2,472 results match your criteria situations explored

Implementation of peer recovery coach services for opioid overdose patients in emergency departments in Indiana: findings from an informal learning collaborative of stakeholders.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Center for Dissemination and Implementation Science, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

The Recovery Coach and Peer Support Initiative (RCPSI) in Indiana focused on implementing peer recovery coaches (PRCs) to engage opioid overdose patients in emergency department (ED) settings and promote entry into recovery services. State workers and researchers organized an informal learning collaborative primarily through teleconference meetings with representatives of 11 health service vendors to support implementation. This study presents qualitative analysis of the teleconference meeting discussions that guided RCPSI implementation to display how the informal learning collaborative functioned to support implementation. Read More

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Learning about COVID-19-related stigma, quarantine and isolation experiences in Finland.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(4):e0247962. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

The Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has intensely changed the everyday lives of people worldwide. This study explores the forms and outcomes of coronavirus and COVID-19-related social stigma and the experiences of people who were home quarantined or isolated in Finland during the spring 2020. The findings of this study can be used to improve support for those quarantined or isolated and to develop strategies to reduce the stigma associated with coronavirus and COVID-19. Read More

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GRANADA consensus on analytical approaches to assess associations with accelerometer-determined physical behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep) in epidemiological studies.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

The inter-relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep (collectively defined as physical behaviours) is of interest to researchers from different fields. Each of these physical behaviours has been investigated in epidemiological studies, yet their codependency and interactions need to be further explored and accounted for in data analysis. Modern accelerometers capture continuous movement through the day, which presents the challenge of how to best use the richness of these data. Read More

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Virtual Reality Self-help Treatment for Aviophobia: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e22008. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Aviophobia (the fear of flying) can greatly impact the daily life functioning of people with the condition. Traditional exposure-based treatment is hampered by the limited availability of airplane practice situations, which is a result of economical and practical concerns. Easily accessible and low-cost virtual reality exposure therapy may address these challenges. Read More

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Dual-tasking impacts gait, cognitive performance, and gaze behavior during walking in a real-world environment in older adult fallers and non-fallers.

Exp Gerontol 2021 Apr 7;150:111342. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Physical Therapy, MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Introduction: Everyday walking often involves simultaneous performance of a cognitive task in environments with competing auditory and visual stimuli. Previous research has not evaluated task performance in these situations, where older adults are known to fall, limiting our understanding of how older adults adjust their gait, visual scanning (gaze), and cognitive processing to avoid falls (or not). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of dual-task walking in a high-distraction real-world environment on cognitive performance, gait performance, and gaze behavior in older adult fallers relative to non-fallers. Read More

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Past and present experiences with maternal touch affect infants' attention toward emotional faces.

Infant Behav Dev 2021 Apr 6;63:101558. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Piazza Ateneo Nuovo 1 (U6), 20126 Milano, Italy.

Maternal touch is considered crucial in regulating infants' internal states when facing unknown or distressing situations. Here, we explored the effects of maternal touch on 7-month-old infants' preferences towards emotions. Infants' looking times were measured through a two-trial preferential looking paradigm, while infants observed dynamic videos of happy and angry facial expressions. Read More

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Rewarding journeys: exploring medical students' learning experiences in international electives.

Med Educ Online 2021 Dec;26(1):1913784

Medical Education Development Centre, Gifu University, Gifu City, Japan.

International electives are recognized as a high-impact practice in clinical education. However, medical students' actual learning experiences during electives have not been explored fully. Specifically, drawing on language management theory, this exploratory case study investigates students' perceived learning outcomes and the managing processes by which they gained benefits from cross-cultural learning experiences in international electives. Read More

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December 2021

Examining the Evidence for Regulated and Programmed Cell Death in Cyanobacteria. How Significant Are Different Forms of Cell Death in Cyanobacteria Population Dynamics?

Front Microbiol 2021 22;12:633954. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Centre for Ecology, Environment and Sustainability, Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole, United Kingdom.

Cyanobacteria are ancient and versatile members of almost all aquatic food webs. In freshwater ecosystems some cyanobacteria form "bloom" populations containing potent toxins and such blooms are therefore a key focus of study. Bloom populations can be ephemeral, with rapid population declines possible, though the factors causing such declines are generally poorly understood. Read More

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Introducing reflective narrative for first-year medical students to promote empathy as an integral part of physiology curriculum.

Adv Physiol Educ 2021 Jun;45(2):207-216

Department of Physiology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Guided reflective narratives facilitate deeper understanding and learning. The study was aimed at exploring the scope of guided reflective narratives on early clinical exposure, for first-year medical students, in promoting empathy. Strengths and limitations of the process of reflective narratives were also explored. Read More

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The paradox of autophagy in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.

Genet Mol Biol 2021 5;44(2):e20200014. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Serviço de Pesquisa Experimental, Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by germline mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 genes, which leads to the hyperactivation of the mTORC1 pathway, an important negative regulator of autophagy. This leads to the development of hamartomas in multiple organs. The variability in symptoms presents a challenge for the development of completely effective treatments for TSC. Read More

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Regional and rural allied health professionals in Australia need better information services training and support for evidence-based practice.

Health Info Libr J 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia.

Background: Evidence-based practice requires health professionals to recognise situations of uncertainty in their practice, translate that uncertainty into answerable questions, and find and appraise information relevant to those questions. No research to date has explored the research-based information needs of allied health professionals (AHPs) in regional and rural Australia.

Objective: To examine the information-seeking experiences and needs of AHPs in regional and rural Australia. Read More

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The Negative Impact of Parental Smoking on Adolescents' Health-Promoting Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Mei-Yen Chen

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 3;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Putz City, Chiayi County 61363, Taiwan.

The literature has indicated that adolescents' exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and having smoking parents were positively associated with current tobacco smoking. Few studies have explored the association between parental smoking and adolescent's health-promoting behaviors. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of SHS and the relationship between parental smoking at home and adolescent's health-promoting behaviors in rural areas. Read More

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Oxytocin in bovine saliva: validation of two assays and changes in parturition and at weaning.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Apr 1;17(1):140. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Clinical Analysis, Regional Campus of International Excellence 'Campus Mare Nostrum', University of Murcia (Interlab-UMU), University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo s/n, Espinardo, 30100, Murcia, Spain.

Background: The possible use of oxytocin in saliva as an indicator of positive emotions in bovine species has been poorly investigated. In the present study, two new assays (one using a monoclonal antibody and the other using a polyclonal antibody) for the measurement of oxytocin in bovine saliva were developed and validated. Also, the changes in oxytocin in saliva were explored in two different situations. Read More

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Critical Analysis of a Challenging Case of Post-Infectious N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis.

Neurohospitalist 2021 Apr 9;11(2):160-164. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Neurology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Infections are increasingly recognized as a common trigger of autoimmune disease, including autoimmune encephalitis. A significant association is particularly shown between HSV-1 encephalitis (HSVE) and a post-infectious autoimmune encephalitis mediated by neuronal autoantibodies, most notably anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies. The clinical significance of these and other novel post-infectious autoantibodies has led to new diagnostic and treatment challenges for clinicians. Read More

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"We're All Time Poor": Experienced Clinicians' and Students' Perceptions of Challenges Related to Patient Communication.

Teach Learn Med 2021 Mar 31:1-12. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Centre for Investigative Interviewing, Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Phenomenon: Communication is a complex and essential element of clinical practice. It is widely accepted that communication skills can be taught and learned, but challenges remain for clinicians in achieving effective communication with patients. This study explored the patient-communication challenges faced by both medical students and experienced clinicians. Read More

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[Assessment and Management of the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 of Healthcare professionals in Italian Prisons].

Prof Inferm 2020 Oct-Dec;73(4):258-263

University of Milan, Italy. Email:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic had a relevant health impact in a large part of the planet and there are several studies aimed at understanding its diffusion; however, to date, the problem has not been explored in the correctional setting, with particular concern for the Italian context.

Aim: To assess and investigate the risk of exposure to COVID-19 in nurses working in the Italian prison system.

Methods: A multicenter observational descriptive study was conducted, enrolling a convenience sample composed of nurses registered with SIMSPE onlus (Italian Society of Penitentiary Medicine and Health), working in any Italian prison facility at the time of the survey. Read More

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Postural Adjustments during Interactions with an Active Partner.

Neuroscience 2021 Mar 25;463:14-29. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Ensuring stability of the human vertical posture is a complex task requiring both anticipatory and compensatory postural strategies when a standing person performs fast actions and interacts with the environment, which can include other persons. How people adjust their preparatory and compensatory postural adjustments in situations when they interact with an active partner is still poorly understood. In this study we investigated the postural adjustments while two healthy persons played a traditional childhood game. Read More

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Feeling stuck: exploring experiences of junior doctors.

Ir J Psychol Med 2021 Mar 25:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Old Age Psychiatry, Carew House, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: Staff working in mental health services provide care for individuals with a variety of difficulties, which can pose treatment challenges. Perceived lack of progress in patients can engender uncomfortable feelings within the clinician, such as frustration, 'heartsink' and 'feeling stuck'. The aim of this study was to explore the phenomenon of 'feeling stuck' amongst NCHDs in psychiatry. Read More

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The use of ecological momentary assessment to evaluate real-world aided outcomes with children.

Int J Audiol 2021 Mar 24:1-11. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Faculty of Health Sciences, The School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Background: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods allow for real-time, real-world survey data collection. Studies with adults have reported EMA as a feasible and valid tool in the measurement of real-world listening experience. Research is needed to investigate the use of EMA with children who wear hearing aids. Read More

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Cognitive therapy compared with CBT for social anxiety disorder in adolescents: a feasibility study.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Mar;25(20):1-94

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is common, typically starts in adolescence and has a low natural recovery rate. Existing psychological treatments for adolescent SAD are only moderately effective. It is possible that recovery rates for adolescents could be substantially improved by adapting a psychological therapy that is highly effective among adults with SAD. Read More

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Exploring participation in family and recreational activities among children with cerebral palsy during early childhood: how does it relate to motor function and parental empowerment?

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Mar 21:1-11. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: To explore participation in real-life activities during early childhood, compare children's participation based on motor function and investigate relationships between participation and parental empowerment.

Methods: Data derived from the Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Program (CPOP) in Norway and the research registry Habilitation Trajectories, Interventions, and Services for Young Children with CP (CPHAB). Fifty-six children (12-56 months, GMFCS levels I-IV, MACS levels I-V) and their families were included. Read More

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The plight of women in Iraq: Gender disparity, violence, and mental health.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 Mar 17:207640211003602. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq.

Background: Generations of women living in Iraq endured three major regional wars and internal conflicts, which weakened their psychological vulnerability and social role by poverty, displacements, and loss of their beloved ones. The available literature about women's mental health is scarce and does not signify the gender inequality and gender disparity of mental disorders.

Method: During 1st August to October 2020, we explored the search engines: Google Scholar, Pub-Med, Medline, and Clarivate using keywords of Iraq, gender inequality, women's mental health, violence, and conflict, mental disorders, gender-based violence, etc. Read More

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Assessing the need for native language in pharmacy education and practice: a survey in the UAE.

Int J Pharm Pract 2021 Mar;29(2):170-177

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: To evaluate pharmacists' opinions on the need for Arabic in pharmacy education and practice in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Methods: A questionnaire was developed to address the study objectives and hand delivered to a stratified sample of community pharmacists and a convenience sample of pharmacists in other areas of practice in the UAE. Pharmacists' responses were measured on a 5-point Likert-type scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) towards teaching of the following topics in Arabic: management of chronic diseases and minor ailments, screening for diseases and counselling on smoking cessation, exercise, weight management, diet and nutrition and complementary/alternative medicine. Read More

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A Domain Adaptation with Semantic Clustering (DASC) method for fault diagnosis of rotating machinery.

ISA Trans 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of System Dynamics, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon 34103, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Recently, substantial research has explored the development of deep-learning-based methods to diagnose faults in rotating machinery. For these diagnosis methods, it is difficult to obtain high target diagnosis accuracy when the amount of labeled data obtained pertaining to the rotating machinery under study is insufficient or in cases involving a discrepancy in the distribution types found in the training and test data sets. To deal with this research need, the paper outlines a new method, a domain adaptation with semantic clustering (DASC), capable of diagnosing faults in rotating machinery. Read More

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The lived experiences of pregnant women during COVID-19 pandemic: a descriptive phenomenological study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Mar 8;21(1):193. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.

Background: With the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic, pregnancy and childbirth for women are taking place in unusual circumstances. We explored the lived experiences of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic to better understand their experience of pregnancy so that better support could be provided.

Methods: We used a descriptive phenomenological approach to understand the lived experience of pregnant women in COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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A Qualitative Exploration of Parental Perceptions Regarding Children's Sun Exposure, Sun Protection, and Sunburn.

Front Public Health 2021 18;9:596253. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Health Promotion, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Sun protection among children is of utmost importance since sunburn in early life is a major risk factor for skin cancer development. Because parents play a vital role in enhancing sun safety among children, this study explored parental perceptions concerning sun exposure, sun protection behaviors, and sunburn in children. Additionally, the context in which children experience sunburn in order to assist the development, optimization, and targeting of sun safety interventions for parents is revealed. Read More

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February 2021

SES Differences in Children's Argumentative Production.

Eur J Psychol 2020 May 29;16(2):193-209. Epub 2020 May 29.

National Council of Scientific and Technical Research, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Recent studies have examined the argumentative strategies used by young children in everyday situations as well as in experimental settings. However, differences in argumentative production as a function of Socio-Economic Status (SES) have been minimally explored. This study aims to analyze eventual differences regarding social group in the use of argumentative strategies and connectors marking causal and adversative relationships within these strategies. Read More

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COVID-19 Lockdown and Mental Health in a Sample Population in Spain: The Role of Self-Compassion.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 21;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Departamento de Psicología Clínica, Psicobiología y Metodología, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.

Previous data support that mental health is affected during pandemic and lockdown situations. Yet, little is known about the positive factors that protect mental health during a lockdown. This study analyzed mental health status-particularly emotional problems-and the role of several sociodemographic and clinical variables; it also explored whether there is a positive relationship between self-compassion and better mental health status. Read More

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February 2021

The acceptance and impact of Google Classroom integrating into a clinical pathology course for nursing students: A technology acceptance model approach.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(3):e0247819. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background: Google Classroom (GC) is a free web-based instructional platform rarely used for nursing student education. The acceptance, intention to use, and learning outcomes of GC remain unclear in Taiwan. We sought to identify the technology acceptance level and factors affection the intention to use GC. Read More

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Quality of health care and patient safety in extreme adversity settings in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a qualitative multicountry assessment.

East Mediterr Health J 2021 Feb 25;27(2):167-176. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Integrated Health Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Quality and patient safety are essential for the provision of effective health care services. Research on these aspects is lacking in settings of extreme adversity.

Aims: This study aimed to explore the perception of health care stakeholders working in extreme adversity settings of the quality of health care and patient safety. Read More

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February 2021