72,523 results match your criteria sexual risk


Sexual behavior and contraceptive use among cisgender and gender minority college students who were assigned female at birth.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Study Objective: Our objective was to describe sexual behavior and contraceptive use among assigned female cisgender and gender minority college students (i.e., those whose gender identity does not match their sex assigned at birth). Read More

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Screening for HPV and dysplasia in transgender patients: Do we need it?

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Mar 31;260:177-182. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Aim of this study was the evaluation of prevalence of HPV infection and resulting genital dysplasia to assess the necessity and reasonability of pap smears and HPV testing in transgender patients. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection and responsible for the majority of genital dysplasias and malignancies. However, few data exist about the prevalence of HPV and dysplasia in transgender people. Read More

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Changing Pattern of Chemsex Drug Use Among Newly Diagnosed HIV-Positive Taiwanese from 2015 to 2020 in the Era of Treat-All Policy.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2021 Apr;35(4):134-143

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Chemsex drug use (CDU) is a frequent, yet neglected issue in the era of treat-all policy. We evaluated the temporal pattern of CDU, factors associated with CDU, and drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between chemsex drugs and initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) by surveying 621 Taiwanese individuals (mean age: 29.7 years; 99. Read More

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Substances of abuse consumption among patients seeking medical help for uro-andrological purposes: a sociobehavioral survey in the real-life scenario.

Asian J Androl 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, URI, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, via Olgettina 60, Milan 20131, Italy.

Substances of abuse (SoA), as well as smoking and alcohol consumption, are well known for their impact on male fertility status, erectile function, and ejaculation. We assessed SoA consumption habits in a cohort of men seeking medical attention for uro-andrological purposes. Data from 7447 men seeking medical attention for the first time for uro-andrological purposes were analyzed. Read More

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Unusual Clinical Presentation of Giant Extragenital Condyloma.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2020 Dec;28(7):240-241

Andrija Jovic, MD, Clinical Center of Nis, Clinic of Dermatovenereology , Bulevar Zorana Djindjica 48, Nis, Serbia;

Dear editor, Condylomata accuminatum (CA) is a human papillomavirus (HPV) related sexually transmitted infection (STI), clinically characterized by solitary or even clustered dark red or pink lesions solely affecting the anogenital area (1). CA involving the extragenital, non-mucosal skin has been sporadically reported (2-4). Diagnosis of CA is usually straightforward when the lesions are located on the anogenital area. Read More

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December 2020

"More of a Girl Thing?" Examining the Role of Gender and Campus Context in Perceptions of Risk and the Shadow of Sexual Assault.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 9:8862605211005142. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

One of the most consistent predictors of fear of crime is gender, whereby women are more fearful of crime than men, despite their lower rates of victimization. An often-cited explanation for this apparent paradox is the "shadow" of sexual assault, which has received overwhelming support in studies among college students. However, this work has been largely quantitative and rarely comparative in nature. Read More

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Polyvictimization Risk Among North Korean Refugee Women in South Korea.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 9:8862605211005146. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

North Korean (NK) refugee women living in South Korea are known to be vulnerable to interpersonal violence, but little is known about the possible link between or co-occurrence of acts of sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrated against NK refugee women. This study examined the prevalence of polyvictimization and explored the association between SV in different settings (i.e. Read More

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Wine night, 'bro-dinners', and jungle juice: Disaggregating practices of undergraduate binge drinking.

J Drug Issues 2019 Oct 27;49(4):643-667. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W. 168 Street, New York, NY 10032.

Undergraduate binge drinking, a well-documented problem at US institutions of higher education, has been associated with a host of negative behavioral health outcomes such as sexual assault, poor academic functioning, and mental health problems. Scholars have extensively examined individual-and institutional-level risk factors for binge drinking on campuses. However, these data have not been effectively translated into interventions to reduce rates of binge drinking. Read More

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October 2019

Sexual consent and chemsex: a quantitative study on sexualised drug use and non-consensual sex among men who have sex with men in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Sex Transm Infect 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Chemsex (drug use to enhance sex) has emerged among men who have sex with men (MSM). Non-consensual sex (NCS) is hypothesised to occur frequently under the influence of chemsex, however data are scarce. In this cross-sectional study, it was aimed to assess whether NCS is associated with chemsex. Read More

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Psychosocial Risk Factors for Transitions Into Housing Instability Among Women Veterans.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):387-391

From Department of Behavioral and Social Science, University of Sciences (EM); National Center on Homelessness among Veterans (DS); National Center on Homelessness among Veterans, Birmingham VA Medical Center, and University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL (AEM).

Introduction: Preventing and ending homelessness for women veterans, a priority of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), can be aided by identifying factors that increase their risk for housing instability.

