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Are survivors of cardiac arrest provided with standard cardiac rehabilitation? - Results from a national survey of hospitals and municipalities in Denmark.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr;20(2):115-123

Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Aim: To quantify the provision of standard cardiac rehabilitation to Danish survivors of cardiac arrest at a programme level, and to analyse whether organizational factors influenced the provision.

Method: We mapped the provision of cardiac rehabilitation core components to survivors of cardiac arrest and compared this with a reference group of patients after acute myocardial infarction using data from a cross-sectional programme-level survey among all hospitals (n = 34) and municipalities (n = 98) in Denmark. Organizational factors of potential importance to service provision were considered: health care region, size of catchment area/population, type of department/municipality and socioeconomic index. Read More

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Preparation and characterization of octenyl succinylated starch microgels via a water-in-oil (W/O) inverse microemulsion process for loading and releasing epigallocatechin gallate.

Food Chem 2021 Mar 23;355:129661. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

State Key Laboratory of Biobased Material and Green Papermaking, Qilu University of Technology, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Jinan 250353, China; Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 12211 Giza, Egypt; Department of Medical Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey. Electronic address:

Corn starch (CS), octenyl succinic anhydride modified corn starch (OSCS) and shells (OSC) microgels have been prepared using water-in-oil (W/O) inverse microemulsions for loading and releasing of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The structural and morphological properties of CS, OSCS, and OSC microgels were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The strong hydrogen bonds between starch molecules in the W/O system and interplay between hydroxyl groups of EGCG and oxygen atoms of starch microgels were formed. Read More

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Antimicrobial and anticancer properties of Carica papaya leaves derived di-methyl flubendazole mediated silver nanoparticles.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Feb 20;14(5):577-587. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Biotechnology, Prathyusha Engineering College, Chennai 602025, India. Electronic address:

Background: In this study, a biologically active molecule, di-methyl flubendazole isolated from the extract of Carica papaya leaves confirmed by using GC-MS, H NMR, and C NMR analysis was applied to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The AgNPs with plant sources an alternative therapeutic agent for synthetic compound used in cancer chemotherapy.

Methods: The AgNPs were characterized using UV, FT-IR, XRD, FESEM with EDX and TEM. Read More

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February 2021

Experimental parameters and infarct size in closed chest pig LAD ischemia reperfusion models; lessons learned.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 12;21(1):171. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Preclinical models that resemble the clinical setting as closely as possible are essential in translating promising therapies for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Closed chest pig left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ischemia reperfusion (I/R) models are valuable and clinically relevant. Knowledge on the influence of experimental design on infarct size (IS) in these models is a prerequisite for suitable models. Read More

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Environmental and energy performances of the Italian municipal solid waste incineration system in a life cycle perspective.

Waste Manag Res 2021 Apr 12:734242X211003946. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

LAR Laboratory, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

The environmental and energy performances of the Italian municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) system was investigated by a life cycle assessment approach. On average the 39 MSWIs operating in Italy in 2018 treated about 6,000,000 Mg of residual municipal solid waste (RMSW) recovering on average from 448 kWh Mg RMSW to 762 kWh Mg RMSW of electricity and from 732 kWh Mg RMSW to 1102 kWh Mg RMSW of heat. The average quantity of COeq Mg RMSW emitted ranged from about 800 up to about 1000 depending on the size and on the energy recovery scheme of the facility. Read More

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Assessment of fouling mechanisms on reverse osmosis (RO) membrane during permeation of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) solutions.

Environ Technol 2021 Apr 10:1-33. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149 Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Brazil.

Fouling mechanisms are mainly caused by the deposition of organic compounds that reduce the removal efficiency on reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. It can be described by mathematical models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the membrane fouling and rejection mechanisms when aqueous solutions containing 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in different concentrations are permeated at 5 and 10 bar in a bench-scale dead-end RO system. Read More

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Managing Lymphedema, Increasing Range of Motion, and Quality of Life through Yoga Therapy among Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review.

