361,231 results match your criteria severe clinical

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: Overlapping Mechanisms.

Semin Liver Dis 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) denotes a condition with excess fat in the liver. The prevalence of NAFLD is increasing, averaging > 25% of the Western population. In 25% of the patients, NAFLD progresses to its more severe form: nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and >25% of these progress to cirrhosis following activation of inflammatory and fibrotic processes. Read More

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Hydrogel-based therapeutic angiogenesis: An alternative treatment strategy for critical limb ischemia.

Biomaterials 2021 May 7;274:120872. Epub 2021 May 7.

Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Biomedical Engineering, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, PR China. Electronic address:

Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe clinical manifestation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), resulting in the total or partial loss of limb function. Although the conventional treatment strategy of CLI (e.g. Read More

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Associations between malignancy and cardiovascular complications following emergency laparotomy - A retrospective cohort study.

Surg Oncol 2021 May 5;38:101591. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center for Surgical Science, Department of Surgery, Zealand University Hospital, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Systemic inflammation in patients with malignant disease has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. The pro-inflammatory perturbations following surgical trauma may further promote adverse perioperative cardiovascular events and increase the risk of patients with cancer undergoing major surgery. Our objective was to estimate the association between malignant disease and postoperative cardiovascular complications. Read More

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Sleep disturbances in autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment: relationship with executive function and psychiatric symptoms.

Sleep Med 2021 Apr 22;83:106-114. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Group of Psychiatry, Mental Health and Addictions, Vall d'Hebron Research Institute (VHIR), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Biomedical Network Research Centre on Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain.

The autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition, frequently accompanied by medical and psychiatric pathology. One of the most commonly found problems associated with ASD is sleep disturbances, which are estimated to affect approximately 80% of the people with ASD, not only during childhood but also in the adolescence and adult stages. Nevertheless, the relationship of these sleep difficulties with autism severity, as well as other associated impairments such as executive functioning and psychiatric disorders (eg, depression), has not yet been widely studied. Read More

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A single-center experience of endovascular treatment in subtypes of basilar artery occlusion: Embolization caused by tandem vertebral artery stenosis may be associated to better outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Neurology, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is a severe condition with high mortality. However, the surgical procedures and outcomes of BAO with different pathologic subtypes have not been fully clarified. This study aimed to compare the surgical procedures and clinical outcomes of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in different subtypes of BAO. Read More

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Universal Engraftment after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Using Cryopreserved CD34 Selected Grafts.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medicine, Adult Bone Marrow Transplant Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY.

Background: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, most centers performing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) have switched to the use of cryopreserved grafts. Previous investigators have suggested that cryopreserved allografts may heighten risk of nonengraftment. To date, no study has investigated the effect of cryopreservation of CD34-selected hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+HPC) used as the sole graft source. Read More

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Total IgE variability is associated with future asthma exacerbations: a one-year prospective cohort study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Airway Physiology and Imaging Group and the Woolcock Emphysema Centre, The Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Discipline of Medical Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Few prospective studies have investigated the relationship between IgE variability and risk of asthma exacerbations (AEs).

Objective: To explore the relationship between IgE variability and AEs.

Methods: Recruited patients with stable asthma underwent two serum total IgE tests within a month (at screening [baseline IgE] and one-month) to obtain coefficient of variation (CV) of base-10 log-transformed IgE. Read More

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Galeazzi fracture-dislocations: Long-term prognosis of the distal radioulnar joint.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Hand Surgery and Upper Extremity Center, "Carlos E. Ottolenghi" Institute, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Tte. Gral. Juan Domingo Perón 4190, CABA, C1199ABB, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate long-term functional and radiographic outcome in the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) for Galeazzi fracture-dislocation after anatomic reduction and rigid fixation of the radius. Fourteen patients, with an average age of 38 years, presenting with Galeazzi fracture-dislocation treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the radius and closed reduction of the DRUJ were retrospectively evaluated, with a minimum follow-up of 6 years. At final evaluation (mean: 8 years), the DRUJ was objectively and subjectively evaluated for range of motion (RoM), grip strength, ballottement test, pain on axial loading, function on visual analog scale (VAS) and DASH score. Read More

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Brazilian Red Propolis shows antifungal and immunomodulatory activities against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 12:114181. Epub 2021 May 12.

