38,527 results match your criteria sexual violence


What we know and don't know: a mapping review of available evidence, and evidence gaps, on adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Bangladesh.

Sex Reprod Health Matters 2021 ;29(2):2083813

Health Systems Specialist, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Across low- and middle-income countries, investment in adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) is growing. However, the lack of comprehensive ASRH data hinders programmes. This mapping review examines the available evidence on ASRH in Bangladesh and points out the areas where critical information gaps exist. Read More

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January 2021

Exposed and unprotected: Sex worker vulnerabilities during the COVID-19 health emergency in Mozambique.

Glob Public Health 2022 Jun 24:1-15. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Faculty of Medicine, Community Health Department, Sexual and Reproductive Health Unit, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique.

Measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 have been shown to disproportionately affect the marginalised groups in our societies. We studied the impacts of national restrictions on young adult sex workers in Mozambique, and actions at individual, governmental and civil society level to mitigate against these impacts. The country case study was part of a multi-country qualitative research, including fifty-four semi-structured interviews with female sex workers ( = 38), outreach workers ( = 10) in Maputo and Quelimane, and informants with key positions in national COVID coordination bodies, the Ministry of Health and civil society organisations ( = 7). Read More

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Attitudes Toward Gender-Based Violence Among Sexually Active Adult Men at High Risk for HIV in Rustenburg, South Africa.

Am J Mens Health 2022 May-Jun;16(3):15579883221106331

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Gender-based violence (GBV) toward women is widespread and has been associated with increased HIV risk. We investigated attitudes toward GBV among men living in Rustenburg, South Africa, who were enrolled in a longitudinal HIV incidence study. Participants were 18 to 49 years old, reported high risk sexual activity in the last 3 months, and were HIV-uninfected. Read More

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Harassment as a consequence and cause of inequality in academia: A narrative review.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jul 3;49:101486. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

A growing body of literature suggests that over the past 30 years, policies aimed at tackling harassment in academia have had little discernable effect. How can this impasse be overcome to make the higher education sector a safe space for everyone? We combine the areas of harassment and inequality, intersectionality, policy-practice gaps, gender sensitive medicine, as well as corruption and whistleblower processes to identify lacunae and offer recommendations for how to apply our recommendations in practice. We have been searching the most influential, relevant, and recent literature on harassment and inequality in our respective fields of expertise. Read More

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Disclosing Child Sexual Abuse to a Health Professional: A Metasynthesis.

Front Psychiatry 2022 3;13:788123. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

ECSTRA Team, UMR-1153, Inserm, Universiteì de Paris, Paris, France.

Objective: Sexual abuse is a major public health problem. Its disclosure to a health professional could help to reduce its impact on survivors' lives. The objective of this metasynthesis, combining a systematic review and an analysis of the qualitative studies, was to explore the qualitative literature concerning the experience of a survivor disclosing sexual violence experienced in childhood to a health professional, from the perspective of both. Read More

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Harmful Alcohol and Drug Use Is Associated with Syndemic Risk Factors among Female Sex Workers in Nairobi, Kenya.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 14;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are at high risk of harmful alcohol and other drug use. We use quantitative data to describe the prevalence of alcohol and other drug use and identify associated occupational and socio-economic risk factors, and aim to elucidate patterns of alcohol and drug use through information drawn from qualitative data.

Methods: Maisha Fiti was a mixed-method longitudinal study conducted in 2019 among a random sample of FSWs in Nairobi, Kenya. Read More

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Bestiality Law in the United States: Evolving Legislation with Scientific Limitations.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jun 12;12(12). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Martinez Detention Facility, Martinez, CA 94553, USA.

Societies have proscribed bestiality, or sex between humans and nonhuman animals, since the earliest recorded legal codes. In the early American colonies, religious prohibitions against bestiality provided the grounds for punishing those who engaged in such acts. In the 1800's, Henry Bergh imported the animal welfare approach to the United States, which modernized the legislative treatment of animals in the country. Read More

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Assessing the prevalence and association between physical, emotional, and sexual of intimate partner violence against women in Nigeria.

