10,680 results match your criteria shared future


Past variations and future projection of runoff in typical basins in 10 water zones, China.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 30;798:149277. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Research Center for Climate Change, Ministry of Water Resources, Nanjing 210029, China; Yangtze Institute for Conservation and Development, Nanjing 210098, China; State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address:

Understanding the historical and future changing characteristics of key climatic variables and runoff in 10 major river zones in China is essential for water resources evaluation and management. To this end, the historical and future changing trends of key hydrometeorological variables, including precipitation, potential evapotranspiration, and runoff were analyzed in detail for each water zone across China. The climate elasticity method was also established to quantify the impacts of climate change and human activities on historical runoff variations. Read More

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Shared clinical decision-making on vaccines: out of sight, out of mind.

J Am Med Inform Assoc 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

The Gerontological Society of America, Washington DC, USA.

Clinical decision support systems, which provide automated reminders in electronic health systems, are designed to provide physicians and other health professionals support in clinical decision-making. New clinical guidance from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices on a new category of recommendations referred to as "shared clinical decision-making" have left providers struggling to interpret how to best implement recommendations for adult vaccines. The issue at hand is how to ensure that a conversation between the patient and provider occurs. Read More

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Protein Identification of Spermatozoa and Seminal Plasma in Bottlenose Dolphin ().

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 16;9:673961. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Proteins play an important role in many reproductive functions such as sperm maturation, sperm transit in the female genital tract or sperm-oocyte interaction. However, in general, little information concerning reproductive features is available in the case of aquatic animals. The present study aims to characterize the proteome of both spermatozoa and seminal plasma of bottlenose dolphins () as a model organism for cetaceans. Read More

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Time Spent Together in Intimate Relationships: Implications for Relationship Functioning.

Contemp Fam Ther 2021 Sep 25;43(3):226-233. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Utah.

Current models of relationship functioning often emphasize conflict with a particular focus on the behaviors that occur in that context. Much less is known about the impact of time spent interacting in the absence of conflict. The primary aim of this study is to test associations between time spent in various forms of daily interaction (engaging in a shared activity, talking, and arguing) and multiple relationship outcomes while controlling for positive and negative communication during conflict. Read More

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September 2021

Barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making in hospitals from policy to practice: a systematic review.

Implement Sci 2021 Jul 31;16(1):74. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Monash Sustainable Development Institute, Monash University, 8 Scenic Boulevard, Clayton Campus, Melbourne, VIC, 3800, Australia.

Background: Involving patients in their healthcare using shared decision-making (SDM) is promoted through policy and research, yet its implementation in routine practice remains slow. Research into SDM has stemmed from primary and secondary care contexts, and research into the implementation of SDM in tertiary care settings has not been systematically reviewed. Furthermore, perspectives on SDM beyond those of patients and their treating clinicians may add insights into the implementation of SDM. Read More

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Interactions between erectile dysfunction, cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular drugs.

Nat Rev Cardiol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Cardiovascular Diseases and Sexual Health Unit, First Department of Cardiology, Hippokration Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Sexual health has a fundamental role in overall health and well-being, and a healthy and dynamic sex life can make an important contribution to a good quality of life. Sexual dysfunction, and especially erectile dysfunction (ED) in men, is highly prevalent in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD and ED have shared risk factors and pathophysiological links, such as endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and low plasma testosterone levels. Read More

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Development and validation of a prediction model for 1-year mortality among older adults with Hodgkin Lymphoma who receive dose-intense chemotherapy.

J Geriatr Oncol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Institute for Clinical Research & Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States of America; Division of Hematology/Oncology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States of America; Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Background: Older adults with Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) have poorer outcomes than younger patients. There are little data about which baseline patient and disease factors inform prognosis among older patients. We sought to create a prediction model for 1-year mortality among older patients with new HL who received dose-intense chemotherapy. Read More

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Whole-genome resequencing of Japanese whiting ( ) provide insights into local adaptations.

Zool Res 2021 Sep;42(5):548-561

Fishery College, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan, Zhejiang 316002, China.

The genetic adaptations of various organisms to heterogeneous environments in the northwestern Pacific remain poorly understood. Heterogeneous genomic divergence among populations may reflect environmental selection. Advancing our understanding of the mechanisms by which organisms adapt to different temperatures in response to climate change and predicting the adaptive potential and ecological consequences of anthropogenic global warming are critical. Read More

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September 2021

Coping and Adaptation in Response to Environmental and Climatic Stressors in Caribbean Coastal Communities.

Environ Manage 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Environment and Geography, University of York, Wentworth Way, York, YO10 5NG, UK.

