17,109 results match your criteria sex workers


Access to HIV-prevention in female sex workers in Ukraine between 2009 and 2017: Coverage, barriers and facilitators.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0250024. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology - IBE, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.

The provision of comprehensive prevention services is vital for reducing the high burden of HIV amongst Ukrainian female sex workers (FSWs). To identify barriers and facilitators that influence access to HIV prevention amongst this population between 2009 and 2017, we developed a literature-informed conceptual framework and conducted a document analysis to identify the components of the Ukrainian prevention package (PP). Using the Integrated Bio Behavioural Surveillance Surveys, we then conducted descriptive analyses to explore PP coverage from 2009 to 2017 and the influence of factors, identified by our conceptual framework. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Derivation of an HIV Risk Score for African Women Who Engage in Sex Work.

AIDS Behav 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359909, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

No tool exists to stratify HIV risk in contemporary African female sex worker (FSW) populations. Data from a cohort of HIV-negative FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya from 2010 to 2017 were used to conduct a survival analysis assessing predictors of HIV infection. Stepwise regression was used to construct a multivariable model that formed the basis for the score. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The EMERALD (Enabling Mobilization, Empowerment, Risk Reduction, and Lasting Dignity) Study: Protocol for the Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Community-Based Combination HIV Prevention Intervention for Female Sex Workers in Baltimore, Maryland.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 16;10(4):e23412. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Health, Behavior & Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Background: Cisgender female sex workers (FSWs) experience high rates of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including chlamydia and gonorrhea. Community empowerment-based responses to the risk environment of FSWs have been associated with significant reductions in HIV and STI risk and associated risk behaviors; however, evaluations of US-based interventions targeting FSWs are limited.

Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the design, implementation, and planned evaluation strategy of an ongoing comprehensive community-level intervention in Baltimore City, Maryland, which aims to improve HIV and STI risk and cumulative incidence among FSWs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of chronic co-exposure to different heavy metals on small fibers of peripheral nerves. A study of metal industry workers.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2021 Apr 15;16(1):12. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, 50-556, Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: Chronic exposure to heavy metals affects various organs, among them the brain and peripheral nerves. Polyneuropathy is mainly length-dependent with predominantly sensory symptoms. There have been few studies on small fiber neuropathy due to heavy metal intoxication. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of Injury Pattern and Treatment on Case Length and Disposition for Hand Injuries Treated Under a Workers' Compensation Claim.

Hand (N Y) 2021 Apr 15:15589447211006848. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA.

Background: In treating occupational hand injuries under workers' compensation, the 2 most important goals are to maximize patient function, ideally to preinjury levels, and permit a timely return to work (RTW). The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting total case length, that is, the total time from injury until primary closure of a patient's claim, and disposition among patients with hand injuries treated under workers' compensation.

Methods: All cases treated under workers' compensation by a single fellowship-trained hand surgeon within a single year were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antibody response to first and second dose of BNT162b2 in a cohort of characterized healthcare workers.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Medicine-DIMED, University of Padova, Italy; Department of Laboratory Medicine, University-Hospital of Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Vaccine-induced population immunity is a key global strategy to control coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The rapid implementation and availability of several COVID-19 vaccines is now a global health-care priority but more information about humoral responses to single- and double-dose vaccine is needed METHODS: 163 health care workers (HCW) of the Padua University Hospitals, who underwent a complete vaccination campaign with BNT162b2 vaccine were asked to collect serum samples at 12 (t12) and 28 (t28) days after the first inoculum to allow the measurement of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies (Ab) using chemiluminescent assays against the spike (S) protein and the Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) of the virus, respectively.

Results: Significant differences were found at t12 for infection-naïve and subjects with previous-natural infection who present higher values of specific antibodies, while no significant differences have been found between t12 and t28. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A review of reported network degree and recruitment characteristics in respondent driven sampling implications for applied researchers and methodologists.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249074. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Respondent driven sampling (RDS) is an important tool for measuring disease prevalence in populations with no sampling frame. We aim to describe key properties of these samples to guide those using this method and to inform methodological research.

Methods: In 2019, authors who published respondent driven sampling studies were contacted with a request to share reported degree and network information. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric healthcare workers.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2021 Mar;50(3):203-211

Children's Intensive Care Unit, Division of Nursing, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of psychological distress. This study evaluates the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on HCWs in a national paediatric referral centre.

Methods: This was a survey-based study that collected demographic, work environment and mental health data from paediatric HCWs in the emergency, intensive care and infectious disease units. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 in a health workers population in Nouakchott-Mauritania].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 18;38:55. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Laboratoire de Biologie médicale du Centre Hospitalier National de Nouakchott, Nouakchott, Mauritanie.

The first outbreak of epidemic respiratory disease due to unknown etiology was reported in the Chinese city of Wuhan December 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) firstly used the term "new coronavirus 2019" on December 29, 2019. This pandemic, which is currently called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Construct Validity and Differential Item Functioning of the PHQ-9 Among Health Care Workers: Rasch Analysis Approach.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 8;17:1035-1045. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Kingdom of Thailand.