Reprod Health 2022 Jun 23;19(1):146. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

School of Public Health, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Several studies were carried out on prevalence and associated factors of physical, emotional, and sexual violence against women. However, little attention was given to a comprehensive study that assesses the association between physical, emotional, and sexual violence against women. Thus, this study aimed to assess the association between physical, emotional, and sexual violence against women and their prevalence. Read More

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Creating and Sustaining Service Industry Relationships and Families: Theorizing How Personal Workplace Relationships Both Build Community and Perpetuate Organizational Violence.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Communication Studies, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA.

Service industry workers experience challenging labor conditions in the United States, including pay below the minimum wage, expected emotional labor, and harassment. Additionally, in part because they work long shifts in high stress environments in restaurants and bars, many build and form personal workplace relationships (PWRs). In 2021, we interviewed 38 service industry workers and managers during the COVID-19 pandemic where we examined occupational challenges they faced in the state of Texas, USA. Read More

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Foreign bodies in the rectum: Three case reports of sexual violence.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 29;78:103695. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Balkh University, Balkh, Afghanistan.

Background: Sexual violence is one of the worst forms of violence with long-term physical and psychological effects on victims. It has been stated that sexual stimulation was responsible for 78% of clinically relevant foreign rectal bodies. About 10% of the cases were due to sexual assault. Read More

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Adverse childhood experiences and adolescent drug use in the UK: The moderating role of socioeconomic position and ethnicity.

SSM Popul Health 2022 Sep 14;19:101142. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, UK.

Rationale: There is a paucity of prospective UK studies exploring the role of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) on adolescent teenage drug use and even less is known about the complex interplay between ACEs and adolescent social, demographic, and economic characteristics. To address these gaps, we use rich longitudinal data from the nationally representative Millennium Cohort Study.

Methods: Sex-stratified survey logistic regression modelling was applied using data from 9,476 adolescents and their parents to examine associations between ACEs between ages 3 and 14 years and drug use at ages 14 and 17 years. Read More

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September 2022

"You Want Them Pretty, but Not Too Intelligent!": Everyday Talk and the Continuum of Men's Violence Against Women in Forensic Institutional Care.

Front Psychiatry 2022 6;13:886444. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

The forensic setting houses persons with offence convictions who are also in receipt of ongoing mental healthcare-a criminal justice system and healthcare meeting-point. Extant literature highlights how this context is laden with interpersonal and institutional difficulties unique to a secure context that must provide care and custody concurrently. Our central argument is that the intertwining and interdependent cultural and custodial elements of forensic healthcare environments are integral and influential to care, culture, and conduct within such institutions-including concerning misogynistic everyday talk and the continuum of men's violence against women therein. Read More

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Partner and Relationship Characteristics Determining Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Living with HIV in Ruili, China.

AIDS Behav 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) in China is a largely understudied, major health risk among women living with HIV. Using structured face-to-face interviews, this research examined partner and couple relationship characteristics associated with physical and sexual IPV among 219 HIV-positive women living with a male partner in Ruili, China. Twenty-nine women (13%) reported past-year occurrences of physical IPV, and 24 (11%) reported sexual IPV. Read More

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Social vulnerabilities and sexual initiation of 10- to 14-year-old pupils in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Cien Saude Colet 2022 Jul 20;27(7):2763-2776. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Instituto de Medicina Social, UERJ. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of sexual initiation of pupils aged 10 to 14 who attended the second year of public and private high school in the IX Administrative Region of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and to identify the most vulnerable subgroups. The sample consisted of 694 pupils who were selected through cluster-based and stratified sampling by considering school type (public or private) and course type (daytime or evening). Information was collected by means of a structured self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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Correspondence of Child Age and Gender Distribution in Child Sexual Exploitation Material and Other Child Content With Age and Gender of Child Sexual Assault Victims.