Methods: This study relied on data from the Veterans Health Administration's universal screen for housing instability from Fiscal Year 2013 to 2016, and administrative data from electronic medical records. Using logistic regression, we compared 2 groups of women veterans: those who consistently had stable housing and those who transitioned to unstable housing after a period of housing stability. Read More

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Sexual Dysfunction and Preferences for Discussing Sexual Health Concerns Among Veteran Primary Care Patients.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):357-367

From the Center for Integrated Healthcare, Syracuse VA Medical Center, Syracuse, NY (RLS, LDM, JSF); Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY (RLS, LDM, JSF); Rochester Institute of Technology, Institute of Health Sciences and Technology, Rochester, NY (NT, CAC); Canandaigua Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Canandaigua, NY (CAC); Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention, Canandaigua VA Medical Center, Canandaigua, NY (DC); and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York (JSF).

Background: Sexual health is an important, yet often overlooked, aspect of overall health. Veterans may be particularly at risk for sexual dysfunction. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual dysfunction and examine preferences among veterans for discussing sexual problems. Read More

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Risk factors for sexual dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery in 948 consecutive patients: A prospective cohort study.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Background: Sexual dysfunctions seriously affect the quality of life of patients. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for sexual dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery.

Methods: A total of 948 consecutive patients undergoing rectal cancer radical resection were included between January 2012 and August 2019. Read More

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A Global Survey of Reproductive Specialists to Determine the Clinical Utility of Oxidative Stress Testing and Antioxidant Use in Male Infertility.

World J Mens Health 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Urology, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, India.

Purpose: The use of antioxidants is common practice in the management of infertile patients. However, there are no established guidelines by professional societies on antioxidant use for male infertility.

Materials And Methods: Using an online survey, this study aimed to evaluate the practice pattern of reproductive specialists to determine the clinical utility of oxidative stress (OS) testing and antioxidant prescriptions to treat male infertility. Read More

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The prevalence and impact of maltreatment of child laborers in the context of four South Asian countries: A scoping review.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 5;117:105052. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, SA, 5042, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Child maltreatment is a global health concern, which adversely affects millions of children. Among them, child laborers are highly susceptible to maltreatment due to their economic vulnerability and workplace practices.

Objectives: This review seeks to identify the extent, risk factors and psychological impairments associated with the maltreatment of child laborers in four South East Asian countries. Read More

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Language barrier as a risk factor for obstetric anal sphincter injury - a Case-Control Study.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 5:102138. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Service de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Médecine de la Reproduction, AP-HP Sorbonne Université site Tenon, 4 rue de la Chine, 75020 Paris, France.

Introduction: The incidence of grade 3-4 perineal tears, also known as obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI), is reported to be between 0.5 and 2.5%. Read More

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Microarray patches: breaking down the barriers to contraceptive care and HIV prevention for women across the globe.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Pharmacy, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK. Electronic address:

Despite the existence of a variety of contraceptive products for women, as well as decades of research into the prevention and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), there is still a globally unmet need for easily accessible, acceptable, and affordable products to protect women's sexual and reproductive health. Microarray patches (MAPs) are a novel platform being developed for the delivery of hormonal contraception and antiretroviral drugs. MAPs provide enhanced drug delivery to the systemic circulation via the transdermal route when compared to transdermal patches, oral and injectable formulations. Read More

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Ocular syphilis.

Clin Exp Optom 2021 Apr 8:1-4. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Optometry, Northwest Permanente-Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR, USA.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted, systemic, inflammatory disease caused by the spirochaete, . The natural history of untreated syphilis progresses through four distinct stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary syphilis. Ocular involvement can occur at any stage of syphilis and any part of the eye can be affected. Read More

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Predicting sexual risk and sexual health screening in a sample of university students in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Apr 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Objective: The present study focuses on factors that predict sexual risk behaviors and sexual health screening behaviors in a sample of university students in Lebanon.

Participants: A convenience sample of 250 undergraduate students was recruited at a private university in Beirut, Lebanon.

Methods: Students completed measures of religiosity, psychological distress, contraceptives usage, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infections (STI) screening, and sexual risk behaviors. Read More

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Risky Casual Sex and Posttraumatic Stress in College Females: An Examination of Assault History, Self-Esteem, and Social Support.

Violence Against Women 2021 Apr 8:1077801221998797. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Binghamton University, State University of New York, USA.