Cumulative and synergistic impacts from environmental pressures, particularly in low-lying tropical coastal regions, present challenges for the governance of ecosystems, which provide natural resource-based livelihoods for communities. Here, we seek to understand the relationship between responses to the impacts of El Niño and La Niña events and the vulnerability of mangrove-dependent communities in the Caribbean region of Colombia. Using two case study sites, we show how communities are impacted by, and undertake reactive short-term responses to, El Niño and La Niña events, and how such responses can affect their adaptive capacity to progressive environmental deterioration. Read More

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Adaptive ecological niche migration does not negate extinction susceptibility.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 29;11(1):15411. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Extinction rates in the modern world are currently at their highest in 66 million years and are likely to increase with projections of future climate change. Our knowledge of modern-day extinction risk is largely limited to decadal-centennial terrestrial records, while data from the marine realm is typically applied to high-order (> 1 million year) timescales. At present, it is unclear whether fossil organisms with common ancestry and ecological niche exhibit consistent indicators of ecological stress prior to extinction. Read More

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Cross-reactive antibodies against human coronaviruses and the animal coronavirome suggest diagnostics for future zoonotic spillovers.

Sci Immunol 2021 07;6(61)

Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

The spillover of animal coronaviruses (aCoVs) to humans has caused SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. While antibody responses displaying cross-reactivity between SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal/common cold human coronaviruses (hCoVs) have been reported, potential cross-reactivity with aCoVs and the diagnostic implications are incompletely understood. Here, we probed for antibody binding against all seven hCoVs and 49 aCoVs represented as 12,924 peptides within a phage-displayed antigen library. Read More

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Educating the future generation of researchers: A cross-disciplinary survey of trends in analysis methods.

PLoS Biol 2021 Jul 29;19(7):e3001313. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, United States of America.

Methods for data analysis in the biomedical, life, and social (BLS) sciences are developing at a rapid pace. At the same time, there is increasing concern that education in quantitative methods is failing to adequately prepare students for contemporary research. These trends have led to calls for educational reform to undergraduate and graduate quantitative research method curricula. Read More

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When Faculty Tell Tales: How Faculty Members' Reflective Narratives Impact Residents' Professional Identity Formation.

Acad Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

S.M. Khoo is currently a senior consultant, Department of Medicine, Chronic Program, Alexandra Hospital, Queenstown, and Division of Respiratory Medicine and Critical Care, National University Hospital, Kent Ridge, Singapore, and associate professor, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore. When this research was conducted, he was program director, Internal Medicine Residency Program, National University Health System, Kent Ridge, Singapore. X.L.S. Wong is a consultant, Department of Medicine, Chronic Program, Alexandra Hospital, Queenstown, and Division of Respiratory Medicine and Critical Care, National University Hospital, Kent Ridge, Singapore.

Problem: Most training programs have focused on the explicit teaching of professionalism, an approach that has seen limited success, to transform trainees into physicians. It is possible that faculty members' reflective narratives, if appropriately shared with trainees, can facilitate the processes of reflection and socialization and help shift the training paradigm toward supporting professional identity formation.

Approach: In May 2010, an online forum, where faculty could share personal reflective narratives with all residents and faculty via email, was created for the National University Health System's internal medicine residency program. Read More

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Dyadic Disruption Theory.

Authors:
Talea Cornelius

Soc Personal Psychol Compass 2021 Jun 29;15(6). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Aspects of couples' romantic relationships are some of the most powerful psychosocial forces shaping mental and physical health, but even high-quality relationships are not universally beneficial for patients. Dyadic health theories have largely focused on chronic illness management that occurs after the couple understands the disease and prognosis, rather than focusing on couples' interdependence in the days and weeks following a sudden and disruptive medical event (e.g. Read More

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Nordic Health Registry-Based Research: A Review of Health Care Systems and Key Registries.

Clin Epidemiol 2021 19;13:533-554. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

The Nordic countries are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden and comprise a total population of approximately 27 million. The countries provide unique opportunities for joint health registry-based research in large populations with long and complete follow-up, facilitated by shared features, such as the tax-funded and public health care systems, the similar population-based registries, and the personal identity number as unique identifier of all citizens. In this review, we provide an introduction to the health care systems, key registries, and how to navigate the practical and ethical aspects of setting up such studies. Read More

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Patient and public involvement in numerical aspects of trials (PoINT): exploring patient and public partners experiences and identifying stakeholder priorities.

