360 results match your criteria slum dwellers

COVID-19 in India: Who are we leaving behind?

Prog Disaster Sci 2021 Apr 24;10:100163. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

University of Sussex, School of Global Studies, Arts Road Building C, Falmer Brighton, BN1 9SJ, UK.

The COVID-19 pandemic has uncovered and intensified existing societal inequalities. People on the move and residents of urban slums and informal settlements are among some of the most affected groups in the Global South. Given the current living conditions of migrants, the WHO guidelines on how to prevent COVID-19 (such as handwashing, physical distancing and working from home) are challenging to nearly impossible in informal settlements. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"Give Us the Chance to Be Part of You, We Want Our Voices to Be Heard": Assistive Technology as a Mediator of Participation in (Formal and Informal) Citizenship Activities for Persons with Disabilities Who Are Slum Dwellers in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 22;18(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

Development Planning Unit, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK.

The importance of assistive technology (AT) is gaining recognition, with the World Health Organisation (WHO) set to publish a Global Report in 2022. Yet little is understood about access for the poorest, or the potential of AT to enable this group to participate in the activities of citizenship; both formal and informal. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore AT as mediator of participation in citizenship for persons with disabilities who live in two informal settlements in Freetown, Sierra Leone (SL). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of food insecurity and related factors among slum households in Kerman, south of Iran.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Public Health, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran.

Introduction: Household food insecurity (FI) is defined as limited or uncertain access to nutritionally adequate and safe food or limited ability to obtain foods in socially acceptable ways has become a global issue in recent decades.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman, southeast of Iran in 2019, covering 559 marginalised households. United States Department of Agriculture food security measure was used for data collection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Willingness to vaccinate against COVID-19 among Bangladeshi adults: Understanding the strategies to optimize vaccination coverage.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(4):e0250495. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Global Health Institute, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Although the approved COVID-19 vaccine has been shown to be safe and effective, mass vaccination in Bangladeshi people remains a challenge. As a vaccination effort, the study provided an empirical evidence on willingness to vaccinate by sociodemographic, clinical and regional differences in Bangladeshi adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional analysis from a household survey of 3646 adults aged 18 years or older was conducted in 8 districts of Bangladesh, from December 12, 2020, to January 7, 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Willingness to help climate migrants: A survey experiment in the Korail slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(4):e0249315. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Political Science, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Bangladesh faces a severe rural to urban migration challenge, which is accentuated by climate change and the Rohingya crisis. These migrants often reside in urban slums and struggle to access public services, which are already short in supply for existing slum dwellers. Given the inadequacy of governmental efforts, nonprofits have assumed responsibility for providing essential services such as housing, healthcare, and education. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Covid-19 and the Brazilian Reality: The Role of Favelas in Combating the Pandemic.

Front Sociol 2020 17;5:611990. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Psychology Graduate Program, Psychology Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The consequences of coronavirus in favelas in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) point to social inequality as a structuring factor in Brazilian society. The contagion spread and multiple death cases reveal the multiplicity of existence ways that cohabit the urban context, indicating that in many of these scenarios, access to decent housing, drinking water, and minimum income is not a reality and recommendations from international health agencies are challenging to implement. Against government technopolitics that drive different forms of death to the poorest, black communities, and slum dwellers, territorial insurgencies indicate other paths for the construction of a dignified life and access to fundamental rights, targeted solidarity practices, territorial political organization and the construction of specific public policies to deal with the effects of the virus which takes into account the particularities and distinct realities of the territory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

72 Years of Homemaking in Waiting Zones: Lebanon's "Permanently Temporary" Palestinian Refugee Camps.

Yafa El Masri

Front Sociol 2020 26;5:587063. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Historical and Geographic Sciences and the Ancient World, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

