35,825 results match your criteria sexual violence


Personality disorders as predictors of intimate partner violence: A meta-analysis.

Clin Psychol Rev 2021 May 28;88:102047. Epub 2021 May 28.

Purdue University, United States of America.

Despite years of research demonstrating a relation between personality pathology and intimate partner violence (IPV), no meta-analysis has been published examining how well, or poorly, all ten personality disorders (PDs) predict IPV perpetration or victimization, nor has any meta-analysis examined these relations across types of IPV. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to synthesize existing research on the effects of all ten PDs, as well as psychopathy and global PD symptoms, on physical, psychological, and sexual IPV perpetration and victimization. An initial search in PsycINFO, PubMed, and Sociological Abstracts yielded 3988 results. Read More

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Othello Syndrome: Delusional Disorder - Jealous Type ≠ Violence.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):160-161

University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Othello syndrome, also known as morbid jealousy, pathological jealousy, and conjugal paranoia, is a rare delusional disorder related to partner's infidelity. There are no large scale or comprehensive studies on delusional jealousy, and only few case reports and cases series leave delusional disorder jealous type (DDJT) largely unknown. Herein, we report a case of DDJT, its possible etiology and describe its characteristics, comorbidities, and interventions. Read More

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Assessing the Extent to Which Art Therapy Can Be Used with Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Thematic Analysis of Published Studies.

J Child Sex Abus 2021 Jun 15:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Centre for Gender and Violence Research, University of Bristol, UK.

In a 2015-2016 UK survey of 35, 248 adults, 7% reported experiencing sexual abuse as children. This review considers the value of Art Therapy (AT) in recognizing individual needs and experiences and supporting victims to manage the lasting impact of abuse. Three main bodies of research were identified: the use of AT in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) investigations; the use of art therapy in the treatment of the psychological sequelae of CSA victims in childhood and adulthood; and an assessment of how art therapy compares to other therapeutic approaches for CSA victims. Read More

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Engaging photovoice to complement on sexual assault climate research: A literature review, case study, and recommendations.

J Community Psychol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Social Work, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Through the implementation of three photovoice projects, we discovered how photovoice method complements sexual assault climate survey research. Scholars have recently asserted that qualitative and participatory research methods are necessary to conduct a holistic sexual assault climate evaluation. Nevertheless, an in-depth analysis of how photovoice complements sexual assault climate research is missing. Read More

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Advances in the pharmacotherapeutic management of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2021 Jun 14:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Pharmacology Division, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental disorder, is associated with anxiety, depression, and social awkwardness resulting from past traumatic episodes like natural disasters, accidents, terrorist attacks, war, rape, and sexual violence. It affects primarily the amygdala, cortex, and hippocampus where neurochemical changes result in altered behavior. PTSD patients display impaired fear extinction, and past events keep haunting them. Read More

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Workplace Violence Among Healthcare Workers in a Tertiary Medical City in Riyadh: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cureus 2021 May 4;13(5):e14836. Epub 2021 May 4.

College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, SAU.

Introduction Workplace violence is a common problem that is encountered by healthcare workers worldwide; however, it is still under-studied in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to determine the prevalence of workplace violence and to explore reasons for not reporting it among healthcare workers in a tertiary medical city in Riyadh. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among 404 healthcare workers who had direct contact with patients or their relatives in a tertiary care medical city in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Interprofessional collaboration in hospital-based services for victims of sexual violence in South Korea: participating professionals' different attitudes and their impacts on collaboration.

J Interprof Care 2021 Jun 13:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Philosophy, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea.

Human service professionals (HSPs) play important roles in supporting victims of sexual violence. When these professionals work together in various forms of collaboration, attitudes of professionals in different fields can sometimes facilitate or sometimes hinder collaboration. The effect of attitude can be further highlighted when HSPs collaborate with experts with different fields of sexual violence, such as police officers. Read More

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Intimate Partner Violence and Completion of Post-Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examination Follow-Up Screening.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jul 10;36(13-14):5991-6004. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

Sexual assault is a major public health concern associated with significant mental health and medical symptoms. Follow-up screening post-sexual assault medical forensic examination (SAMFE) can be one method of determining needs and providing targeted prevention of mental health and medical symptoms among individuals who experienced a recent sexual assault. However, the factors associated with engagement in post-SAMFE follow-up screening have not been identified. Read More

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Injury Patterns and Associated Demographics of Intimate Partner Violence in Older Adults Presenting to U.S. Emergency Departments.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 12:8862605211022060. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health issue and occurs in intimate relationships regardless of age or sexual orientation. Several studies, most of them relying on small-scale samples, have explored the prevalence and risk factors of IPV in older adults. Still, none have focused on the demographics and injury patterns in older adult victims. Read More

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Did Your Mom Help You Remember?: An Examination of Attorneys' Subtle Questioning About Suggestive Influence to Children Testifying About Child Sexual Abuse.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 13:8862605211006369. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Arizona State University, USA.