Trials 2021 Jul 28;22(1):499. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Background And Aims: Patient and public involvement is increasingly common in trials, but its quality remains variable in a lot of settings. Many key decisions in trials involve numbers, but patients are rarely involved in those discussions. We aimed to understand patient and public partners' experiences and opinions regarding their involvement in numerical aspects of research and discuss and identify priorities, according to multiple stakeholders, around the most important numerical aspects in trials to involve patients and the public in. Read More

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First Report of New Bacterial Leaf Blight of Rice Caused by Pantoea ananatis in Southeast China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

China National Rice Research Institute, 98439, State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, 28 Shuidaosuo Road, Fuyang, Hangzhou, China, 311400;

In autumn 2020, leaf blight was observed on rice (Oryza sativa L., variety Zhongzao39, Yongyou9, Yongyou12, Yongyou15, Yongyou18, Yongyou1540, Zhongzheyou8, Jiafengyou2, Xiangliangyou900 and Jiyou351) in the fields of 17 towns in Zhejiang and Jiangxi Provinces, China. The disease incidence was 45%-60%. Read More

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Leveraging a preexisting global infectious disease network for local decision-making during a pandemic.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Emerging infectious disease epidemics require a rapid response from health systems; however, evidence-based consensus guidelines are generally absent early in the course of events. Formed in 2017 by five high-level isolation units spanning three continents, the experience of the Global Infectious Disease Preparedness Network (GIDPN) early in the course of COVID-19 provides a model for accelerating best practice development and improving decision-making in health emergencies. The network served as a platform for real-time, open and transparent information-sharing during unknowns of an active outbreak by clinicians caring for patients, by researchers conducting clinical trials and transmission and infection prevention studies, and by teams advising local and national policymakers. Read More

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A scoping review of considerations and practices for benefit sharing in biobanking.

BMC Med Ethics 2021 Jul 27;22(1):102. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Health Systems and Research Ethics (HSRE), KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine, Coast, P.O. Box 230-80108, Kilifi, Kenya.

Background: Despite the rapid global growth of biobanking over the last few decades, and their potential for the advancement of health research, considerations specific to the sharing of benefits that accrue from biobanks have received little attention. Questions such as the types and range of benefits that can arise in biobanking, who should be entitled to those benefits, when they should be provided, by whom and in what form remain mostly unanswered. We conducted a scoping review to describe benefit sharing considerations and practices in biobanking in order to inform current and future policy and practice. Read More

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Psychology and Indigenous People.

Annu Rev Psychol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; email:

Whether there are common features inherent to the psychology of Indigenous peoples around the globe has been the subject of much debate. We argue that Indigenous peoples share the experience of colonization and its social and psychological consequences. We develop this argument across four sections: () the global history of colonization and social inequalities; () aspects concerning identity and group processes, including the intergenerational transmission of shared values, the connection with nature, and the promotion of social change; () prejudice and discrimination toward Indigenous peoples and the role of psychological processes to improve relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples; and () the impact of historical trauma and colonialism on dimensions including cognition, mental health, and the well-being of Indigenous peoples as well as the basis for successful interventions that integrate Indigenous knowledge. Read More

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Learning Together: Sharing Circles in Rural Alaska on Cancer Education Priorities for Youth.

J Cancer Educ 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 3211 Providence Dr., Anchorage, AK, 99508, USA.

Culturally relevant health promotion with youth is an opportunity to reduce health inequities in cancer. This manuscript describes sharing circles conducted with three communities in the Northwest Arctic region of Alaska. The circles were designed to begin understanding community priorities and lay the foundation to develop culturally relevant cancer education. Read More

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Bacteria-mediated cancer therapies: opportunities and challenges.

Biomater Sci 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China.

In recent years, cancer therapy strategies utilizing live tumor-targeting bacteria have presented unique advantages. Engineered bacteria have the particular ability to distinguish tumors from normal tissues with less toxicity. Live bacteria are naturally capable of homing to tumors, resulting in high levels of local colonization because of insufficient oxygen and low pH in the tumor microenvironment. Read More

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Conceptualizing Consent: Cross-national and Temporal Representations of Sexual Consent in Young Africans' Creative Narratives on HIV.

J Sex Res 2021 Jul 27:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University.

Sexual violence, comprising all non-consensual sexual acts, is an important driver of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. Definitions of sexual violence rely on understandings of sexual consent, understood as a feeling of willingness that is communicated via shared indicators of consent. In this paper, through analysis of young authors' narrative-based social representations, we sought to provide insight into young Africans' sense-making around sexual consent in order to develop a conceptual framework that can guide future methodological and conceptual work. Read More

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Individualism without full individualization? The compressed life trajectories of the Tibetan graduates of an English training program.

Authors:
Lin Yi Zhuoma Gadou

Br J Sociol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Independent Researcher.

Drawing upon fieldwork data collected among a group of Tibetan graduates who attended an internationally linked English training program that dramatically and fundamentally altered their life trajectories, this study argues that these Tibetans acquired individualism prior to individualization practice. Their pathway is in contrast with the tendency found among Korean women "toward individualization without individualism, a region-wide phenomenon in East Asia'. Different scenarios exactly reveal complicatedness and complexity in compressed modernity of East Asia. Read More

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