233 results match your criteria snack selection


Health warning labels and alcohol selection: a randomised controlled experiment in a naturalistic shopping laboratory.

Addiction 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background And Aims: Health warning labels (HWLs) on tobacco products reduce smoking. There is an absence of evidence concerning the impact of alcohol HWLs on selection or purchasing in naturalistic settings. Using a commercial-standard naturalistic shopping laboratory, this study aimed to estimate the impact on selection of alcoholic drinks of HWLs describing adverse health consequences of excessive alcohol consumption. Read More

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Impact of altering the available food options on selection: Potential mediation by social norms.

Appetite 2021 09 7;164:105245. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Increasing the availability of lower-energy foods increases their selection. The current studies examine the extent to which this effect could be mediated by social norms - assessed by perceived popularity of foods - which may be implied by their relative availability. Study 1 (Online): 2340 UK adults estimated the perceived popularity of products. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of Intervention on College Students' Vending Selections.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Apr 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Nutrition and Hospitality Management, The University of Mississippi, University, Oxford, Mississippi, USA.

Objectives: To place in vending machines and determine if different sales strategies affect selection.

Participants: University students living in resident halls.

Methods: Vending machines included 50% and 50% non compliant snacks. Read More

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The COVID-19 Inventory: Measuring anxiety related to illness pandemic across college males and females.

J Prev Interv Community 2021 Apr-Jun;49(2):163-178. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Public Health, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey, USA.

Background: Due to close proximity in dormitories, classes, and social activities, college students have been identified as a vulnerable population throughout the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020.

Objectives: This study tested properties of a new COVID-19 Inventory (C-19-I). It was expected that the measure would show acceptable validity and reliability, females would report greater COVID-19 anxiety than males, and the addition of gender would improve a regression model of COVID-19 anxiety. Read More

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Non-animal proteins as cutting-edge ingredients to reformulate animal-free foodstuffs: Present status and future perspectives.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Mar 27:1-31. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Institute of Agriculture and Food Research and Technology (IRTA), Food Safety and Functionality Programme, Monells, Catalonia, Spain.

Consumer interest in protein rich diets is increasing, with more attention being paid to the protein source. Despite the occurrence of animal proteins in the human diet, non-animal proteins are gaining popularity around the world due to their health benefits, environmental sustainability, and ethical merit. These sources of protein qualify for vegan, vegetarian, and flexitarian diets. Read More

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Exploring the main and moderating effects of individual-level characteristics on consumer responses to sugar taxes and front-of-pack nutrition labels in an experimental marketplace.

Can J Public Health 2021 Aug 25;112(4):647-662. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Intervention: This study examined whether the impacts of sugar taxes and front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels differ across socio-demographic subgroups.

Research Question: What are the main and moderating effects of individual-level characteristics on the nutrient content of participants' purchases in response to varying taxation levels and FOP labels?

Methods: Data from an experimental marketplace were analyzed. A sample of 3584 Canadians aged 13 years and older received $5 to purchase an item from a selection of 20 beverages and 20 snack foods. Read More

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The Nutritional Issue of Older People Receiving Home-Delivered Meals: A Systematic Review.

Front Nutr 2021 4;8:629580. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, AgroSup Dijon, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de Recherche pour l'Agriculture, l'Alimentation et l'Environnement, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon, France.

Setting up a home-delivered meal service often allows older people suffering from physical and/or cognitive disabilities to stay at home. However, older people who delegate their food activities (food purchasing, cooking…) have been reported to have a worse nutritional status than people who take care of their food activities. In this context, we will conduct a systematic review of all studies related to the nutritional issue in home-delivered meal older recipients. Read More

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The influence of supraliminal priming on energy density of food selection: a randomised control trial.

BMC Psychol 2021 Mar 23;9(1):48. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, KY16 9TF, UK.

Background: Many people exercise because they know it is good for their health. Although this is true, it can make us feel deserving of a reward and lead us to eat more indulgent, less healthy food than if we had not done any exercise. Generally, lower energy-dense (LED) foods are recognised as healthier choices than higher energy-dense (HED) options. Read More

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Impact of increasing the availability of healthier vs. less-healthy food on food selection: a randomised laboratory experiment.

BMC Public Health 2021 02 1;21(1):132. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Environmental cues shape behaviour, but few studies compare the impact of targeting healthier vs. less-healthy cues. One online study suggested greater impact on selection from increasing the number of less-healthy (vs. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of pairing health warning labels with energy-dense snack foods on food choice and attitudes: Online experimental study.

Appetite 2021 05 26;160:105090. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK. Electronic address:

Background: There is limited evidence concerning the potential effectiveness of health warning labels (HWLs) using images and text to depict possible negative health consequences of consumption, for reducing selection of energy-dense snack foods. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms have received little attention; particularly effects on implicit attitudes, which previous work has shown may mediate the effect of aversive images on food choice.

Aim: To assess the impact of pairing image- and text-based HWLs with energy-dense snack foods on a) the selection of, and b) implicit and explicit attitudes towards, those foods. Read More

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Latent Class Analysis of Lifestyle Risk Factors and Association with Overweight and/or Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review.

Child Obes 2021 Jan 11;17(1):2-15. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Post-Graduate Program in Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Multiple modifiable lifestyle factors are well-known contributors to many health problems. This study aims to determine the association between latent class analysis (LCA) of modifiable lifestyle risk factors with being overweight and/or obese for children and/or adolescents. Articles were selected from six databases, without limitation regarding language or date. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of health literacy, screening, and participant choice on action plans for reducing unhealthy snacking in Australia: A randomised controlled trial.

PLoS Med 2020 11 3;17(11):e1003409. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Sydney Health Literacy Lab, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Low health literacy is associated with poorer health outcomes. A key strategy to address health literacy is a universal precautions approach, which recommends using health-literate design for all health interventions, not just those targeting people with low health literacy. This approach has advantages: Health literacy assessment and tailoring are not required. Read More

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November 2020

Consumption of Fruits, Vegetables, and Nuts Can Be Increased When Multitasking with Screen Devices.

Health Commun 2020 Sep 29:1-11. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Advertising + Public Relations, Michigan State University.

Past research shows that people overconsume energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods when they are not paying attention to environmental cues that encourage consumption. Very little is known about the mindless consumption of nutritious foods (herein referred to as preferred foods). Using dual-processing, limited capacity, and mood management models and theories, this study explored whether people misreport the selection of preferred and EDNP foods under differing levels of distraction created by screen media device use. Read More

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September 2020

BODY-Q patient-reported outcomes measure (PROM) to assess sleeve gastrectomy vs. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: eating behavior, eating-related distress, and eating-related symptoms.

Surg Endosc 2021 Aug 19;35(8):4609-4617. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francs St., Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Post-operative changes in eating behavior, eating-related distress and eating-related symptoms play an important role in the lives of bariatric surgery patients. However, there are no studies that assess these outcomes using a specifically designed patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for patients undergoing bariatric surgery. We use our newly developed and validated scales as part of the well-established BODY-Q PROMs to compare laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients (LRYGB). Read More

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Food Trying and Liking Related to Grade Level and Meal Participation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 5;17(16). Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Sensory & Consumer Research Center, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

School-based child nutrition programs provide students with meals and snacks that align with guidelines for a healthy eating pattern. However, participation is not universal, and research on the determinants of food selection is needed to improve school nutrition practices and policies. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between grade level (i. Read More

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Formative Evaluation of a Smartphone App for Monitoring Daily Meal Distribution and Food Selection in Adolescents: Acceptability and Usability Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020 07 21;8(7):e14778. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

The Innovative Use of Mobile Phones to Promote Physical Activity and Nutrition Across the Lifespan Research Group, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: Obesity interventions face the problem of weight regain after treatment as a result of low compliance. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies could potentially increase compliance and aid both health care providers and patients.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the acceptability and usability and define system constraints of an mHealth system used to monitor dietary habits of adolescents in real life, as a first step in the development of a self-monitoring and lifestyle management system against adolescent obesity. Read More

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Fresh-cut potato quality and sensory: Effect of cultivar, age, processing, and cooking during storage.

