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Birth cultures: A qualitative approach to home birthing in Chile.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(4):e0249224. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Perinatal Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, ADHUC Research Centre: Theory, Gender and Sexuality, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Birth cultures have been transforming in recent years mainly affecting birth care and its socio-political contexts. This situation has affected the feeling of well-being in women at the time of giving birth.

Aim: For this reason, our objective was to analyse the social meaning that women ascribe to home births in the Chilean context. Read More

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Exploring patient-provider interactions and the health system's responsiveness to street-connected children and youth in Kenya: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Apr 20;21(1):363. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Health Sciences Building, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON, M5T 3M7, Canada.

Background: In Kenya, street-connected children and youth (SCY) have poor health outcomes and die prematurely due to preventable causes. This suggests they are not accessing or receiving adequately responsive healthcare to prevent morbidity and mortality. We sought to gain insight into the health systems responsiveness to SCY in Kenya through an in-depth exploration of SCY's and healthcare provider's reflections on their interactions with each other. Read More

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Becoming-Perverse: Queering Sworn Brotherhood in the Non/Human Realm of Songzhuxuan's .

J Homosex 2021 Apr 19:1-19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Sektion Politik Ostasiens, Fakultät für Ostasienwissenschaften, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

This article examines the pornographic representation of Hailiwa and Daokousu, from Songzhuxuan's novel , where a sworn brotherhood incorporates an egalitarian homosexual relationship, something highly unusual in the Qing context in which sexual acts, including same-sex ones, were intelligible only via unequal hierarchies. In so doing we explore the queer potentialities of sworn brotherhood, signifying fraternity, friendship and a sexual relationship simultaneously. Drawing on Deleuze and Guattari, queer theory, and Giffney and Hird's concept of the non/human, we argue this tale and its wider genre enriches the scope of what we might term "queer literatures" in offering us historically and culturally situated stories of desire that refuse to confine themselves to the binaries that supported conventional premodern Chinese understandings of gender and sexuality-including the Confucian model of the heterosexual family unit, but also the highly hierarchical notions of sexual status underpinning Qing conceptualizations of sexual acts. Read More

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Norwegian physiotherapy teachers' experience from working in a partnership project in Sudan - A case study approach.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Apr 19:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman, Sudan.

Professionals working abroad as part of a partnership program is a central act of internationalization among higher education institutions. Little research has been carried out on this topic. The goal of this study was, therefore, to explore, describe and discuss the workplace learning factors - especially cultural factors - influencing Norwegian physiotherapy teachers, working in an international partnership project at a women's university in Sudan. Read More

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Shifting the Paradigm: A Constructivist Analysis of Agency and Structure in Sustained Youth Sport Participation.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:660080. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Laboratory for Athlete Development and Research, Department of Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

To examine the impact of the relationship between agency and structure on sustained participation in youth sport, semi-structured interviews were conducted with male college soccer players. The participants' accounts ( = 20) of their youth careers were analyzed through the lens of Structuration Theory (ST) framed in a constructivist paradigm. ST supports the significance of the recursive relationship between agent and structure in-context in the co-construction of experiences, and provides a framework for analyzing effects of compounding experiences gained across time and space as they influence sport continuation. Read More

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Effects of Dispositional Affect on the N400: Language Processing and Socially Situated Context.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:566894. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

We examined whether the N400 Event-Related Potential (ERP) component would be modulated by dispositional affect during sentence processing. In this study, 33 participants read sentences manipulated by direct object type (congruent vs. incongruent) and object determiner type (definite vs. Read More

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'Things are not what they seem to be': A proposal for the spectrum approach to conspiracy beliefs.

Australas Psychiatry 2021 Apr 14:10398562211008182. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Western Sydney Local Health District Mental Health Service, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective: Conspiracy beliefs (also known as conspiracy theories) become more prominent at times of heightened uncertainty and inconsistent or conflicting explanations provided by the authorities for events like terrorist attacks or pandemics, such as COVID-19. This article aims to examine the relevance of conspiracy beliefs for psychiatry in the context of the dynamics of trust and mistrust.