Federal University of Alfenas - UNIFAL. Alfenas, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis with high prevalence in South America and especially in Brazil with severe clinical consequences that need broadened therapeutic options. Propolis is a natural resin from bees used in folk medicine for centuries with the first report in the ancient history of Egypt by Eberly papyrus, in Middle-Ages used to wash the newborn's umbilical cord and World War II as antiseptic or antibiotics. Nowadays it is a natural product worldwide consumed as food and traditionally used for oral and systemic diseases as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antifungal, and other diseases. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of elastography and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with NAFLD: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Hepatol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Translational Gastroenterology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Oxford NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE), point shear wave elastography (pSWE), two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2DSWE), magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are proposed as non-invasive tests for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study evaluated their diagnostic accuracy for liver fibrosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Methods: PubMED/MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies examining the diagnostic accuracy of these index tests against histology as the reference standard, in adult patients with NAFLD. Read More

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Cytotoxicity, anti-tumor effects and structure-activity relationships of nickel and palladium S,C,S pincer complexes against double and triple-positive and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 May 12:128107. Epub 2021 May 12.

Nanotechnology Research Center, Bu-Ali Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Medical Biotechnology, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive form of breast cancer. The high rate of metastasis associated with TNBC is attributed to its multidrug resistance, making the treatment of this metastatic condition difficult. The development of metal-based antitumor agents was launched with the discovery of cisplatin, followed by the development of related antitumor drugs such as carboplatin and oxaliplatin. Read More

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Is Machine Learning-derived Low-Density Lipoprotein Estimation more reliable than standard closed form equations? Insights from a laboratory database by comparison with a direct homogeneous assay.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Clinical Research Center, Hôtel Dieu de France and Faculty of Medicine, Université Saint Joseph, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: There is no consensus on the best method to estimate Low Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (LDL-C) in routine laboratories.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to compare the performances of a Machine Learning (ML) algorithm using the K-Nearest Neighbors (LDL-KNN) method with that of the Friedewald formula (LDL-F), the Martin-Hopkins equation (LDL-NF), the de Cordova equation (LDL-CO) and the Sampson equation (LDL-SA) against direct homogeneous LDL-C assay (LDL-D) in patients who presented to the Laboratories of Hôtel Dieu de France university hospital in Beirut, Lebanon, from September 2017 to July 2020. Agreements between methods were analyzed using Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) and the Bland-Altman method of agreement. Read More

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Incidence, characteristics and clinical profile of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in patients with pre-existing primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in Spain.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain.

Infections are one of the well-known precipitating factors for relapses in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection can sometimes lead to or be associated with thrombocytopenia due to an increase in peripheral platelet destruction from inflammatory hyperactivation. Currently, we do not know if SARS-CoV-2 infection modifies the natural evolution of chronic or persistent ITP or if previous immunosuppression of patients with ITP influences the incidence and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in this group. Read More

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Comparative efficacy and safety of systemic therapies used in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA.

Given the lack of head-to-head studies of systemic therapies in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), network meta-analyses (NMAs) can provide comparative efficacy and safety data to inform clinical decision making. In this NMA, eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before October 24, 2019 were identified by a systematic literature review. Short-term (12-16 weeks) efficacy (Investigator's Global Assessment [IGA] and Eczema Area and Severity Index [EASI] responses), patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and safety data from each trial were abstracted and analyzed separately for monotherapy and combination-therapy (systemic plus topical anti-inflammatory therapy). Read More

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A novel method for quantifying ingested food allergens in human sera.