J Food Sci 2020 Aug 23;85(8):2296-2309. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, Zagreb, 10000, Croatia.

This work examined the influence of cultivar, tubers' age, antibrowning agent, package atmosphere, and storage time on fresh-cut potatoes' (FCPs) physical, chemical, and sensory properties. Potato slices of cv. Birgit and Lady Claire tubers sampled during the first, fifth, and ninth months of storage were dipped in solutions of (1) sodium chloride (1%) and (2) sodium ascorbate (2%), and stored for 8 days in (1) vacuum and (2) active modified atmosphere (MAP) (10. Read More

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Effectiveness of the InCharge Prevention Program to Promote Healthier Lifestyles: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Jul 8;9(7):e17702. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Amsterdam School of Communication Research, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: InCharge is a newly developed school-based health intervention aimed at older adolescents. It aims to promote a healthier lifestyle by increasing self-regulation skills. After the InCharge program's effectiveness was previously investigated in a pilot study, the content of the program was adapted. Read More

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Production and Selection of Quality Protein Popcorn Hybrids Using a Novel Ranking System and Combining Ability Estimates.

Front Plant Sci 2020 23;11:698. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States.

Popcorn varieties are agronomically sub-optimal and genetically limited compared to other maize subspecies. To increase genetic diversity and improve popcorn agronomics, dent germplasm has been introduced to popcorn with limited success and generally, major loss of popping. Between 2013 and 2018, 12 Quality Protein Popcorn (QPP) inbreds containing Quality Protein Maize (QPM) and popcorn germplasm were produced that maintained popping while carrying the allele conferring elevated kernel lysine. Read More

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Variety Salience and Enjoyment of Repetitiously Consumed Foods: a Field Experiment.

Int J Behav Med 2021 Jun;28(3):286-291

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 E River Road, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA.

Background: The formation of healthy eating habits is supported by repeatedly eating specific foods, but repetition can also reduce enjoyment of those foods. Making the variety in one's diet salient increases enjoyment of repetitiously consumed foods in a lab setting. Therefore, in a longitudinal field experiment, we tested a brief intervention to remind participants of the variety in their diet. Read More

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Impact of health warning labels on snack selection: An online experimental study.

Appetite 2020 11 18;154:104744. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Excessive consumption of energy-dense food increases the risk of obesity, which in turn increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes and most non-smoking-related cancers. Health warning labels (HWLs) that communicate the adverse health consequences of excess energy consumption could reduce intake of energy-dense foods. The aim of the current study was to estimate the impact on selection of energy-dense snacks of (a) image-and-text HWLs (b) text-only HWLs and (c) calorie information. Read More

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November 2020

A laboratory-based assessment of mother-child snack food selections and child snack food consumption: Associations with observed and maternal self-report of child feeding practices.

Food Qual Prefer 2020 Jul 1;83. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Pennsylvania State University, 236 Health and Human Development Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

This study explored how mothers' observed and self-reported child feeding practices (child control over food choices, encouragement of balance and variety, and teaching about nutrition) were associated with mother-child snack food selections and child snack food consumption in a laboratory setting. Mothers ( = 107) and their 4.5-year-old children (52% female) selected up to 5 snack foods (out of 9 snack foods: 6 higher-energy-density [ED] and 3 lower-ED) for optional child consumption throughout a one-hour laboratory visit. Read More

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School Food and Beverage Availability and Children's Diet, Purchasing, and Obesity: Evidence From a Natural Experiment.

J Adolesc Health 2020 12 21;67(6):804-813. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Center for Economic and Social Research, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Purpose: Existing evidence on relationships between school food environments and children's in-school purchases, dietary behaviors, and body composition is based on observational studies that are vulnerable to residential selection bias.