Conclusions: Conspiracy beliefs may be situated on a spectrum of mistrust-related phenomena, which extends from healthy scepticism to persecutory delusions. Read More

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Understanding mental distress in Arcahaie, Haiti: Heterogeneous uses of idioms of distress in communicating psychological suffering.

Transcult Psychiatry 2021 Apr 9:13634615211000543. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Research on mental health in specific communities requires careful attention to cultural context and language. Studies on global mental health have increasingly analyzed idioms of distress, or culturally situated ways of conceptualizing, experiencing, and expressing distress. This study examines how idioms of distress are used and understood in Arcahaie, Haiti. Read More

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Mitochondrial Functioning and the Relations among Health, Cognition, and Aging: Where Cell Biology Meets Cognitive Science.

Authors:
David C Geary

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 30;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-2500, USA.

Cognitive scientists have determined that there is a set of mechanisms common to all sensory, perceptual, and cognitive abilities and correlated with age- and disease-related declines in cognition. These mechanisms also contribute to the development and functional coherence of the large-scale brain networks that support complex forms of cognition. At the same time, these brain and cognitive patterns are correlated with myriad health outcomes, indicating that at least some of the underlying mechanisms are common to all biological systems. Read More

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Digital Is Political: Why We Need a Feminist Conceptual Lens on Determinants of Digital Health.

Authors:
Vural Özdemir

OMICS 2021 04 1;25(4):249-254. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, New Rochelle, New York, USA.

Digital health is a rapidly emerging field that offers several promising potentials: health care delivery remotely, in urban and rural areas, in any time zone, and in times of pandemics and ecological crises. Digital health encompasses electronic health, computing science, big data, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things, to name but a few technical components. Digital health is part of a vision for systems medicine. Read More

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Where myth and archaeology meet: Discovering the Gorgon Medusa's Lair.

PLoS One 2021 1;16(4):e0249606. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Earth Sciences and CIPHCN-Heritage Centre, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain.

Here we report the discovery of ceramic fragments that form part of a Gorgoneion, a ceramic image representation of the Gorgon Medusa. The fragments were found in a deep part of Gorham's Cave, well known to ancient mariners as a natural shrine, between the 8th and 2nd century BCE. We discuss the context of this discovery, both within the inner topography of the cave itself, and also the broader geographical context. Read More

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It's complicated: The impact of marriage legalization among sexual minority women and gender diverse individuals in the United States.

Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers 2020 Dec 27;7(4):396-406. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

School of Nursing & Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 560 West 168 Street, Mail Box Code 6, New York, NY 10032.

This mixed-methods study explored perceptions of the impact of marriage legalization in all U.S. states among sexual minority women and gender diverse individuals. Read More

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December 2020

Learning to Use Narrative Function Words for the Organization and Communication of Experience.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:591703. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

INSERM UMR 1093-CAPS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UFR des Sciences du Sport, Dijon, France.

How do people learn to talk about the causal and temporal relations between events, and the motivation behind why people do what they do? The narrative practice hypothesis of Hutto and Gallagher holds that children are exposed to narratives that provide training for understanding and expressing reasons for why people behave as they do. In this context, we have recently developed a model of narrative processing where a structured model of the developing situation (the situation model) is built up from experienced events, and enriched by sentences in a narrative that describe event meanings. The main interest is to develop a proof of concept for how narrative can be used to structure, organize and describe experience. Read More

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Challenges and actions to the environmental management of Bio-Medical Waste during COVID-19 pandemic in India.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 19;7(3):e06313. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Centre for Ecological Economics and Natural Resources (CEENR), Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Nagarabhavi, Bangalore 560 072, India.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has engendered a global health crisis along with diverse impacts on economy, society and environment. Efforts to combat this pandemic have also significantly shot-up the quantity of Bio-medical Waste (BMW) generation. Safe disposal of large quantity of BMW has been gradually posing a major challenge. Read More

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L'économie comportementale au service de la santé.

