2,137 results match your criteria seed points

Proteome and Nutritional Shifts Observed in Hordein Double-Mutant Barley Lines.

Front Plant Sci 2021 9;12:718504. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

CSIRO Agriculture and Food, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

Lysine is the most limiting essential amino acid in cereals, and efforts have been made over the decades to improve the nutritional quality of these grains by limiting storage protein accumulation and increasing lysine content, while maintaining desired agronomic traits. The single mutation in barley has been shown to significantly increase lysine content but also reduces grain size. Herein, the regulatory effect of the mutation that controls storage protein accumulation as well as a plethora of critically important processes in cereal seeds was investigated in double mutant barley lines. Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of effect of auriculotherapy and mefenamic acid on the severity and systemic symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized clinical trial.

Trials 2021 Sep 26;22(1):655. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Department of Midwifery and Reproductive, Nursing Care Research Center (NCRC), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Rashid Yasemi st., Valiasr St, Tehran, 1996713883, Iran.

Background: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common complaint in young women and adolescents. Side effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can limit their use. Therefore, non-pharmacological pain relief methods such as auriculotherapy may play an important role in PD management. Read More

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September 2021

Transcriptomics analysis of genes induced by melatonin related to glucosinolates synthesis in broccoli hairy roots.

Plant Signal Behav 2021 Sep 21:1952742. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Basical Experimental Teaching Center, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Glucoraphanin (GRA) is found in the seeds and vegetative organs of broccoli ( L. var. Planch) as the precursor of anti-carcinogen sulforaphane (SF). Read More

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September 2021

Application of chemometric tools in the development and sensory evaluation of gluten-free cracknel biscuits with the addition of chia seeds and turmeric powder.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 3;58(11):4118-4126. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

UTFPR - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, P.O. Box 271, Campo Mourão, Paraná CEP 87301-899 Brazil.

Gluten-free biscuits were developed with the addition of chia seeds ( L.) and turmeric powder. An experimental design 2 were employed in the formulation optimization that promotes better sensory acceptance through acceptance test with a hedonic scale of 9 points. Read More

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November 2021

Tissue-Specific Proteome and Subcellular Microscopic Analyses Reveal the Effect of High Salt Concentration on Actin Cytoskeleton and Vacuolization in Aleurone Cells during Early Germination of Barley.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Sep 6;22(17). Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, Molecular Systems Biology (MoSys), Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Djerassiplatz 1, 1030 Wien, Austria.

Cereal grain germination provides the basis for crop production and requires a tissue-specific interplay between the embryo and endosperm during heterotrophic germination involving signalling, protein secretion, and nutrient uptake until autotrophic growth is possible. High salt concentrations in soil are one of the most severe constraints limiting the germination of crop plants, affecting the metabolism and redox status within the tissues of germinating seed. However, little is known about the effect of salt on seed storage protein mobilization, the endomembrane system, and protein trafficking within and between these tissues. Read More

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September 2021

The role of breast reconstruction choice on body image patient-reported outcomes at four years post-mastectomy for breast cancer: A longitudinal prospective cohort study.

Psychooncology 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Breast & Surgical Oncology at the Poche Centre, North Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: To examine the impact of breast reconstruction on women's perceptions of body image over time and to assess the influence of sociodemographic variables on body image.

Methods: A prospective, longitudinal cohort study, using validated breast cancer-specific questionnaires, to compare patient-reported outcomes in women choosing immediate (n = 61), delayed (n = 16) or no (n = 23) breast reconstruction.

Results: One hundred women completed baseline questionnaires that included items on body image; 30 women completed all four annual follow-up sets, while 20 women completed baseline only. Read More

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September 2021

First report of causing fruit rot of spaghetti squash in California.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

California Department of Food and Agriculture Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, 210324, Sacramento, California, United States;

Spaghetti squash ( L. subsp. ) is a yellow-skinned squash that forms translucent spaghetti-like strands when cooked. Read More

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September 2021

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies on Acupuncture Therapy in Depression: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:670739. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen, China.

Accumulating studies had been performed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to understand the neural mechanism of acupuncture therapy for depression. However, inconsistencies remain due to differences in research designs and MRI analytical methods. Therefore, we aim to summarize the current MRI research and provide useful information for further research by identifying papers published in English and Chinese about MRI studies on acupuncture for depression up to November 2020. Read More

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Impact of maternal late gestation undernutrition on surfactant maturation, pulmonary blood flow and oxygen delivery measured by magnetic resonance imaging in the sheep fetus.

J Physiol 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Early Origins of Adult Health Research Group, Health and Biomedical Innovation, UniSA: Clinical and Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Restriction of fetal substrate supply has an adverse effect on surfactant maturation in the lung and thus affects the transition from in utero placental oxygenation to pulmonary ventilation ex utero. The effects on surfactant maturation are mediated by alteration in mechanisms regulating surfactant protein and phospholipid synthesis. This study aimed to determine the effects of late gestation maternal undernutrition (LGUN) and LGUN plus fetal glucose infusion (LGUN+G) compared to Control on surfactant maturation and lung development, and the relationship with pulmonary blood flow and oxygen delivery ( ) measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with molecules that regulate lung development. Read More

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September 2021

Altered Functional Connectivity in the Resting State Neostriatum After Complete Sleep Deprivation: Impairment of Motor Control and Regulatory Network.

Front Neurosci 2021 17;15:665687. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Air Force Medical Center, Beijing, China.

Sleep loss not only compromises individual physiological functions but also induces a psychocognitive decline and even impairs the motor control and regulatory network. In this study, we analyzed whole-brain functional connectivity changes in the putamen and caudate nucleus as seed points in the neostriatum after 36 h of complete sleep deprivation in 30 healthy adult men by resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the physiological mechanisms involved in impaired motor control and regulatory network in individuals in the sleep-deprived state. The functional connectivity between the putamen and the bilateral precentral, postcentral, superior temporal, and middle temporal gyrus, and the left caudate nucleus and the postcentral and inferior temporal gyrus were significantly reduced after 36 h of total sleep deprivation. Read More

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MA-SOCRATIS: An automatic pipeline for robust segmentation of the left ventricle and scar.

Comput Med Imaging Graph 2021 Aug 26;93:101982. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Insigneo Institute for In-Silico Medicine, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, Sheffield S1 4DP, UK.

Multi-atlas segmentation of cardiac regions and total infarct scar (MA-SOCRATIS) is an unsupervised automatic pipeline to segment left ventricular myocardium and scar from late gadolinium enhanced MR images (LGE-MRI) of the heart. We implement two different pipelines for myocardial and scar segmentation from short axis LGE-MRI. Myocardial segmentation has two steps; initial segmentation and re-estimation. Read More

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First Report of Causing Postharvest Fruit Rot on in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

East China Normal University, Shanghai, China;

Mangosteen ( Linn.) is an evergreen fruit tree grown in Southeast Asia. The fruit of Mangosteen is dark purple spherical with a diameter of 5 to 8 centimeter, a hard rind and white flesh. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Drying on the Fabrication of MgAl Layered Double Hydroxides.

ACS Omega 2021 Aug 10;6(33):21819-21829. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Drying Center of Pastes, Suspensions, and Seeds, Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, São Paulo 13565-905, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate the synthesis of MgAl/LDH from the drying process perspective, evaluating the influence of temperature (75-90 °C) and time (16-20 h) in the drying process. The synthesis was performed, maintaining a ratio of 2:1 of Mg/Al, and the drying was conducted according to a 2 experimental design: four axial points and three repetitions at the central point. The surface area and pore diameter ranged from 4. Read More

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Auricular Acupressure for treating early stage of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, sham-controlled prospective study.

QJM 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Orthopedics, Zhejiang Rongjun Hospital, Jiaxing, 314001, China; Jiaxing Key Laboratory for Minimally Invasive Surgery in Orthopedics & Skeletal Regenerative Medicine, Zhejiang Rongjun Hospital, Jiaxing, 314001, China.

Objective: We examined whether auricular acupressure (AA) at four specificially preselected AA points can alleviate knee pain and decrease non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) consumption and its adverse effects for osteoarthritis patients.

Methods: 62 patients (more than 40 years) with knee osteoarthritis of Kellgren-Lawrence grades of I or II upon radiographic classification were enrolled in this randomized, sham-controlled prospective study, and divided into two groups (AA group and control group). The AA group received true AA by embedding vaccaria seeds at four specific AA points (knee joint, shenmen, subcortex, sympathesis) ipsilateral to the knee osteoarthritis site, while the control group received four nonacupuncture points on the auricular helix. Read More

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Seasonal Metabolic Investigation in Pomegranate ( L.) Highlights the Role of Amino Acids in Genotype- and Organ-Specific Adaptive Responses to Freezing Stress.

Front Plant Sci 2021 12;12:699139. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

Every winter, temperate woody plants have to cope with freezing stress. Winter hardiness is of crucial importance for pomegranate survival and productivity. A comparative morphological and metabolic study was conducted on the stems and buds of 15 field-grown mature pomegranate genotypes in seven time-points during two developmental cycles. Read More

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IgE mediated food allergy in Turkey: different spectrum, similar outcome.

Turk J Pediatr 2021 ;63(4):554-563

Division of Pediatric Allergy, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Food allergies (FAs) potentially differ across cultures.

Methods: All medical records of 534 children and adolescents with IgE-mediated FA over a 5-year period were reviewed to document the regional characteristics with regard to spectrum and outcome.

Results: According to their last visit, the most common FAs were tree nuts (TNs) (52. Read More

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January 2021

Calcium amendment for improved germination, plant growth, and leaf photosynthetic electron transport in oat (Avena sativa) under NaCl stress.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(8):e0256529. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Grassland Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province, The People's Republic of China.

Calcium (Ca2+) is an essential nutrient element for plants as it stabilizes the membrane system structure and controls enzyme activity. To investigate the effects of Ca2+ on plant growth and leaf photosynthetic electron transport in oat (Avena sativa) under NaCl stress, oat seeds and plants were cultivated in nutrient solutions with single NaCl treatment and NaCl treatment with CaCl2 amendment. By measuring the seed germination rate, plant growth, Na+ and Cl- accumulation in leaves, ion leakage in seedlings and leaves, prompt chlorophyll a fluorescence (PF) transient (OJIP), delayed chlorophyll a fluorescence (DF), and modulated 820 nm reflection (MR) values of the leaves at different growth phases, we observed that Ca2+ alleviated the inhibition of germination and plant growth and decreased Na+ and Cl- accumulation and ion leakage in the leaves under NaCl stress. Read More

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sp. nov. and sp. nov. isolated from a Chinese medicinal plant.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021 Aug;71(8)

School of Life Science, Hunan University of Science and technology, Xiangtan 411201, PR China.

Two strains of Actinobacteria, designated CRXT-Y-14 and CRXT-G-22, were isolated from the healthy leaves and seeds, respectively, of a medicinal plant . Their taxonomic positions were determined using a polyphasic approach. Strain CRXT-Y-14 produced flexuous chains of smooth-surfaced spores. Read More

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Group contracts and sustainability: Experimental evidence from smallholder seed production.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(8):e0255176. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Impact Evaluation, Foresight and Policy, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines.

Contract farming in seed production has played an instrumental role in bringing private investment into seed research and production. As developing countries have predominantly small and marginal farmers, the number of inefficiencies that arise from seed contractual agreements hinders producers from realizing the full potential benefits from seed contracts. We carried out an economic experiment with real producers and organizers currently engaged in seed production to analyze their preference for group seed contracts, its sustainability and welfare implications in the seed value chain. Read More

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Transcriptome sequencing provides insights into the mechanism of hypoxia adaption in bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis).

Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2021 Aug 8;40:100891. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, The Innovation Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China. Electronic address:

Hypoxia negatively affects the behavior, immunology, physiology, and growth of fish. Therefore, uncovering the genetic mechanisms underlying hypoxia adaptation and tolerance in fish prior to any genetic improvement is essential. Bighead carp is one of the most important freshwater fish species in aquaculture worldwide; however, this species does not have a strong ability to tolerate hypoxia. Read More

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Effect of oven and sun drying on the chemical properties, lipid profile of soursop () seed oil, and the functional properties of the defatted flour.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Aug 14;9(8):4156-4168. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Microbiology and parasitology Faculty of Science University of Buea Buea Cameroon.

Soursop seeds present a potential source of edible oil production. This work was aimed at determining the effect of oven and sun drying on the chemical properties and lipid profile of soursop seed oil as well as the functional properties of the defatted seed flour. The chemical properties, lipid profiles, and functional properties of soursop seeds dried for 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 hr, and 0, 1, 3, and 5 days, respectively, in the oven and on the sun using time T0 as the control sample were determined using oil quality indices, gas phase chromatography, and functionality tests for flours, respectively, with a view of highlighting the potentials of the defatted seed. Read More

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National Institute on Aging seed funding enables Alzheimer's disease startups to reach key value inflection points.

Alzheimers Dement 2021 Aug 10. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Office of Planning, Analysis, and Evaluation, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Introduction: The National Institute on Aging (NIA) provides funding to academic researchers and small businesses working in the Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and AD-related dementia (ADRD) fields to help commercialize their products. The NIA uses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards to bridge the funding gap in the diagnostic, therapeutic, and care interventions areas, enabling startups to reach key value inflection points to achieve scientific milestones.

Methods: Only publicly available information is reported. Read More

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Multiple direction needle-path planning and inverse dose optimization for robotic low-dose rate brachytherapy.

Z Med Phys 2021 Aug 6. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose: Robotic systems to assist needle placements for low-dose rate brachytherapy enable conformal dose planning only restricted to path planning around risk structures. We report a treatment planning system (TPS) combining multiple direction needle-path planning with inverse dose optimization algorithms.

Methods: We investigated in a path planning algorithm to efficiently locate needle injection points reaching the target volume without puncturing risk structures. Read More

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Taste education - A food-based intervention in a school setting, focusing on children with and without neurodevelopmental disorders and their families. A randomized controlled trial.

Appetite 2021 Dec 8;167:105623. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

School of Education, University of Iceland, Iceland. Electronic address:

Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) have high levels of fussy eating. However, no school-based food interventions exist for children with ASD and ADHD. To investigate the effect of Taste Education, 81 children with ND (n = 33), and without (n = 48), aged 8-12 years, and their parents, participated in a 7-week food intervention. Read More

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December 2021

A century-long record of plant evolution reconstructed from a coastal marsh seed bank.

Evol Lett 2021 Aug 13;5(4):422-431. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

U.S Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Research Triangle Park North Carolina 27711.

Evidence is mounting that climate-driven shifts in environmental conditions can elicit organismal evolution, yet there are sparingly few long-term records that document the tempo and progression of responses, particularly for plants capable of transforming ecosystems. In this study, we "resurrected" cohorts of a foundational coastal marsh sedge () from a time-stratified seed bank to reconstruct a century-long record of heritable variation in response to salinity exposure. Common-garden experiments revealed that exhibits heritable variation in phenotypic traits and biomass-based measures of salinity tolerance. Read More

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The witchweed Striga gesnerioides and the cultivated cowpea: A geographical and historical analysis of their West African distribution points to the prevalence of agro-ecological factors and the parasite's multilocal evolution potential.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(8):e0254803. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

IRD, UMR IEES-Paris, SU/IRD/CNRS/INRA/UPEC/Univ. Paris Diderot, Centre IRD de France Nord, Bondy Cedex, France.

The increasing severity of Striga gesnerioides attacks on cowpea across West Africa has been related to its prolificity, seed mobility and longevity, and adaptation to aridity, in a context of agricultural intensification. To understand this fast extension, we analyzed (1) the distributions of the crop and the witchweed with ecological niche modeling and multivariate climate analysis, and (2) the chronological information available from collections and the literature. The ecoclimatic envelope of S. Read More

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Epidemiology, diversity, and management of bacterial spot of tomato caused by Xanthomonas perforans.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Aug 3;105(16-17):6143-6158. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Wimauma, FL, 33598, USA.

Tomato is an important crop grown worldwide. Various plant diseases cause massive losses in tomato plants due to diverse biotic agents. Bacterial spot of tomato (BST) is a worldwide disease that results in high losses in processed and fresh tomato. Read More

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Combining conventional QTL analysis and whole-exome capture-based bulk-segregant analysis provides new genetic insights into tuber sprout elongation and dormancy release in a diploid potato population.

Heredity (Edinb) 2021 Sep 30;127(3):253-265. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Cell and Molecular Sciences, The James Hutton Institute, Dundee, United Kingdom.

Tuber dormancy and sprouting are commercially important potato traits as long-term tuber storage is necessary to ensure year-round availability. Premature dormancy release and sprout growth in tubers during storage can result in a significant deterioration in product quality. In addition, the main chemical sprout suppressant chlorpropham has been withdrawn in Europe, necessitating alternative approaches for controlling sprouting. Read More

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September 2021

A new conditional region growing approach for microcalcification delineation in mammograms.

Med Biol Eng Comput 2021 Sep 24;59(9):1795-1814. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sousse, LATIS-Laboratory of Advanced Technology and Intelligent Systems, Université de Sousse, 4023, Sousse, Tunisia.

Microcalcifications (MCs) are considered as the first indicator of breast cancer development. Their morphology, in terms of shape and size, is considered as the most important criterion that determines their malignity degrees. Therefore, the accurate delineation of MC is a cornerstone step in their automatic diagnosis process. Read More

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September 2021