Methods: This study leveraged exogenous variation in school environments generated by the natural experiment due to military parents' assignment to installations. We analyzed 1,010 child-wave observations from the Military Teenagers Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study collected during 2013-2015. Read More

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December 2020

Can unhealthy food purchases at checkout counters be discouraged by introducing healthier snacks? A real-life experiment in supermarkets in deprived urban areas in the Netherlands.

BMC Public Health 2020 Apr 21;20(1):542. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081, HV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The checkout area in supermarkets is an unavoidable point of purchase where impulsive food purchases are likely to be made. However, the product assortment at the checkout counters is predominantly unhealthy. The aim of this real life experiment was to investigate if unhealthy food purchases at checkout counters in supermarkets in deprived urban areas in the Netherlands can be discouraged by the introduction of the Healthy Checkout Counter (HCC). Read More

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Development of a Model System for Tasting Grain Varieties.

Foods 2020 Apr 17;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Center for Sensory Analysis and Consumer Behavior, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

This study investigated suitable approaches and effective applications for the evaluation of grain flavor differences among cultivars. A model system that helps to facilitate the characterization of flavors in grain varieties was developed using sorghum grain as a tool. Five different applications were initially used, including cooked grain, porridge, cookies, muffins, and extruded puffed snacks. Read More

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The Family as an Actor in High School Students' Eating Habits: A Qualitative Research Study.

Foods 2020 Apr 3;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Doctoral Programme, Nursing School, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain.

In order to discover family conceptions and their difficulties with regard to healthy eating habits during the school day, a qualitative study framed in the phenomenological, exploratory, and explanatory perspective has been carried out to detect and describe the aspects and interrelationships that shape the study phenomenon. The researchers performed triangulation techniques and information analysis support with the Atlas-ti programme. As participants, the students' parents belonging to public secondary education high schools in Huelva, and the capital and its province were included. Read More

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Image-and-text health warning labels on alcohol and food: potential effectiveness and acceptability.

BMC Public Health 2020 Apr 2;20(1):376. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK.

Background: Health warning labels (HWLs) using images and text to depict the negative health consequences of tobacco consumption are effective and acceptable for changing smoking-related outcomes. There is currently limited evidence concerning their potential use for reducing consumption of alcoholic drinks and energy-dense foods. The aim of this research was to describe the potential effectiveness and acceptability of image-and-text (also known as pictorial or graphic) HWLs applied to: i. Read More

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Measuring university students' beliefs toward healthy snack selection.

J Am Coll Health 2020 Mar 24:1-8. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Nutrition and Hospitality Management, Student Health Services, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi, USA.

Understanding university students' beliefs toward selecting healthy snacks is important in developing effective programs targeting healthy eating behaviors. The purpose of this research was to assess students' beliefs toward healthy snack selection and consumption. In November 2017, a convenience sample of 779 undergraduate students living on campus completed an online survey. Read More

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Food Selection Under Stress Among Undergraduate Students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2020 28;13:211-221. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia.

Background: University students might experience numerous sources of stress in their daily lives. Previous research has found that stress affects food selection patterns, but the effect might vary by country and sex. No previous study conducted in Saudi Arabia has assessed the association between stress and dietary habits among university students. Read More

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February 2020

Portion size selection in children: Effect of sensory imagery for snacks varying in energy density.

Appetite 2020 07 9;150:104656. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

INSEAD, F-77300, Fontainebleau, France.

Food sensory imagery - creating a vivid mental image of the sensory experience of eating - can lead to the selection of smaller portions because it serves as a reminder that eating enjoyment does not necessarily increase with portion size. The evidence is mostly limited to adults and to energy-dense foods for which it is particularly difficult to predict the satiating effects of consumption quantity. The objective was to study how food sensory imagery influences portion size selection of foods varying in energy density (brownie and applesauce) by 7- to 11-year-old children. Read More

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