14,990 results match your criteria self-rated

Positive Effects of Religion and Social Ties on the Health of Former NFL Athletes.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Population Studies Center of the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, P. O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI, 48106, USA.

This study explores the relationship between religious service attendance, social ties, and health among former NFL players, a population with relatively high levels of religious attendance who endure physically demanding occupations. Research shows that frequent religious service attenders tend to have better health, partly because of social connections formed through religious involvement. We analyzed a sample of 1029 former NFL players. Read More

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Self-rated health and incident dementia over two decades: Replication across two cohorts.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

College of Medicine, Florida State University, USA.

This prospective study examined the association between self-rated health and incident dementia in two large cohorts of middle-aged and older adults. Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, N = 13,839, Mean Age = 64.32, SD = 9. Read More

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Large-scale implementation of insomnia treatment in routine psychiatric care: patient characteristics and insomnia-depression comorbidity.

J Sleep Res 2021 Jul 23:e13448. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, M58, Huddinge Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Treating comorbid insomnia is important for recovery from, and prevention of, depression. The objective of this study was to compare comorbidity and patient characteristics among patients having treatment for depression before and after implementation of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in a routine care internet treatment clinic. We hypothesized that insomnia comorbidity would be lower among patients having treatment for depression after the treatment for insomnia became available, and that depression levels would be high among patients in the insomnia treatment group compared to previous studies of insomnia. Read More

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Surgical Trainees and The Geriatric Patient: A Scoping Review.

J Surg Educ 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Acute Care Surgery, OHSU, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address:

Objective: There is an increasing emphasis on surgical trainees learning how to appropriately provide care for the geriatric patient. We hypothesized that little published formal curriculum on the topic exists. We sought to perform a scoping review to test this hypothesis. Read More

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Communicating definitive uncertainty: Teaching pharmacy students to say "I don't know".

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Aug 1;13(8):1032-1039. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

High Point University Fred Wilson School of Pharmacy, 1 University Parkway, High Point, NC 27685, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Communicating uncertainty is an art requiring practice. The purpose of this study was to compare pedagogies for the instruction of pharmacy students in communicating definitive uncertainty.

Educational Activity And Setting: A case scenario featuring a busy physician asking a question without a definitive answer was directed to the pharmacy student using two pedagogies: (1) in-person standardized client and (2) virtual written case. Read More

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Neurocognitive functioning in young adults with congenital heart disease: insights from a case-control study.

Cardiol Young 2021 Jul 23:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Child Development Centre, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: While there is evidence that cognitive impairment of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) may persist into adolescence, little is known about the spectrum of neurocognitive functioning of young adults with this disorder. The aim of this study was to assess neurocognitive functioning in a population of young adults with different types of CHD.

Methods: Cross-sectional cohort study in young adults with CHD and a group-matched healthy control group. Read More

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The role of sustainable urban employee basic medical insurance in health risk appraisal of urban residents.

Work 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, China.

Background: The basic medical insurance for urban workers has always been a hot issue concerned by all walks of life. However, at this stage, there are still some problems in the the basic medical insurance system implement for urban employees in China, such as poor implementation and lack of insurance funds.

Objective: This study aims at exploring the role of basic medical insurance for urban workers in the health risk assessment of urban residents. Read More

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Self-Reported Health in Adolescents With Exercise-Induced Laryngeal Obstruction; A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Pediatr 2021 8;9:617759. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

The Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is common in young people with exertional breathing difficulties. Psychological characteristics have been proposed as underlying contributors; however, the evidence for this is limited. Describe self-reported health, self-efficacy, and anxiety symptoms in adolescents with EILO, and address possible associations with EILO subtypes and severity. Read More

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[Healthy life expectancy for registered residents in 2017 in Shanghai Jing'an Districts].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jul;55(7):860-866

Department of Vital Statistics, Tumour and Injury Prevention and Control, Jing'an District Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200072, China.

To estimate the healthy life expectancy (HALE) of registered residents in Jing'an District, Shanghai City. From June to August in 2017, 14 districts (towns) were selected as the research sites, and 4 159 registered residents were selected as the subjects. The health status data of subjects were collected by using the self-rated health scale, and the health rate of subjects was obtained by using the CHOPIT model. Read More

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Standard multiple imputation of survey data didn't perform better than simple substitution in enhancing an administrative dataset: the example of self-rated health in England.

Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2021 Jul 24;18(1). Epub 2021 Jul 24.

MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow, G2 3AX, UK.

Background: Health surveys provide a rich array of information but on relatively small numbers of individuals and evidence suggests that they are becoming less representative as response levels fall. Routinely collected administrative data offer more extensive population coverage but typically comprise fewer health topics. We explore whether data combination and multiple imputation of health variables from survey data is a simple and robust way of generating these variables in the general population. Read More

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A comparison of work environment, job insecurity, and health between marginal part-time workers and full-time workers in Denmark using pooled register data.

J Occup Health 2021 Jan;63(1):e12251

The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate characteristics of the work environment, job insecurity, and health of marginal part-time workers (8.0-14.9 hours/week) compared with full-time workers (32. Read More

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January 2021

Patient Voices: Impact of educating students about underserved populations using patient speakers and simulation activities.

Am J Pharm Educ 2021 Jul 22:8461. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

The Ohio State University, College of Pharmacy, Columbus, Ohio.

To assess the impact of the Patient Voices series by measuring change in student confidence to interact with patients from underserved communities, comparing student self-ratings of performance in this area with preceptor evaluations, and examining student perceptions of this content. A series of patient speakers and integrated simulation activities focused on underserved populations (i.e. Read More

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The Impact of Sedentary Behavior and Self-Rated Health on Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer among South Korean Elderly Persons Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2014-2018 Data.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 12;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Healthcare Management, Eulji University, Sungnam-si 13135, Korea.

Cardiovascular disease and cancer have increased the risk of mortality and morbidity in elderly persons worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of sedentary behavior and self-rated health with cardiovascular disease or cancer in elderly people. The data of 6785 elderly persons aged above 65 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014-2018 were examined. Read More

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The Relationship among Community Environment, Behavior, Activity Ability, and Self-Rated Health of Older Adults: A Hierarchical and Multi-Dimensional Comparative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 10;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 10.

College of Architecture & Environment, Sichuan University, No. 24 First South Section First Ring Road, Chengdu 610065, China.

Although the community environment is a known determinant of older adults' health, it is unclear about the logical relationships among the community environment, behavior, activity ability, and health of older adults, and the differences between the different age groups. This study used a two-stage sampling method to conduct a household survey of people over 60 years old living in Xinhua Street, Shanghai, China. In total, 2783 valid samples were obtained. Read More

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Multi-Dimensional Impact of Chronic Low Back Pain among Underserved African American and Latino Older Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 6;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Psychiatry, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Chronic low back pain is one of the most common, poorly understood, and potentially disabling chronic pain conditions from which older adults suffer. The existing low back pain research has relied almost exclusively on White/Caucasian participant samples. This study examines the correlates of chronic low back pain among a sample of underserved urban African American and Latino older adults. Read More

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Towards Positive Aging: Links between Forgiveness and Health.

OBM Geriat 2021 12;4(2). Epub 2020 May 12.

Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

Forgiveness may serve as an essential positive resource to help individuals cope emotionally with stressful events, ultimately influencing health. Examination of how individuals forgive within the context of close relationships can provide useful information about positive aging. In this study, we examine how the severity of a recent transgression committed by a spouse/partner or other close social relationship is associated with self-reported physical health among older adults. Read More

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The Impact of Pre- and Postarrival Mechanisms on Self-rated Health and Life Satisfaction Among Refugees in Germany.

Front Sociol 2021 6;6:693518. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department Education, Training, and Employment Over the Life Course, Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany.

In this study, we focus on the evolution of refugees' well-being in the first years after their arrival in Germany. In contrast to other immigrants (e.g. Read More

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Income, Relative Deprivation and the Self-Rated Health of Older People in Urban and Rural China.

Front Public Health 2021 6;9:658649. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

Substantial evidence indicated that absolute income is directly associated with health. Few studies have, however, examined if relative income may be equally associated with health. This study aimed to investigate the association between absolute income/relative deprivation (RD) and self-rated health (SRH). Read More

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Supportive and demanding managerial circumstances and associations with excellent workability: a cross-sectional study of Swedish school principals.

BMC Psychol 2021 Jul 22;9(1):109. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, 22185, Lund, Sweden.

Background: The leadership of principals is important for school, teacher and student related outcomes. To be capable of doing their work (i.e. Read More

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Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Self-Rated Health in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada (Drs Stevens and Rainham); Department of Pediatrics, Division of Respirology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada (Dr Stevens); Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada (Dr Andreou); and Healthy Populations Institute, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada (Dr Rainham).

Purpose: Physical activity (PA) predicts important health outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the general population, environmental factors have the potential to influence PA; however, data are limited in this clinical population. Therefore, we sought to investigate associations between the environment and PA, sedentary behavior, and self-rated health in COPD. Read More

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Interventions for the prevention of persistent post-COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 07 22;7:CD013877. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Cochrane UK, Oxford, UK.

Background: Loss of olfactory function is well recognised as a cardinal symptom of COVID-19 infection, and the ongoing pandemic has resulted in a large number of affected individuals with abnormalities in their sense of smell. For many, the condition is temporary and resolves within two to four weeks. However, in a significant minority the symptoms persist. Read More

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Ultra-processed food consumption and its correlates among Italian children, adolescents and adults from the Italian Nutrition & Health Survey (INHES) cohort study.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Jun 24:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS NEUROMED, Via dell'Elettronica, 86077 Pozzilli (IS), Italy.

Objective: To assess ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption and its socio-demographic, psychosocial and behavioural correlates in a general population of Italian children, adolescents and adults.

Design: Cross-sectional telephone-based survey.

Setting: Italy, 2010-2013. Read More

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Synchrony with distress in affective empathy and compassion.

Psychophysiology 2021 Jul 20:e13889. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Sagol Center for Brain and Mind, Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel.

Sensitivity to suffering of others is a core factor in social cohesion and evolutionary success. The emergence of such sensitivity may occur via two neuro-functional mechanisms. One is sharing the pain and distress of others, which relies on affective empathy. Read More

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The central role of social support in the health of Chinese and Korean American immigrants.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 14;284:114229. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, 1001 Health Sciences Rd., Irvine, CA 92617, USA. Electronic address:

Prior research contends that social support positively influences health by optimizing individuals' psychological processes such as appraisals, emotions, and sense of control-known as stress-buffering effects. This study tests this theoretical concept by examining whether the association between social support and health can be explained by the psychological processes of perceived stress and distress among Chinese and Korean American immigrants. Furthermore, we examine what predicts social support in this population, with a particular focus on factors related to immigration. Read More

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Sterile Compounding Knowledge, Skills, and Confidence Among Graduating Doctor of Pharmacy Students.

Am J Pharm Educ 2021 Mar 23;85(3):8345. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Southeast Louisiana Veterans Healthcare System, New Orleans, Louisiana.

To determine whether the exposure to sterile compounding in the pharmacy curriculum produces Doctor of Pharmacy graduates who are both competent and confident in the area of sterile compounding, and to identify additional variables that may predict student performance. Participants were recruited from the fourth-year pharmacy class of 2018 at one university. The students were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing the following domains: demographics, confidence in compounding performance, prior experience, and theoretical knowledge. Read More

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Are Religiosity and Spirituality Related to Self-Reported Health Expectancy? An Analysis of the European Values Survey.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, UK.

Research on religiosity and health has generally focussed on the United States, and outcomes of health or mortality but not both. Using the European Values Survey 2008, we examined cross-sectional associations between four dimensions of religiosity/spirituality: attendance, private prayer, importance of religion, belief in God; and healthy life expectancy (HLE) based on self-reported health across 47 European countries (n = 65,303 individuals). Greater levels of private prayer, importance of religion and belief in God, at a country level, were associated with lower HLE at age 20, after adjustment for confounders, but only in women. Read More

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Attending with family members, completion rate and benefits accrued from chronic disease self-management program.

Chronic Illn 2021 Jul 20:17423953211032263. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia PA, USA.

Objectives: Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has been demonstrated effective in addressing the self-management of chronic conditions among older adults. With a higher attrition rate, this study investigated whether attending with family members influenced completion of and benefits accrued from the CDSMP.

Methods: The baseline data were collected from CDSMP participants in New York State (n = 4184), and the follow-up data were collected from completers (attended 4+ sessions) (n = 293). Read More

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Weight, Weight Perceptions, and Health and Well-Being Among Canadian Adolescents: Evidence From the 2017-2018 Canadian Community Health Survey.

Lei Chai Jia Xue

Am J Health Promot 2021 Jul 20:8901171211031064. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work & Faculty of Information, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: The present study examines the extent to which (mis)matched weight and weight perceptions predict adolescents' self-rated health, mental health, and life satisfaction.

Design: Quantitative, cross-sectional study.

Setting: Data from the 2017-2018 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)-a nationally representative sample collected by Statistics Canada. Read More

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How and Why Patient Concerns Influence Pain Reporting: A Qualitative Analysis of Personal Accounts and Perceptions of Others' Use of Numerical Pain Scales.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:663890. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States.

Complex factors influence how people report and interpret numerical pain ratings. Such variability can introduce noise and systematic bias into clinical pain assessment. Identification of factors that influence self-rated pain and its interpretation by others may bolster utility of these scales. Read More

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Association of self-rated health with chronic disease, mental health symptom and social relationship in older people.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 19;11(1):14653. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Prevention Medicine, School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Chronic disease, mental health symptoms and poor social relations are reported common causes for poor self-rated health in older people. To assess the co-occurrence rate of chronic diseases, poor mental health and poor social relationships in older people, and determine their association with self-rated health. 6,551 older people in Zhongshan, China, participated a large health surveillance program were randomly selected and questioned about their SRH, chronic conditions, mental health symptoms and social relationships. Read More

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