The "permanently temporary" Palestinian refugee community, present in Lebanon since 1948 with no solution in sight, has the highest rate of abject poverty within all five areas of operation of United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinians in the Near East (UNRWA), and it still occupies the same limited geographic space it did 72 years ago. This harsh reality stems from the refugees' statelessness but is also worsened by the local conditions imposed by the Lebanese legislation and (non)settlement policy aimed at preventing refugees from becoming permanent. Within this situation, we look at practices of agency enacted by camp dwellers to provide lacking life necessities and improve living conditions in the camps. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Use of alternative care sites during the COVID-19 pandemic in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Public Health 2021 Mar 5;194:14-16. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Ministry of Health, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objectives: In large cities, where a large proportion of the population live in poverty and overcrowding, orders to stay home to comply with isolation requirements are difficult to fulfil. In this article, the use of alternative care sites (ACSs) for the isolation of patients with confirmed COVID-19 or persons under investigation (PUI) in the City of Buenos Aires during the first wave of COVID-19 are described.

Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Eco-Environmental Aspects of COVID-19 Pandemic and Potential Control Strategies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 27;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A3K7, Canada.

A new coronavirus-strain from a zoonotic reservoir (probably bat)-termed as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-has recently claimed more than two million deaths worldwide. Consequently, a burst of scientific reports on epidemiology, symptoms, and diagnosis came out. However, a comprehensive understanding of eco-environmental aspects that may contribute to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread is still missing, and we therefore aim to focus here on these aspects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Migration, ethnicity, racism and the COVID-19 pandemic: A conference marking the launch of a new Global Society.

Public Health Pract (Oxf) 2021 Nov 10;2:100088. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 222 Skøyen, 0213, Oslo, Norway.

The inaugural conference of the Global Society on Migration, Ethnicity, Race and Health COVID-19 examined the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on migrants and ethnic minorities and the role of racism. Migrants everywhere have faced tightening immigration restrictions, more obstacles to healthcare, increased racism and worsening poverty. Higher COVID-19 mortality rates have been otbserved in ethnic/racial minorities in the United Kingdom and the United States. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

The Covid-19 pandemic in low- and middle-income countries, who carries the burden? Review of mass media and publications from six countries.

Pathog Glob Health 2021 05 4;115(3):178-187. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Faculty of Medicine, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Centre for Medicine and Society, Freiburg, Germany.

During the Covid-19 pandemic, rich countries employed lockdown and physical distancing policies for transmission control. However, the question still remains whether these measures are also suitable in countries with a fragile economy, which rests mainly on the informal sector. The impacts of lockdown measures in disadvantaged population strata in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) were reviewed using i) 93 media reports and ii) 17 published scientific papers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COPD awareness in the urban slums and rural areas around Pune city in India.

NPJ Prim Care Respir Med 2021 02 11;31(1). Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Chest Research Foundation, Pune, India.

COPD is the second leading cause of death and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in India, yet, it remains poorly recognized. We aimed to study the level of awareness of COPD in urban slums of Pune city in India and its neighboring rural areas. All male and female subjects above the age of 30 years residing in 13 randomly selected slums of Pune city (total population of 3000) and 7 randomly selected neighboring rural villages (total population of 3000) were invited to participate in this cross-sectional community survey. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

COVID-19 among the inhabitants of the slums in the city of Buenos Aires: a population-based study.

BMJ Open 2021 01 20;11(1):e044592. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Minister of Health of the City of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: To summarise the unfolding of the COVID-19 epidemic among slum dwellers and different social strata in the city of Buenos Aires during the first 20 weeks after the first reported case.

Design: Observational study using a time-series analysis. Natural experiment in a big city. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Superspreaders: A Lurking Danger in the Community.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:2150132720987432

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A "superspreader" refers to an unusually contagious organism infected with a disease. With respect to a human borne illnesses, a superspreader is someone who is more likely to infect other humans when compared to a typically infected person. The existence of human superspreaders is deeply entrenched in history; the most famous case being that of Typhoid Mary. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Slums, women and sanitary living in South-South Nigeria.

J Hous Built Environ 2021 Jan 3:1-20. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Geography and Natural Resources Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.

How much do slums affect women's ability to negotiate access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH)? We used random narratives, interviews, and a review of literature from theoretical and secondary sources to capture the experiences of slum dwellers in South-South Nigeria. Our findings demonstrate that women and girls bear disproportionate burden and risk of poor and inadequate WaSH services in the course of domestic supplies and management and making tough choices in negotiating between personal sanitary needs of privacy and safety as well as attending to domestic hygiene, childcare and other chores. These lived realities and experiences are partly associated with gendered public policy practices, linked to the broader socio-cultural norm that confine women's roles to the private/domestic spheres, while men are free to pursue higher aspirations and opportunities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Quality of life of older adults in two contrasting neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana.

