784,264 results match your criteria sensitivity specificity


What makes somatosensory short-term memory maintenance effective? An EEG study comparing contralateral delay activity between sighted participants and participants who are blind.

Neuroimage 2022 Jun 22:119407. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Germany.

Somatosensory short-term memory is essential for object recognition, sensorimotor learning, and, especially, Braille reading for people who are blind. This study examined how visual sensory deprivation and a compensatory focus on somatosensory information influences memory processes in this domain. We measured slow cortical negativity developing during short-term tactile memory maintenance (tactile contralateral delay activity, tCDA) in frontal and somatosensory areas while a sample of 24 sighted participants and 22 participants who are blind completed a tactile change-detection task where varying loads of Braille pin patterns served as stimuli. Read More

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Real-time, In Vivo Skin Cancer Triage by Laser-Induced Plasma Spectroscopy Combined with Deep Learning-based Diagnostic Algorithm.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Human-Computer Interaction, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Although various skin cancer detection devices have been proposed, most of them are not used owing to their insufficient diagnostic accuracies. Laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS) can noninvasively extract biochemical information of skin lesions using an ultrashort pulsed laser.

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of a real-time noninvasive in vivo skin cancer diagnostics utilizing non-discrete molecular LIPS combined with a deep neural network (DNN)-based diagnostic algorithm. Read More

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MRI can reliably differentiate optic nerve inflammation from tumor invasion in retinoblastoma with orbital cellulitis.

Ophthalmology 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; European Retinoblastoma Imaging Collaboration (ERIC).

Objective: To investigate prevalence and MRI phenotype of retinoblastoma-associated orbital cellulitis. Additionally, this study aimed to identify postlaminar optic nerve enhancement patterns differentiating between inflammation and tumor invasion.

Design: A monocenter cohort study assessed the prevalence of orbital cellulitis features on MRI in retinoblastoma patients. Read More

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Berberine and folic acid co-modified pH-sensitive cascade-targeted PTX-liposomes coated with Tween 80 for treating glioma.

Bioorg Med Chem 2022 Jun 20;69:116893. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting of Education Ministry, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

Chemotherapy is a conventional treatment for glioma, but its efficacy is greatly limited due to low blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and lack of specificity. Herein, intelligent and tumor microenvironment (TME)-responsive folic acid (FA) derivatives and mitochondria-targeting berberine (BBR) derivatives co-modified liposome coated with Tween 80 loading paclitaxel (PTX-Tween 80-BBR + FA-Lip) was constructed. Specifically speaking, liposomes modified by FA can be effectively target ed to glioma cells. Read More

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Selection and identification of a DNA aptamer for fluorescent detection of netilmicin.

Talanta 2022 Jun 18;250:123708. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

School of Agriculture and Biology, Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Bor S. Luh Food Safety Research Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, PR China; Shanghai Jiao Tong University YunNan (Dali) Research Institute, Dali, Yunnan, 671000, China. Electronic address:

Netilmicin (NET) is an antibiotic widely used in healthcare and agriculture, but it can accumulate in the environment to threat human health. Netilmicin (NET) is an antibiotic used for veterinary purposes, for human therapy and for agricultural purposes. Therefore, there is a need to develop high-sensitive measuring methods to detect NET. Read More

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Bayesian latent class analysis to estimate the optimal cut-off for the MilA ELISA for the detection of Mycoplasma bovis antibodies in sera, accounting for repeated measures.

Prev Vet Med 2022 Jun 14;205:105694. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

The MilA ELISA has been identified as a highly effective diagnostic tool for the detection of Mycoplasma bovis specific antibodies and has been validated for serological use in previous studies. This study aimed to estimate the optimal cut-off and corresponding estimates of diagnostic sensitivity (DSe) and diagnostic specificity (DSp) of the MilA ELISA for testing bovine serum. Serum samples from 298 feedlot cattle from 14 feedlots across four Australian states were tested on entry into the feedlot and approximately 42 days later. Read More

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Distribution characteristics, source analysis and risk assessment of organochlorine pesticides in Ny-Ålesund, Arctic.

Mar Pollut Bull 2022 Jun 22;181:113862. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China; Marine Bioresource and Environment Research Center, Key Laboratory of Marine Eco-Environmental Science and Technology, The First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China.

The distribution characteristics, sources, and risk levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in Ny-Ålesund of the Arctic region during China's 10th Arctic expedition were studied in this paper. Results showed that the concentration of OCPs in the surface soil of the Ny-Ålesund region ranged from 0.59 ng·g to 3. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of different ultrasound signs for detecting adnexal torsion: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of different ultrasound signs for diagnosing adnexal torsion (AT), using surgery as the reference standard.

Methods: A search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials.gov and Web of Science databases (January 1990 to November 2021) for studies evaluating the presence of ovarian edema, an adnexal mass, Doppler flow findings and the whirlpool sign as ultrasound signs (index tests) for detecting AT, using surgical findings as reference standard. Read More

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Early Diagnostic Value of Urinary NGAL in Acute Kidney Injury in Septic Patients.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipid (uNGAL) for the prediction of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI).

Methods: From September to December 2012, 110 patients were prospectively enrolled from the intensive care units (ICUs) of 3 general hospitals. After being admitted to the ICU, the patients were continuously observed for 72 hours. Read More

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Diffusion tensor imaging analysis of rheumatoid arthritis patients with neuropsychiatric features to determine the alteration of white matter integrity due to vascular events.

Clin Rheumatol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Neuroradiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: The pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis is not well known. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in rheumatoid arthritis demonstrates non-specific findings, and in the majority of cases, magnetic resonance imaging fails to detect an abnormality, even in rheumatoid arthritis patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations. Therefore, we aimed to assess microstructural integrity changes of white matter in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by using different diffusion tensor imaging parameters. Read More

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Radiographic predictors of failure of simple manual traction of transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads: a single-center experience.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Arrhythmia, Electrophysiology, Pacemaker Research and Management Center, Department of Cardiology, Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Umuttepe Yerleskesi, İzmit, 41380, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Background: Extraction of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads could be a difficult procedure due to fibrous tissue around the lead and anatomical variations. In this report, we present our experience in the radiographic predictors of failure of simple manual traction (SMT) in patients with dual-coil ICD requiring lead extraction (LE).

Methods: Between January 2017 and February 2021, 103 leads were removed in 65 consecutive patients; 65 (63. Read More

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Chicago classification v4.0 protocol improves specificity and accuracy of diagnosis of oesophagogastric junction outflow obstruction.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Background: Chicago Classification version 4.0 (CCv4.0) introduced stringent diagnostic criteria for oesophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO), in order to increase the clinical relevance of the diagnosis, although this has not yet been demonstrated. Read More

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Development and Validation of the Intravenous Infiltration and Extravasation Risk Assessment Tool (IIERAT) for Pediatric Patients.

Indian Pediatr 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Child Health Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be) University, Mullana, Haryana.

Objective: To develop and validate a new tool viz., Intravenous Infiltration and Extravasation Risk Assessment Tool (IIEART) for assessing risk of fluid extravasation in children.

Participants: 120 children (aged 2-18 year) undergoing peripheral intravenous cannulation were recruited from four hospitals of Haryana to determine the IIEART scale's psychometric properties. Read More

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Performance of rapid test for antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) in hemodialysis patients and kidney transplant recipients.

Int J Artif Organs 2022 Jun 24:3913988221104834. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Gastroenterology, Federal University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Rapid tests (RT) have been widely used for screening of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in general population, but its performance in hemodialysis (HD) patients and mainly in kidney-transplant recipients (RTx) is less known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of RT for detection of anti-HCV in HD and RTx patients. Patients were prospectively included subdivided in four groups according to the positivity for anti-HCV detected by conventional serology: (1) HD patients anti-HCV +, (2) HD patients anti-HCV -, (3) RTx patients anti-HCV +, and (4) RTx patients anti-HCV -. Read More

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Relationship between apoA-I, chemerin, Procalcitonin and severity of hyperlipidaemia-induced acute pancreatitis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1201-1204

Department of Gastroenterology, 363 Hospital, Chengdu City, China.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between apoA-I, chemerin, and Procalcitonin (PCT) and the severity of hyperlipidaemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HLAP), as well as the importance of their application in the diagnosis of severe HLAP. This study was conducted at the 363 Hospital, Chengdu City, China, from January 2016 to August 2020. There were significant differences in the levels of serum apoA-I, chemerin, and PCT among the three-mild, moderate and severe-groups (all p <0. Read More

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Diagnostic value of ROC curve evaluation of serum markers in acute cholecystitis with bacterial infection.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1133-1136

Department of Clinical Care Medicine, Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.

Objective: To explore correlation of serum markers human neutrophil lipocalin and C-reactive protein with acute cholecystitis associated with bacterial infection, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of the markers.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2018 to April 2020 at the Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China, and comprised acute cholecystitis patients who were divided into bacterial infection group A and non-bacterial infection group B. Serum human neutrophil lipocalin and C-reactive protein were measured for both the groups. Read More

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Evaluation of the loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for Staphylococcus aureus detection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 2022 Jun 24;21(1):27. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510150, China.

Background: Staphylococcus aureus can cause many diseases and even death. It's important to detect Staphylococcus aureus rapidly and reliably. The accuracy of a novel test named LAMP in detecting Staphylococcus aureus is unclear. Read More

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Clinical significance of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2C expression in cancers: from small cell lung carcinoma to pan-cancers.

BMC Pulm Med 2022 Jun 24;22(1):246. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Ward of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, No. 6 Shuangyong Road, Nanning, 530021, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2C (CDKN2C) was identified to participate in the occurrence and development of multiple cancers; however, its roles in small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) remain unclear.

Methods: Differential expression analysis of CDKN2C between SCLC and non-SCLC were performed based on 937 samples from multiple centers. The prognosis effects of CDKN2C in patients with SCLC were detected using both Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests. Read More

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Predicting Shunt Dependency from the Effect of Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage on Ventricular Size.

Neurocrit Care 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Neurology, Columbia University, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, MHB 8 Center, Room 300, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Background: Prolonged external ventricular drainage (EVD) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) leads to morbidity, whereas early removal can have untoward effects related to recurrent hydrocephalus. A metric to help determine the optimal time for EVD removal or ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement would be beneficial in preventing the prolonged, unnecessary use of EVD. This study aimed to identify whether dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biometrics can temporally predict VPS dependency after SAH. Read More

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CovHos score for predicting severe respiratory failure in COVID-19 patients presenting at the emergency department.

Intern Emerg Med 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Medicina d'Urgenza E Pronto Soccorso, Emergency Department, IRCCS AOU di Bologna Policlinico di S.Orsola, Via Albertoni 15, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

Hospitalization of COVID-19 patients in low-intensity wards may put patients at risk in case of clinical deterioration. We tested CovHos score in predicting severe respiratory failure (SFR) at emergency department (ED) admission. This is a monocentric observational prospective study enrolling adult COVID-19 patients admitted to the ED of IRCCS AOU di Bologna Policlinico S. Read More

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Genotypic and phylogenic analyses of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Al Ahsa, Eastern Saudi Arabia during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: First cases of Leishmania tropica with the predominance of Leishmania major.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):10753. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

During the coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown period, a surge in sandflies and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) cases was observed in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Skin punch biopsies were obtained from 100 patients clinically diagnosed with CL in Al-Ahsa who had no travel history in the last 6 months. Impression smears were used following a three-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol using genus-specific primers targeting kDNA and ITS1. Read More

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The validity evaluation of different 16srRNA gene primers for helicobacter detection urgently requesting to design new specific primers.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):10737. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Aquatic Animal Medicine and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Molecular diagnosis of helicobacters by PCR is simpler, more accurate, and feasible compared to other diagnostic methods. Validity and accuracy are highly dependent on the PCR primer design, diffusion time, and mutation rate of helicobacters. This study aimed to design 16srRNA -specific primers for Helicobacter spp. Read More

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Atherogenic Index of Plasma is an Independent Risk Factor for Contrast Induced Nephropathy in Patients With Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Authors:
Kenan Toprak

Angiology 2022 Jun 24:33197221110723. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Cardiology, Siverek State Hospital, Sanliurfa 63600, Turkey.

This study investigated the role of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in predicting contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention due to non-ST elevated myocardial infarction. Of these, 1644 patients were included in the study. Retrospective data of patients were obtained from hospital records. Read More

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Value of prediction-model in distinguishing gallbladder adenoma from cholesterol polyp.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University (Navy Medical University), Shanghai, China.

Background And Aim: Gallbladder adenomatous polyp is a pre-cancerous neoplasm, and it is difficult to classify from cholesterol polyps before cholecystectomy. The study aimed to clarify the risk characteristics of gallbladder adenomas and establish a prediction- model to differentiate gallbladder adenomas from cholesterol polyp lesions.

Methods: From May 2019 to December 2021, the patients underwent cholecystectomy in the Shanghai Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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UK National Screening Committee's approach to reviewing evidence on artificial intelligence in breast cancer screening.

Lancet Digit Health 2022 Jul;4(7):e558-e565

Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

Artificial intelligence (AI) could have the potential to accurately classify mammograms according to the presence or absence of radiological signs of breast cancer, replacing or supplementing human readers (radiologists). The UK National Screening Committee's assessments of the use of AI systems to examine screening mammograms continues to focus on maximising benefits and minimising harms to women screened, when deciding whether to recommend the implementation of AI into the Breast Screening Programme in the UK. Maintaining or improving programme specificity is important to minimise anxiety from false positive results. Read More

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Combining the strengths of radiologists and AI for breast cancer screening: a retrospective analysis.

Lancet Digit Health 2022 Jul;4(7):e507-e519

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University-Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background: We propose a decision-referral approach for integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into the breast-cancer screening pathway, whereby the algorithm makes predictions on the basis of its quantification of uncertainty. Algorithmic assessments with high certainty are done automatically, whereas assessments with lower certainty are referred to the radiologist. This two-part AI system can triage normal mammography exams and provide post-hoc cancer detection to maintain a high degree of sensitivity. Read More

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Development of the Sepsis-Associated Adverse Outcomes in Pregnancy Score.

Am J Perinatol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Obstetrics & Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, United States.

Objective: To develop and evaluate a scoring system-called Sepsis-Associated Adverse Outcomes in Pregnancy (SAAP) Score-to identify individuals with maternal infection that have composite maternal adverse outcomes (CMAO).

Study Design: Using ICD codes, we identified pregnant and postpartum (up to 6 weeks after birth) individuals admitted at our center with a primary diagnosis of infection. The primary outcome was CMAO, which included any of the following: maternal intensive care unit admission, surgical intervention, vasopressor use, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary edema, mechanical ventilation, high flow nasal cannula, disseminated intravascular coagulation, dialysis, organ failure, venous thromboembolism, or maternal death. Read More

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Validation of laboratory developed serology assays for detection of IgG antibody to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in the South African population.

J Virol Methods 2022 Jun 21:114571. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Pathogen Research Laboratory, Division of Virology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Division of Virology, National Health Laboratory Service, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Electronic address:

Serological assays for detection of IgG, IgM or IgA against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) play an important role in surveillance, antibody persistence, vaccine coverage and infection rate. Serological assays, including both ELISA and rapid lateral flow assays, are available commercially but the cost limits their accessibility for low resource countries. Although serological assays based on mammalian-expressed SARS-CoV-2 spike protein have been previously described these assays need to be validated using samples from local populations within the continent, or country, in which they will be used. Read More

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Synovial C-Reactive Protein is a Useful Adjunct for Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

J Arthroplasty 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Background: The diagnostic utility of synovial C-reactive protein (CRP) has been debated for a while. Existing studies are limited by small sample sizes and using outdated criteria for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Furthermore, the relationship between synovial and serum CRP has rarely been investigated in the setting of PJI. Read More

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Baseline Hemodynamic Impairment and Revascularization Outcome in Newly Diagnosed Adult Moyamoya Disease determined by Pseudo-continuous Arterial Spin Labeling.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Nanjing Comprehensive Stroke Center, Affiliated Nanjing Brain Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, 264 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing 210029, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the hemodynamic features and independent predictors of neoangiogenesis after revascularization in MMD by pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging (pCASL MRI).

Methods: 39 MMD patients were categorized into infarction group, hemorrhagic group and atypical group. All patients underwent combined bypass surgery and pCASL imaging with post-labeling delays (PLD) of 1525ms and 2525ms. Read More

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