339 results match your criteria serum fabp4


MiR-100 overexpression attenuates high fat diet induced weight gain, liver steatosis, hypertriglyceridemia and development of metabolic syndrome in mice.

Mol Med 2021 Sep 6;27(1):101. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiology and Angiology I, University Heart Center Freiburg - Bad Krozingen, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Diet-induced obesity can result in the development of a diverse spectrum of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic liver steatosis and atherosclerotic disease. MicroRNAs have been described to be important regulators of metabolism and disease development.

Methods: In the current study, we investigated the effects of ubiquitous miR-100 overexpression on weight gain and the metabolic phenotype in a newly generated transgenic mouse strain under normal chow and high fat diet and used microarray expression analysis to identify new potential target genes of miR-100. Read More

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September 2021

Development of FABP4/5 inhibitors with potential therapeutic effect on type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jul 24;224:113720. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address:

Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) and fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) are promising therapeutic targets for the treatment of various metabolic diseases. However, the weak potency, low selectivity over FABP3, or poor pharmacokinetic profiles of currently reported dual FABP4/5 inhibitors impeded further research. Here, we described the characterization of a series of dual FABP4/5 inhibitors with improved metabolic stabilities and physicochemical properties based on our previous studies. Read More

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Effect of Add-On Therapy of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors and Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitors on Adipokines in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

J Clin Med Res 2021 Jun 25;13(6):355-362. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Excess adiposity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to metabolic changes in the body. Visceral obesity increases the risk of diabetes mellitus through adipocytokines and hence the effective targeting therapies are essential to control obesity in high-risk individuals. The study's main objective was to evaluate the effect of add-on therapy of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors on visceral fat-associated serum adipokines. Read More

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Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 4 (FABP4) Is Associated with Cartilage Thickness in End-Stage Knee Osteoarthritis.

Cartilage 2021 Jul 5:19476035211011520. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department for Rehabilitation, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Arthritis and Rehabilitation, Gröbming, Austria.

Background: There is no single blood biomarker for the staging of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of obesity, serum biomarkers, the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKAA) with sonographic cartilage thickness.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of = 33 patients undergoing knee arthroplasty. Read More

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Clozapine Worsens Glucose Intolerance, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Kidney Damage, and Retinal Injury and Increases Renal Reactive Oxygen Species Production and Chromium Loss in Obese Mice.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 22;22(13). Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, 1 Shuefu Road, Neipu, Pingtung 912301, Taiwan.

Clozapine is widely employed in the treatment of schizophrenia. Compared with that of atypical first-generation antipsychotics, atypical second-generation antipsychotics such as clozapine have less severe side effects and may positively affect obesity and blood glucose level. However, no systematic study of clozapine's adverse metabolic effects-such as changes in kidney and liver function, body weight, glucose and triglyceride levels, and retinopathy-was conducted. Read More

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Serum fatty acid-binding protein 4 levels and responses of pancreatic islet β-cells and α-cells in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2021 Jun 26;13(1):70. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital 2 of Nantong University, and First People's Hospital of Nantong City, No. 6, Haierxiang North Road, Nantong, 226001, China.

Background: Serum fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), as an intracellular lipid chaperone and adipokine, was reported to be related to the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diabetic complications, but its association with pancreatic islet β-cell and α-cell functions has not been fully elucidated. So the present study was to investigate the serum FABP4 levels and responses of islet β-cells and α-cells in patients with T2D.

Methods: 115 patients with T2D and 89 healthy controls (HC), who received serum FABP4 levels test, were recruited to participate in this study. Read More

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Circulating fibroblast growth factor 21 as a potential biomarker for missed abortion in humans.

Fertil Steril 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China; Department of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate whether serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and fatty acid-binding protein-4 (FABP4) are associated with missed abortion (MA) in humans.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: University-affiliated hospital. Read More

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Exogenous L-carnitine ameliorates burn-induced cellular and mitochondrial injury of hepatocytes by restoring CPT1 activity.

Nutr Metab (Lond) 2021 Jun 24;18(1):65. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences of Anhui Medical University, No. 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China.