Soc Sci Med 2021 02 28;270:113659. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 11405 - 87 Ave, Edmonton, T6G 1C9, Canada. Electronic address:

As is the case elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana is experiencing a rapid increase in the population of older adults. Despite their rising numbers, the living conditions and wellbeing of older Ghanaians remain woefully understudied. This paper presents the results of a study exploring the quality of life (QoL) of older adults in two contrasting neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Social inequality, noise pollution, and quality of life of slum dwellers in Pokhara, Nepal.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2020 Dec 23:1-12. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Pokhara University, Lekhnath, Nepal.

This work is a cross-sectional comparative study conducted on 528 residents in the slum and non-slum areas of Pokhara, Nepal. Of the total number of respondents, 90.2% in the slums and 63. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Harnessing the energy of the corporate sector to end TB: BE health.

J Clin Tuberc Other Mycobact Dis 2020 Dec 24;21:100206. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Global Health Centre, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 3 million people with TB are missing' from the official information system. They remain often undiagnosed and untreated or are managed outside the national TB programme structure by various care providers (including the private for-profit sector) and are not notified. The care provided to these patients is often sub-standard, not aligned with national and international guidelines, and un-regulated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

The impact of the livelihoods and income fortification and socio-civic transformation project on the quality of life, wellbeing, self-esteem, and quality of neighbourhood social environment among the youth in slum areas of in Kampala, Uganda.

BMC Public Health 2020 Dec 7;20(1):1872. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

School of Social Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, 2751, Australia.

Background: Various interventions to improve the quality of life (QoL) among slum dwellers across sub Saharan Africa have been implemented. However, the interventions impacts remain less understood. We assessed the impact of the Urban Program on Livelihoods and Income Fortification and Socio-civic Transformation (UPLIFT) project on QoL, psychological wellbeing, self-esteem, and the quality of neighbourhood social environment of young people aged 13-25 years in slum areas of Makindye and Nakawa Divisions in Kampala, Uganda. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Violence against women in urban slums of India: A review of two decades of research.

Glob Public Health 2020 Nov 30:1-19. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

School of Social Work, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India.

It is estimated that about one-third of women ever experienced violence in their lifetime. India has experienced steady urban growth accompanying increase of urban populations living in slums. Several studies have reported prevalence of various forms of violence in urban slums. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Health, quality of life, and wellbeing of older slum dwellers in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review.

Glob Public Health 2020 Oct 29:1-19. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

A growing population of older adults resides in sub-Saharan Africa's urban slums. Although environmental conditions in slums are adversarial, there is limited knowledge on the wellbeing of older adults residing in these settings. This review sought to understand the scope, extent, and nature of current research on the health and wellbeing of older slum dwellers in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with the COVID-19 among slum dwellers resided in Dhaka City: a Bangladeshi interview-based survey.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2021 04;43(1):13-25

Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh.

Background: The emergent COVID-19 has impacted unprecedentedly to all classes of people. Slum-dwellers' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19 are currently poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the KAP toward COVID-19 among slum dwellers resided in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Coronavirus disease 2019 and slums in the Global South: lessons from Medellín (Colombia).

Glob Health Promot 2021 03 15;28(1):65-69. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Health Inequalities Research Group (GREDS-Emconet), Political Science Department, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is hitting the world's most vulnerable people hardest, primarily the communities living in slums in the Global South. Lockdown, handwashing and social distancing are impossible privileges for many urban dwellers - measures which make structural inequities more visible, exacerbating racial, gender and class differences. There are many social determinants of health to explain these inequalities that trigger a high prevalence of infectious and chronic diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Examining the distribution of benefits of a free Maternal and Child Health programme in Enugu State, Nigeria: a benefit incidence analysis.