Sex Abuse 2022 Jun 22:10790632221108951. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Royal Ottawa Health Care Group, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Accessing child sexual exploitation material (CSEM; in legal statutes) can indicate sexual interest in children. It logically follows then that the age and gender of the depicted children may reflect specific interests in those age/gender groups, and if so, may correspond to age and gender of any known contact offending victims. We had data on CSEM characteristics and child victims for 71 men convicted of CSEM offenses who also had contact sexual offenses against children; some had also sexually solicited children online. Read More

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Evaluating the mechanisms and long-term effects of a web-based comprehensive sexual health and media literacy education program for young adults attending community college: study protocol for a three-arm randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2022 Jun 21;23(1):521. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Innovation Research & Training, 5316 Highgate Drive, Suite 125, Durham, NC, 27713, USA.

Background: Many community college students experience poor sexual and relationship health outcomes. Young adults consume a plethora of media content, much of which depicts unhealthy sexual and romantic relationships, and research has shown that media exposure can negatively impact health outcomes. Asynchronous, web-based media literacy education (MLE) programs have been shown to improve short-term sexual and relationship health outcomes. Read More

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Some unusual cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child sexual abuse (1980-2020).

Authors:
Mark Wi Webster

N Z Med J 2022 Mar 11;135(1551):115-120. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Cardiologist, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, NZ.

Aim: To assess the pattern of some unusual cases of child abuse, including their trial and subsequent appeal outcomes, over the last 40 years.

Method: Cases of multiple-victim, multiple-offender child abuse, occurring in a pre-school or similar setting, without physical evidence of abuse, from developed, English-speaking countries were collected.

Results: Thirty cases fulfilled the study criteria: 26 from the US and one each from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the UK. Read More

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Evaluation of a media literacy education program for sexual health promotion in older adolescents implemented in Southern universities.

J Am Coll Health 2022 Jun 21:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Fact Forward, Research and Evaluation Team, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Objective: This study evaluated a media literacy education program designed for sexual health promotion, , in southeastern universities.

Participants: Participants included college students from four universities in the southeastern United States (n = 457).

Methods: was implemented on college campuses either in a group setting, one-on-one setting, at a student event, or online only. Read More

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Hope Shattered: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of Survivors' Experiences With Untested Rape Kits.

Violence Against Women 2022 Jun 20:10778012221083335. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Inherent Wellbeing, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Rape survivors who submit to a medical forensic exam generally expect the resulting rape kit to be tested, but hundreds of thousands of rape kits have been left untested in police storage facilities nationwide. The current study sought to understand what the experience of having an untested rape kit was like for survivors. Using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis, this study examined narratives of 15 survivors whose rape kits had been part of the rape kit backlog. Read More

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Chinese Women's Financial Independence and Their Intimate Partner Violence Victimization Experiences.

Violence Against Women 2022 Jun 20:10778012221097143. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Social Work, 12646Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

China, as a traditional patriarchal society, provides an excellent context to examine whether and how increased financial independence of women may influence intimate partner violence. This study examines how financial independence influences Chinese women's victimization experiences of physical violence, psychological violence, controlling behavior, and sexual abuse. Data were collected from 600 married or divorced women aged between 20 and 60, who resided in a large metropolitan area in Southern China. Read More

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Femmes et accès aux soins en République démocratique du Congo : des barrières liées au genre.

Sante Publique 2020 ;31(5):735-744

Introduction: This study seeks to understand the barriers women face in accessing modern health care in the city of Goma, the capital of North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Purpose Of Research: We examined the experiences, perceptions and representations of the population and caregivers by conducting a total of 66 semi-directive interviews.

Results: In Goma, the use of healthcare facilities often requires the prior consent of the husband or head of the family. Read More

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January 2020

Santé des adolescents de 10 à 14 ans à Kinshasa et Ouagadougou : risques et opportunités.

Sante Publique 2020 ;31(6):845-853

Objective: This research is interested in the social transformations in francophone Africa, in particular urbanization and the communication revolution, and their influence on the lifestyles of young adolescents in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo). The objective is to examine the opportunities, challenges, and risks associated with these societal changes and related perceptions according to the gender of adolescents.

Method: This qualitative study, conducted in 2015, uses data collected through semi-structured interviews with 64 adolescents from 10 to 14 years and their parents/guardians in Ouagadougou and Kinshasa. Read More

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January 2020

From criminalised histories to rightful present - nomadic women demand equal rights to sexual and reproductive health: a study in Maharashtra, India.

