46,183 results match your criteria seeking behavior


Burnout and Perceptions of Stigma and Help-Seeking Behavior Among Pediatric Fellows.

Pediatrics 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background And Objectives: Although burnout has been studied extensively among students and residents, in few studies have researchers examined burnout among fellowship trainees. We measured burnout among fellows in our freestanding children's hospital and evaluated fellows' perceptions of stigma around (and willingness to seek treatment for) psychological distress. The objectives are as follows: to (1) measure burnout among pediatric fellows, (2) assess fellows' perceptions of stigma around help seeking for mental illness, and (3) examine the relationship between burnout and willingness to seek behavioral health counseling. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of household shocks on access to healthcare services in Kenya: a propensity score matching analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 24;11(9):e048189. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

School of Governance, Utrecht University Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objective: This study examines the effects of household shocks on access to healthcare services in Kenya. Shocks are adverse events that lead to loss of household income and/or assets.

Design And Setting: The study used data from the Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey 2015/2016, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey. Read More

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September 2021

Curiosity or savouring? Information seeking is modulated by both uncertainty and valence.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257011. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Curiosity is pervasive in our everyday lives, but we know little about the factors that contribute to this drive. In the current study, we assessed whether curiosity about uncertain outcomes is modulated by the valence of the information, i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence and Correlates of Sex Selling and Sex Purchasing among Adults Seeking Treatment for Cocaine Use Disorder.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 Sep 24:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Center for Neurobehavioral Research on Addiction, Faillace Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

Introduction: Exchange sex places individuals with cocaine use disorder (CUD) at particularly high risk for deleterious safety and health outcomes. A substance use treatment provider who is aware of a patient's exchange sex behavior is better able to provide appropriate screening, care, and/or referral to risk reduction services. However, little is known about exchange sex, especially purchasing, among treatment-seeking adults with CUD. Read More

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September 2021

Tuberculosis stigma: Assessing tuberculosis knowledge, attitude and preventive practices in surulere, Lagos, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2021 Jul-Sep;20(3):184-192

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idiaraba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Context: Tuberculosis (TB), though preventable and curable, remains a global health problem, ranked one of the top causes of death worldwide, despite the World Health Organization's strategies. This may be due to the stigma surrounding the disease.

Aim: This study assesses TB stigma in light of knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices among individuals in an urban community. Read More

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September 2021

Role of male partners in the long-term well-being of women who have experienced severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Tanzania: a qualitative study.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Sep 24:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Anthropology Department, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Men can be essential sources of support in maternal health, even more so in case of severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM), affecting 1-2% of childbearing women in low-resource settings. In a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews, we explored the perspectives of nine male partners of women who suffered from (pre-)eclampsia six to seven years earlier in rural Tanzania. Male partners considered their role to be pivotal regarding finances, decision-making in healthcare-seeking and family planning and provided physical and emotional support. Read More

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September 2021

Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use and Associated Factors among HIV Infected Children and Adolescents Seeking Mental Health Services in Uganda.

EC Psychol Psychiatr 2020 Oct 28;9(10):1-8. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Given the limited integration of mental health services into pediatric HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa, there is limited information on the nature of mental health service use sought by caregivers of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

Methods: We analyzed data from a sample of 135 children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS and attending a pediatric HIV care service whose parents or caregivers had sought for mental health care for their emotional or behavior problems in the past year. We assessed complementary alternative medicine use, socio-demographic characteristics and types of behavioral problems using a SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC questionnaire and the child behavioral checklist (6 - 18) respectively. Read More

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October 2020

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated non-pharmaceutical interventions on other notifiable infectious diseases in Germany: An analysis of national surveillance data during week 1-2016 - week 32-2020.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021 Jul 19;6:100103. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Robert Koch Institute, Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and associated non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) affect healthcare seeking behaviour, access to healthcare, test strategies, disease notification and workload at public health authorities, but may also lead to a true change in transmission dynamics. We aimed to assess the impact of the pandemic and NPIs on other notifiable infectious diseases under surveillance in Germany.

Methods: We included 32 nationally notifiable disease categories with case numbers >100/year in 2016-2019. Read More

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Augmented hip proprioception influences mediolateral foot placement during walking.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2021 Sep 22;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Hip abductor proprioception contributes to the control of mediolateral foot placement, which varies with step-by-step fluctuations in pelvis dynamics. Prior work has used hip abductor vibration as a sensory probe to investigate the link between vibration within a single step and subsequent foot placement. Here, we extended prior findings by applying time and location varying vibration in every step, seeking to predictably manipulate the continuous, step-by-step relationship between pelvis dynamics and foot placement. Read More

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September 2021

Determinants of the Use of Health and Fitness Mobile Apps by Patients With Asthma: Secondary Analysis of Observational Studies.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 22;23(9):e25472. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Serviço de Pneumologia, Hospital Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Centro Hospitalar Barreiro Montijo, Barreiro, Portugal.

Background: Health and fitness apps have potential benefits to improve self-management and disease control among patients with asthma. However, inconsistent use rates have been reported across studies, regions, and health systems. A better understanding of the characteristics of users and nonusers is critical to design solutions that are effectively integrated in patients' daily lives, and to ensure that these equitably reach out to different groups of patients, thus improving rather than entrenching health inequities. Read More

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September 2021

Leveraging telehealth to evaluate infants with prodromal autism spectrum disorder characteristics using the telehealth evaluation of development for infants.

Autism 2021 Sep 22:13623613211045596. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

University of California, Davis, USA.

Lay Abstract: Many families seeking early evaluations for autism spectrum disorder face long waitlists, must often travel to centers with appropriate expertise, and are frequently told by providers to "wait and see." This results in significant stress for families and delayed supports to infants and their caregivers who could benefit. This study evaluated whether telehealth could be used to identify and evaluate infants with early autism spectrum disorder characteristics in the first year of life. Read More

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September 2021

A study to assess the feasibility of using a novel digital animation to increase physical activity levels in asylum seeking communities.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Faculty of Health Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.

The mental health benefits of physical activity and exercise are well-documented and asylum seekers who may have poor mental health could benefit from undertaking recommended levels of physical activity or exercise. Digital mobile applications are increasingly seen as feasible to precipitate behaviour change and could be a means to encourage asylum seekers to increase their levels of physical activity and exercise. This paper reports on a study that aimed to assess the feasibility of asylum seekers using the digital animation as a tool to change behaviour and increase their physical activity and exercise levels. Read More

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September 2021

Can citizen pressure influence politicians' communication about climate change? Results from a field experiment.

Clim Change 2021 16;168(1-2). Epub 2021 Sep 16.

The Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada.

Urgent reductions in greenhouse gas emissions depend on governments implementing and enforcing rigorous climate policy. Individuals in democracies seeking to persuade government officials to reduce greenhouse gas emissions can take steps such as voting, protesting, and contacting officials directly, but it is unclear how effective each of these actions is in changing the behavior of elected officials. Here we take advantage of the public nature of social media to evaluate the actual efficacy of climate campaign emails using an original, real-world experiment where 335 Members of Canadian Parliament were asked by constituents to post a pro-climate message to their Twitter account. Read More

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September 2021

A model of consumer life-satisfaction amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence and policy implications.

J Consum Aff 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Business Administration Middle East Technical University Ankara Turkey.

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically impacted the lives of consumers across the globe. What guidance can consumer researchers and policymakers provide consumers to elicit adaptive responses that contribute to their life-satisfaction under these adverse conditions? To this end, we develop and test an adaptive response model and demonstrate its impact on the life-satisfaction of the consumers experiencing the pandemic in Turkey. Our model suggests that amidst COVID-19, seeking emotional help triggers the positivity in people, which in turn increases life-satisfaction. Read More

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Only one fifth of young Australian adults have beliefs about medical imaging for low back pain that align with current evidence: A cross-sectional study.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2021 Sep 14;56:102460. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Curtin EnAble Institute and Curtin School of Allied Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Patients' perceptions/expectations may be a factor behind medical imaging referral rates. Few studies have investigated the beliefs that might drive expectations of medical imaging.

Objectives: This study examined whether beliefs of young Australian adults with and without impactful low back pain (LBP) concerning medical scans for LBP align with current evidence. Read More

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September 2021

Factors and expectations influencing concussion disclosure within NCAA Division I athletes: A mixed methodological approach.

J Sport Health Sci 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; Department of Exercise and Sport Science, College of Arts and Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; Matthew Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Participation in sports is associated with many benefits to all aspects of health; however, it also come with the risk of injury, particularly concussions. Self-disclosure and care-seeking following a concussion are especially important due to the lack of outwardly visible signs and/or symptoms. While recent research has explored factors affecting concussion disclosure, utilization of isolated methodologies limits the ability to contextualize how disclosure or non-disclosure occurs. Read More

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September 2021

Emergency Department Visits by Patients with Substance Use Disorder in the United States.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Aug 19;22(5):1076-1085. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

University of Michigan School of Nursing, Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.

Introduction: We aimed to characterize emergency department (ED) utilization and clinical characteristics of patients with substance use disorder (SUD) seeking emergency care for all reasons.

Methods: Using 2016-2017 ED data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, we investigated demographics, ED resource utilization, and clinical characteristics of patients with SUD vs those without SUD.

Results: Of all adult ED visits (N = 27,609) in the US in 2016-2017, 11. Read More

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A Qualitative Study on the Experience and Training Needs of ICU Nurses for Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2021 Oct;34(10):532-537

At the Capital Medical University in Beijing, China, Yu Zhang, MSN, RN, is Nurse, Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; Peng Zhang, MSc, is Attending Doctor, Department of Urology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital; Jun-E Liu, MD, is Professor, School of Nursing; and Fengli Gao, MD, is Director, Nursing Department, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital. Acknowledgment: The authors thank the Nursing Department of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital for supporting this study, including the ICU nurses who agreed to share their experience and devote time and effort to this project. The authors have disclosed no financial relationships related to this article. Submitted September 24, 2020; accepted in revised form December 10, 2020.

Objective: To explore the experience of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) as perceived by nurses, obstacles in the nursing process, and need for IAD training and management.

Methods: This single-setting descriptive qualitative study was conducted from June 5, 2018, to June 22, 2018. Ten nurses working in the respiratory ICU of a local hospital participated in semistructured interviews. Read More

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October 2021

Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Reported Lyme Disease, United States, 2020.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Oct;27(10):2715-2717

Surveys indicate US residents spent more time outdoors in 2020 than in 2019, but fewer tick bite-related emergency department visits and Lyme disease laboratory tests were reported. Despite ongoing exposure, Lyme disease case reporting for 2020 might be artificially reduced due to coronavirus disease-associated changes in healthcare-seeking behavior. Read More

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October 2021

Individuals at increased risk for development of bipolar disorder display structural alterations similar to people with manifest disease.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 Sep 20;11(1):485. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

In psychiatry, there has been a growing focus on identifying at-risk populations. For schizophrenia, these efforts have led to the development of early recognition and intervention measures. Despite a similar disease burden, the populations at risk of bipolar disorder have not been sufficiently characterized. Read More

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September 2021

The social determinants of health and health seeking behaviour in populations affected by armed conflict: a qualitative systematic review.

Med Confl Surviv 2021 Sep 20:1-26. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.

This systematic review explored the relationship between the social determinants of health and health seeking behaviour of individuals affected by armed conflicts. A systematic search of all available evidence was conducted through well-known academic databases. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were quality assessed. Read More

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September 2021

The conflict between Public Health and 'Big Food': A Counterinsurgency?

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Australian Geo-Spatial Health Laboratory, Health Research Institute, University of Canberra, ACT, Australia.

This commentary characterises as an insurgency those elements of the Food Industry seeking to retain and expand industry profit-making opportunity with scant regard to the effect on public health and wellbeing. Premised on a conflict in which the battlespace encompasses the drivers of (un)healthful behaviour, our view encourages opponents of Food Industry methods to consider an approach based on analogy of successful Counter-Insurgency strategies to a health promotion context. Read More

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September 2021

Pharmacologically induced N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor hypofunction impairs goal-directed food seeking in rats.

Neuropsychopharmacol Rep 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institute of Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Aim: Acute N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonism is an important pharmacological animal model of schizophrenia. In previous studies, schizophrenia patients show impaired goal-directed behavior in an outcome-specific devaluation procedure. In this study, we investigated whether the rat model of the NMDA receptor blockade also showed altered goal-directed behavior in a satiety-induced outcome devaluation paradigm. Read More

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September 2021

Google is goodish: An information literacy course designed to teach users why google may not always be the best place to search for evidence.

Authors:
Patricia Lacey

Health Info Libr J 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Knowledge and Library Services, Public Health England, Birmingham, UK.

This article describes a course that was developed in response to health sector and local authority workers being reliant on Google and using it for their information needs regardless of whether it was the best place to search. The methodology for developing and structuring the course is explored, including details of the content included. The author concludes by asserting that teaching users about the effective use of Google is an important part of user education. Read More

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September 2021

Assessing gender differences among presumed and diagnosed patients with pulmonary TB: observations from Guinea-Bissau.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Ban dim Health Project, INDEPTH Network, Apartado 861, 1004 Bissau Codex, Guinea-Bissau.

Background: Globally, more males than females are diagnosed with pulmonary TB (PTB); however, the cause of this gender disparity remains unknown. We aimed to assess gender differences in an observational cohort of patients with presumed PTB (prePTB) at the Bandim Health Project, Guinea-Bissau.

Methods: Adult patients with signs and symptoms suggestive of PTB seeking medical care were invited to participate and were referred to comprehensive diagnostic work-up. Read More

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September 2021

Health-seeking behaviour among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study.

Heliyon 2021 Sep 10;7(9):e07972. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Ministry of Health, Kisumu, Kenya.

Background: The novel coronavirus pandemic has killed millions of people globally while significantly destroying the social, economic, and political wellbeing of people. The global pandemic has negatively impacted pregnant women's access to prenatal care. The current study sought to understand the health-seeking behaviour of women who were pregnant during the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya. Read More

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September 2021

A review of swarm intelligence algorithms deployment for scheduling and optimization in cloud computing environments.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 25;7:e696. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Computer Science and Information Department, Majmaah University, AlZulfi, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: This review focuses on reviewing the recent publications of swarm intelligence algorithms (particle swarm optimization (PSO), ant colony optimization (ACO), artificial bee colony (ABC), and the firefly algorithm (FA)) in scheduling and optimization problems. Swarm intelligence (SI) can be described as the intelligent behavior of natural living animals, fishes, and insects. In fact, it is based on agent groups or populations in which they have a reliable connection among them and with their environment. Read More

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Risk perception and information-seeking behavior during emergency: An exploratory study on COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh.

Int J Disaster Risk Reduct 2021 Nov 15;65:102580. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh.

With the fluctuating condition of the pandemic, people's perception of COVID-19 is also inconstant. If people perceive a low risk of any health emergency or any other crisis, they won't look for proper information to change their attitude, which might increase their risk. Through the use of two different theories and a mixed-method approach, this study attempted to understand the current perception about COVID-19 and the relationship between risk perception and information-seeking behavior. Read More

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November 2021

The Prominent Deck B Phenomenon in Schizophrenia: An Empirical Study on Iowa Gambling Task.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:619855. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) was established to evaluate emotion-based decision-making ability under uncertain circumstances in clinical populations, including schizophrenia (Sz). However, there remains a lack of stable behavioral measures regarding discrimination for decision-making performance in IGT between schizophrenic cases and healthy participants. None of the Sz-IGT studies has specifically verified the prominent deck B (PDB) phenomenon gradually revealed in other populations. Read More

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September 2021

Information avoidance during health crises: Predictors of avoiding information about the COVID-19 pandemic among german news consumers.

Authors:
Elena Link

Inf Process Manag 2021 Nov 30;58(6):102714. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Journalism and Communication Research, University of Music, Drama and Media, Hanover, Expo Plaza 12, 30539 Hanover, Germany.

This study investigates the prevalence of source-specific information avoidance among German consumers and predictors of information-avoidance behavior in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Guided by the Risk Information Seeking and Processing Model (RISP), we propose that the perceived social norms, information insufficiency, risk perception, affective risk response, and attitudes toward seeking predict information avoidance. We supplement the RISP model by considering information overload as the vast volume and the incredulous quality of information in the COVID-19 pandemic challenge individuals' information acquisition and processing. Read More

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November 2021