42 results match your criteria settlement founded

Evolutionary Processes Involved in the Emergence and Expansion of an Atypical O. sativa Group in Madagascar.

Rice (N Y) 2021 May 20;14(1):44. Epub 2021 May 20.

Université de Antananarivo, département de biologie et écologie végétale, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Understanding crops genetic diversity and the evolutionary processes that accompanied their worldwide spread is useful for designing effective breeding strategies. Madagascar Island was one of the last major Old World areas where human settlement brought the introduction of Oryza sativa. Early studies in the island had reported the presence of a rice group specific to Madagascar. Read More

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Balancing one's mood: experiences of physical activity in adults with severe obesity 18 months after lifestyle intervention.

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2020 Aug 18;153-154:23-31. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Nord Universitet, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Bodø, Norway.

Background: Patients with severe obesity may have special challenges in regard to increasing health and well-being through physical activity (PA). The biggest challenge is maintaining the recommended PA level on a long-term basis. Yet, little focus has been put on the experiences of individuals with severe obesity during PA when physically active in everyday life after intervention has ended. Read More

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Analysis of tangential contact boundary value problems using potential functions.

R Soc Open Sci 2019 Mar 13;6(3):182106. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Computer Laboratory for Granular Physics Studies, Geosystems Engineering, University of Florida, FL, USA.

This paper presents an analysis technique of high-order contact potential problems and its application to an elastic settlement analysis of a shallow foundation system subjected to a combined traction boundary condition. Closed-form solutions of potential functions are derived for an elastic half-space subjected to bilinear tangential traction boundary conditions over rectangular surface regions. Using the principle of superposition, the present solutions provide a means to form an approximate and continuous solution of elastic contact problems with higher-order tangential boundary conditions. Read More

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Effect of substrate deployment timing and reproductive strategy on patterns in invasiveness of the colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum.

Mar Environ Res 2018 Oct 7;141:109-118. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Cawthron Institute, Private Bag 2, Nelson, 7010, New Zealand. Electronic address:

The colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum is a high-profile marine invader, with a geographically widespread distribution after introductions to several temperate regions. D. vexillum has been the focus of several eradication and control programmes globally and the need for specific biological knowledge that relates to establishment processes, persistence, impacts and potential for spread remains. Read More

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October 2018

Persistence and space preemption explain species-specific founder effects on the organization of marine sessile communities.

Ecol Evol 2018 03 23;8(6):3430-3442. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Centro de Biologia Marinha Universidade de São Paulo (USP) São Sebastião Brazil.

Community assembly may not follow predictable successional stages, with a large fraction of the species pool constituted by potential pioneering species and successful founders defined through lottery. In such systems, priority effects may be relevant in the determination of trajectories of developing communities and hence diversity and assemblage structure at later advanced states. In order to assess how different founder species may trigger variable community trajectories and structures, we conducted an experimental study using subtidal sessile assemblages as model. Read More

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Application of Mouse Models to Research in Hearing and Balance.

J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2016 Dec 17;17(6):493-523. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME, 04609, USA.

Laboratory mice (Mus musculus) have become the major model species for inner ear research. The major uses of mice include gene discovery, characterization, and confirmation. Every application of mice is founded on assumptions about what mice represent and how the information gained may be generalized. Read More

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December 2016

[Russians in Bjelovar hospitals during and after World war I].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2016 Aug;14(1):57-62

Klinika za ginekologiju i porodništvo Kliničke bolnice "Sveti Duh", Hrvatsko katoličko sveučilište, Zagreb, Hrvatska.

The Great War was the beginning of the settlement of the Russian population in the town of Bjelovar in war conditions, most often as prisoners of war directed to the treatment of the military or civilian hospital. Thus, in Bjelovar during the Great War died 71 members of the Russian people, principally the soldiers, prisoners. Some were later permanently inhabited, founded by his family and worked in Bjelovar longer or shorter time. Read More

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Dan Reich

Harefuah 2015 Oct;154(10):665-8, 674

The establishment of the Cooperative Merhavia in 1910 marked the beginning of the settlement in the Jezreel Valley. The medical services started to develop almost simultaneously, with a small number of physicians and nurses who came in the wake of the first settlers and set up infirmaries in the region's communities mainly to treat malaria and other infectious diseases. The Ha'Emek Medical Center, which celebrates 90 years since its foundation, was the first hospital of Kupat Holim. Read More

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October 2015

Jane Addams and the "devil baby tales": the usefulness of perplexity in "sympathetic understanding," a tool in learning empathy.