Int J Yoga 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):3-17. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Fenivi Research Solutions, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Lymphedema is a common complication of breast cancer treatment. Yoga is a nonconventional and noninvasive intervention that is reported to show beneficial effects in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). This study attempted to systematically review the effect of yoga therapy on managing lymphedema, increasing the range of motion (ROM), and quality of life (QOL) among breast cancer survivors. Read More

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February 2021

Organic petrographic evaluation of carbonaceous material in sediments of the Kinnickinnic River, Milwaukee, WI, U.S.A.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 3;782:145704. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources, 2300 North Dr Martin Luther King Jr Drive, Milwaukee, WI 53212-3128, United States of America.

This study examines the use of organic petrology techniques to quantify the amount of coal and carbonaceous combustion by-products (i.e., coke, coal tar/pitch, cenospheres) in sediments taken from the Kinnickinnic River adjacent to the former site of the Milwaukee Solvay Coke and Gas Company. Read More

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Hypertrophy of unaffected cardiomyocytes correlates with severity of cardiomyopathy in female patients with Fabry disease.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Apr 10;16(1):169. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical, Internal, Anesthesiologist and Cardiovascular Sciences, Sapienza University, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Aim: To investigate the contribution of unaffected cardiomyocytes in Fabry disease cardiomyopathy.

Findings: Left ventricular (LV) endomyocardial biopsies from twenty-four females (mean age 53 ± 11 ys) with Fabry disease cardiomyopathy were studied. Diagnosis of FD was based on the presence of pathogenic GLA mutation, Patients were divided in four groups according with LV maximal wall thickness (MWT): group 1 MWT ≤ 10. Read More

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Data-driven methods distort optimal cutoffs and accuracy estimates of depression screening tools: a simulation study using individual participant data.

J Clin Epidemiol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Members of the DEPRESSD EPDS Group: Ying Sun, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate, across multiple sample sizes, the degree that data-driven methods result in (1) optimal cutoffs different from population optimal cutoff and (2) bias in accuracy estimates.

Study Design And Setting: 1,000 samples of sample size 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 each were randomly drawn to simulate studies of different sample sizes from a database (N=13,255) synthesized to assess Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) screening accuracy. Optimal cutoffs were selected by maximizing Youden's J (sensitivity+specificity-1). Read More

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Clinical and Genetic Features of Autosomal Dominant Alport Syndrome: A Case Series.

Am J Kidney Dis 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Inherited Kidney Diseases, Nephrology Department, Fundació Puigvert, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas Sant Pau (IIB-Sant Pau), Medicine Department-Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, REDinREN, Instituto de Investigación Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Alport syndrome (AS) is a common genetic kidney disease accounting for approximately 2% of patients receiving kidney replacement therapy (KRT). It is caused by pathogenic variants in COL4A3, COL4A4 or COL4A5 genes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and genetic spectrum of patients with autosomal dominant Alport syndrome (ADAS). Read More

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Preparation, characterization and comparative toxicity of nanopermethrin against Anopheles stephensi and Culex pipiens.

Trop Med Int Health 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Medical Entomology Department, School of Public Health and Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of nanopermethrin as a potential new formulation for pest and vector control.

Methods: Permethrin nanoparticles were prepared by the ionic gelation method and its structure and the formulations were designed using Box-Behnken statistical technique. The effect of independent variables (Chitosan/Permethrin ratio, tripolyphosphate quantity, sonication time) on the properties of nanoparticles was investigated to determine the optimal formulation. Read More

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Reference Ranges for Vermis Biometry on Prenatal Ultrasound: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ultraschall Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Hadassah Medical Organization and Faculty of Medicine Hebrew University of Jerusalem Jerusalem, Israel.

Purpose:  To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published nomograms for fetal vermis biometry.

Materials And Methods:  A structured literature search was conducted to identify studies that reported normal measurements of the fetal vermis. A customized quality assessment tool was used to review the selected articles. Read More

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First report of bacterial leaf spot disease on sunflower () caused by in South Korea.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Chungnam National University, 26715, Department of Applied Biology, Daejeon, N/A, Korea (the Republic of);

In September 2019, bacterial leaf spot symptoms were observed on sunflowers in an experimental field in Eumseong, South Korea. The leaves of infected plants initially showed irregular brown spots surrounded by haloes; as the disease progressed, the spots became enlarged and darkened (eXtra Fig. 1a). Read More

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Pediatric solid intra-articular masses of the knee: prevalence, imaging features and etiologies.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 225 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Background: The etiologies of pediatric solid intra-articular soft-tissue masses are not well described and can present diagnostic dilemmas.

Objective: Our hypothesis was that these entities have a limited differential diagnosis and are mostly benign.

Materials And Methods: We reviewed knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans performed at our tertiary care institution between 2001 and 2019 (n=3,915). Read More

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Occupational exposure to nanoparticles originating from welding - case studies from the Czech Republic.

Med Pr 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic (Faculty of Safety Engineering).

Background: Nanomaterials are virtually ubiquitous as they are created by both natural processes and human activities. The amount of occupational exposure to unintentionally released nanoparticles can, therefore, be substantial. The aim of the study was to determine the concentrations of incidental nanoparticles that workers can be exposed to during welding operations and to assess related health risks. Read More

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Light-induced manipulation of passive and active microparticles.

Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 2021 Apr 8;44(4):50. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476, Potsdam, Germany.

We consider sedimented at a solid wall particles that are immersed in water containing small additives of photosensitive ionic surfactants. It is shown that illumination with an appropriate wavelength, a beam intensity profile, shape and size could lead to a variety of dynamic, both unsteady and steady state, configurations of particles. These dynamic, well-controlled and switchable particle patterns at the wall are due to an emerging diffusio-osmotic flow that takes its origin in the adjacent to the wall electrostatic diffuse layer, where the concentration gradients of surfactant are induced by light. Read More

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Multiple concurrent and convergent stages of genome reduction in bacterial symbionts across a stink bug family.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7731. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, Ohio State University, 318 W. 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Nutritional symbioses between bacteria and insects are prevalent and diverse, allowing insects to expand their feeding strategies and niches. A common consequence of long-term associations is a considerable reduction in symbiont genome size likely influenced by the radical shift in selective pressures as a result of the less variable environment within the host. While several of these cases can be found across distinct insect species, most examples provide a limited view of a single or few stages of the process of genome reduction. Read More

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Analysis on microplastics in dug wells around Tamangapa Landfills, Makassar City, Indonesia.

Gac Sanit 2021 ;35 Suppl 1:S87-S89

Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia.

Objective: This study aims to determine the microplastics abundance of dug wells around Tamangapa Landfills in Makassar area.

Method: The research method used is quantitative research with a descriptive. The number of samples is 8 dug wells with the criteria of 4 dug wells that are <500m from landfills and 4 dug wells that are 500m-1km from landfills. Read More

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January 2021

Indications for cement augmentation in fixation of geriatric intertrochanteric femur fractures: a systematic review of evidence.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, 450 Broadway St., Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Redwood, CA, 94063, USA.

Introduction: Achieving durable mechanical stability in geriatric intertrochanteric proximal femur fractures remains a challenge. Concomitant poor bone quality, unstable fracture patterns, and suboptimal reduction are additional risk factors for early mechanical failure. Cement augmentation of the proximal locking screw or blade is one proposed method to augment implant anchorage. Read More

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Comparative genome analyses of four rice-infecting Rhizoctonia solani isolates reveal extensive enrichment of homogalacturonan modification genes.

BMC Genomics 2021 Apr 7;22(1):242. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Fungal Bioinformatics Laboratory, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.

Background: Plant pathogenic isolates of Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group 1-intraspecific group IA (AG1-IA) infect a wide range of crops causing diseases such as rice sheath blight (ShB). ShB has become a serious disease in rice production worldwide. Additional genome sequences of the rice-infecting R. Read More

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Age at first reproduction in wolves: different patterns of density dependence for females and males.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 Apr 7;288(1948):20210207. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 73993 Riddarhyttan, Sweden.

Age at first reproduction constitutes a key life-history trait in animals and is evolutionarily shaped by fitness benefits and costs of delayed versus early reproduction. The understanding of how intrinsic and extrinsic changes affects age at first reproduction is crucial for conservation and management of threatened species because of its demographic effects on population growth and generation time. For a period of 40 years in the Scandinavian wolf () population, including the recolonization phase, we estimated age at first successful reproduction (pup survival to at least three weeks of age) and examined how the variation among individuals was explained by sex, population size (from 1 to 74 packs), primiparous or multiparous origin, reproductive experience of the partner and inbreeding. Read More

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First Report of Curly Top of Caused by in the Columbia Basin of Washington State.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Washington State University, Moses Lake, United States;

Two fields of coriander ( L.) seed crops of proprietary cultivars were observed in the Columbia Basin of Washington in July 2020 with 40 and 90% incidence of plants showing stunting and leaf and stem discoloration, sometimes with mild leaf curl. Foliar discoloration ranged from yellow to red and purple. Read More

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Distinguishing -gene-containing IncF plasmids from epidemiologically related and unrelated Enterobacteriaceae based on short- and long-read sequence data.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Infection Control, Amphia Hospital, Breda, the Netherlands.

Background: Limited information is available on whether -containing plasmids from isolates in a hospital outbreak can be differentiated from epidemiologically unrelated -containing plasmids based on sequence data. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of three approaches to distinguish epidemiologically related from unrelated -containing pKpQiL-like IncFII(k2)-IncFIB(pQiL) plasmids.

Method: Epidemiologically related isolates, were short- and long-read whole genome sequenced. Read More

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Fast fabric phase sorptive extraction of selected β-blockers from human serum and urine followed by UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2021 Mar 29;199:114053. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124, Greece. Electronic address:

A fast fabric phase sorptive extraction method is presented herein for the rapid isolation of selected beta-blocker drugs from human serum and urine. Among many high efficiency sol-gel sorbent coated FPSE membranes, sol-gel CW20 M coated FPSE membrane was identified as the best FPSE membrane for the target beta-blocker drugs possessing logP values ranging from 0.1 (highly polar) to 3. Read More

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Leaf spot disease of Orychophragmus violaceus caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Northeast Agricultural University, 12430, No. 59, Mucai street, harbin, China, 150030;

Orychophragmus violaceus (L.) O. E. Read More

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New stability chiral RP-HPLC method for degradation products determination in midodrine hydrochloride.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2021 Apr 5:1-21. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India.

Enantiomeric resolution of the drug and complete separation from its degradation products were successfully achieved on a PAK IG-3 (150 × 4.6 mm i.d, 3 µm particle size) column, using UV detector at a wavelength of 290 nm, with mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile, 20 mM ammonium bicarbonate at the ratio of 95:05 (v/v), and a flow rate of 0. Read More

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Abdominal elastotic lesions. A clinicopathologic study of 23 cases.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2020 Jul-Sep;61(3):841-851

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain;

Abdominal elastotic deposits are uncommon lesions that often presents as polyps. They show three histological patterns: fibroelastosis, angioelastosis, and elastofibroma. We describe 23 cases including rare locations, such as mesentery, greater omentum, hernia sac, spleen, peripancreatic fat, and hypodermal fat. Read More

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Endoscopic spectrum and practical classification of small bowel gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) detected during double-balloon enteroscopy.

Endosc Int Open 2021 Apr 17;9(4):E507-E512. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Basil Hirschowitz Endoscopic Center of Excellence, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, United States.

Information about the endoscopic characterization of small bowel gastrointestinal tumors (GISTs) is limited. The aim of this case study was to describe the endoscopic spectrum of small bowel GISTs and to present a practical classification. Observational, retrospective, consecutive case series of patients with small bowel GIST. Read More

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Microsatellite DNA Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Parentage Testing in the Popular Dog Breeds in Poland.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;12(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Animal Molecular Biology, National Research Institute of Animal Production, Krakowska 1, 32-083 Balice, Poland.

There is growing concern that extreme breed standardization contributes to a reduction of the effective population size and high levels of inbreeding, resulting in the loss of genetic diversity in many breeds. This study examined genetic diversity among eight popular dog breeds in Poland and evaluated the effectiveness of a 21-microsatellite (STR) panel recommended by the International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG) for parent verification. The following breeds were characterized: German Shepherd, Maltese, Irish Wolfhound, Yorkshire Terrier, Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, and French Bulldog. Read More

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