Can J Public Health 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The COVID-19 pandemic is bringing about far-reaching structural changes on both the economy and public health, and conventional methodologies have to be fine-tuned to assist public health decision making. In this context, behavioural economics, which is situated at the crossroads between economics and social psychology, is an undeniably innovative field. In contrast with conventional models, the economic models of behavioural economics incorporate psychological and social determinants to produce more accurate predictions of individual behaviour. Read More

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Dural venous system: angiographic technique and correlation with ex vivo investigations.

J Neurointerv Surg 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Radiology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: The dural vasculature plays a key role in several important conditions, including dural fistulas and subdural collections. While in vivo investigations of intrinsic dural arterial angioarchitecture are rare, no angiographic studies of dural venous drainage exist to our knowledge.

Objective: To describe methods by which dural venous drainage might be visualized with current angiographic equipment and technique, and to correlate our results with existing ex vivo literature. Read More

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University Social Responsibility, Service Learning, and Students' Personal, Professional, and Civic Education.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:617300. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Centre for Research and Intervention in Education (CIIE), Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

The long-standing vision of universities as the "" of students and graduates is a demonstration of its role as sustaining the person, the expert/professional, and the citizen. This role has persisted in the face of rising global challenges such as the emergence of new learning spaces, the growing diversity of publics, the call for productivity and performativity, and the hope for a significant engagement with the community and the public good. These sometimes conflicting tendencies have also stimulated higher education institutions to further pedagogical strategies that articulate in novel ways the classical elements of learning: action/experience and reflection/theory. Read More

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February 2021

Embodied Displays of "Doing Thinking." Epistemic and Interactive Functions of Thinking Displays in Children's Argumentative Activities.

Authors:
Vivien Heller

Front Psychol 2021 18;12:636671. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of German Studies, School of Humanities and Cultural Studies, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.

This study investigates moments in which one participant in an interaction embodies that he is "doing thinking," a display that is commonly referred to as "thinking face. " From an interactional perspective, it is assumed that embodied displays of "doing thinking" are a recurring social practice and serve interactive functions. While previous studies have examined thinking faces primarily in word searches and storytelling, the present study focuses on argumentative activities, in which children engage in processes of joint decision-making. Read More

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February 2021

Contextualizing the think crisis-think female stereotype in explaining the glass cliff: Gendered traits, gender, and type of crisis.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(3):e0246576. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Institute of Psychology, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

The glass cliff suggests that women are more likely to access leadership positions when organizations are facing a crisis. Although this phenomenon is well established, it is still largely unknown how variations in types of crises influence the strength of the think crisis-think female association, and whether female leaders and leaders with communal gendered traits are both affected by this association. We hypothesized that selection of stereotypically feminine traits (communal leaders) is specific to a relational crisis because of a fit between leader traits and traits required by the situation. Read More

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The wolf you feed: Challenging intraprofessional workplace-based education norms.

Med Educ 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Center for Health Professions Education, Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Context: The trajectory towards becoming a medical professional is strongly situated within the clinical workplace. Through participatory engagement, medical trainees learn to address complex health care issues through collaboration with the interprofessional health care team. To help explain learning and teaching dynamics within the clinical workplace, many scholars have relied on socio-cultural learning theories. Read More

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Social Literacy: Nurses' Contribution Toward the Co-Production of Self-Management.

Glob Qual Nurs Res 2021 Jan-Dec;8:2333393621993451. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

University of California, San Francisco, USA.

We share findings from a larger ethnographic study of two urban complex care management programs in the Western United States. The data presented stem from in-depth interviews conducted with 17 complex care management RNs and participant observations of home visits. We advance the concept of social literacy as a nursing attribute that comprises an RN's recognition and responses to the varied types of hinderances to self-management with which patients must contend in their lived environment. Read More

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February 2021

Self-perceived cognitive status and cognitive challenges associated with cardiac rehabilitation management: experiences of elderly myocardial infarction patients.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Feb 23:1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: The study aimed to explore the self-perceived cognitive status and cognitive challenges associated with lifestyle changes in cardiac rehabilitation among elderly myocardial infarction (MI) patients (≥65 years). Further, the study explored coping strategies developed to manage these challenges in the everyday life.

Methods: Nine patients were included in the study. Read More

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February 2021

Teaching During a Pandemic: A Model for Trauma-Informed Education and Administration.

Pedagogy Health Promot 2021 Mar 14;7(1):14-24. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) realities have demanded that educators move swiftly to adopt new ways of teaching, advising, and mentoring. We suggest the centering of a trauma-informed approach to education and academic administration during the COVID-19 pandemic using the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) guidance on trauma-informed approaches to care. In our model for trauma-informed education and administration (M-TIEA), SAMHSA's four key organizational assumptions are foundational, including a realization about trauma and its wide-ranging effects; a recognition of the basic signs and symptoms of trauma; a response that involves fully integrating knowledge into programs, policies, and practices; and an active process for resisting retraumatization. Read More

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A recipe for thriving in nursing homes: A meta-ethnography.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Feb 19. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aim: To explore contributors for thriving in nursing homes by evaluating, analysing and synthesizing peer-reviewed qualitative literature on the topic.

Background: Thriving is a positive life-world concept that has been explored by several qualitative studies; however, descriptions of thriving and contributors to thriving have not been compared or contrasted among different studies and contexts, nor have they been reviewed and synthesized.

Design: Qualitative meta-ethnography. Read More

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February 2021

Online pragmatic interpretations of scalar adjectives are affected by perceived speaker reliability.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(2):e0245130. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America.

Linguistic communication requires understanding of words in relation to their context. Among various aspects of context, one that has received relatively little attention until recently is the speakers themselves. We asked whether comprehenders' online language comprehension is affected by the perceived reliability with which a speaker formulates pragmatically well-formed utterances. Read More

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February 2021

Prediction errors and valence: From single units to multidimensional encoding in the amygdala.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Apr 14;404:113176. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, United States; Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, United States.

The amygdala-one of the primary structures of the limbic system-is comprised of interconnected nuclei situated within the temporal lobe. It has a well-established role in the modulation of negative affective states, as well as in fear processing. However, its vast projections with diverse brain regions-ranging from the cortex to the brainstem-are suggestive of its more complex involvement in affective or motivational aspects of cognitive processing. Read More

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"You have to fight to legitimize your existence all the time": The social context of depression in men with physical disabilities.

Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2021 02 26;35(1):80-87. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States of America.

Little is known about the common experience of depression in men with physical disabilities. To help address this gap, we present findings from a qualitative study situated in the social determinants of health (SDH). Findings describe the detrimental effects of marginalization, economic precarity, restrictive masculine norms, stigma, and the need to resist ableist messages on men's health and well-being. Read More

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February 2021

Placing assistive technology and telecare in everyday practices of people with dementia and their caregivers: findings from an embedded ethnography of a national dementia trial.

BMC Geriatr 2021 02 15;21(1):121. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK.

Background: Policy makers and care providers see assistive technology and telecare as potential products to support people with dementia to live independently in their homes and communities. Previous research rarely examined how people with dementia and their caregivers actually use such technology. The study examined how and why people living with dementia and their caregivers used assistive technology and telecare in their own homes. Read More

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February 2021

Designing Visual-Arts Education Programs for Transfer Effects: Development and Experimental Evaluation of (Digital) Drawing Courses in the Art Museum Designed to Promote Adolescents' Socio-Emotional Skills.

Front Psychol 2020 18;11:603984. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen, Germany.

An active engagement with arts in general and visual arts in particular has been hypothesized to yield beneficial effects beyond arts itself. So-called cognitive and socio-emotional "transfer" effects into other domains have been claimed. However, the empirical basis of these hopes is limited. Read More

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January 2021

Astrocyte Mitochondria in White-Matter Injury.

Neurochem Res 2021 Feb 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Anesthesiology and Peri-Operative Medicine (APOM), Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

This review summarizes the diverse structure and function of astrocytes to describe the bioenergetic versatility required of astrocytes that are situated at different locations. The intercellular domain of astrocyte mitochondria defines their roles in supporting and regulating astrocyte-neuron coupling and survival against ischemia. The heterogeneity of astrocyte mitochondria, and how subpopulations of astrocyte mitochondria adapt to interact with other glia and regulate axon function, require further investigation. Read More

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February 2021