Background: Impaired hepatic fatty acid metabolism and persistent mitochondrial dysfunction are phenomena commonly associated with liver failure. Decreased serum levels of L-carnitine, a amino acid derivative involved in fatty-acid and energy metabolism, have been reported in severe burn patients. The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of L-carnitine supplementation on mitochondrial damage and other hepatocyte injuries following severe burns and the related mechanisms. Read More

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Combined treatment with FABP4 inhibitor ameliorates rosiglitazone-induced liver steatosis in obese diabetic db/db mice.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2021 Sep 15;129(3):173-182. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Rosiglitazone has been reported to exert dual effects on liver steatosis, and it could exacerbate liver steatosis in obese animal models, which was suggested to be closely related to the elevated hepatic expression of FABP4. This study aimed to investigate whether combined treatment with FABP4 inhibitor I-9 could alleviate rosiglitazone-induced liver steatosis in obese diabetic db/db mice. Male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were orally treated with rosiglitazone, rosiglitazone combined with I-9 daily for 8 weeks. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Korean Red Ginseng on metabolic syndrome.

J Ginseng Res 2021 May 12;45(3):380-389. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Institute for Liver and Digestive Diseases, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea.

Metabolic syndrome (MS) refers to a clustering of at least three of the following medical conditions: high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, low high-density lipoprotein level, and high serum triglycerides. MS is related to a wide range of diseases which includes obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. There remains an ongoing need for improved treatment strategies for MS. Read More

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5-Bis-(2,6-difluoro-benzylidene) Cyclopentanone Acts as a Selective 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase one Inhibitor to Treat Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Mice.

Front Pharmacol 2021 12;12:594437. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, China.

11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase one is responsible for activating inert glucocorticoid cortisone into biologically active cortisol in humans and may be a novel target for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. A series of benzylidene cyclopentanone derivatives were synthesized, and the selective inhibitory effects on rat, mouse and human 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase one and two were screened. The most potent compound [5-bis-(2,6-difluoro-benzylidene)-cyclopentanone] (WZS08), was used to treat nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice fed a high-fat-diet for 100 days. Read More

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Induction of Adipogenic Genes by Novel Serum-Free Conditions From Pre-adipocyte 3T3-L1 and ST2 Cells.

Cureus 2021 Mar 11;13(3):e13831. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Basic Sciences and Surgery, California Northstate University College of Medicine, Elk Grove, USA.

Introduction Obesity, defined as a condition of excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue, is a global epidemic implicated in a myriad of processes deleterious to human health. It has become one of the leading impediments to public health globally. The study of obesity necessitates adipocyte models, which commonly employ a medium enriched with adipogenic hormones and fetal bovine serum (FBS) to culture terminal adipocytes. Read More

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Transcriptomic analysis identifies upregulation of secreted phosphoprotein 1 in silicotic rats.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 31;21(6):579. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Public Health, Hebei Key Laboratory for Organ Fibrosis Research, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, Hebei 063210, P.R. China.

Silicosis is caused by exposure to crystalline silica and the molecular mechanism of silicotic fibrosis remains unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated the mRNA profiles of rats exposed to crystalline silica. RNA-sequencing techniques were used to observe differential expression of mRNAs in silicotic rats induced by chronic inhalation of crystalline silica particulates. Read More

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Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) and metabolic-related parameters in systemic lupus erythematosus active and non-active episode.

Lupus 2021 Jun 12;30(7):1133-1139. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Lupus Study Group, Immunology Study Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.

Objective: To assess serum FABP4 and other metabolic-related parameters in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) active and non-active episode.

Methods: Fifty-four SLE patients in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia in 2018-2019 were recruited and serum samples were collected in their active and non-active episode status. Serum was analyzed for FABP4, leptin, glucose, and triglycerides. Read More

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Doxepin Exacerbates Renal Damage, Glucose Intolerance, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, and Urinary Chromium Loss in Obese Mice.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Mar 16;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Show Chwan Memorial Hospital, 542 Chung-Shan Road (Section 1), Changhua 50008, Taiwan.

Doxepin is commonly prescribed for depression and anxiety treatment. Doxepin-related disruptions to metabolism and renal/hepatic adverse effects remain unclear; thus, the underlying mechanism of action warrants further research. Here, we investigated how doxepin affects lipid change, glucose homeostasis, chromium (Cr) distribution, renal impairment, liver damage, and fatty liver scores in C57BL6/J mice subjected to a high-fat diet and 5 mg/kg/day doxepin treatment for eight weeks. Read More

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Research Note: Potential usage of DF-1 cell line as a new cell model for avian adipogenesis.

Poult Sci 2021 May 16;100(5):101057. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA; The Ohio State University Interdisciplinary Human Nutrition Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA. Electronic address:

Current research of avian adipogenesis has been dependent on primary preadipocytes culture due to the lack of commercially available immortal preadipocyte cell lines in avian species. In addition to primary stromal vascular cells, primary chicken embryonic fibroblasts (CEF) were suggested as new in vitro models for adipogenesis study, because CEF can be differentiated into adipocytes by a combination of fatty acids and insulin (FI), or all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) alone in the media containing chicken serum (CS). However, there are decreases in differentiation of primary cells due to diverse population of cell types and low adipogenic potential of cells after passages. Read More

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Effects of prolonged photoperiod on growth performance, serum lipids and meat quality of Jinjiang cattle in winter.

Anim Biosci 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the potential effects of prolonged photoperiod on the serum lipids, carcass traits, and meat quality of Jinjiang cattle during winter.

Methods: Thirty-four Jinjiang bulls aged between 14 and 16 months were randomly assigned to two groups that were alternatively subjected to either natural daylight +4 h supplemental light (long photoperiod, LP) or natural daylight (natural photoperiod, NP) for 96 days. The potential effects on the levels of serum lipids, carcass traits, meat quality, and genes regulating lipid metabolism in the intramuscular fat (IMF) of the cattle were evaluated. Read More

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February 2021

Resveratrol Attenuates High-Fat Diet Induced Hepatic Lipid Homeostasis Disorder and Decreases mA RNA Methylation.

Front Pharmacol 2020 18;11:568006. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

-methyladenosine (mA) mRNA methylation is affected by dietary factors and associated with lipid metabolism; however, whether the regulatory role of resveratrol in lipid metabolism is involved in mA mRNA methylation remains unknown. Here, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol on hepatic lipid metabolism and mA RNA methylation in the liver of mice. A total of 24 male mice were randomly allocated to LFD (low-fat diet), LFDR (low-fat diet + resveratrol), HFD (high-fat diet), and HFDR (high-fat diet + resveratrol) groups for 12 weeks ( = 6/group). Read More

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December 2020

Attenuation of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate-Induced Steatohepatitis by Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract in Mice.

Biomed Res Int 2020 9;2020:8818160. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Department of Physiology, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China.

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), an environmentally persistent pollutant, has been revealed to elicit hepatic toxicity. In the current study, we investigated the protective role of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) against PFOS-caused steatohepatitis in mice. Animals were exposed intragastrically to PFOS (10 mg/kg/day), GSPE (150 mg/kg/day), or their combination. Read More

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September 2021

Anti-Obesity and Anti-Adipogenic Effects of Chitosan Oligosaccharide (GO2KA1) in SD Rats and in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes Models.

Molecules 2021 Jan 11;26(2). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University, Daejeon 34054, Korea.

Excess body weight is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and associated metabolic complications, and weight loss has been shown to improve glycemic control and decrease morbidity and mortality in T2D patients. Weight-loss strategies using dietary interventions produce a significant decrease in diabetes-related metabolic disturbance. We have previously reported that the supplementation of low molecular chitosan oligosaccharide (GO2KA1) significantly inhibited blood glucose levels in both animals and humans. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic inhibition of FABP4 attenuated endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in rhabdomyolysis-induced acute kidney injury.

Life Sci 2021 Mar 9;268:119023. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Division of Nephrology and National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Kidney Research Institute, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Aims: Rhabdomyolysis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) is life-threatening but effective treatments is lacking. Recently, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) has been identified as a mediator of ischemic and toxic AKI through regulating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in our previous studies. However, the role of FABP4 in rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI and extended organelle dysfunctions need to be explored and validated. Read More

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FABP4 inhibitor attenuates inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum stress of islet in leptin receptor knockout rats.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 12;24(24):12808-12820

Department of Pathology, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Objective: Metabolic syndrome is characterized by abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia and hyperglycemia. Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), as a member of intracellular lipid chaperones, is not only engaged in lipid transport but involved in inflammation and insulin resistance. The present study was to investigate the effects of BMS309403, a specific FABP4 inhibitor, on metabolic syndrome and its possible molecular mechanisms in islets. Read More

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December 2020

Determination of FABP4, RBP4 and the MMP-9/NGAL complex in the serum of women with breast cancer.