Authors:
Deepa Pawar

Sex Reprod Health Matters 2021 ;29(2):2064051

Founder, Anubhuti Charitable Trust, Badlapur, India. Correspondence:

This paper presents the findings of a research study in Thane District, Maharashtra, India, on access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) for women and girls of Nomadic and Denotified Tribes (NT-DNT). NT-DNT communities face stigma and violence due to their historically criminalised status and nomadic lifestyle. Their precarious legal, social, and economic status has a negative impact on women's SRHR. Read More

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Intimate partner violence and associated factors among reproductive age women in Liberia: a cross-sectional study using a recent Liberian demographic and health survey.

BMC Womens Health 2022 Jun 17;22(1):238. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem and a violation of women's human rights. Almost one third of women aged 15-49 years who have been in a relationship have experienced to some form of physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner worldwide.

Objective: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence within the last 12 months and associated factors among reproductive aged women in Liberia. Read More

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Associations Between School Absence and School Violence by Sexual Identity.

Am J Prev Med 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Introduction: Sexual minority youth are disproportionately exposed to school violence compared with their heterosexual peers. It is unknown whether the associations between school absence and exposure to school violence vary by sexual identity.

Methods: In 2021, data were combined from the 2015, 2017, and 2019 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys to produce nationally representative samples of U. Read More

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Associations between neighborhood characteristics and dating violence: does spatial scale matter?

Int J Health Geogr 2022 Jun 20;21(1). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Département de Sexologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Succursale Centre-Ville, Case postale 8888, Montréal, Québec, H3C 3P8, Canada.

Background: Dating violence (DV) is a public health problem that could have serious repercussions for the health and well-being of a large number of adolescents. Several neighborhood characteristics could influence these behaviors, but knowledge on such influences is still limited. This study aims at (1) evaluating the associations between neighborhood characteristics and DV, and (2) assessing how spatial scale influences the estimations of the latter associations. Read More

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Spatial distribution and predictors of intimate partner violence among women in Nigeria.

BMC Womens Health 2022 Jun 20;22(1):245. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, intimate partner violence is one of the major health problems women face every day. Its consequences are enormous. However, our search of the available literature revealed that no study had examined the spatial distribution of intimate partner violence and the predictors of intimate partner violence among women in Nigeria using current nationally representative data. Read More

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Assurer l’accès aux droits sexuels et reproductifs en temps de crise sanitaire : le Planning familial en mouvement.

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(6):1033-1037

From the beginning of the first lockdown, Le Planning Familial, a feminist and SRHR delivery service organization, with its 70 local associations have come together to pursue its mission: to ensure access to SRHR and women's rights. The quarantine has had major consequences: it has increased gender-based violence including domestic violence, it has complicated women's lives (in accessing sexual health services, late-term abortions, abortion for minors, renewal of contraception, filing of complaints, etc.) and it has limited access to information and rights (presence of antichoice movements on the internet). Read More

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Understanding Refusals, Using Coercion: Young Men's Understanding and Use of Normalized Sexualized Violence within Heterosex.

Authors:
Mardi Wilson

J Sex Res 2022 Jun 20:1-13. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Humanities, Languages and Social Science, Griffith University.

Sexual coercion is normalized within dominant cultural narratives of seduction and heteronormativity. Many men assert that they abhor rape, but may not comprehend or accept that rape can occur in ways that would challenge their notion of what is acceptable within heteronormative understandings of gender, seduction, and heterosex. Analyses of in-depth, semi-structured interviews with seven male participants in Australia substantiates previous research demonstrating that men are indeed capable of nuanced communication and can understand refusals. Read More

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Exploring uptake of HIV/STI knowledge and safer sex-efficacy in an arts-based sexual health workshop among Northern and Indigenous adolescents in the Northwest Territories, Canada.

AIDS Care 2022 Jun 19:1-6. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Limited research has evaluated sexual health promotion projects with adolescents living in Arctic regions. The study objective was to examine changes in STI knowledge and safer sex efficacy among youth in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada who participated in arts-based sexual health workshops. We used a pre/post-test design with a convenience sample of students aged 13-18 years recruited from 17 NWT communities. Read More

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