46,583 results match your criteria sex work


Do Patients with Paget's Disease Have Worse Outcomes following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty?

J Knee Surg 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, West Palm Beach, Florida.

Well-powered studies evaluating the effects of Paget's disease on patient outcomes following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are limited. The objective of this study was to determine whether Paget's disease patients undergoing primary TKA have higher rates of complications. A query of an administrative database was performed identifying Paget's disease patients undergoing primary TKA as the study cohort. Read More

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Seeing an occupational health psychologist reduces sickness absence due to mental disorders: A quasi-experimental study.

Prev Med 2021 May 11:106611. Epub 2021 May 11.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland; Administrative Data Research Centre (Northern Ireland), Queen's University Belfast, UK.

Mental health problems are a major public health and work-life issue. We examined in a quasi-experimental design whether occupational health psychologist (OHP) appointment reduces subsequent sickness absence (SA) due to mental disorders among younger Finnish employees. The present study was conducted among 18-39-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki using register data from the City of Helsinki and the Social lnsurance Institution of Finland. Read More

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A systematic scoping review of the methodological approaches and effects of pesticide exposure on solitary bees.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0251197. Epub 2021 May 14.

ORISE Researcher, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Research Triangle Park, Oak Ridge, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: Pollination services provided by solitary bees, the largest group of bees worldwide, are critical to the vitality of ecosystems and agricultural systems alike. Disconcertingly, bee populations are in decline, and while no single causative factor has been identified, pesticides are believed to play a role in downward population trends. The effects of pesticides on solitary bee species have not been previously systematically cataloged and reviewed. Read More

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The Intersection of Alcohol Use, Gender Based Violence and HIV: Empirical Findings among Disadvantaged Service-Seeking Youth in Kampala, Uganda.

AIDS Behav 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Uganda Youth Developmental Link, P.O. Box 12659, Kampala, Uganda, USA.

The SAVA syndemic is frequently used to describe the co-occurrence of HIV, gender-based violence (GBV), and substance use. In this study we determine the extent to which the typologies of the SAVA syndemic can be described and utilized for intervention strategies among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. We analyzed the "Kampala Youth Survey 2014," a cross-sectional survey conducted in the spring of 2014, consisting of a convenience sample (N = 1134) of urban youth (12-18 years of age). Read More

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Where are We Now? A Consolidation of the Research on Long-term Impact of Child Sexual Abuse.

J Child Sex Abus 2021 May 14:1-5. Epub 2021 May 14.

University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

This manuscript provides an introduction to the special issue: . Over the past thirty years, there has been an explosion of research about the long-term impacts of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on adult functioning and wellbeing. However, the consolidation of this vast literature has not kept up with the creation of new research despite the complexity and sophistication of these newer investigations. Read More

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Women's Response Performance in Sexually Risky Situations: Associations With Disinhibited Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 14:8862605211016354. Epub 2021 May 14.

University of New Mexico, USA.

This study evaluated the effects of sexual victimization history, alcohol-related problems, psychological distress, and disinhibited sex-related alcohol expectancies on the effectiveness of women's response performance in hypothetical social situations depicting risk for sexual victimization. Two hundred and forty-five undergraduate women first listened to audiotaped descriptions of the hypothetical social situations and imagined that they were the woman depicted in each scenario. They then were given a response to each situation deemed in prior work by experts in the sexual victimization research area to be effective at reducing risk for sexual victimization and asked to provide each response verbally while being videotaped. Read More

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Differences in Access to HIV Services and Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Malawian Women at Social Venues Who Do and Do Not Engage in Sex Work.

AIDS Behav 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7435, USA.

In the high HIV-burden country of Malawi, female sex workers (FSW) are one of the populations most profoundly affected by HIV. The Malawi Priorities for Local AIDS Control Efforts (PLACE) surveyed 1,004 self-identified FSW, 213 other FSW (OFSW), and 130 other high risk women (OHRW) at social venues. Analyses compared the three groups using survey-weighted log binomial regression models. Read More

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Predicting recovery after lumbar spinal stenosis surgery: A protocol for a historical cohort study using data from the Canadian Spine Outcomes Research Network (CSORN).