Oncol Lett 2021 Feb 4;21(2):85. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Research Center, Hellenic Anticancer Institute, Athens 10680, Greece.

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in females and is the leading cause of cancer-associated death among women, worldwide. The present study aimed to measure the serum levels of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and the MMP-9/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) complex in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Serum levels of the examined proteins were determined in the peripheral blood of patients via ELISA. Read More

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February 2021

Fatty-Acid-Binding Protein 4 as a Novel Contributor to Mononuclear Cell Activation and Endothelial Cell Dysfunction in Atherosclerosis.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Dec 3;21(23). Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Healthcare and Services Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan.

Background-Elevated circulating fatty-acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) levels may be linked with cardiovascular events. This study aimed to investigate the mechanistic role of FABP4 in atherosclerosis. Methods-We recruited 22 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (CAD) and 40 control subjects. Read More

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December 2020

Regulative effect of maternal serum fatty acid-binding protein 4 on insulin resistance and the development of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2020 12 18;163:102213. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Obstetrics, Zibo Central Hospital, No.54 of Gongqingtuan West Road, Zhangdian District, Zibo 255000, Shandong, China. Electronic address:

Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) was found to be closely correlated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a severe pregnancy syndrome. However, safe and efficient treatment for GDM is limited. We aimed to investigate whether inhibition of FABP4 could ameliorate GDM and the underlying mechanism. Read More

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December 2020

A potential role of fatty acid binding protein 4 in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorder.

Brain Commun 2020 10;2(2):fcaa145. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Laboratory for Molecular Psychiatry, RIKEN Center for Brain Science, Saitama, Japan.

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social communication and interaction, as well as repetitive and characteristic patterns of behaviour. Although the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder is unknown, being overweight or obesity during infancy and low weight at birth are known as risks, suggesting a metabolic aspect. In this study, we investigated adipose tissue development as a pathophysiological factor of autism spectrum disorder by examining the serum levels of adipokines and other metabolic markers in autism spectrum disorder children ( = 123) and typically developing children ( = 92) at 4-12 years of age. Read More

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September 2020

Scopolin Prevents Adipocyte Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes and Weight Gain in an Ovariectomy-Induced Obese Mouse Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Nov 18;21(22). Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Medical Genetics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 16499, Korea.

Obesity is prevalent in modern human societies. We examined the anti-obesity effects of scopolin on adipocyte differentiation in preadipocyte 3T3-L1 cells and weight loss in an ovariectomy (OVX)-induced obese mouse model. Scopolin inhibited adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation in the preadipocyte cells by suppressing the transcription of adipogenic-related factors, including adiponectin (), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (), lipoprotein lipase (), perilipin1 (), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (), glucose transporter type 4 (), and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (). Read More

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November 2020

Effect of gene-environment interaction (arsenic exposure - PON1 Q192R polymorphism) on cardiovascular disease biomarkers in Mexican population.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Jan 24;81:103519. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Laboratorio de Toxicología Molecular, Centro de Investigación Aplicada en Ambiente y Salud (CIAAS), Coordinación para la Innovación y Aplicación de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (CIACYT), Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Electronic address:

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death worldwide. However, little is known about how the interaction between risk factors affects CVDs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the gene-environment interaction (arsenic exposure x PON1 Q192R polymorphism) on serum levels of CVDs biomarkers in Mexican women. Read More

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January 2021

Elevated expression of FABP4 is associated with disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Biomark Med 2020 10 5;14(15):1405-1413. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Linhai 317000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Data from 124 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and 69 healthy controls were collected. ELISA was performed to detect serum FABP4 levels. FABP4 level was elevated in RA patients and positively associated with 28-joint disease activity score, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Read More

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October 2020

Pathophysiological role of fatty acid-binding protein 4 in Asian patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 Nov 2. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan.

Aims: Systemic metabolic impairment is the key pathophysiology of heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) is highly expressed in adipocytes and secreted in response to lipolytic signals. We hypothesized that circulating FABP4 levels would be elevated in patients with HFpEF, would correlate with cardiac structural and functional abnormalities, and could predict clinical outcomes. Read More

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November 2020