Thetis R Cromie

J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2015 Feb 29;63(1):101-36. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

Jane Addams was a social thinker, a public philosopher, and a leader of the settlement house movement in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. She developed a method to understand people from backgrounds radically different from her own. This approach, which she called "sympathetic understanding," involved a dialogic process that included "perplexity" and inquiry. Read More

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February 2015

Can novel genetic analyses help to identify low-dispersal marine invasive species?

Ecol Evol 2014 Jul 24;4(14):2848-66. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Molecular Ecology Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

Genetic methods can be a powerful tool to resolve the native versus introduced status of populations whose taxonomy and biogeography are poorly understood. The genetic study of introduced species is presently dominated by analyses that identify signatures of recent colonization by means of summary statistics. Unfortunately, such approaches cannot be used in low-dispersal species, in which recently established populations originating from elsewhere in the species' native range also experience periods of low population size because they are founded by few individuals. Read More

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Creating and developing a non-profit community-outreach healthcare clinic in the developing world: lessons learnt in South Africa.

D M Favara

Int J Clin Pract 2014 May;68(5):536-40

Balliol College & Nuffield Department of Surgery, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.

Chesed Children's Clinic is a non-profit, non-governmental, volunteer-run primary care paediatric-outreach clinic servicing the severely under-resourced informal settlement of Mzamomhle within South Africa's impoverished Eastern Cape Province. Founded in May 2011 by a group of junior medical professionals and volunteers, the clinic has been successfully operating a weekend clinic on alternate Sundays since September 2011. This paper discusses 10 points of essential consideration for individuals and organisations intent on pursuing similar projects. Read More

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The environmental impact of Cambodia's ancient city of Mahendraparvata (Phnom Kulen).

PLoS One 2014 8;9(1):e84252. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Archaeology and Development Foundation, London, United Kingdom.

The Khmer kingdom, whose capital was at Angkor from the 9(th) to the 14(th)-15(th) century, was founded in 802 by king Jayavarman II in a city called Mahandraparvata, on Phnom Kulen. Virtually nothing more is known of Mahandraparvata from the epigraphic sources, but systematic archaeological survey and excavation have identified an array of cultural features that point to a more extensive and enduring settlement than the historical record indicates. Recent remote sensing data have revolutionized our view, revealing the remains of a city with a complex and spatially extensive network of urban infrastructure. Read More

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September 2014

[Here the world is burning: the 70th anniversary of the death of neurologist Dr. John Rittmeister].

Ch Teller

Nervenarzt 2013 Sep;84(9):1056-7, 1060-3

John Rittmeister was a German neurologist (1898-1943) who was executed in Berlin-Plötzensee because of his decision to support organized political resistance against National Socialism. He grew up in a socially and materially privileged environment and following his final school examinations (Abitur) in 1917 he volunteered for war duties despite limited physical capabilities and was posted as a private to the war front in the Italian Alps and the Champagne district. While he was there he made his first social experiences outside his original surroundings. Read More

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September 2013

Health activism in Cape Town: a case study of the Health Workers Society.

S Afr Med J 2012 Mar 2;102(6):403-305. Epub 2012 Mar 2.

School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town.

The Health Workers Society (HWS), founded in 1980, was one of several progressive health organisations that fought for a democratic health system in South Africa. We document the sociopolitical context within which it operated and some of its achievements. HWS, many of whose members were staff and students of the University of Cape Town (UCT), provided a forum for debate on health-related issues, politics and society, and worked closely with other organisations to oppose the apartheid state's health policies and practices. Read More

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A small cohort of Island Southeast Asian women founded Madagascar.