Can J Pain 2020 Dec 30;4(4):19-25. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

: Symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (SLSS) is a condition in which narrowing of the spinal canal results in entrapment and compression of neurovascular structures. Decompressive surgery, with or without spinal fusion, is recommended for those with severe symptoms for whom conservative management has failed. However, significant persistent pain, functional limitations, and narcotic use can affect up to one third of patients postsurgery. Read More

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December 2020

Sociodemographic, environmental and labor conditions related to the presence of conjunctivitis and skin irritation in a group of informal street vendors in downtown Medellin, 2015-2019.

Rev Bras Med Trab 2021 Apr 30;19(1):13-26. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad CES, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia.

Introduction: Occupational diseases are those that may have a causal relationship with occupational activity or environment. However, this definition does not specify how this disease would be identified and acknowledged for workers with subsistence jobs.

Objectives: To determine sociodemographic, labor and environmental conditions that collaborate to explain the presence of eye and skin irritation among informal vendors in downtown Medellin. Read More

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The Dark Side of High-Fliers: The Dark Triad, High-Flier Traits, Engagement, and Subjective Success.

Front Psychol 2021 27;12:647676. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Thomas International, Marlow, United Kingdom.

The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between bright-side, High Potential and dark-side Dark Triad traits, as well as work engagement on judgements of perceived success. In all, 290 working adults completed questionnaires assessing their High Potential Personality Traits (HPTI), their dark-triad traits, job engagement and self-rated success at work. The data showed that the three dark-triad traits (Narcissism, Psychopathy, Machiavellianism) were systematically and significantly correlated with High Potential traits Adjustment/neuroticism, Tolerance of Ambiguity and Conscientiousness. Read More

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Factors affecting the risk of relapsing-onset and progressive-onset multiple sclerosis.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: It has been debated whether the different clinical disease courses in multiple sclerosis (MS) are the consequence of different pathogenic mechanisms, with distinct risk factors, or if all MS clinical phenotypes are variations of similar underlying disease mechanisms. We aimed to study environmental risk factors and their interactions with human leucocyte antigen DRB1*15:01 with regards to relapsing-onset and progressive-onset MS.

Methods: We used two Swedish population-based case-control studies, including 7520 relapsing-onset cases, 540 progressive-onset cases and 11 386 controls matched by age, sex and residential area. Read More

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"You need money to get high, and that's the easiest and fastest way:" A typology of sex work and health behaviours among people who inject drugs.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 May 10:103285. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: In the United States, the criminalization and stigmatization of drug use and sex work contribute to infectious disease transmission and healthcare disengagement. People who inject drugs (PWID) and engage in sex work experience exacerbated HIV risk. In the context of the ongoing HIV and overdose epidemics little research describes why PWID engage in sex work and its relative HIV risk. Read More

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Radiation-Induced Lens Opacity and Cataractogenesis: A Lifetime Study Using Mice of Varying Genetic Backgrounds.

Radiat Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Public Health England, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Chilton, United Kingdom.

Recent epidemiological findings and reanalysis of historical data suggest lens opacities resulting from ionizing radiation exposures are likely induced at lower doses than previously thought. These observations have led to ICRP recommendations for a reduction in the occupational dose limits for the eye lens, as well as subsequent implementation in EU member states. The EU CONCERT LDLensRad project was initiated to further understand the effects of ionizing radiation on the lens and identify the mechanism(s) involved in radiation-induced cataract, as well as the impact of dose and dose-rate. Read More

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Correlation study to identify the factors affecting COVID-19 case fatality rates in India.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 May 10;15(3):993-999. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Geography, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

Background And Aims: In India, COVID-19 case fatality rates (CFRs) have consistently been very high in states like Punjab and Maharashtra and very low in Kerala and Assam. To investigate the discrepancy in state-wise CFRs, datasets on various factors related to demography, socio-economy, public health, and healthcare capacity have been collected to study their association with CFR.