Purpose: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is a widely used self-report questionnaire to screen depression. Its psychometric property has been tested in many populations including health care workers. We used Rasch measurement theory to examine the psychometric properties of PHQ-9 regarding item difficulty, item fit and the differences between subgroups of respondents classified by sex, age, education and alcohol user status, based on the same overall location of participants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

SARS-COV-2 ANTIBODY PREVALENCE AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND FIRST RESPONDERS, FLORIDA, MAY-JUNE 2020.

Fla Public Health Rev 2021 Feb;18(1):1-10

Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, FL.

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for severe respiratory infection associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first confirmed in Florida on March 1, 2020. Responding to the pandemic, multi-agency collaborative partnerships put in place actions integrating point-of-care antibody testing at established large-scale COVID-19 testing sites where the baseline seropositivity of COVID-19 in health care workers and first responders in Florida at the start of the pandemic was established.

Purpose: Determine the seropositivity of healthcare workers and first responders at five drive thru testing sites using a rapid SARS-CoV-2 antibody test in Florida from May 6 through June 3, 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Type-Specific Incidence, Persistence and Factors Associated with Human Papillomavirus Infection among Female Sex workers in Benin and Mali, West Africa.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Axe Santé des Populations et Pratiques Optimales en Santé, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study in female sex workers (FSWs) aimed (1) to estimate type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) incidence and persistence in Cotonou (Benin) and Bamako (Mali); (2) to identify the factors associated with incident and persistent type-specific high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection.

Methods: A one-year prospective cohort study on cervical cancer screening, HPV and HIV infections was conducted among FSWs in Cotonou and Bamako, from 2017 to 2019. Poisson regression models assessed factors associated with HR-HPV incidence, while log-binomial regression was performed to identify factors associated with HR-HPV persistence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender intersections identified whilst transitioning mass vitamin A supplementation into an integrated reproductive and child health programme in Sierra Leone.

Health Policy Plan 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Helen Keller International - Regional Office, Nairobi, Kenya.

Since 2006, Sierra Leone has achieved high rates of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) coverage (>88%) during mass campaigns. In 2017, campaigns started transitioning to routine VAS within a six-monthly contact point for integrated reproductive and child health (RCH) services. This contact point included improved counselling and provision of modern contraceptives; throughout this transition high VAS coverage (>85%) has been maintained. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Depression among physicians and other medical employees involved in the COVID-19 outbreak: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25290

Department Cardiology, College of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract: Health care employees are the front liners whom are directly involved in the management of COVID-19 at high risk of developing psychological distress and other mental health illness. We aim to assess the burden of depression during this pandemic on health care employees treating COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. We also will shed the light on the best solutions of how to encounter depression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prostitution Policies and Attitudes Toward Prostitutes.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain.

The present study examined whether regulatory attitudes toward prostitution are related to agency attributed to prostitutes and moral outrage. A Spanish sample (N = 391, aged 18-53 years old) completed a questionnaire that included two separate parts. In the first part, participants answered a scale on regulatory attitudes toward prostitution; in the second part, after reading one of two scenarios, participants answered questions about agency and moral outrage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Oropharyngeal gonorrhoea infections among heterosexual women and men with urogenital gonorrhoea attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is limited evidence about the transmission and prevalence of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea in heterosexuals. From August 2017, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) began testing for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea among heterosexuals with untreated urogenital gonorrhoea. This study aims to determine the positivity of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea among heterosexuals diagnosed with urogenital gonorrhoea at the MSHC between August 2017 and May 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sleep Duration and Insomnia in Adolescents Seeking Treatment for Anxiety in Primary Health Care.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:638879. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Division of Psychiatry, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.

There is limited knowledge about sleep in adolescents with elevated levels of anxiety treated within primary health care settings, potentially resulting in sleep problems not being sufficiently addressed by primary health care workers. In the current study self-reported anxiety, insomnia, sleep onset latency, sleep duration, and depressive symptoms were assessed in 313 adolescents (12-16 years; mean age 14.0, = 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Obstetrics violence among parturient women in Kano State, north-west Nigeria.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2021 Apr 2;29:100620. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Community Medicine, Bayero University Kano/ Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

Objectives: Women endure physical and psychological abuse from carers during delivery. This form of human-right violation has not been well investigated, especially, in low-income countries. This study determined the prevalence and predictors of obstetric violence among women who gave birth in urban Kano, Nigeria. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of lockdown on key workers: findings from the COVID-19 survey in four UK national longitudinal studies.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College London, London, UK

Background: Key workers played a pivotal role during the national lockdown in the UK's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Although protective measures have been taken, the impact of the pandemic on key workers is yet to be fully elucidated.