Clin Exp Allergy 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Odense Research Center for Anaphylaxis (ORCA), Dept. of Dermatology & Allergy Center, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Severe reactions in IgE-mediated food-allergic patients can occur within minutes after ingestion, but the eliciting mechanism(s), linking the amount of allergenic food to the heterogeneity of clinical manifestations, are yet unknown. Quantification of IgE reactive allergenic food in circulation is a prerequisite for understanding the kinetics of the allergic immune response, and has been attempted based upon poly-/monoclonal antibody recognition of wheat , cow's milk , and peanut allergens. Read More

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Laboratory testing for ADAMTS13: utility for TTP diagnosis/exclusion and beyond†.

Am J Hematol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Section of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13), also known as VWF (von Willebrand factor) protease, may be assessed in a vast array of clinical conditions. Notably, a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 characterises TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura), a rare but potentially fatal disorder associated with thrombosis due to accumulation of prothrombotic ultra-large VWF multimers. Although prompt identification/exclusion of TTP can be facilitated by rapid ADAMTS13 testing, the most commonly utilised assays are based on ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay) and require long turnaround time and have relatively limited throughput. Read More

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Prevalence of liver injury in 445 patients with Corona Virus Disease-19-Single-centre experience from southern India.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, MIOT International, 4/112, Mount Poonamalle High Road, Sathya Nagar, Manapakkam, Chennai, 600 089, India.

Background: Abnormal liver function tests (LFT) are common in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and vary from 15% to 53%. There are scanty data  from India on the prevalence of liver injury in corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

Methods: We did this retrospective study in a tertiary care hospital, Chennai, India. Read More

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The role of disinfectants and sanitizers during COVID-19 pandemic: advantages and deleterious effects on humans and the environment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Medical Research Unit, School of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.

Disinfectants and sanitizers are essential preventive agents against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; however, the pandemic crisis was marred by undue hype, which led to the indiscriminate use of disinfectants and sanitizers. Despite demonstrating a beneficial role in the control and prevention of COVID-19, there are crucial concerns regarding the large-scale use of disinfectants and sanitizers, including the side effects on human and animal health along with harmful impacts exerted on the environment and ecological balance. This article discusses the roles of disinfectants and sanitizers in the control and prevention of the current pandemic and highlights updated disinfection techniques against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Read More

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The Efficacy of Parent Training Interventions for Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Treating Untargeted Comorbid Internalizing Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Population, Policy and Practice Research and Teaching Department, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK.

Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are among the primary reasons for child and youth referrals to mental health services and are linked to poor adult outcomes including antisocial behavior disorder. Research indicates a high incidence of internalizing problems in those with DBDs and those who have DBDs with cooccurring internalizing problems may have more severe later outcomes. Interventions targeted at internalizing symptoms have been found to also reduce comorbid externalizing problems. Read More

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First case of lethal encephalitis in Western Europe due to European bat lyssavirus type 1.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Sorbonne Université, Brain Institute (ICM; INSERM, UMRS 1127; CNRS, UMR 7225), Paris, France.

Background: Inaccurate diagnosis of encephalitis is a major issue as immunosuppressive treatments can be deleterious in case of viral infection. The European bat lyssavirus type 1, a virus related to rabies virus, is endemic in European bats. No human case has yet been reported in Western Europe. Read More

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Diabetes coexistent with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease presenting as a recurrent foot ulcer misdiagnosed as diabetic foot: a case report.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Innovation Center for Wound Repair, Diabetic Foot Care Center, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P. R. China.

Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) can lead to severe peripheral neuropathy. The differential diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy is difficult due to the similar clinical features. There are still some clues, such as unusual muscle atrophy, unmatched severity of peripheral neurogenic damage with nephropathy or retinopathy, which could alert clinicians to make differential diagnosis. Read More

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Dynamic navigation: a laboratory study on the accuracy and potential use of guided root canal treatment.