Proc Biol Sci 2012 Jul 21;279(1739):2761-8. Epub 2012 Mar 21.

Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

The settlement of Madagascar is one of the most unusual, and least understood, episodes in human prehistory. Madagascar was one of the last landmasses to be reached by people, and despite the island's location just off the east coast of Africa, evidence from genetics, language and culture all attests that it was settled jointly by Africans, and more surprisingly, Indonesians. Nevertheless, extremely little is known about the settlement process itself. Read More

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[MRI findings delay the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma].

H Becker

Clin Neuroradiol 2011 Sep;21(3):153-6

Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Wilseder Weg 25, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland.

This report concerns a 55-year-old female patient who presented with headache, dry right eye and dry nose on the right side. After 5 months magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was carried out but no pathological findings were diagnosed. Right-sided facial pain appeared 6 months later and a second MRI was carried out but only fluid retention in the right mastoid was diagnosed. Read More

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September 2011

Health at the time of Native-European contact in Southern Patagonia: first steps, results, and prospects.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2006 Dec;101 Suppl 2:97-105

Laboratorio de Ecología Evolutiva Humana, Departamento de Arqueología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Quequén, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The objective of this paper is to present the first steps into the study of health in southern Patagonia during pre and post Native-European contact. Thus, our work has a double purpose. First, to discuss characteristics and relevance of human bone records of southern Patagonia, in order to study health in a population context. Read More

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December 2006

Quantitative paleoparasitology applied to archaeological sediments.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2006 Dec;101 Suppl 2:29-33

Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Three techniques to extract parasite remains from archaeological sediments were tested. The aim was to improve the sensibility of recommended paleoparasitological techniques applied in archaeological remains. Sediment collected from the pelvic girdle of a human body found in Cabo Vírgenes, Santa Cruz, Argentina, associated to a Spanish settlement founded in 1584 known as Nombre de Jesús, was used to search for parasites. Read More

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December 2006

[Consensus, hedonism: the characteristics of new family and their consequences for the development of children].

Encephale 2005 Jul-Aug;31(4 Pt 1):457-65

CHU de Brest.

Over the last three decades, the marital family model described by Durkheim at the end of the nineteenth century has undergone numerous changes, e.g. questioning about the principle of authority, women emancipation, occurrence of the "new fathers", the growing influence of the media on the daily life of families, the less frequent and most precious child (due to the reduced number of children per family),. Read More

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February 2006

Islands inside an island: reproductive isolates on Jerba island.

Am J Hum Biol 2006 Jan;18(1):149-53

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Immunology and Biotechnology, University of Sciences of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.

Jerba Island, located in South Eastern Tunisia, is inhabited by four ethnic groups: Berbers, Arabs, sub-Saharans, and Jews. All live in distinct areas, although the Arabs are also distributed all over the island. The first Arab settlement was founded in the 7th century A. Read More

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January 2006

Spinal anaesthesia--early Australian experience.

L J McBride

Anaesth Intensive Care 2005 Jun;33 Suppl 1:39-44

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW.

Australia in 1902 was a fledgling colony in its second year of Federation with a population of around 3.7 million. European settlement had been largely confined to the coastal margins of this enormous land mass, although some bold adventurers in search of gold and farmland had struggled their way into the interior Horsham, situated 300 km northwest of Melbourne in the state of Victoria, was founded in June 1849. Read More

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Collaborative research, participatory solutions: research on asbestos in Kuruman, South Africa.

Int J Occup Environ Health 2004 Apr-Jun;10(2):226-32

Department of Africana Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.

The 1998 South African National Asbestos Summit proposed a post-apartheid asbestos policy for the country. In the areas of environmental rehabilitation, health care, and compensation, it envisioned connecting asbestos mitigation to participatory development. In 2001, the Asbestos Collaborative, an international and interdisciplinary team, conducted follow-up research on the recommendations of the 1998 Summit, researching environmental, health, and compensation issues through consultation of documents and interviews with officials in urban areas and with people in Kuruman, a former crocidolite-mining site with high rates of asbestos-related disease. Read More

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October 2004

History and environmental impact of mining activity in Celtic Aeduan territory recorded in a peat bog (Morvan, France).