Researchers studying children's reports of sexual abuse have focused on how questioners overtly assess coaching and truthfulness (e.g., ). Read More

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Disparities by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in Child Maltreatment and Memory Performance.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 12:8862605211015222. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Adverse childhood experiences, which include child maltreatment, are a major public health issue nationally. Child maltreatment has been linked to poorer cognitive functioning, which can start in childhood and persist into adulthood. However, studies examining the potential disparities by gender and race/ethnicity are lacking. Read More

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Trends in victim, incident and care characteristics of a Dutch sexual assault center.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 May 13;81:102183. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Primary and Community Care, Gender and Women's Health, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein 21, 6525 EZ, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Worldwide, one in three women have experienced sexual violence, causing various physical and mental health problems such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and medically unexplained symptoms. Much has changed in the last decade. The use of the Internet, smartphones and apps has increased enormously, sexual violence is discussed more and more openly in the media. Read More

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Realising sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls and young women living in slums in Uganda: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2021 Jun 12;18(1):125. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University of Warwick Medical School, Medical School Building, Coventry, UK.

Background: Sexual and reproductive health and rights are critical entitlements best supported through human rights-based approaches empowering rights-holders to claim their rights and duty bearers to fulfil their obligations. Implementing these requires information on the current needs and challenges faced by those seeking to claim their sexual and reproductive health and rights. We aimed to identify the underlying factors influencing the realisation of sexual and reproductive health and rights for adolescent girls and young women living Ugandan slums by: (1) exploring the role of relevant service providers and stakeholders; and (2) uncovering knowledge and gaps in protecting adolescent girls' and young women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Read More

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Economic empowerment and intimate partner violence: a secondary data analysis of the cross-sectional Demographic Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa.

BMC Womens Health 2021 06 12;21(1):241. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognized as a defining human rights, development and public health issue of our time. Economic empowerment is one of the most promising interventions to reduce IPV in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the evidence around economic factors that are key to ensure a reduction in IPV are still mixed. Furthermore, there is a lack of clarity on what kinds of economic empowerment works for which population group. Read More

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Interpersonal violence in a deprived Scottish urban area with aggregations of physical health risks and psychiatric morbidity: an ecological study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 12;21(1):1121. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Psychiatry & Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Glasgow, Scotland, has previously shown exceptional levels of violence among young men, shows aggregations of health conditions, with shortened life expectancy. Health conditions can be both causes and consequences of violence, of shared community-level socio-economic risk factors, and can result from large-scale social forces beyond the control of populations with high levels of violence. The aim of the study was to provide an in depth understanding of the Public Health problem of violence among young adult men in Glasgow East. Read More

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Gender Differences in Traumatic Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms After the Rwandan Genocide Against the Tutsi.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, 722 W 168th st, New York, 10032, USA.

The effects of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi are widespread and long-lasting, but little is known about how posttraumatic consequences differ regarding gender. In the present study, we estimated the associations between trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in a Rwandan community sample and examined whether the associations differed by gender. The sample comprised 498 adults (75. Read More

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The health response to the Rohingya refugee crisis post August 2017: Reflections from two years of health sector coordination in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0253013. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

On August 25 2017, an unprecedented influx of Rohingya refugees began from Rakhine State in Myanmar into Bangladesh's district of Cox's Bazar. The scale and acuteness of this humanitarian crisis was unprecedented and unique globally, requiring strong coordination of a multitude of actors. This paper reflects on the health sector coordination from August 2017 to October 2019, focusing on selected achievements and persisting challenges of the health sector strategic advisory group (HSSAG), and the health sector working groups including epidemiology and case management, sexual and reproductive health, community health, mental health and psychosocial support, and emergency preparedness. Read More

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Birth Control Access and Selection among Youths Experiencing Homelessness in the United States: A Review.

Health Soc Work 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Youths experiencing homelessness (YEH) become pregnant at five times the general population rate. Education, social, and health care systems struggle to adequately address this young community's sexual and reproductive health needs, yet social workers are well positioned across sectors to address their sexual and reproductive health and well-being. A growing body of literature exists on the factors affecting YEH's access and selection of birth control, prompting the present review that aimed to understand this process and inform better attuned sexual and reproductive health approaches. Read More

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"No More Insecurities": New Alternative Masculinities' Communicative Acts Generate Desire and Equality to Obliterate Offensive Sexual Statements.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:674186. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

To justify attraction to Dominant Traditional Masculinities (DTM) and lack of attraction to non-aggressive men, some women defend opinions such as "there are no frigid women, only inexperienced men". Such statements generate a large amount of sexual-affective insecurity in oppressed men and contribute to decoupling desire and ethics in sexual-affective relationships, which, in turn, reinforces a model of attraction to traditional masculinities that use coercion, thus perpetuating gender-based violence. New Alternative Masculinities (NAM) represent a type of masculinity that reacts to reverse such consequences with communicative acts, in which they state that women who support such discourses have never met a NAM man or have never experienced a successful sexual-affective relationship where passion, love, desire, and equality are all included. Read More

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Making Choices in Discourse: New Alternative Masculinities Opposing the "Warrior's Rest".