Trop Med Int Health 2020 12 29;25(12):1522-1533. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Health Administration and Management, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Objective: To determine the population groups that benefit from a Free Maternal and Child Health (FMCH) programme in Enugu State, South-east Nigeria, so as to understand the equity effects of the programme.

Method: A community-based survey was conducted in rural and urban local government areas (LGAs) to aid the benefit incidence analysis (BIA) of the FMCH. Data were elicited from 584 randomly selected women of childbearing age. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Assessing Bandung's Governance Challenges of Water, Waste, and Climate Change: Lessons from Urban Indonesia.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021 Mar 6;17(2):434-444. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

KWR Water Research Institute, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands.

This study assesses the gaps, opportunities, and priorities of Bandung in managing its water and waste challenges. The City Blueprint Approach is used to identify pressures, to measure the city's Integrated Water Resources Management performance, and to assess its governance. Based on the analyses of Bandung, 4 topics are discussed in more detail: 1) the transferability of the lessons from Bandung, 2) the challenges of solid waste management in Indonesian cities, 3) community-based sanitation, and 4) implications for informal settlements. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Healthcare seeking for chronic illness among adult slum dwellers in Bangladesh: A descriptive cross-sectional study in two urban settings.

PLoS One 2020 15;15(6):e0233635. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America.

Introduction: Accompanying rapid urbanization in Bangladesh are inequities in health and healthcare which are most visibly manifested in slums or low-income settlements. This study examines socioeconomic, demographic and geographic patterns of self-reported chronic illness and healthcare seeking among adult slum dwellers in Bangladesh. Understanding these patterns is critical in designing more equitable urban health systems and in enabling the country's goal of Universal Health Coverage by 2030. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Operationalising a One Health approach to reduce the infection and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) burden in under-5 year old urban slum dwellers: The Childhood Infections and Pollution (CHIP) Consortium.

One Health 2020 Dec 27;10:100144. Epub 2020 May 27.

Population, Policy and Practice Department, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

The WHO advocates the use of a One Health approach to address antimicrobial resistance (AMR), focusing on integrating human, animal and environmental health factors. Nevertheless, there is a dearth of AMR research investigating the complexity of down and upstream factors across the One Health spectrum, especially in resource-deprived settings. The Childhood Infections and Pollution Consortium (CHIP) was designed to reduce the burden of childhood infections and AMR in urban slums, particularly in low-and middle-income countries, using One Health and technology-enabled Citizen Science approaches. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Morbidity Pattern and Choice of Care in an Urban Slum of a Metropolitan State, Southwestern Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2020 Jul-Aug;37(3):268-274

Department of Pediatrics,Faculty of Clinical Sciences,College of Medicine,University of Ibadan,Nigeria.

Background: An increased population growth has led to the proliferation of slums in urban areas. Urban slum dwellers are susceptible to ailments which may be worsened from reduced access to health facilities or weak institutional capacity. Understanding the pattern of morbidity and choice of care among slum dwellers can inform appropriate health interventions among this group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Combating Climate Change-induced Heat Stress: Assessing Cool Roofs and Its Impact on the Indoor Ambient Temperature of the Households in the Urban Slums of Ahmedabad.

Indian J Occup Environ Med 2020 Jan-Apr;24(1):25-29. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Mahila Housing Sewa Trust, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Background: The rising global temperature and frequent heatwaves are the adverse effects of climate change. The causalities and ill impacts of the heat stress were higher among the slum dwellers because of the vulnerable household structures, which were made by heat-trapping materials like tin sheets, cement sheet (asbestos), plastic, and tarpaulin. The houses are not only dwellings but also a source of livelihood for many slum dwellers as they are involved in home-based work. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Affording unavoidable emergency surgical care - The lived experiences and payment coping strategies of households in Ibadan metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria.

PLoS One 2020 20;15(5):e0232882. Epub 2020 May 20.

School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Pre-payment and risk pooling schemes, central to the idea of universal health coverage, should protect households from catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment; particularly when emergency care is required. Inadequate financial protection consequent on surgical emergencies occurs despite the existence of risk-pooling schemes. This study documented the experiences and coping strategies of slum and non-slum dwellers in a southwestern metropolis of Nigeria who had undergone emergency surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF