169,019 results match your criteria serum concentration


Associations between blood heavy metal(loid)s and serum heme oxygenase-1 in pregnant women: Do their distribution patterns matter?

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 29;286:117249. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, Peking University/ Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, 100191, PR China; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, PR China.

The relationship between heavy metal(loid)s exposure and oxidative stress damage is a matter of research interest. Our study aimed to investigate the distribution patterns of the nine heavy metal(loid)s in blood of pregnant women, including four toxic heavy metal(loid)s [arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg)] and five typical heavy metal(loid)s [manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and selenium (Se)] in blood. Blood samples of 348 women were collected and their concentrations in the serum (sr) and blood cells (bc) were measured, as well as serum heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) (an oxidative stress marker). Read More

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Rhabdomyolysis in Severe COVID-19: Male Sex, High BMI, and Prone Positioning Confer High Risk.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 6;266:35-43. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Background: Bedside experience and studies of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) indicate COVID-19 to be a devastating multisystem disease. We aim to describe the incidence, associated variables, and outcomes of rhabdomyolysis in critically ill COVID-19 patients.

Materials And Methods: Data for all critically ill adult patients (≥18 years old) admitted to the ICU at a large academic medical center with confirmed COVID-19 between March 13, 2020 and April 18, 2020 were prospectively collected. Read More

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Kinetic degradation and biocompatibility evaluation of polycaprolactone-based biologics delivery matrices for regenerative engineering of the rotator cuff.

J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Connecticut Convergence Institute for Translation in Regenerative Engineering, UConn Health, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.

Whereas synthetic biodegradable polymers have been successfully applied for the delivery of biologics in other tissues, the anatomical complexity, poor blood supply, and reduced clearance of degradation byproducts in the rotator cuff create unique design challenges for implantable biomaterials. Here, we investigated lower molecular weight poly-lactic acid co-epsilon-caprolactone (PLA-CL) formulations with varying molecular weight and film casting concentrations as potential matrices for the therapeutic delivery of biologics in the rotator cuff. Matrices were fabricated with target footprint dimensions to facilitate controlled and protected release of model biologic (Bovine Serum Albumin), and anatomically-unhindered implantation under the acromion in a rodent model of acute rotator cuff repair. Read More

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Exploration of the optimal strategy for dietary calcium intervention against the toxicity of liver and kidney induced by cadmium in mice: An in vivo diet intervention study.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(5):e0250885. Epub 2021 May 11.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, PR China.

Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic non-essential element, while calcium (Ca) is an essential element with high chemical similarity to Cd. Dietary intake is the major Cd exposure pathway for non-smokers. A multi-concentration dietary intervention experiment was designed to explore the optimum concentration of Ca in diet with obvious protective effects against the toxicity of livers and kidneys induced by Cd in mice. Read More

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Inhibition of mTORC1 Signaling Pathway is a Valid Therapeutic Strategy in Transplantation of Cryopreserved Mouse Ovarian Tissue.

Cryo Letters 2020 Jan-Feb;41(1):38-43

Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: Blockage of mTOR1 can inhibit the transformation of primordial follicles into growing follicles in the ovaries.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of mTORC1 inhibition in the cryopreservation and transplantation of mouse ovarian tissues.

Materials And Methods: ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) mice were randomly divided into control group (autograft), cryopreservation group (cryopreservation + autograft), and mTORC1 inhibition group (cryopreservation + autograft + mTOR inhibitor). Read More

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Population pharmacokinetics of raxibacumab in healthy adult subjects.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Group, University College London, London, UK.

Aim: Raxibacumab is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of Bacillus anthracis toxins, thereby protecting target cells from its effects. Raxibacumab is approved in the USA for the treatment of adults and children with inhalational anthrax in combination with antibiotics, and for prophylaxis of inhalational anthrax. The aim of this investigation was to characterise the population pharmacokinetics and assess the effect of baseline demographic covariates on the disposition of raxibacumab. Read More

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[Application of SPR protein chip in screening for imported malaria].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2021 Apr;37(4):1360-1367

Department of Laboratory Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518035, Guangdong, China.

Imported malaria has become a major risk factor for malaria prevention and control in China. How to screen malaria quickly for people entering China is an urgent problem to be solved. Protein microarrays are widely used in high-throughput screening and diagnosis. Read More

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Lipoproteins and fatty acids in chronic kidney disease: molecular and metabolic alterations.

Nat Rev Nephrol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Institute for Molecular Cardiovascular Research, RWTH Aachen University, University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) induces modifications in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and homeostasis. These modifications can promote, modulate and/or accelerate CKD and secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities - involving triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, LDL and/or HDL - not only involve changes in concentration but also changes in molecular structure, including protein composition, incorporation of small molecules and post-translational modifications. Read More

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A short synthetic peptide, based on LyeTx I from Lycosa erythrognatha venom, shows potential to treat pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii without detectable resistance.

J Antibiot (Tokyo) 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratório de Radioisótopos, Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, especially carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), together with relative stagnation in the development of effective antibiotics, has led to enormous health and economic problems. In this study, we aimed to describe the antibacterial spectrum of LyeTx I mnΔK, a short synthetic peptide based on LyeTx I from Lycosa erythrognatha venom, against CRAB. LyeTx I mnΔK showed considerable antibacterial activity against extensively resistant A. Read More

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Effect of citric-acid dialysate on the QTC-interval.

Sci Rep 2021 May 10;11(1):9909. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Lower dialysate calcium (dCa) concentration and dialysate citric-acidification may positively affect calcification propensity in serum of haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the accompanying lower ionized blood calcium concentration may lead to a prolonged cardiac action potential, which is possibly pro-arrhythmic. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of citric-acid dialysate on the QT-interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) compared to conventional dialysate with different dCa concentrations. Read More

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Genetic analysis in European ancestry individuals identifies 517 loci associated with liver enzymes.

Nat Commun 2021 May 10;12(1):2579. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Serum concentration of hepatic enzymes are linked to liver dysfunction, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. We perform genetic analysis on serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) using data on 437,438 UK Biobank participants. Replication in 315,572 individuals from European descent from the Million Veteran Program, Rotterdam Study and Lifeline study confirms 517 liver enzyme SNPs. Read More

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A NEW APPLICATION OF MALDI BIOTYPER FOR A POTENTIAL USE ON THERAPEUTIC DRUG MONITORING OF VORICONAZOLE.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Clinical Microbiology and Parasitology Department, Hospital Universitario La Paz, IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain.

We present a proof of concept study on the use of MALDI Biotyper to detect and monitor the levels of voriconazole in human serum. A simple extraction-concentration method and a MALDI Biotyper protocol were developed and a parent ion of voriconazole (1 H) could be detected and quantified with good reproducibility. Our results point to a new application of MALDI Biotyper for therapeutic drug monitoring. Read More

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AI powered electrochemical multi-component detection of insulin and glucose in serum.

Biosens Bioelectron 2021 May 1;186:113291. Epub 2021 May 1.

State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, 110000, China. Electronic address:

Multi-component detection of insulin and glucose in serum is of great importance and urgently needed in clinical diagnosis and treatment due to its economy and practicability. However, insulin and glucose can hardly be determined by traditional electrochemical detection methods. Their mixed oxidation currents and rare involvement in the reaction process make it difficult to decouple them. Read More

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Chlorogenic acid is a positive regulator of MDA5, TLR7 and NF-κB signaling pathways mediated antiviral responses against Gammacoronavirus infection.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 7;96:107671. Epub 2021 May 7.

Natural Medicine Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China. Electronic address:

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a phenolic compound that has been well studied for its antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immune stimulating properties. This research was aimed to focus on the antiviral properties of CGA on infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in vivo and in vitro for the very first time. The outcome of in vitro experiments validated that, out of five previously reported antiviral components, CGA significantly reduced the relative mRNA expression of IBV-N in CEK cells. Read More

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Growth hormone replacement may influence the biological action of thyroid hormone on liver and bone tissue.

Growth Horm IGF Res 2021 Apr 30;57-58:101393. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Endocrinology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

Objective: Growth hormone (GH) replacement alters the peripheral interconversion of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). However, little is known about the clinical impact of these alterations. We aimed to compare changes observed in the serum T3:T4 ratio with known biological markers of thyroid hormone action derived from different peripheral tissues. Read More

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TNAP is a novel regulator of cardiac fibrosis after myocardial infarction by mediating TGF-β/Smads and ERK1/2 signaling pathways.

EBioMedicine 2021 May 6;67:103370. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cardiac fibrosis is the most important pathogenesis leading to cardiac remodeling and heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). Tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) has recently been recognized as a potential prognostic factor for MI. Nevertheless, the role of TNAP in cardiac fibrosis after MI has not been explicitly delineated. Read More

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Use of extended-release and immediate-release anti-seizure medications with a long half-life to improve adherence in epilepsy: A guide for clinicians.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 7;120:107993. Epub 2021 May 7.

The Children's Hospital at TriStar Centennial, Nashville, TN, USA.

Poor adherence to anti-seizure medications (ASMs) is associated with breakthrough seizures and potentially increased toxicity in patients with epilepsy. Extended-release (ER) drugs and immediate-release (IR) drugs with a long half-life (t) that permit once-daily dosing (such as, perampanel, zonisamide, lamotrigine [IR, ER] and topiramate [ER]) have a number of advantages over short t ASMs that require multiple daily dosing. These advantages include simplification of dosing regimens, reduction in pill burden, and a decrease in the peak-to-trough fluctuations in serum drug concentration that may be associated with a decreased risk of adverse effects and seizures. Read More

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Post-translational modifications and antioxidant properties of different therapeutic human serum albumins.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Kedrion S.p.A., Research and Innovation Department, Via di Fondovalle, Loc., Bolognana 55027, Gallicano (LU), Italy.

Human serum albumin (HSA) is widely used for the treatment of diverse clinical conditions to restore plasma volume, manage burns and treat hypoproteinemia.Although the HSA preparations should ideally preserve its functionality, the structural integrity and antioxidant properties of HSA may be compromised as a result of the manufacturing process. The present study examined seven commercially available HSA preparations for clinical use to investigate their post-translational modifications (PTMs) and antioxidant activity, including DPPH radical-scavenging, peroxyl radical antioxidant and metal binding activities, by means of mass spectrometry and Ellman's assay. Read More

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Controllable multi-phase protein release from in-situ hydrolyzable hydrogel.

J Control Release 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, China; The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Using hydrogels to control the long-term release of protein remains challenging, especially for in-situ forming formulations. The uncontrollable burst release in the initial phase, the halted release in the subsequent phase, and the undesired drug dumping at the late stage are some obstacles hydrogel-based depots commonly encounter. In this study, we report hydrolyzable dextran-based hydrogels crosslinked by Michael addition to demonstrate a systematic solution to solve these problems. Read More

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Pharmacokinetics Parameters of Diagoxin among Saudi Patients in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia.

Drug Metab Lett 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda, Ireland.

Background: The pharmacodynamic effects of digoxin are susceptible to multiple factors, most notably, heart uptake of the digoxin dose and its concentration in the serum. Another important factor to mention is the renal function state of an individual.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to develop a simple algorithm based on subsets of clinically relevant information, which will help to personalize digoxin based on pharmacokinetic (PK) approach, which can help on marketing the appropriate utilization of this medication. Read More

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Metals toxicity and its correlation with the gene expression in Alzheimer's disease.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Geriatric Mental Health Department, KGMU, Lucknow, India.

Alzheimer's disease is a common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly population and a leading cause of dementia. Genetics and environmental risk factors were considered to play a major role in the onset of the disease. This study aimed to examine the correlation between different metals levels and the gene expression in Alzheimer's patients with age-matched control subjects. Read More

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Elevated serum and urine levels of progranulin (PGRN) as a predictor of microglia activation in the early phase of traumatic brain injury: a further link with the development of neurodegenerative diseases.

Folia Neuropathol 2021 ;59(1):81-90

Department of Neuropathology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a frequent finding during forensic autopsies and neuropathological examinations in medico-legal practices. Despite the unprecedented attention currently focused on TBI pathogenesis, there is a need to improve its diagnostics through the use of novel biomarkers to facilitate detection, treatment, and prognosis. Recently, growth factor progranulin (PGRN) has attracted significant attention because of its neurotrophic and anti-inflammatory activities. Read More

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January 2021

Propofol pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics-a perspective in minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Anthea Hospital, GVM Care & Research, Bari, Italy.

There is limited evidence as to the pharmacokinetic changes expected in adults with extracorporeal technologies. Drugs may be taken up by various components of the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit itself. Issues include the increased volume of the circuit leading to haemodilution; the sequestration of lipophilic drugs within the circuit tubing; and the absorption of proteins, especially albumin, onto the circuit, which can result in increased free drug. Read More

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Mechanism of and Ameliorates Hypertensive Renal Damage.

Biomed Res Int 2021 21;2021:5598351. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250011, China.

Hypertensive-induced renal damage (HRD) is an important public health and socioeconomic problem worldwide. The herb pair - (RA-) (RS) is a common prescribed herbal formula for the treatment of HRD. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Read More

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Activin/Nodal/TGF-β Pathway Inhibitor Accelerates BMP4-Induced Cochlear Gap Junction Formation During Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 21;9:602197. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Mutations in gap junction beta-2 (), the gene that encodes connexin 26 (CX26), are the most frequent cause of hereditary deafness worldwide. We recently developed an model of 2-related deafness (induced CX26 gap junction-forming cells; iCX26GJCs) from mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by using Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) signaling-based floating cultures (serum-free culture of embryoid body-like aggregates with quick aggregation cultures; hereafter, SFEBq cultures) and adherent cultures. However, to use these cells as a disease model platform for high-throughput drug screening or regenerative therapy, cell yields must be substantially increased. Read More

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Combined IFN-β and PLT Detection Can Identify Kawasaki Disease Efficiently.

Front Pediatr 2021 22;9:624818. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

To evaluate the value of combined interferon β (IFN-β) and platelet (PLT) detection for Kawasaki disease (KD) identification. Forty-four children who were newly diagnosed with KD were selected as the KD group. They were divided into acute phase of KD and subacute phase of KD. Read More

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Bile Acids Elevated in Chronic Periaortitis Could Activate Farnesoid-X-Receptor to Suppress IL-6 Production by Macrophages.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:632864. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Rheumatology, Ren Ji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Chronic periaortitis (CP) is a rare autoimmune disease without effective treatment. By analyzing the serum bile acid spectrum in 28 CP patients with the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we found that the bile acids were significantly altered in CP patients, with significant increases in chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA) and decrease in deoxycholic acid (DCA). Signaling pathway enrichment analysis from the RNA sequencing results suggested that the altered gene sets in PBMC of CP patients were associated with bile acid metabolism. Read More

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Increased Serum Levels of Soluble TNF-α Receptor Is Associated With ICU Mortality in COVID-19 Patients.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:592727. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected over 112M patients and resulted in almost 2.5M deaths worldwide. The major clinical feature of severe COVID-19 patients requiring ventilation is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) possibly associated with a cytokine storm. Read More

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Toxicology and Pharmacokinetics Study of Intradiscal Injection of Simvastatin in Rabbits.

Front Pharmacol 2021 23;12:582309. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

To test the pharmacokinetics and toxicology of whole organs and tissues after intradiscal injection of simvastatin in rabbits. To provide the information needed to support human clinical trials. Twelve male and twelve female rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: control group (0 mg/ml), low dose group (0. Read More

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Evaluation of Hematological profile in Oral Submucous Fibrosis: A Cross-sectional Study.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Sep-Dec;24(3):575. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manubhai Patel Dental College, Hospital and Oral Research Institute, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to estimate hemoglobin (Hb) level, red cell indices (RCIs), serum iron level and Vitamin B12 level in patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and to analyze the association of these parameters in different stages of OSMF.

Setting And Design: This case-control study comprised of 65 individuals, with 40 OSMF patients and 25 controls. The OSMF patients were graded clinically according to the classification by Arakeri . Read More

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January 2021