Environ Sci Technol 2004 Feb;38(3):665-73

Laboratoire GeoSol, UMR INRA-Université de Bourgogne, Bat. Gabriel, F-21000 Dijon, France.

The present study aims to document historical mining and smelting activities by means of geochemical and pollen analyses performed in a peat bog core collected around the Bibracte oppidum (Morvan, France), the largest settlement of the great Aeduan Celtic tribe (ca. 180 B.C. Read More

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February 2004

The interval of linkage disequilibrium (LD) detected with microsatellite and SNP markers in chromosomes of Finnish populations with different histories.

Hum Mol Genet 2003 Jan;12(1):51-9

Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland.

Linkage disequilibrium (LD) has been an efficient tool for fine mapping of monogenic disease genes in population isolates. Its usefulness for identification of predisposing loci for common, polygenic diseases has been challenged on the basis of anticipated allelic and locus heterogeneity. We compared the extent of LD among marker loci in Finnish subpopulations with divergent but well-characterized histories. Read More

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January 2003

Carrying on the legacy of Lillian Wald. Partnership with the Henry Street Settlement and the Lienhard School of Nursing at Pace University.

Nurs Leadersh Forum 2001 ;5(4):116-21

Pace University, Lienhard School of Nursing, 861 Bedford Road, Pleasantville, NY 10570, USA.

The Lienhard School of Nursing (LSN) at Pace University and the Henry Street Settlement (HSS) developed a partnership to bring nursing back to the HSS founded by nursing leader, Lillian Wald. Through this partnership HSS and LSN faculty and students explored how they could accomplish the goal of providing nursing care to a diverse urban population. Struggles to understand the community and the role of nursing in this kind of setting provided students with unique and complex community and leadership experiences. Read More

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[Free choice of doctors in Germany in retrospect].

Gesundheitswesen 2002 Mar;64(3):170-5

Universität Witten/Herdecke, Fakultät für Medizin, Germany.

Due to discussions on the cost and quality of health care and a new legislation on the German statutory sickness insurance system in 1999, the free choice of doctors has recently become topical. To assess its legitimation for the German health care system, its history and the groups of interest involved should be taken into consideration. Before the period of industrialization no homogeneous pattern of the medical profession existed. Read More

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An isonymic study of the population structure of early Kings County, NY.

A F Christensen

Hum Biol 2000 Dec;72(6):1017-37

Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ 08102, USA.

Isonymy has proven a useful method for studying the genetic structure of historical populations. In the United States, the populations studied have been of predominantly British origin. Many of the early settlers in this country, however, came from different cultural backgrounds, which may have affected their settlement patterns and genetic structure. Read More

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December 2000

Biomedical technology in Franconia.

T Efferth

Arzneimittelforschung 2000 Jan;50(1):93-7

Institut für Klinische und Molekulare Virologie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany.

Medical instrumentation and biotechnology business is developing rapidly in Franconia. The universities of Bayreuth, Erlangen-Nürnberg, and Würzburg hold upper ranks in biomedical extramural funding research. They have a high competence in biomedical research, medical instrumentation, and biotechnology. Read More

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January 2000

[Development of orthopedics and founding of the Clinic for Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology in Novi Sad].

Z Mikić

Med Pregl 1998 Sep-Oct;51(9-10):457-68

Klinika za ortopedsku hirurgiju i traumatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Novi Sad.

A study of the development of the orthopaedic surgery in Novi Sad from the antique times till 1980 when the Clinic for Orthopaedic. Surgery and Traumatology was established has been carried out. Development from Roman Times till the Second World War. Read More

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January 1999

How the Middle West was won: women enter dentistry.

Int Dent J 1998 Apr;48(2):89-95

At the beginning of the 19th century, the settlement of the Middle West of the United States was taking place and soon thereafter dental schools were being founded. With the establishment of dental schools, dentistry slowly evolved from a craft transmitted by a preceptor to a profession taught within established schools. Starting with Lucy Beaman Hobbs Taylor, a number of women from the Middle West entered dental schools when they were opened to them. Read More

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