Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Jun 16;178:8-21. Epub 2019 Feb 16.
National Institute of Health, Environmental Health Department, Porto, Portugal; EPIUnit - Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
According to World Health Organization, every year in the European Union, 4 million patients acquire a healthcare associated infection. Even though some microorganisms represent no threat to healthy people, hospitals harbor different levels of immunocompetent individuals, namely patients receiving immunosuppressors, with previous infections, or those with extremes of age (young children and elderly), requiring the implementation of effective control measures. Public spaces have also been found an important source of infectious disease outbreaks due to poor or none infection control measures applied. Read More