Casual sex, although common in college culture, can increase the risk of sexual victimization, which in turn can lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined sexual victimization, self-esteem, and social support as relative predictors of PTSD and risky casual sex (RCS) in a sample of 229 female undergraduates. Results suggested that enhancing self-esteem may have a greater relative impact on PTSD symptoms compared with social support, even after accounting for the impact of sexual victimization. Read More

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Correlates of PrEP Uptake Among Young Sexual Minority Men and Transgender Women in New York City: The Need to Reframe "Risk" Messaging and Normalize Preventative Health.

AIDS Behav 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Center for Health, Identity, Behavior and Prevention Studies (CHIBPS), Rutgers School of Public Health, Newark, NJ, 07102, USA.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective form of HIV prevention, but young sexual minority men face myriad barriers to PrEP uptake. Participants (n = 202) completed a survey on healthcare experiences and beliefs about HIV and PrEP. While 98% of the sample knew about PrEP, only 23. Read More

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Impact of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation on Testicular and Sexual Function.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Feb 14;27(2):182.e1-182.e8. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Transition Unit for Childhood Cancer Survivors, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, Turin, Italy. Electronic address:

High-dose chemotherapy and radiotherapy, administered as a conditioning regimen before stem cell transplantation, are known to negatively impact testicular function and sexuality. However, to date, only a few studies have simultaneously analyzed the real prevalence of these complications in this clinical setting. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of testicular dysfunction and sexual impairment in a cohort of males who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adulthood. Read More

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February 2021

Predictors of Resilience Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence in South Africa.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 8:8862605211005158. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.

South Africa has some of the highest rates of intimate partner and sexual violence globally, with prevalence ranging from 10% to 21% among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW). Yet, few studies characterize the relationship between violence and resilience. Identifying factors associated with resilience following exposure to violence can guide the development of strength-based interventions that change modifiable protective factors to bolster resilience. Read More

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High-psychopathy men with a history of sexual offending have protective factors too: But are these risk relevant and can they change in treatment?

J Consult Clin Psychol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology and Health Studies.

Objective: Psychopathy is a serious personality disorder reputed for resistance to correctional and forensic mental health treatment and synonymous with being high risk for different recidivism outcomes; it is not readily associated with an abundance of positive qualities or protective factors. Research has yet to examine the presence of protective factors as a function of psychopathy in correctional samples and the risk-relevance of protective factors for high-psychopathy men.

Method: The present study examined the association of psychopathy and protective factors to recidivism in a Canadian sample of 461 men who attended sexual-offense-specific treatment and followed up nearly 10-year postrelease. Read More

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Sexual Behaviors and Factors Associated with Condomless Sexual Practice in Colombian Men Who Have Sex with Men at High Risk of HIV Transmission.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Grupo Infettare, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Calle 50 No. 40-74, 050012, Medellín, Colombia.

Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a disproportionate burden of HIV infection worldwide. In Colombia, the prevalence of HIV in MSM is ~ 43 times higher than in the general population (17% vs. 0. Read More

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Risky Sexual Behavior of Young Adults in Hong Kong: An Exploratory Study of Psychosocial Risk Factors.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:658179. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Teaching Laboratory for Forensics and Criminology, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

There is limited knowledge of the prevalence and nature of risky sexual behavior (RSB) among young adults in Hong Kong. This cross-sectional study explored the psychosocial risk factors of RSB with a sample of 1,171 Hong Kong university students (aged 18-40 years). Grounded in the theoretical propositions of several criminological theories (i. Read More

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Can a Multilevel STI/HIV Prevention Strategy for High Risk African American Adolescents Improve Life Satisfaction?

J Happiness Stud 2020 Feb 19;21(2):417-436. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Psychology, Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Addressing adolescent sexual risk behaviors in the STI/HIV prevention literature is well documented; however, impacts from interventions on life satisfaction are relatively unexplored. This study examined data (n = 1658) from a randomized, multi-site, multi-level STI/HIV prevention intervention trial (Project iMPAACS) to determine whether increased protective and reduced sexual risk-taking behaviors associated with STI/HIV would also improve self-reported life satisfaction. Taking into account the nested study design and controlling for confounders, a mixed model ANOVA was performed where Total mean life satisfaction scores were analyzed at baseline and 3, 6, 12, and 18 months post-recruitment. Read More

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February 2020

Risky Sexual Behaviors, Substance Use, and Perceptions of Risky Behaviors Among Criminal Justice Involved Women Who Trade Sex.

J Drug Issues 2019 Jan 29;49(1):15-27. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

This study examined risky sexual behaviors, (4th ed.; )-defined alcohol and substance use disorders, and perceptions of risky behaviors among community released, justice-involved women, who are currently trading sex (CTS), formerly traded sex (FTS), or have never traded sex. Data were derived from 266 sexually active women recruited from a Municipal Drug Court System in St. Read More

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January 2019