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:674054. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Psychology research on men studies, attractiveness, and partner preferences has evolved from the influence of sociobiological perspectives to the role of interactions in shaping election toward sexual-affective relationships and desire toward different kinds of masculinities. However, there is a scientific gap in how language and communicative acts among women influence the kind of partner they feel attracted to and in the reproduction of relationship double standards, like the myth of the "warrior's rest" where female attractiveness to "bad boys" is encouraged or supported. Some women imitate "the warrior" behavior of men by choosing dominant traditional masculinities (DTM) to have "fun" with and oppressed traditional masculinities (OTM) for "rest" after the "fun" with DTM-choosing an OTM for a stable relationship, but perhaps without passion, while also feeling attraction toward DTM, a response which perpetuates the chauvinist double standard that the feminist movement has condemned when men behave in this sexist way. Read More

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Sexual Violence at University: Are Indigenous Students More at Risk?

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 10:8862605211021990. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Interdisciplinary Research Center on Intimate Relationship Problems and Sexual Abuse (CRIPCAS), Quebec, Canada.

University-based sexual violence prevalence is worryingly high and leads to many serious consequences for health and academic achievement. Although previous work has documented greater risk for sexual violence among Indigenous Peoples, little is known about university-based sexual violence experienced by Indigenous students. Using a large-scale study of university-based sexual violence in Canada, the current study aims to (1) examine the risk of sexual violence against Indigenous students compared to non-Indigenous students, and (2) to document sexual violence experiences of Indigenous students. Read More

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The Role of Anger in Traumatic Harm and Recovery for Sexual Violence Survivors.

J Trauma Dissociation 2021 Jun 10:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Psychotherapy, Private Practice, Berkeley, California, USA.

Sexual violence is a strong predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sexual violence survivors presenting for PTSD treatment may experience and express a range of distressing emotions. An extensive body of research guides clinical conceptualization and targeting of fear responses in PTSD treatment. Read More

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Sexual and Gender Minority Inclusivity in Bystander Intervention Programs to Prevent Violence on College Campuses: A Critical Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Jun 10:15248380211021606. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals are at increased risk for experiencing sexual violence. Bystander intervention training programs are a first-line prevention recommendation for reducing sexual and dating violence on college campuses. Little is known regarding the extent to which SGM individuals are represented in the content of bystander intervention programs or are included in studies examining the effectiveness of bystander intervention programs. Read More

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The Ontario Forensic Mental Health System: A Population-based Review: Le système ontarien de services psychiatriques médico-légaux: Une étude dans la population.

Can J Psychiatry 2021 Jun 10:7067437211023103. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

228603Forensic Psychiatry Program, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to increase the understanding of the Canadian forensic psychiatry system by providing a population-based overview of the Ontario forensic mental health system.

Methods: Data were collected on 1,240 accused adults who were subject to the jurisdiction of the Ontario Review Board (ORB) between 2014 and 2015. Archival data were retrieved from annual ORB hearing hospital reports for accused supervised by all nine adult forensic psychiatry facilities across Ontario. Read More

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Exploring Minority Stress and Resilience in a Polyamorous Sample.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 May 9;50(4):1367-1388. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

APLA Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Polyamory is a type of consensual non-monogamy (CNM) in which participants engage in multiple simultaneous romantic and often sexual relationships with the knowledge and consent of all involved. CNM practitioners in general, and polyamorous people in specific, appear to be highly stigmatized due to their relational practices, and to experience acts of CNM-related discrimination, harassment, and violence. Conceptualizing this dynamic via minority stress theory predicts that this stigma and discrimination will lead to negative mental health effects for polyamorous individuals. Read More

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Explaining the Help-Seeking Intentions of Adolescents Subject to Sexual Exploitation in Tanzania: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023494. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

The sexual exploitation (SE) of children and adolescents is a universal concern. Numerous empirical studies have examined the prevalence and consequences of this phenomenon worldwide, but there is little information on the factors that determine the help-seeking intentions of adolescents subject to SE in Tanzania. We drew on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to address this knowledge gap. Read More

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Diversity in Interpersonal Violence Research.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun;36(11-12):4937-4952

Howard University, Washington, D.C., USA.

This article examines the role of diversity in interpersonal violence research as it relates to race and ethnicity. The importance and need for diversity in interpersonal violence research is discussed. Three phases of the research processed are discussed: conceptualization, implementation, and interpretation. Read More

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Self-compassion and Shame Among Rape Survivors.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211021994. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA.

Women are at increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression associated with rape, and shame plays a vital role in the development and maintenance of PTSD and depression. Thus, there is a need to identify factors that may decrease shame among female survivors of adult rape. Self-compassion may be one such factor. Read More

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The Deleterious Effect of Victimization on Just World Beliefs.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211025027. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, USA.

Being a victim of a violent crime is a traumatic experience. Sexual victimization, in particular, may be powerful enough to change presumably stable worldviews like just world beliefs. Across two large samples, we examined the influence of sexual victimization on just world beliefs. Read More

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