21,737 results match your criteria sedentary time

Effect of Reducing Sedentary Behavior on Blood Pressure (RESET BP): Rationale, design, and methods.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 May 7:106428. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Health and Human Development, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States of America.

Sedentary behavior (SB) has recently been recognized as a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with new guidelines encouraging adults to 'sit less, move more.' Yet, there are few randomized trials demonstrating that reducing SB improves cardiovascular health. The Effect of Reducing Sedentary Behavior on Blood Pressure (RESET BP) randomized clinical trial addresses this gap by testing the effect of a 3-month SB reduction intervention on resting systolic BP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cocoa-flavanols enhance moderate-intensity pulmonary [Formula: see text] kinetics but not exercise tolerance in sedentary middle-aged adults.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK.

Introduction: Cocoa flavanols (CF) may exert health benefits through their potent vasodilatory effects, which are perpetuated by elevations in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. These vasodilatory effects may contribute to improved delivery of blood and oxygen (O) to exercising muscle.

Purpose: Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine how CF supplementation impacts pulmonary O uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics and exercise tolerance in sedentary middle-aged adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring Breaks in Sedentary Behavior of Older Adults Immediately After Receiving Personalized Haptic Feedback: Intervention Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 10;9(5):e26387. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: "Push" components of mobile health interventions may be promising to create conscious awareness of habitual sedentary behavior; however, the effect of these components on the near-time, proximal outcome, being breaks in sedentary behavior immediately after receiving a push notification, is still unknown, especially in older adults.

Objective: The aims of this study are to examine if older adults break their sedentary behavior immediately after receiving personalized haptic feedback on prolonged sedentary behavior and if the percentage of breaks differs depending on the time of the day when the feedback is provided.

Methods: A total of 26 Flemish older adults (mean age 64. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does a Recumbent Lateral Stability Trainer Improve Balance Scores Among Older Adults Within 4 Weeks?

Perm J 2021 May;25

College of Saint Mary, Omaha, NE.

Backgroud: Past literature has shown that balance and strength are important in preventing falls, but few studies have focused on developing strength and power in a lateral plane. The purpose of this study was to determine if a lateral pedal recumbent training device can improve balance scores among older adults in 4 weeks.

Methods: A 2-group experimental-control multivariate design (43 women, 13 men; age, 77. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Real-Time Video Scan Method for Community Partner Use to Inform Play Streets Implementation.

Health Promot Pract 2021 May 10:15248399211009789. Epub 2021 May 10.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) can provide accurate assessment of physical activity; however, the skills, time, and human resources necessary to collect/interpret SOPARC data can be challenging for community organizations. This article describes a more accessible adaptation of SOPARC using video recordings for community organizations to obtain physical activity feedback at Play Streets. Narrated panoramic video scans occurred every 30 minutes at each Play Street using an iPad. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of and Trends in the Co-Existence of Obesogenic Behaviors in Adolescents From 15 Countries.

Front Pediatr 2021 22;9:664828. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Applied Biostatistics Laboratory, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

The global epidemic of pediatric obesity is well-known, but data on co-existence of obesogenic behaviors are limited. We aim to report the prevalence of and trends in the co-existence of obesogenic behaviors in adolescents from 15 countries. This study was based on the Global School-based Student Health Survey 2003-2017 and included 121,963 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 15 countries where at least 2 cross-sectional surveys were conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chronic hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome are associated with risk of tendon injury.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg and Center for Healthy Aging, Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Tendon injury is a considerable problem affecting both physically active and sedentary people. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between markers for metabolic disorders (hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome) and the risk of developing tendon injuries requiring referral to a hospital. The Copenhagen City Heart Study is a prospective study of diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from the Danish general population with different physical activity levels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association between socioeconomic status and prolonged television viewing time in a general Japanese population: NIPPON DATA2010.

Environ Health Prev Med 2021 May 7;26(1):57. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Public Health, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan.

Background: It has been pointed out that prolonged television (TV) viewing is one of the sedentary behaviors that is harmful to health; however, the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and prolonged TV viewing time has not been sufficiently investigated in Japan.

Methods: The study population are the participants of NIPPON DATA2010, which is a prospective cohort study of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010 in Japan. They were residents in 300 randomly selected areas across Japan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body Adiposity, But Not Elements of Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior or Physical Activity, Is Associated With Circulating Liver Enzymes in Adults With Overweight and Obesity.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:655756. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: We studied the associations between accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior (SB) and habitual physical activity (PA) as well as markers of body adiposity and other cardiometabolic risk factors with liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT).

Methods: A total of 144 middle-aged adults (mean age 57 (SD 6.5) years) with overweight or obesity (mean body mass index [BMI] 31. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trends of 20 Health Risk Behaviours Among Adolescents in Morocco: Results of Three National Cross-Sectional School Surveys of 2006, 2010 and 2016.

Int J Gen Med 2021 30;14:1611-1619. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Background: This study aimed to estimate the trends of 20 health risk behaviours among adolescents in Morocco.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from 13,109 adolescents (14 years median age) that took part in three waves (2006, 2010, and 2016) of the "Morocco Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS)" were analysed.

Results: Among both boys and girls, five health risk behaviours (being physically attacked, annual injury, passive smoking, zero days walking or biking to school, and poor hand hygiene after toilet use) significantly declined over time, as well as among boys the involvement in physical fighting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Workplace sitting is associated with self-reported general health and back/neck pain: a cross-sectional analysis in 44,978 employees.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 6;21(1):875. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Box 5626, SE-114 86, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Total sitting time is associated with a higher risk for cardio metabolic disease and mortality, while breaks in prolonged sitting attenuate these effects. However, less is known about associations of different specific domains and breaks of sitting on general health, back/neck pain and if physical activity could influence these associations. The aim was to investigate how workplace sitting and frequency of breaking up workplace sitting is associated with self-reported general health and self-reported back/neck pain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The role of structure in dietary approaches for the treatment of pediatric overweight and obesity: A critical review.

Obes Rev 2021 May 5:e13266. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

A multicomponent approach for the treatment of pediatric overweight/obesity, which includes behavioral strategies to alter diet and physical activity/sedentary behavior, has graded recommendations for its use. Dietary interventions to be used within this approach do not. In adults, research indicates that strongly graded dietary interventions providing greater structure (or more control over the types/amount of food consumed) produce better weight outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Efficacy of a Web-Based Physical Activity and Sedentary Time Intervention for Survivors of Physical Inactivity-Related Cancers.

Int J Behav Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Population Science, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: This pilot study explored the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of a web-based intervention for survivors of physical inactivity-related cancers through a two-arm, 12-week randomized controlled trial. Secondarily, this study tested the change in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time with intervention exposure.

Methods: Prior to randomization to the intervention (n = 45) or behavior "as usual" wait-listed control (n = 40) groups, participants completed baseline surveys and an accelerometer protocol. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Higher Total Physical Activity is Associated with Lower Arterial Stiffness in Swedish, Young Adults: The Cross-Sectional Lifestyle, Biomarkers, and Atherosclerosis Study.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 29;17:175-185. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, 70182, Sweden.

Purpose: Arterial stiffness describes the rigidity of the arterial walls and is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Arterial stiffness predicts future events and mortality, and the predictive value is stronger in younger versus older subjects. The aims of the present study were, firstly, to present data on physical activity (PA) and time spent sedentary, in the population of Swedish, young adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

How is television time linked to cardiometabolic health in adults? A critical systematic review of the evidence for an effect of watching television on eating, movement, affect and sleep.

BMJ Open 2021 May 5;11(5):e040739. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK.

Objective: To improve our understanding of how television (TV) time is linked to cardiometabolic health among adults by systematically and critically evaluating the evidence that watching TV is associated with increased food consumption, lack of movement or negative affect or affects subsequent sleep.

Design: Systematic review.

Data Sources: Web of Science and PubMed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective effects of calorie restriction on insulin resistance and islet function in STZ-induced type 2 diabetes rats.

Nutr Metab (Lond) 2021 May 5;18(1):48. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, 518107, China.

Background: Caloric restriction (CR) has become increasingly attractive in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) because of the increasingly common high-calorie diet and sedentary lifestyle. This study aimed to evaluate the role of CR in T2DM treatment and further explore its potential molecular mechanisms.

Methods: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Meaning of Sedentary Behavior as Experienced by People in the Transition From Working Life to Retirement: An Empirical Phenomenological Study.

Phys Ther 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Caring Science, School of health, care and social welfare, Mälardalen University.

Objective: Sedentary behavior (SB) is defined as a mean of >6 hours of daytime sitting or lying down. SB has been shown to increase with older age and is a risk factor for disease. During the transition from working life to retirement, changes in daily life activities occur, risking increased SB. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sedentary behavior is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A generalized propensity score-weighted analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25336

Department of Health-Related Social and Behavioral Sciences.

Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth and third leading cause of death worldwide and in China, respectively. Sedentary behavior has been shown to increase the risk of respiratory disease, such as asthma. However, the relationship between sedentary behavior and COPD is unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Co-occurrence of health risk behaviors and the family context among Brazilian adolescents, National Survey of School Health (2015).

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2021 3;24:e210023. Epub 2021 May 3.

Instituto Multidisciplinar em Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - Vitória da Conquista (BA), Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate the association between the co-occurrence of risk behaviors (RB) and the family context in Brazilian adolescents.

Methods: Cross-sectional study on 101,534 students from the 9th grade of elementary school in the National Survey of School Health - PeNSE 2015. The co-occurrence of RB was estimated by the sum of the presence of sedentary behavior, low fruit consumption, regular consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Changes in the prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior during COVID-19 pandemic: a survey with 39,693 Brazilian adults.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00221920. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

This study analyzed changes in the prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors according to correlates during the COVID-19 pandemic among Brazilian adults. A national retrospective online survey was conducted with 39,693 Brazilian adults. Physical activity (weekly frequency and daily duration; cut-off point of 150 minutes/week), TV-viewing time and computer/tablet use (daily duration; cut-off point of 4 hours/day) before and during the pandemic period were reported. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors affecting Brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00182720. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

This is a cross-sectional study investigating the factors affecting brazilians' self-rated health during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on data from the web-based behavior survey. Carried out from April 24 to May 24, 2020, the survey recruited participants by a chain sampling procedure. Its outcome was the worsening of self-rated health during the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Modest sleep restriction does not influence steps, physical activity intensity or glucose tolerance in obese adults.

J Sleep Res 2021 May 5:e13381. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Sleep restriction (SR) (<6 h) and physical activity (PA) are risk factors for obesity, but little work has examined the inter-related influences of both risk factors. In a free-living environment, 13 overweight/obese adults were sleep restricted for five nights to 6 h time-in-bed each night, with and without regular exercise (45 min/65% VO max; counterbalanced design). Two days of recovery sleep followed SR. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring the effect of a school-based cluster-randomised controlled trial to increase the scheduling of physical activity for primary school students on teachers' physical activity.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia.

Background: To determine if a school-based physical activity (PA) intervention that supported primary school teachers to schedule PA during school hours impacted on their own PA.

Methods: A 2x2 factorial group cluster-randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 12 Australian primary schools. The nine-month intervention supported classroom teachers to increase scheduled weekly PA for their class via physical education, sport, Energisers and integrated lessons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New Insights Into Sedentary Behavior Highlight the Need to Revisit the Way We See Motor Symptoms in Psychosis.

Schizophr Bull 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

University Hospital of Psychiatry, Translational Research Center, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 vaccine willingness and cannabis use histories.

medRxiv 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Background: Cannabis use is associated with problematic health-behaviors such as excessive alcohol and tobacco use, and sedentary behavior. Here, we examined the association between cannabis use history and an especially topical health-behavior, willingness to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

Methods: COVID-19 vaccine willingness was surveyed in a subset of participants from the Tulsa 1000 Study, which is a longitudinal study of psychiatric treatment-seeking and healthy control participants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stand Out in Class: Investigating the Potential Impact of a Sit-Stand Desk Intervention on Children's Sitting and Physical Activity during Class Time and after School.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK.

Sedentary behaviour (sitting) is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. The classroom environment has traditionally been associated with prolonged periods of sitting in children. The aim of this study was to examine the potential impact of an environmental intervention, the addition of sit-stand desks in the classroom, on school children's sitting and physical activity during class time and after school. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Long Form for Assessing Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Subjects with Chronic Stroke.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Physiotherapy in Motion, Multispeciality Research Group (PTinMOTION), Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

Validation studies of questionnaires used to assess physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in stroke survivors are scarce. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire long-form (IPAQ-LF) in community living adults with post-stroke sequelae (≥6 months) and preserved ambulation. Participants' functional mobility, lower limb strength, ambulatory level, stroke severity, and disability were assessed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The daily activity study of health (DASH): A pilot randomized controlled trial to enhance physical activity in sedentary older adults.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 May 1:106405. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, CA, USA; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA.

Sedentary behavior increases the risk for multiple chronic diseases, early mortality, and accelerated cognitive decline in older adults. Interventions to reduce sedentary behavior among older adults are needed to improve health outcomes and reduce the burden on healthcare systems. We designed a randomized controlled trial that uses a self-affirmation manipulation and gain-framed health messaging to effectively reduce sedentary behavior in older adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Obesity in Early Childhood: Examining the Relationship among Demographic, Behavioral, Nutritional, and Socioeconomic Factors.

Child Obes 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Program, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

The present study sought to explore the combined relationship of physical activity, screen time, consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, infant feeding practices, and demographic factors with obesity in early childhood. The current study included cross-sectional Kindergarten Health Survey data collected annually from 2012 to 2016. The sample included 7814 kindergarten students, with a mean age of 5. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with prevalence of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in U.S. adolescents.

BMC Pediatr 2021 May 3;21(1):215. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.

Background: Adiposity status in adolescence is associated with various health outcomes in adulthood. Waist circumference [WC] and waist-to-height ratio [WHtR] are measures of abdominal obesity and have shown to be valid predictors of future chronic diseases. However, the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and WC, as well as WHtR in U. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF