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In-office Endonasal Minor Revision Rhinoplasty.

Facial Plast Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Section of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

The revision rhinoplasty presents many unique challenges to the facial plastic surgeon. While many cases will require a full revision in the operating room, there are several isolated deformities which may be repaired in the office via an endonasal approach. This provides many benefits to the patient and surgeon including decreased cost, shorter recovery time, avoidance of general anesthesia, and less discomfort. Read More

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September 2021

Experiences and needs of patients with rectal cancer confronted with bowel problems after stoma reversal: A systematic review and thematic-synthesis.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2021 Aug 20;54:102018. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University Centre for Nursing and Midwifery, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Staff Member Nursing Department, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Purpose: After the reversal of the temporary stoma, rectal cancer survivors are often confronted with bowel complaints largely impacting on their quality of life. This systematic review aims to identify and synthesise the experiences and needs of patients with rectal cancer confronted with bowel problems after stoma reversal.

Methods: A systematic search was performed through Pubmed, CINAHL and Web of Science. Read More

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Sandwich Evaporation-Solvent Annealing Fabrication of Highly Crystalline MAPbICl Perovskite Solar Cells.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Graduate Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Perovskites doped with chlorine (Cl), which are usually fabricated using the solution process, can effectively improve the stability and carrier mobility. Compared with the low tolerance of the solution process that relies mostly on personal skill, thermal evaporation is an important method for large-scale production of perovskite solar cells but the production cost is high. In this study, the sandwich evaporation-solvent annealing (SE-SA) method is proposed. Read More

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September 2021

Establishing a Multidisciplinary Cavernous Carotid Injury Simulation to Train Neurosurgical, Otolaryngology, and Anesthesia Residents.

J Vis Exp 2021 Sep 3(175). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Oregon Health & Science University;

Carotid artery injuries are serious complications of endoscopic endonasal surgery. As these occur rarely, simulation training offers an avenue for technique and algorithm development in resident learners. This study develops a realistic cadaveric model for the training of crisis resource management in the setting of cavernous carotid artery injury. Read More

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September 2021

Exploring Issues and Challenges of Leadership among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria Using a Mixed-Method Approach: CHARTING Study.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Feb 14;10(1):441-454. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Obafemi Awolowo Teaching Hospital, Complex, Ile Ife 17153, Nigeria.

(1) Background: leadership behaviour is a poorly explored phenomenon among early-career doctors (ECDs). Good leadership is vital in maximising the effective management of patients in a clinical setting. While a good number of studies, though with small sample surveys, have researched the role of leadership in clinical setting quantitatively, qualitative investigations are yet to be done in Nigeria. Read More

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February 2020

Association between Social Skills and Motor Skills in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Dec 12;10(1):276-296. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Cardiovascular stroke Renal Project (CRP), Kobe 654-0142, Japan.

Social communication and motor skill deficits are prevalent characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This systematic research review investigates whether and how broad social skills and motor skills may be related among individuals with ASD. We performed a PubMed search of articles written in English, using these study inclusion criteria: (a) an association between social and motor and skills among individuals previously diagnosed with autism; (b) one or more social skills measures were used; and (c) one or more measures of gross or fine motor skills were used. Read More

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December 2019

Barriers to Effective Diabetes Mellitus Self-Management (DMSM) Practice for Glycemic Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM): A Socio Cultural Context of Indonesian Communities in West Sulawesi.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Nov 26;10(1):250-261. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

Diabetes mellitus self-management (DMSM) is an essential strategy used to maintain blood glucose levels and to prevent severe complications. Several barriers have been documented while implementing DMSM practices. A qualitative study aimed to explore barriers to effective DMSM practice among uncontrolled glycemic type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Indonesia. Read More

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November 2019

Cognitive and Applied Linguistics Aspects of Using Social Media: The Impact of the Use of Facebook on Developing Writing Skills in Learning English as a Foreign Language.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Oct 3;10(1):110-118. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Kralove, 530 00 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Facebook is undoubtedly the most popular social network site nowadays with over two billion users. Therefore, there has been research exploring its potential as a learning environment for various fields of education, including learning English as a foreign language (EFL). As the findings of research studies indicate, Facebook is especially used in developing productive language skills, such as writing, which is considered to be the least popular and the most difficult skill to master. Read More

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October 2019

Computational Thinking and STEM in Agriculture Vocational Training: A Case Study in a Greek Vocational Education Institution.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Mar 1;11(1):230-250. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece.

Due to the dynamic nature of the agricultural industry, educators and their institutions face difficult challenges as they try to keep pace with future demands for knowledge and skilled workers. On the other hand, computational thinking (CT) has drawn increasing attention in the field of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education at present and, as advanced technologies and tools emerge, it is imperative for such innovations to be sustained with knowledge and skill among STEM educators and practitioners. The present case study aims to explore the relation between CT, STEM and agricultural education training (AET) in a Greek vocational training institute (IEK), the Agriculture IEK of Metamorfosis city (IEKMC), which is active in agriculture education. Read More

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The Profile of Moods States and Athletic Performance: A Meta-Analysis of Published Studies.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jan 13;11(1):50-70. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

School of Health Professions, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.

Researchers have extensively examined and reviewed the relationship of the profile of mood states (POMS) with sport performance since the 1970s. Two decades have passed since the last POMS quantitative review. Our overall objective was to quantify the POMS research with competitive athletes with a prospective measured POMS and a sport performance outcome in the published literature. Read More

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January 2021

Teaching Seasoned Doctors New Technology: An Intervention to Reduce Barriers and Improve Comfort With Clinical Ultrasound.

Cureus 2021 Aug 17;13(8):e17248. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

Introduction Although clinical ultrasound (CUS) is a core skill that is a requirement for emergency medicine (EM) residency graduation, only a fraction of EM practitioners who trained prior to this requirement are certified in CUS. The objective of the study was to implement a CUS workshop for practicing EM physicians, identify barriers to utilization, and assess comfort with the machine, obtaining and interpreting images, and incorporating CUS into clinical practice. Methods This was a prospective descriptive cohort study of EM physician faculty who participated in an interactive 5-hour CUS workshop intervention that introduced four core CUS modalities via didactics and hands-on scanning stations. Read More

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Virtual Reality as an Affirmative Spin-Off to Laparoscopic Training: An Updated Review.

Cureus 2021 Aug 17;13(8):e17239. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

School of Medicine, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, COL.

Latest advancements in science lead to drastic improvements in patient health care. Techniques and technology evolved in surgery over the years have resulted in the improvement of patient outcomes by leaps and bounds. Open surgeries previously done for procedures like appendectomy and cholecystectomy evolved into laparoscopic minimally invasive procedures. Read More

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Predicting Coping With Self-Regulated Distance Learning in Times of COVID-19: Evidence From a Longitudinal Study.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:701255. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department for Teacher Education and School Research, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, students worldwide have experienced fundamental changes to their learning. Schools had to shift to distance education as part of the effort to stop the spread of the virus. Although distance learning undoubtedly resulted in challenges for all students, there is much concern that it exacerbated existing educational inequalities and led to disadvantages - particularly for students who were already struggling academically and lacking support from family and school. Read More

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September 2021

A "Proof of Concept" Randomized Controlled Trial of a Video Game Requiring Emotional Regulation to Augment Anger Control Training.

Front Psychiatry 2021 1;12:591906. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Emotional dysregulation leading to clinically significant anger and aggression is a common and substantial concern for youth and their families. While psychotropic medications and cognitive behavioral therapies can be effective, these modalities suffer from drawbacks such as significant side effects, high rates of attrition, and lack of real-world skill translation. egulate nd ain motional Control (RAGE-Control) is a video game designed as an engaging augment to existing treatments. Read More

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September 2021

"Finding My Own Way": The lived experience of undergraduate nursing students learning psychomotor skills during COVID-19.

Teach Learn Nurs 2021 Oct 8;16(4):347-351. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

University of Northern Colorado School of Nursing, Greeley, CO, USA.

Background: Little is known about how nursing students learned psychomotor skills during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Aims: What is the lived experience of undergraduate nursing students learning psychomotor skills during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Methods: Using a phenomenological approach, eight undergraduate nursing students were interviewed about their experiences learning psychomotor skills during the pandemic.

Results: Thematic analysis revealed three main themes. Read More

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October 2021

An EXploration of the facilitators and barriers to paramedics' assessment and treatment of pain in PAediatric patients following Trauma (EX-PAT).

Br Paramed J 2021 Sep;6(2):10-18

South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8526-064X.

Background: Pain is a common symptom among patients presenting to ambulance services and is often associated with traumatic injury. Assessment and management of pain in children in the pre-hospital setting is suboptimal. This study aimed to understand the facilitators and barriers experienced by paramedics in their assessment and management of pain in children who have sustained traumatic injuries. Read More

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September 2021

Clubfoot Cast Simulation Using Pressure Sensors: A Novel Way to Teach the Ponseti Method.

J Surg Educ 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York. Electronic address:

Objective: The standard of care in treating congenital clubfoot is the Ponseti method. Resident education of this skill traditionally involves direct casting of patients with attending feedback. With increased clinical time demands, mastery of the skill may not be achievable using direct resident - patient interactions. Read More

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September 2021

Identifying factors that impact general dentists' referrals to orthodontists.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Orthodontics, Division of Craniofacial and Surgical Care, Adams School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; Division of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, Adams School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address:

Introduction: Referrals from general dentists are a significant source of orthodontic patients, but our knowledge of factors guiding referral decisions predates recent marketplace trends of direct-to-consumer products and broad digitization. To provide orthodontists with current, nationwide data on referral values and communication preferences, a mixed-methods study was conducted.

Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with practicing general dentists (n = 23), and interviews were analyzed to identify factors important to communication and referrals. Read More

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September 2021

Road to automating robotic suturing skills assessment: Battling mislabeling of the ground truth.

Surgery 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Computer Science Department, Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/yanliu_usc.

Objective: To automate surgeon skills evaluation using robotic instrument kinematic data. Additionally, to implement an unsupervised mislabeling detection algorithm to identify potentially mislabeled samples that can be removed to improve model performance.

Methods: Video recordings and instrument kinematic data were derived from suturing exercises completed on the Mimic FlexVR robotic simulator. Read More

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September 2021

A longitudinal study of third-year medical students' communication competence, communication anxiety, and attitudes toward patient-centered care.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Objective: We investigated changes in medical students' communication competence and communication anxiety during their third year of training when they are immersed in formative clinical experiences that shape their patient-centered care and communication skills.

Methods: We invited 282 students to complete a longitudinal, four-phase online survey during their third-year. Our response rate was 62. Read More

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September 2021

[Intestinal microbiote of athletes].

Vopr Pitan 2021 22;90(4):36-52. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety, 109240, Moscow, Russian Federation.

The intestinal microbiota, due to new data on its functions obtained in the last decade, has become a new target point of influence on the organism. However, nowadays knowledge about the possible impact of physical activity and sports on the composition of the gut microbiota and, as a result, on the organism is limited. of this review was to summarize current knowledge about the gut microbiota of healthy people with different levels of physical activity (from athletes to physically inactive people), and to identify patterns in the composition of the microbiota of various surveyed groups. Read More

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Knowledge and Attitudes Toward an Artificial Intelligence-Based Fidelity Measurement in Community Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Supervision.

Adm Policy Ment Health 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

To capitalize on investments in evidence-based practices, technology is needed to scale up fidelity assessment and supervision. Stakeholder feedback may facilitate adoption of such tools. This evaluation gathered stakeholder feedback and preferences to explore whether it would be fundamentally feasible or possible to implement an automated fidelity-scoring supervision tool in community mental health settings. Read More

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September 2021

General academic anxiety and math anxiety in primary school. The impact of math anxiety on calculation skills.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2021 Sep 16;220:103413. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. Electronic address:

Some academic subjects, such as math, produce negative feelings, influencing achievement. Math anxiety interferes with processing math-related or number-related information and tasks in ordinary life and academic situations. It differs from general academic anxiety that involves all the academic situations, independently by the specificity of the study subject. Read More

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September 2021

AFAST Target-Organ Approach and Fluid Scoring System in Dogs and Cats.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Hill Country Veterinary Specialists and FASTVet.com, Spicewood, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Point-of-care ultrasonography as part of the physical examination is becoming considered a core skill. AFAST includes 5 acoustic windows over the abdomen and serves as a rapid screening test for free fluid (ascites, retroperitoneal, pleural and pericardial effusion) and soft tissue abnormalities (target-organ approach), and has an abdominal fluid scoring system (semiquantitating volume). Moreover, add-on skills are possible without additional views that include characterizing the caudal vena cava and hepatic veins (volume status), measuring the urinary bladder (volume estimation and urine output), screening for free air (pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum), and assessing gastrointestinal motility. Read More

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September 2021

Temporally resolved neural dynamics underlying handwriting.

Neuroimage 2021 Sep 15;244:118578. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

How do the temporal dynamics of neural activity encode highly coordinated visual-motor behaviour? To capture the millisecond-resolved neural activations associated with fine visual-motor skills, we devised a co-registration system to simultaneously record electroencephalogram and handwriting kinematics while participants were performing four handwriting tasks (writing in Chinese/English scripts with their dominant/non-dominant hand). The neural activation associated with each stroke was clearly identified with a well-structured and reliable pattern. The functional significance of this pattern was validated by its significant associations with language, hand and the cognitive stages and kinematics of handwriting. Read More

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September 2021

Virtual Orthopaedic Examination of the Lower Extremity: The Know-How of an Emerging Skill.

JBJS Rev 2021 09 17;9(9). Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

»: Telemedicine has become an emerging necessity in the practice of orthopaedic surgery following the paradigm shift that was brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.

»: Physical examination is an integral component of orthopaedic care and plays a crucial role in diagnosis.

»: Based on our experience and expert opinion in the literature, we recommend the following infrastructure for a virtual orthopaedic physical examination: a computing device with a functioning camera and high-definition input/output audio, a 720p (high-definition) display, a processing speed of 3. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of resistance training on strength and correlates of physical activity in youth.

J Sports Sci 2021 Sep 17:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Institute of Sport and Exercise, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

Resistance training (RT) may have a positive impact on specific correlates of physical activity (PA) in inactive and/or obese youth, with strength as a possible underlying mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate this. Twelve participants (aged 8. Read More

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September 2021

Integration of Robotics in Urology Residency Programs: an Unchecked Technological Revolution.

Curr Urol Rep 2021 Sep 17;22(9):47. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, College of Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the integration of robotics in urology residency programs and evaluate how it has impacted a graduates' level of surgical competence.

Recent Findings: Surgical technique training has shown a dramatic shift towards robotics with the most profound occurring in oncology. However, integration of robotics is not uniform across programs nor even among residents themselves. Read More

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September 2021

Trends, challenges, opportunities, and future needs of the dietetic workforce: a systematic scoping review.

Nutr Rev 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

S. Gibson is with the School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Context: Issues related to nutrition and health are prominent, yet it is unclear if the dietetics workforce is being used optimally.

Objective: Trends, challenges, opportunities, and future needs of the international dietetic workforce are investigated in this review, which was registered with Open Science Framework (10.17605/OSF. Read More

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September 2021

Improving Care Transitions: An Initiative between the Emergency Department and Senior Care Facilities.

Spartan Med Res J 2021 30;6(2):26862. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

St Mary Mercy Hospital, Livonia, MI.

Introduction: The transfer of individuals (i.e., residents) between senior care facilities (SCF) and the emergency department (ED) remains an ongoing healthcare quality gap as communication of key resident information is often lost. Read More

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