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Feasibility and Acceptability of a Web-Based Caregiver Decision Aid (Safety in Dementia) for Firearm Access: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Sep 22;5(9):e30990. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Rocky Mountain Regional Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Aurora, CO, United States.

Background: Firearms are common in the households of persons with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD). Safety in Dementia (SiD) is a free web-based decision aid that was developed to support ADRD caregivers in addressing firearm access.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of SiD among a web-based sample of ADRD caregivers. Read More

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September 2021

[Effects of Inhaling Essential Oil on Headache-Related Quality of Life Among Nurses Working in Emergency and Critical Care Units].

Hu Li Za Zhi 2021 Oct;68(5):51-64

PhD, RN, Associate Professor, College of Medicine, School of Nursing, National Taiwan University, and Adjunct Supervisor, Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Headache attacks are prevalent symptoms in emergency and critical care nurses. Prior evidence supports the analgesic effects of essential oils on headache symptoms. However, few empirical studies have examined how essential oil may further improve the relief of related symptoms. Read More

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October 2021

The Reasons and Associated Injuries Related to Baby Walkers Use Among Children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2021 Aug 12;13(8):e17122. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Pediatrics, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, SAU.

Background: Baby walkers (BW) are devices commonly used for helping babies' mobility. However, it is associated with different types of injuries. Parents still use BWs and believe that it promotes early walking. Read More

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Screening prefrailty in Japanese community-dwelling older adults with daily gait speed and number of steps via tri-axial accelerometers.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 21;11(1):18673. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka, Obu, Aichi, 474-8511, Japan.

Prefrailty is an intermediate stage between non-frailty and frailty. It is associated with an increased risk of progression to frailty, which makes it important to screen older adults for prefrailty at an early stage. This study verified whether daily gait speed and number of steps measured using a tri-axial accelerometer could be used to identify prefrailty. Read More

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September 2021

Clinico-etiological Profile of Melasma among Female Health Workers in a Tertiary Care Center of Central Nepal - A Cross Sectional Study.

D Karn A Subedi S Kc

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2017 Apr-Jun;17(58):160-163

Department of Dermatology, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.

Background Melasma is an acquired symmetrical dyschromia with profound psychosocial impacts. It is a common pigmentary disorder with less clear etiology and limited management options. There are limited data regarding melasma in our scenario. Read More

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September 2021

Hepatitis B vaccination status and associated factors among students of medicine and health sciences in Wolkite University, Southwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(9):e0257621. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia.

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a significant global public health problem. Health care providers and medical students in developing countries including Ethiopia are at an increased risk of contracting HBV due to the high burden of this infection. The most effective way of prevention against HBV infection is vaccination of health care providers. Read More

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September 2021

The relationship among factors of organizational justice, organizational citizenship behavior, job satisfaction, and ease of work among Japanese nurses.

Appl Nurs Res 2021 Oct 8;61:151479. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Okayama Prefectural University, 111 Kuboki, Soja 719-1197, Japan. Electronic address:

Aim: This work is aimed to create a strategy to improve the nurses' working environment.

Background: As the working-age population is expected to decline in Japan, the maintenance of the nurse workforce is important. In order to create a strategy to improve the nurses' working environment, we studied the relationship among factors of organizational justice (procedural, distributive, and interactional justices), organizational citizenship behavior, job satisfaction, and ease of work. Read More

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October 2021

Poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness and association with mental health in college students.

Ann Hum Biol 2021 Sep 21:1-24. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso, Brasil.

Aim: To estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among college students and to analyse their association with aspects of mental health.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out with 1113 college students, enrolled in full-time courses at a public university in the Mid-West region of Brazil. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire with questions about demographic, socioeconomic, mental health, sleep quality, and EDS. Read More

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September 2021

Bone mineral density, cervical spine degeneration, head and neck posture, and neck pain in the post-menopausal females: A pilot study.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257735. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Clinic of Oral Medicine and Orofacial Pain, Institute of Oral Health Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (ROK).

The purpose of the present study was to reveal the relationship between degenerative changes in the cervical spine, head and neck postures, neck pain, and bone mineral density (BMD) of the total hip, femoral neck, and lumbar spine in post-menopausal females. In total, 116 females (mean age 60.4 ± 7. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of face mask utilization and associated factors in COVID-19 pandemic among Wachemo University Students, Southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257609. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Reproductive Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Introduction: The widespread use of face masks by the general public may help to prevent the spread of viruses. Face masks are thought to be a good strategy to protect against respiratory diseases such as the Coronavirus. Identifying student knowledge, attitude, and practice about the use of face masks is crucial to detect vulnerabilities and respond rapidly to avoid the spread of the infection. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge of mothers regarding children's vaccinations in Cyprus: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257590. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Health Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Introduction: Vaccine hesitancy is identified as one of the top threats to global health. A significant drop of childhood vaccine coverage is reported worldwide. One of the key reasons that influenced mothers' choice to postpone, or avoid children's vaccination, is knowledge. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of the National Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Malaria among medical doctors in Ebonyi state, Nigeria: A cross-sectional survey.

Ugwu I Omale

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257600. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Community Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (AEFUTHA), Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Background: The Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Malaria are meant to guide medical practitioners to enhance optimal management of patients suspected of having malaria which is vital to malarial control and elimination. Medical doctors have the main responsibility for treating patients with malaria so there was need to evaluate the extent to which the medical doctors in Ebonyi state, Nigeria, knew, viewed, and practiced the 2015 National Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Malaria.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in May, 2019 among medical doctors who were involved in the management of malaria patients and selected via convenience sampling. Read More

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September 2021

StayWell at Home: A Text Messaging Intervention to Counteract Depression and Anxiety during COVID-19 Social Distancing.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, 120 Haviland Hall, MC7400School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, US.

Background: Social distancing and stay-at-home orders are critical interventions to slow down person-to-person transmission of COVID-19. While these societal changes help contain the pandemic, they also have unintended negative consequences, including anxiety and depression. We developed StayWell, a daily skills-based SMS text messaging program, to mitigate COVID-19 related depression and anxiety symptoms among people who speak English and Spanish in the United States. Read More

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September 2021

Identifying misconceptions about oral radiology and medicine among dental students.

J Dent Educ 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Dentistry, Department of Clinical and Preventive Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Purpose/objectives: Misconceptions are learning deficiencies that can lead to inappropriate clinical decision-making in dental practice. Although misconceptions are common among students, they are rarely analyzed in dental education. Thus, this study aimed to identify and analyze students' misconceptions about oral radiology and medicine at a Brazilian dental school. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Risk and Preventive Behaviors toward Premarital Sexual Practice among In-School Adolescents.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Mar 1;10(1):497-510. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Public Health, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.

Premarital Sexual Practice (PSP) among adolescents usually involves sexually risky behaviors, such as multiple sexual partners and inconsistent or non-condom use. These behaviors, in combination with other underlining factors, undermine the overall outcomes of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH). To assess the adolescents' knowledge, attitudes and perception of risk and preventive behaviors towards PSP, a school-based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 423 students aged 15 through 19 years. Read More

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Exploring Issues and Challenges of Leadership among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria Using a Mixed-Method Approach: CHARTING Study.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Feb 14;10(1):441-454. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Obafemi Awolowo Teaching Hospital, Complex, Ile Ife 17153, Nigeria.

(1) Background: leadership behaviour is a poorly explored phenomenon among early-career doctors (ECDs). Good leadership is vital in maximising the effective management of patients in a clinical setting. While a good number of studies, though with small sample surveys, have researched the role of leadership in clinical setting quantitatively, qualitative investigations are yet to be done in Nigeria. Read More

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February 2020

Assessment of the knowledge of teachers about asthma and the availability of facilities for asthma care in public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria.

Afr J Thorac Crit Care Med 2018 21;24(2). Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Asthma is a common chronic illness affecting young people. Asthma management at schools may be influenced by teachers' knowledge of the condition and the availability of treatment facilities.

Objectives: To assess the knowledge of secondary school teachers in Lagos, Nigeria, regarding asthma and to evaluate management options available at schools. Read More

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Teledentistry as a Supportive Tool for Dentists in Pakistan.

Biomed Res Int 2021 8;2021:8757859. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka, Al Jouf 72345, Saudi Arabia.

The current scenario of the COVID-19 pandemic has forced dentists to seek different options for delivering healthcare services other than the in-person direct examination in clinical practice. Teledentistry is one of the options for remote patient care and monitoring. . Read More

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September 2021

Job Satisfaction and Its Determinants among Nurse Anesthetists in Clinical Practice: The Botswana Experience.

Anesthesiol Res Pract 2021 7;2021:5739584. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana.

Job satisfaction (JS) correlates positively with patients' satisfaction and outcomes and employees' well-being. In Botswana, the level of job satisfaction and its determinants among nurse anesthetists were not investigated. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2020 to June 2020 encompassing all nurse anesthetists in clinical practice in Botswana. Read More

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September 2021

Association between self-control and health risk behaviors: a cross-sectional study with 9th grade adolescents in São Paulo.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 19;21(1):1706. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR. Address: Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455 - 2o. andar - sala 2214, São Paulo, Postal Code: 01246-903, Brazil.

Background: Self-control (SC) has been consistently found associated with diverse health risk behaviors (HRBs), but little research refers to low- and middle-income countries. Furthermore, there is evidence that some HRBs tend to aggregate, however studies with the specific purpose of addressing the relation between SC and multiple health risk behaviors (MHRBs) are rare. The objective of this study is to analyze these associations and provide evidence to help filling these gaps. Read More

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September 2021

Depression, hope and social support among older people with cancer: a comparison of Muslim Palestinian and Jewish Israeli cancer patients.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Sharett Oncology Institute, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objectives: Studies of depression in older Muslim Palestinians diagnosed with cancer are scarce. To gain insight into the psychological response and coping ability of this very large, globally distributed population, we collected data from older Muslim Palestinian people diagnosed with cancer concerning depression hope and perceived social support. Both hope and social support were selected because they can be manipulated through intervention and education, as shown in the geriatric literature. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Mental Health and Stress Concerns on Relationship and Sexuality Amidst the COVID-19 Lockdown.

J Sex Med 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Since January 23, 2020, the Chinese government has imposed restrictive measures including self-isolation, travel restrictions and lockdown of Wuhan city in order to prevent the incoming waves of COVID-19 outbreak in the country. However, the impact of mental health and stress concerns on relationship and sexuality amidst the COVID-19 lockdown was currently unclear.

Aim: The cross-sectional study was designed to determine the changes in health, relationship and sexuality among the Chinese couples who lived together amid the early stages of COVID-19 pandemic in China. Read More

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Parental perception of neonatal transfers from level 3 to level 2 neonatal intensive care units in Calgary, Alberta: qualitative findings.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 17;21(1):981. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: Retro-transfers from level 3 to 2 NICUs in Alberta's regionalization of neonatal care system are essential to ensure the proper utilization of level 3 NICUs for complex neonatal cases. Parents often experience distress that relates to the transfer of their neonates to another hospital. Limited information is available regarding parental perceptions of distress during transfers for neonates requiring care between NICUs in the current Canadian context. Read More

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September 2021

Predictors of waterpipe smoking among university students in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 30;19:67. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Pharmaceutical Care Services, Ministry of the National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Waterpipe smoking has gained global popularity among adolescents and young adults. This study aimed to identify the predictors of waterpipe smoking among university students in the Qassim region of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a pre-tested, validated, and self-administered questionnaire to identify the predictors of waterpipe smoking among university students aged >18 years in the Qassim region. Read More

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Screening for Depression Among Recent Nigerian Graduates.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Sep;24(9):1385-1390

Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Nigeria.

Background: In recent times, Nigerian media have carried multiple reports of violent and traumatic social vices. These are well-known trigger factors for fear, worries, and anxiety for corp members and their families. Core member's presentations at the NYSC primary care clinic are commonly triggered by change in environmental, biological, and psychosocial factors which invariably affect their social and occupational functioning. Read More

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September 2021

Adolescents' Usage and Attitude Toward Contact Lenses: A Descriptive Study In Saudi Arabia.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Sep;24(9):1350-1359

Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore adolescents' (11-20 years) usage of, beliefs in, attitudes toward, and barriers to contact lens use in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Method: The study recruited 1252 healthy participants from 20 highly populated schools. The schools were selected at random from middle and high schools in Riyadh. Read More

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September 2021

Where and how do young people like to get their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information? Experiences from students in higher learning institutions in Mbeya, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 16;21(1):1683. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo), Moshi, Tanzania.

Background: Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among young adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is still a major public health challenge. Early school-based sexuality education programs and sexual health information sharing between teachers, parents and young people have been considered protective against the sexual health risks to which young people are exposed. There is, however, limited information on the preferred choices of "where", "how" and "from whom" young people would like to receive SRH information. Read More

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September 2021

Child Discomfort and Parental Acceptability of Silver Diamine Fluoride and Alternative Restorative Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

J Dent 2021 Sep 13:103811. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt and College of Dentistry, Preventive Dental Sciences Department, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Objectives: To compare pain perception of young children treated with SDF and ART, as well as their parents' acceptability of both modalities.

Methods: Eighty, 3 to 8-years old children, having at least one deciduous asymptomatic tooth with active caries, as defined by the ICDAS II scores 4, 5, 6 were randomly assigned into two groups; SDF for caries arresting in the test group, and ART for caries removal in the control group. Pain perception was assessed using Sound, Eye, Motor scale (SEM), whereas parental acceptability was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of fibromyalgia syndrome in patients with rosacea.

Arch Rheumatol 2021 Jun 14;36(2):252-257. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to investigate the frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in rosacea patients and the relationship between disease disability score of FMS and quality of life score of rosacea.

Patients And Methods: This cross-sectional controlled clinical trial was performed between December 2017 and December 2018. One hundred female rosacea patients (mean age 43. Read More

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Respiratory physicians' awareness and referral of pulmonary rehabilitation in China: a cross-sectional study.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Aug;13(8):4753-4761

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has demonstrated physiological, symptom reducing, psychosocial, and health care savings benefits in multiple outcome areas for patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Physicians' PR awareness and PR referral practices are key in PR promotion. However, PR awareness and referral among respiratory physicians in China have rarely been studied. Read More

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