Methods: State-wise COVID-19 data was collected till April 22, 2021. Read More

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Value Analysis of Anatomic and Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis with an Intact Rotator Cuff.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 May;103(10):913-920

Holy Cross Orthopedic Institute, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Background: While anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) has historically been considered the ideal treatment for end-stage glenohumeral osteoarthritis, reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has recently gained popularity. With substantial differences in implant design and cost between TSA and RSA, further investigation of outcomes and value is needed to support recent trends. The purpose of this study was to use the average and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ACER and ICER) and the procedure value index (PVI) to examine differences in outcomes and value between TSA and RSA for treatment of glenohumeral osteoarthritis with an intact rotator cuff. Read More

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A Social-Ecological Approach to Understanding Adolescent Sexting Behavior.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Dept of Management Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

This study examined the extent to which active and passive sexting behaviors are associated with family-, school-, peer-, and romantic-level variables. Young people (N = 3,322; 49.1% female, 48. Read More

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Pleiotropic associations of heterozygosity for the Z allele in the UK Biobank.

ERJ Open Res 2021 Apr 10;7(2). Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, and NIHR Nottingham BRC, NUH NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK.

Homozygosity for the Z allele causes α-antitrypsin deficiency, a rare condition that can cause lung and liver disease. However, the effects of Z allele heterozygosity on nonrespiratory phenotypes, and on lung function in the general population, remain unclear. We conducted a large, population-based study to determine Z allele effects on >2400 phenotypes in the UK Biobank (N=303 353). Read More

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Antimeningococcal Vaccination Coverage Among Healthcare Workers in an Italian University Hospital.

Front Public Health 2021 26;9:651100. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Specialization in Occupational Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Following an outbreak of meningococcal epidemic in 2015 and 2016 in Tuscany, we registered a higher demand for antimeningococcal vaccination (anti-Men ACWY) by Healthcare Workers of the University Hospital of Pisa [Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana (AOUP)]. The purpose of this work is to analyze and discuss data on vaccination coverage resulting from this vaccination campaign. We conducted a monocentric study about anti-Men vaccination in the healthcare workers of the AOUP following the outbreak of meningococcal meningitis that occurred mainly in the population of the Tuscan provinces of Pisa, Pistoia, Prato, and Florence. Read More

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Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Factors Among Adults in Debre Berhan Town, North Shoa Zone, Ethiopia, 2020.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 5;17:203-210. Epub 2021 May 5.

Debre Berhan Health Science College, Department of Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Hypertension is a serious medical condition that significantly increases the risks of heart, brain, kidney, and other diseases. The prevalence is highest in Africa (27%) and lowest in America (18%). Hypertension is a major reason for premature death worldwide; this is why it will become a targeted non-communicable disease by 2025. Read More

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Dopamine transporter is a master regulator of dopaminergic neural network connectivity.

J Neurosci 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

Dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra (SNC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) exhibit spontaneous firing activity. The dopaminergic neurons in these regions have been shown to exhibit differential sensitivity to neuronal loss and psychostimulants targeting dopamine transporter. However, it remains unclear whether these regional differences scale beyond individual neuronal activity to regional neuronal networks. Read More

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Prenatal Exposure And Child brain and mental Health (PEACH) study: protocol for a cohort study of children and youth with prenatal alcohol exposure.

BMJ Open 2021 May 11;11(5):e051660. Epub 2021 May 11.

Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which is caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), affects an estimated 4% of North Americans, and is the most common preventable cause of intellectual disability. Mental health problems, including anxiety and depression, are experienced by nearly all individuals with FASD. However, there is very limited knowledge about effective mental health treatments for individuals with FASD; effective treatments are hindered in part due to a lack of understanding of the basic neurobiology underlying internalising disorders in youth with FASD. Read More

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Characteristics and treatable traits of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with and without paid employment.

Respir Res 2021 May 12;22(1):147. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Research and Development, Ciro, Horn, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Patients with COPD are vulnerable to workforce detachment. Better knowledge of features associated with paid work loss might be of help to design and select appropriate interventions.

Method: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the presence of treatable traits in COPD patients without paid work. Read More

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Infrared thermal imaging monitoring on hands when performing repetitive tasks: An experimental study.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0250733. Epub 2021 May 12.

