45,262 results match your criteria smoking cessation


Reinforcer pathology predicts relapse in smokers.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The purpose of this secondary analysis is to analyze whether both of the processes of the reinforcer pathology model (delay discounting and demand) are predictors of relapse up to 12-month follow-up in a sample of abstinent smokers who received a smoking cessation treatment.

Method: Participants were 202 abstinent smokers who completed the delay discounting task and the cigarette purchase task. In order to analyze the smoking relapse predictors and the impact of time to relapse, Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test, and Cox regression analysis were carried out. Read More

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Training general practitioners in the ABC 5As method of delivering stop-smoking advice: a pragmatic, two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial.

ERJ Open Res 2021 Jul 26;7(3). Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Institute of General Practice (Ifam), Centre for Health and Society (chs), Addiction Research and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Medical Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

This study assessed the effectiveness of a 3.5-h training session for general practitioners (GPs) in providing brief stop-smoking advice and compared two methods of giving advice - ABC 5As - on the rates of delivery of such advice and of recommendations of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment during routine consultations. A pragmatic, two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial was carried out including a pre-/post-design for the analyses of the primary outcome in 52 GP practices in Germany. Read More

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Quit attempts and tobacco abstinence in primary care patients: follow-up of a pragmatic, two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial on brief stop-smoking advice - ABC 5As.

ERJ Open Res 2021 Jul 26;7(3). Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Institute of General Practice (ifam), Centre for Health and Society (chs), Addiction Research and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Medical Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

We developed a 3.5-h training for general practitioners (GPs) in delivering brief stop-smoking advice according to different methods (ABC, 5As). In a pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial our training proved effective in increasing GP-delivered rates of such advice (from 13% to 33%). Read More

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Telemedicine Improves the Short-Term Medical Care of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 12;8:693731. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Telemedicine appears to be a promising tool for healthcare professionals to deliver remote care to patients with cardiovascular diseases especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed in this study to evaluate the value of telemedicine added to the short-term medical care of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Two hundred acute STEMI patients after primary PCI were randomly divided into two groups. Read More

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Can Chronic Disease Diagnosis Urge the Patients to Quit Smoking? - Evidence from the China Health and Nutrition Survey.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 22;14:3059-3077. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neurology and ICCTR Biostatistics and Research Design Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Tobacco consumption is one of the world's largest public health threats. Yet little is known about how chronic disease diagnoses affect individuals' smoking behavior in China, where the world's largest smoking population resides.

Methods: This study analyzes an unbalanced panel dataset on 2986 Chinese males aged 50 or above from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, a household survey covering nine Chinese provinces. Read More

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Factors Associated with Intention and Attempt to Quit: A Study among Current Smokers in a Rural Community of West Bengal.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Apr-Jun;46(2):216-220. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Context: Tobacco smoking is one of the preventable causes of death. Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2 report showed that 19% Indian males were current smokers. It is important to find out factors which help smokers on smoking cessation, ultimately to prevent of lung and other morbidities. Read More

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Smoking and cannabis use among childhood cancer survivors: results of the French Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

ECEVE UMR 1123, INSERM

Background: Unhealthy behaviors among childhood cancer survivors increase the risks for cancer treatment adverse effects. We aimed to assess tobacco and cannabis use prevalence in this population and to identify factors associated with these consumptions.

Methods: This study involved 2,887 5-year survivors from the French childhood cancer survivor study (FCCSS) cohort. Read More

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"At least someone thinks I'm doing well": a real-world evaluation of the quit-smoking app StopCoach for lower socio-economic status smokers.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2021 Jul 28;16(1):48. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Smoking is more prevalent and persistent among lower socio-economic status (SES) compared with higher-SES groups, and contributes greatly to SES-based health inequities. Few interventions exist that effectively help lower-SES smokers quit. This study evaluated "De StopCoach", a mobile phone delivered eHealth intervention targeted at lower-SES smokers based on the evidence-based StopAdvisor, in a real-world setting (five municipalities) in The Netherlands in 2019-2020. Read More

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Effects of morbidity on smoking cessation: a national smoking cessation program.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2021 Jul 28;16(1):47. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Family Medicine, Research Institute of Medical Science, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: In smokers with chronic diseases, we examined the abstinence rates over 6 months and its affecting factors in the context of the Korea National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) smoking cessation program.

Methods: To identify 6-month abstinence, we extracted a sample of 15,017 participants using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method from the 359,047 individuals enrolled in the 2016 NHIS smoking cessation program and 1500 smokers responded to the telephone survey. From this group, 1245 individuals (48. Read More

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Trend in Prevalence of Smoking and Motivation to Quit among Korean Adult Male Cancer Survivors over the Last 8 Years: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-VII (2010-2017).

Korean J Fam Med 2021 Jul 20;42(4):281-287. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: This study aimed to investigate trends in the prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit among Korean male cancer survivors.

Methods: Out of 20,012 men who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010-2012), VI (2013-2015), and VII (2016-2017), 742 cancer survivors were included. A cancer survivor was defined as a person who concurred to the item, "The cancer has been diagnosed by a doctor" in the health questionnaire. Read More

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Smoking Cessation in Cancer Survivors.

Authors:
Young Gyu Cho

Korean J Fam Med 2021 07 20;42(4):258-259. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Inje University Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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Impact of smoking on weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery: a literature review.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of Upper GI and General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of USC, 1510 San Pablo St., Suite 514, Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA.

Background: The association between smoking and surgical complications after bariatric surgery has been well-established. However, given that this patient population is inherently weight-concerned, understanding the effects of tobacco use on postoperative weight loss is essential to guiding clinicians in counseling patients. We aimed to summarize the current literature examining the effects of preoperative and postoperative smoking, as well as changes in smoking status, on bariatric surgery weight loss outcomes. Read More

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Attempt to Quit Tobacco Smoking among Male Smokers in Vietnam and Predictive Factors: Findings from Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Jul 1;22(7):2061-2067. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Hanoi University of Public Health (HUPH), Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: Vietnam is among countries with highest prevalence of tobacco smoking, attempt to quit is an important indicator to monitor the effectiveness of tobacco control efforts. This paper aims to describe smoking quit attempt and examine its association with some individual characteristics among male smokers.

Methods: Data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in Vietnam in 2015 was analyzed for a sample of 1,903 male smokers taking from the national representative sample of 8,996 adults aged 15 years and above. Read More

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Potential for optimizing management of obesity in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.

Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, FoU - Tema Hjärta och Kärl, S1:02, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset/Solna, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: Prevention guidelines have identified the management of obese patients as an important priority to reduce the burden of incident and recurrent cardiovascular disease. Still, studies have demonstrated that over 80% of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) fail to achieve their weight target. Here, we describe advice received and actions reported by overweight CHD patients since being discharged from hospital and how weight changes relate to their risk profile. Read More

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The mobile assistance for regulating smoking (MARS) micro-randomized trial design protocol.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Jul 24:106513. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States of America.

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and disability in the U.S. Empirical evidence suggests that engaging in evidence-based self-regulatory strategies (e. Read More

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Electronic nicotine product cessation and cigarette smoking: analysis of waves 3 and 4 from the PATH study.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Introduction: Identifying predictors of electronic nicotine product (ENP) cessation can inform ENP cessation interventions. High rates of co-occurring ENP and cigarette (dual) use and transitions between these products underscore the importance of considering cigarette smoking status when assessing and addressing ENP cessation.

Methods: We analyzed waves 3 (W3) and 4 (W4) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study to identify (i) W3 socio-demographics, tobacco and ENP use characteristics, and psychosocial correlates of W3 cigarette smoking status (non-smoker, former and current) among W3 adult ENP users, and (ii) W3 predictors of W4 combined ENP and cigarette smoking abstinence relative to use of one or both products. Read More

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Integrated Smoking Cessation for Smokers With Serious Mental Illness: Protocol for a Convergent Mixed Methods Implementation Evaluation Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jul 27;10(7):e25390. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Mixed Methods Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Background: Tobacco smoking is associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality in individuals with serious mental illness. A 2-year pragmatic clinical trial (PCORI PCS-1504-30472) that enrolled 1100 individuals with serious mental illness in the greater Boston area was conducted to test 2 interventions for tobacco cessation for individuals with serious mental illness: (1) academic detailing, which delivers education to primary care providers and highlights first-line pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation, and (2) provision of community health worker support to smoker participants. Implementing and scaling this intervention in other settings will require the systematic identification of barriers and facilitators, as well as the identification of relevant subgroups, effective and unique components, and setting-specific factors. Read More

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Place Matters: Closing the Gap on Rural Primary Care Quality Improvement Capacity-the Healthy Hearts Northwest Study.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Jul-Aug;34(4):753-761

From the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland (LJF, KR, CD); Oregon Health & Science University/Portland State University School of Public Health (KR); Qualis Health/Comagine Health, Seattle, WA (TK); Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, MacColl Center for Health Care Innovation, Seattle, WA (MLP).

Context: To compare rural independent and health system primary care practices with urban practices to external practice facilitation support in terms of recruitment, readiness, engagement, retention, and change in quality improvement (QI) capacity and quality metric performance.

Methods: The setting consisted of 135 small or medium-sized primary care practices participating in the Healthy Hearts Northwest quality improvement initiative. The practices were stratified by geography, rural or urban, and by ownership (independent [physician-owned] or system-owned [health/hospital system]). Read More

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January 2021

Smoking Cessation and Preterm Birth in Second Pregnancy Among Women who Smoked in Their First.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Curtin School of Population Health, Curtin University, WA, Australia.

Introduction: The benefit of smoking cessation in reducing the risk of preterm birth is well established. Relatively less well understood is the prevalence of smoking cessation maintenance at the next pregnancy and the associated preterm risk reduction. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of maintenance of smoking cessation at second pregnancy and the associated relative risk of preterm birth. Read More

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Smoking cessation strategies used by former menthol cigarette smokers after a menthol ban.

Addict Behav 2021 Jul 13;123:107046. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Menthol cigarettes were banned in Ontario, Canada on January 1st, 2017. We used concept mapping, a mixed-method approach, to describe how menthol cigarette smokers quit smoking after the Ontario menthol ban.

Methods: Pre-ban daily and non-daily menthol cigarette smokers who reported smoking abstinence 24 months after the ban (n = 62; 53. Read More

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Postdiagnosis Smoking Cessation and Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer Progression and Mortality : A Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of Oncology, Moscow, Russia (A.M., O.S., D.Z.).

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and about one half of patients with lung cancer are active smokers at diagnosis.

Objective: To determine whether quitting smoking after diagnosis of lung cancer affects the risk for disease progression and mortality.

Design: Prospective study of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were recruited between 2007 and 2016 and followed annually through 2020. Read More

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Agent-Based Modeling for Implementation Research: An Application to Tobacco Smoking Cessation for Persons with Serious Mental Illness.

Implement Res Pract 2021 Jan-Dec;2. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Civil and Systems Engineering, Johns Hopkins University.

Background: Implementation researchers have sought ways to use simulations to support the core components of implementation, which typically include assessing the need for change, designing implementation strategies, executing the strategies, and evaluating outcomes. The goal of this paper is to explain how agent-based modeling could fulfill this role.

Methods: We describe agent-based modeling with respect to other simulation methods that have been used in implementation science, using non-technical language that is broadly accessible. Read More

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Relationships among Self-Efficacy, Quality of Life, Perceived Vulnerability, and Readiness to Quit Smoking in People Living with HIV.

J Smok Cessat 2021 11;2021:6697404. Epub 2021 May 11.

University of Texas at Austin, 110 Inner Campus Drive, Austin, TX 78705, USA.

Smoking-related diseases (e.g., lung cancer) are the leading cause of mortality in HIV-infected patients. Read More

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Assessing Markers of Reproducibility and Transparency in Smoking Behaviour Change Intervention Evaluations.

J Smok Cessat 2021 15;2021:6694386. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, UK.

Introduction: Activities promoting research reproducibility and transparency are crucial for generating trustworthy evidence. Evaluation of smoking interventions is one area where vested interests may motivate reduced reproducibility and transparency.

Aims: Assess markers of transparency and reproducibility in smoking behaviour change intervention evaluation reports. Read More

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January 2021

Perception of Tobacco Counseling and Cessation among Dental Practitioners.

Authors:
Jazia A Alblowi

J Smok Cessat 2021 16;2021:6692525. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To investigate the knowledge and practice of tobacco cessation and counseling (TCC) among dental practitioners and their attitude and perceived barriers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study targeted licensed dental practitioners in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants answered a pretested and validated self-administered questionnaire consisted of demographic data; smoking status; knowledge of tobacco hazards, attitude, and practice; and perceived barriers of tobacco cessation counseling. Read More

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A Population-Level Assessment of Smoking Cessation following a Diagnosis of Tobacco- or Nontobacco-Related Cancer among United States Adults.

J Smok Cessat 2021 19;2021:6683014. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

New York University School of Medicine, Department of Population Health, USA.

Introduction: Smoking cessation after a cancer diagnosis can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and all-cause mortality.

Aim: We sought to measure the association between cancer diagnosis and subsequent smoking cessation.

Methods: Data was sourced from the Population Assessment of Health and Tobacco (PATH) study, a representative population-based sample of United States adults. Read More

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January 2021

Rationale and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Medical Student Counseling for Hospitalized Patients Addicted to Tobacco (the MS-CHAT Trial).

J Smok Cessat 2021 27;2021:6682408. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Globally, India is the second largest consumer of tobacco. However, Indian medical students do not receive adequate training in smoking cessation counseling. Each patient hospitalization is an opportunity to counsel smokers. Read More

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January 2021

Determining Optimal Cutoffs for Exhaled Carbon Monoxide and Salivary Cotinine to Identify Smokers among Korean Americans in a Smoking Cessation Clinical Trial.

J Smok Cessat 2021 15;2021:6678237. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Exercise and Health, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA.

Introduction: It is critical to accurately identify individuals who continue to smoke even after treatment, as this may prompt the use of more intensive and effective treatment strategies to help them attain complete abstinence.

Aims: This study examined optimal cutoffs for exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and salivary cotinine to identify smokers among Korean Americans in a smoking cessation clinical trial.

Methods: CO and cotinine were measured three to four times over 12 months from the quit day. Read More

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February 2021

Measuring Therapeutic Alliance for Tobacco Cessation Counseling for Behavioral Health Clinicians.

J Smok Cessat 2021 13;2021:6671899. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1930 Monroe St., Madison, WI 53711, USA.

Introduction: Those coping with significant mental illness smoke at a high prevalence rate. Increasingly, behavioral health clinicians (BHCs) are being asked to provide tobacco-dependence interventions. In this context, it is important to measure their success at doing so. Read More

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