Int Endod J 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

OMFS-IMPATH Research Group, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leuven, and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Aim: To evaluate 3D accuracy and outcome of a dynamic navigation method for guided root canal treatment of severe pulp canal obliteration (PCO) in 3D printed jaws.

Methodology: Three operators with different levels of experience in Endodontics performed navigated access cavities, using the Navident system (ClaroNav, Toronto, Canada), in 2 sets (maxillary and mandibular) of 3D-printed jaw models with teeth presenting severe PCO. Models were mounted on a phantom to mimic a real clinical situation. Read More

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Long-term efficacy and safety of intravenous injection of clonal mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow in five adults with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis.

J Dermatol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Dermatology, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin disease that is treated with immunosuppressants. However, long-term use of immunosuppressants may cause toxicity and severe side-effects. To confirm the long-term efficacy and safety of clonal mesenchymal stem cell therapy, we performed investigator-initiated clinical trials and long-term observation in five adult patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis that was refractory to conventional treatments. Read More

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Real life Study on the Pharmacokinetic of Remdesivir in ICU patients admitted for Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics, Amedeo di Savoia Hospital, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.

Remdesivir is one of the most encouraging treatments against SARS-CoV-2 infection. After intravenous infusion, RDV is rapidly metabolized (T 1h) within the cells to its active adenosine triphosphate analogue form (GS-443902) and, then, it can be found in plasma in its nucleoside analogue form (GS-441524). In this real life study we describe the Remdesivir and GS-441524 concentrations at 3 time points in nine ICU patients, through a validated UHPLC-MS/MS method. Read More

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The natural course of COVID-19 patients without clinical intervention.

J Med Virol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University, 330006, Nanchang, China.

Objective: The natural course of COVID-19 patients without clinical intervention has not yet been documented.

Methods: One hundred and fifty-eight patients from two hospitals were enrolled to identify the indicators of severe COVID-19 and observe the natural course of COVID-19 patients without clinical intervention.

Results: The total computed tomography (CT) score, a quantitative score based on assessment of the number, quadrant, and area of the lesions in CT, tended to perform better than assessment based only on the number or area of the lesions (p = 0. Read More

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Phase 2 randomized placebo-controlled study of lasmiditan for the acute treatment of migraine in Japanese patients.

Headache 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Japan.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lasmiditan in Japanese adults with migraine.

Background: Global clinical studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of lasmiditan in the acute treatment of migraine.

Methods: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study in Japan (NCT03962738), which enrolled adults with migraine with or without aura. Read More

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Genetic causes of neonatal and infantile hypercalcaemia.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research and Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.

The causes of hypercalcaemia in the neonate and infant are varied, and often distinct from those in older children and adults. Hypercalcaemia presents clinically with a range of symptoms including failure to thrive, poor feeding, constipation, polyuria, irritability, lethargy, seizures and hypotonia. When hypercalcaemia is suspected, an accurate diagnosis will require an evaluation of potential causes (e. Read More

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Oxygen tension modulates the mitochondrial genetic bottleneck and influences the segregation of a heteroplasmic mtDNA variant in vitro.

Commun Biol 2021 May 14;4(1):584. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.

Most humans carry a mixed population of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA heteroplasmy) affecting ~1-2% of molecules, but rapid percentage shifts occur over one generation leading to severe mitochondrial diseases. A decrease in the amount of mtDNA within the developing female germ line appears to play a role, but other sub-cellular mechanisms have been implicated. Establishing an in vitro model of early mammalian germ cell development from embryonic stem cells, here we show that the reduction of mtDNA content is modulated by oxygen and reaches a nadir immediately before germ cell specification. Read More

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Exploring the feasibility of using real-world data from a large clinical data research network to simulate clinical trials of Alzheimer's disease.

NPJ Digit Med 2021 May 14;4(1):84. Epub 2021 May 14.

Health Outcomes & Biomedical Informatics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

In this study, we explored the feasibility of using real-world data (RWD) from a large clinical research network to simulate real-world clinical trials of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The target trial (i.e. Read More

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