Methods: Participants were from four longitudinal age-homogeneous British cohorts (born in 2001, 1990, 1970 and 1958). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identifying typologies of diurnal patterns in desk-based workers' sedentary time.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(4):e0248304. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to identify typologies of diurnal sedentary behavior patterns and sociodemographic characteristics of desk-based workers. The sedentary time of 229 desk-based workers was measured using accelerometer devices. The within individual diurnal variations in sedentary time was calculated for both workdays and non-workdays. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of HIV-Positive Incidence Among Transgender Women and Men Who Have Sex with Men at Stand-Alone and Mobile Voluntary Counseling and Testing Facilities in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2021 04;35(4):116-125

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is still a major cause of death in Thais and new cases of infection are still emerging among the key population comprising men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers and their clients, and transgender women (TGW) and people who inject drugs. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of HIV infection between MSM and TGW who were tested at stand-alone and mobile HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) centers and to identify factors associated with HIV-positive individuals from the two services. We conducted an observational study using MSM and TGW individuals with unknown HIV status from the databases at a stand-alone center and a mobile VCT belonging to the MPlus in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Annual influenza vaccination effect on the susceptibility to COVID-19 infection.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2021 Mar;29(1):14-17

Infectious Diseases Department, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: We aimed to study the effect of seasonal influenza (flu) vaccination on the susceptibility to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: A total of 203 healthcare workers of a pandemic centre of Istanbul, Turkey, were included in this retrospective study. According to the presence or absence of flu vaccination, participants were divided into group 1 and group 2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Youths' perceptions of community health workers' delivery of family planning services: a cross-sectional, mixed-methods study in Nakaseke District, Uganda.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 7;21(1):666. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Touro University California, California, USA.

Background: High rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy are a significant health problem in Uganda. To improve access to family planning (FP) services, community-based Village Health Teams (VHTs) are widely employed in Uganda to deliver education and services. However, evaluations of FP programs suggest that mainly older, married women use VHT FP services. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Snapshot of narcotic drugs and psychoactive substances in Kuwait: analysis of illicit drugs use in Kuwait from 2015 to 2018.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 7;21(1):671. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Narcotic and Psychotropic Laboratory, General Department of Criminal Evidence, Ministry of Interior, Al-Dhajeej, Block 1, Al-Farwaniya City, Kuwait.

Background: The misuse of illicit substances is associated with increased morbidity and mortality; thus, substance abuse is a global health concern. The Arabian Gulf region is considered a crossing point and a consumer of illicit drugs. However, a lack of laboratory-based research has limited the scientific assessment of drug misuse in the Arabian Gulf region. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Experiences, impacts and mental health functioning during a COVID-19 outbreak and lockdown: Data from a diverse New York City sample of college students.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(4):e0249768. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Psychology Department, The City College of New York, New York, New York, United States of America.

In March 2020, New York City (NYC) experienced an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which resulted in a 78-day mass confinement of all residents other than essential workers. The aims of the current study were to (1) document the breadth of COVID-19 experiences and their impacts on college students of a minority-serving academic institution in NYC; (2) explore associations between patterns of COVID-19 experiences and psychosocial functioning during the prolonged lockdown, and (3) explore sex and racial/ethnic differences in COVID-19-related experiences and mental health correlates. A total of 909 ethnically and racially diverse students completed an online survey in May 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Marriage practices, decision-making process and contraception use among young married men in rural Odisha, India.

Cult Health Sex 2021 Apr 7:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Social Work, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India.

Research on sexual and reproductive health including contraception use has predominantly focussed on women's behaviour. Much less is known about men's behaviour. We investigated the links between marriage practices and decision-making about contraception use among young married men in rural Odisha. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

When Unnecessary Tasks Weigh Heavily on the Back: A Diary Study on Musculoskeletal Pain.

Workplace Health Saf 2021 Apr 7:2165079921994830. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

University of Bern.

Background: Auxiliary tasks such as administrative work often include tasks that are unnecessary in the view of workers but still have to be done. These tasks can threaten a worker's self-esteem. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of unnecessary and unreasonable tasks on musculoskeletal pain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessment of Occupational Injury among Industrial Workers in the Bahir Dar City of Northwest Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

J Environ Public Health 2021 20;2021:2793053. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Health Informatics, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Ethiopia is one of the economically fastest growing countries in the world. Industries in Ethiopia are booming, and Bahir Dar is one of the industrial zones in the country. The city administration is planning to recruit the majority of the workforce in these industries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The uncounted casualties of a hidden COVID-19 epidemic in China: a cross-sectional study on overwork deaths based on crowdsourced data.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua UniversityNo. 30, Shuangqing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, CN.

Background: During COVID-19 response, non-clinical essential workers usually work overtime and face strong work stress, which will subsequently increase risk of dying from cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and pre-existing conditions. Deaths on duty, including overwork deaths, during the COVID-19 response, were usually reported online for public recognition and solidarity. Though no official statistics is collecting those causalities, an online list of on-duty deaths has been made publicly available by crowdsourcing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Conflicted masculinities: understanding dilemmas and (re)configurations of masculinity among men in long-term relationships with female sex workers, in Kampala, Uganda.

Cult Health Sex 2021 Apr 6:1-26. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

MRC/UVRI and LSHTM Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe, Uganda.

This ethnographic study explores the experience of men in long-term relationships with sex workers and their construction of masculine identities in Kampala, Uganda. Data were collected in 2019 and comprise in-depth interviews with 13 male partners and two group discussions of women with long-term male partners. Thematic analysis used an intersectional lens to frame reconfigurations of gender and masculinity in the context of relationships with sex workers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF