic ovary syndrome guidelines: A mixed method study to inform the design and delivery of a lifestyle management program for women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Nutr Diet 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: The 2018 evidence-based polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) guidelines recommend lifestyle management as first-line treatment. This study aims to understand the preferred intervention characteristics of a PCOS lifestyle program from the perspectives of women with PCOS to inform the translation of the guidelines into practice.

Methods: Women with self-reported PCOS residing in Australia took part in semi-structured interviews (n = 20) and an online survey (n = 286). Read More

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Effectiveness of disaster preparedness education in helping older people prevent isolation.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan.

Objective: This study intends to clarify the effect of regional disaster preparedness education on efforts to prevent the isolation of older people in the event of a disaster.

Design And Sample: This quasi-experimental study involved participants aged 65 and above. The intervention group (n = 35) and the comparison group (n = 61) were compared in the first survey and another one month later. Read More

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Dear Pandemic: Nurses as key partners in fighting the COVID-19 infodemic.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

College of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent proliferation of misinformation have created parallel public health crises. Social media offers a novel platform to amplify evidence-based communication to broader audiences. This paper describes the application of science communication engagement on social media platforms by an interdisciplinary team of female scientists in a campaign called Dear Pandemic. Read More

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Sick bats stay home alone: fruit bats practice social distancing when faced with an immunological challenge.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Along with its many advantages, social roosting imposes a major risk of pathogen transmission. How social animals reduce this risk is poorly documented. We used lipopolysaccharide challenge to imitate bacterial infection in both a captive and a free-living colony of an extremely social, long-lived mammal-the Egyptian fruit bat. Read More

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Who Is Not Linking to HIV Care in Tennessee - the Benefits of an Intersectional Approach.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 2525 West End Ave, Suite 750, Nashville, TN, 37203, USA.

Introduction: Guided by an intersectional approach, we assessed the association between social categories (individual and combined) on time to linkage to HIV care in Tennessee.

Methods: Tennessee residents diagnosed with HIV from 2012-2016 were included in the analysis (n=3750). Linkage was defined by the first CD4 or HIV RNA test date after HIV diagnosis. Read More

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Assessing Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Prevention: Defining Two Attitudes Crucial for Understanding Systemic and Social Variables Associated with Disparities.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.

This study tested a conceptual model identifying two distinct types of attitudes people may have toward following recommendations to prevent COVID-19. These attitudes were expected to be important for understanding types of systemic and social variables associated with health disparities such as racial discrimination, residential environment, lack of healthcare access, and negative healthcare experiences. The conceptual model was drawn from previous work examining adherence to medical recommendations that identified two distinct and consequential attitudes that influence behavior: perceived benefit (believing recommendations are effective and necessary) and perceived burden (experiencing recommendations as unpleasant or difficult). Read More

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Weight Goals, Disordered Eating Behaviors, and BMI Trajectories in US Young Adults.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Community sample data indicate that weight control efforts in young adulthood may have associations with greater increases in body mass index (BMI) over time.

Objective: To determine the prospective associations between weight goals and behaviors in young adults and BMI trajectories over 15-year follow-up using a nationally representative sample.

Design: Longitudinal cohort data collected from 2001 to 2018 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Read More

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