Faculty of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Autonomous University of Baja California, Tijuana, Mexico.

The monitoring of infrared thermal images is reported to analyze changes in skin temperature in the hand fingers when repetitive work is performed to know which finger has a greater risk of injury, besides, the recovery time is analyzed regarding the initial temperature and its relationship with age, sex, weight, height if practice sports, and Body Mass Index (BMI) per individual. For the above, an experimental test was carried out for 10 minutes on a repetitive operation that takes place in the telecommunications industry and 39 subjects participated in which an infrared thermal image of the dorsal and palmar part of both hands was taken in periods of 5 minutes after the 10-minute test has elapsed. The results show that none of the participants recovered their initial temperature after 10 minutes of the experimental test. Read More

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Identification of a Novel Genetic Marker for Risk of Degenerative Rotator Cuff Disease Surgery in the UK Biobank.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (E.L.Y., J.D.K., and R.W.W.), Surgery (E.L.Y. and G.A.C.), Genetics (S.J.L. and N.L.S.), and General Medical Studies (B.A.E.), Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Background: While evidence indicates that familial predisposition influences the risk of developing degenerative rotator cuff disease (RCD), knowledge of specific genetic markers is limited. We conducted a genome-wide association study of RCD surgery using the UK Biobank, a prospective cohort of 500,000 people (40 to 69 years of age at enrollment) with genotype data.

Methods: Cases with surgery for degenerative RCD were identified using linked hospital records. Read More

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Valosin-containing Protein in Psoriasis: A Clinical and Immunohistochemical Study.

Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Departments of Pathology Dermatology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt.

Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease, affects about 2% to 3% of the world population. Valosin-containing protein (VCP) is one of the newly discovered markers that is highly expressed in neoplasms and hyperproliferative lesions. This work aimed to study the role of VCP in psoriasis vulgaris by immunohistochemical study and correlate its expression with the available clinicopathologic data. Read More

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Toxicological and anti-tumor effects of a linden extract ( Scop.) in a HPV16-transgenic mouse model.

Food Funct 2021 May;12(9):4005-4014

Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), Inov4Agro, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal.

Tilia platyphyllos Scop. is a popular broad-leaved tree, native to Central and Southern Europe. Hydroethanolic extracts rich in phenolic compounds obtained from T. Read More

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HIV and mental health among young people in low-resource contexts in Southeast Asia: A qualitative investigation.

Glob Public Health 2021 May 12:1-15. Epub 2021 May 12.

VOICES-Thailand Foundation, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Young people aged 15-24 years comprise one-fourth of incident HIV infections in Southeast Asia. Given the high prevalence and impact of mental health issues among young people, we explored intersections of HIV and mental health, with a focus on adolescent and young key populations (AYKP) in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Sixteen focus group discussions (4/country) with young people ( = 132; 16-24 years) and 41 key informant interviews with multisectoral HIV experts explored young people's lived experiences and unmet needs, existing programmes, and strategic directions for local and regional HIV responses. Read More

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Likelihood of meeting physical activity guidelines in rural and urban adults: cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey.

Can J Public Health 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, Canada.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to compare the odds of meeting physical activity (PA) guidelines among adults living in rural and urban areas of Canada.

Methods: Data from the 2017 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey were analyzed using binomial logistic regression with a sample of 47,266 adults representing a survey-weighted total of 25,669,018. The odds of meeting PA guidelines were determined based on self-reported moderate-to-vigorous PA (<150 min per week or ≥150 min per week). Read More

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A Prospective Study of Predictors and Consequences of Hooking Up for Sexual Minority Women.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Hooking up, which refers to a sexual encounter (ranging from kissing to penetrative sex) between individuals who are not in a committed relationship, is an increasingly normative form of sexual exploration among emerging adults. Past research has focused on hookups within a heteronormative context, and some of this work has examined hookups as a way to cope with distress. Building on this work, we examined the role of hookups as a means for lesbian and bisexual women to cope with minority stress through increasing connection and engagement with the LGBTQ (lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender/queer or questioning) community. Read More

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