16,077 results match your criteria sedentary behavior

Psychosocial and behavioral problems of children and adolescents in the early stage of reopening schools after the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional study in China.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 06 3;11(1):342. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Child Health Care, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

This study aims to explore the psychosocial and behavioral problems of children and adolescents in the early stage of reopening schools. In this national cross-sectional study, a total of 11072 students from China were naturally divided into two groups based on their schooling status: reopened schools (RS) and home schooling (HS) group. The psychosocial and behavioral functioning were measured by Achenbach Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and compared in these two groups. Read More

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Age-related change in sedentary behavior during childhood and adolescence: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Sedentary behaviors are highly prevalent in youth and may be associated with markers of physical and mental health. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to quantify the age-related change in sedentary behavior during childhood and adolescence. Ten electronic databases were searched. Read More

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Iron-biofortified pearl millet consumption increases physical activity in Indian adolescent school children after a 6-month randomized feeding trial.

Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 3:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Cornell University, Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA.

Background: Iron deficiency has negative effects on voluntary physical activity (PA); however, the impact of consuming iron-biofortified staple foods on voluntary PA remains unclear. This study compared the effects of consuming iron-biofortified pearl millet or a conventional pearl millet on measures of voluntary PA in Indian school children (ages 12-16 years) during a six-month randomized, controlled feeding trial. PA data were collected from 130 children using Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for six days at baseline and endline. Read More

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The effects on self-efficacy, motivation and perceived barriers of an intervention targeting physical activity and sedentary behaviours in office workers: a cluster randomized control trial.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 2;21(1):1048. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The importance of physical activity on health is clear, but changing behaviour is difficult. Successful interventions aiming to improve physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour is therefore of importance. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects on motivation, self-efficacy and barriers to change behaviour from two different behavioural intervention focusing either on reducing sedentary behaviour or on increasing physical activity as compared to a waiting list control group. Read More

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Health behaviours of young adults during the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic - a longitudinal study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 2;21(1):1038. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Institute of Medical Sciences, Medical College, University of Rzeszów, ul. Kopisto 2a, 35-959, Rzeszów, Poland.

Background: The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has created a number of obstacles to daily functioning, which have led to a need for major changes in lifestyles. The aim of the study was to assess whether and to what extent the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has affected the health behaviours of young adults.

Methods: 506 people aged 18 to 34 ([Formula: see text] =24. Read More

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Physical activity and adolescent sexual maturity: a systematic review.

Cien Saude Colet 2021 May;26(5):1823-1832

Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Belo Horizonte MG Brasil.

The objective was to ve rify the association between sexual maturation and physical activity during adolescence. A systematic review of articles published between 2008 and 2018 was conducted using the following databases: PubMed/Medline, SciELO, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, and BVS Adolec Brasil. The following descriptors and keywords were used in English and Portuguese: adolescent, sexual maturation, survey, questionnaire, and physical activity. Read More

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[Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and bouchard diary in Chinese adults].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2021 May;50(3):435-441

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

Objective: Based on the accelerometer, the validity of the international physical activity questionnaire long version(IPAQ-L) and Bouchard diary were evaluated to measure the daily physical activity of Chinese adults aged 18-59 years old.

Methods: A total of 200 Chinese adults were recruited in Yinzhou District of Ningbo City in 2019, including 78 males and 122 females, the three age groups 18-29, 30-49, 50 and above accounted for 19. 5%, 61. Read More

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Classroom Movement Breaks Reduce Sedentary Behavior and Increase Concentration, Alertness and Enjoyment during University Classes: A Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 24;18(11). Epub 2021 May 24.

Violet Vines Marshman Centre for Rural Health Research, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, VIC 3550, Australia.

This mixed-methods study aimed to determine the feasibility of incorporating movement breaks into university classes in terms of acceptability (disruption, engagement, satisfaction), practicality (ease of scheduling and conducting breaks) and efficacy (sedentary time, concentration, alertness, enjoyment). Movement breaks of five to 10 min duration were scheduled after 20 min of sedentary time during 2-h classes. Classes without movement breaks were used as a comparison. Read More

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Co-Occurrence and Clustering of Sedentary Behaviors, Diet, Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, and Alcohol Intake among Adolescents and Adults: The Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS).

Nutrients 2021 May 26;13(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Center for Excellence in Nutrition and Feeding Difficulties, PENSI Institute, Sabará Children's Hospital, São Paulo 05076-040, Brazil.

Poor diet, sedentary behaviors, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and alcohol intake seem to co-exist in complex ways that are not well understood. The aim of this study was to provide an understanding of the extent to which unhealthy behaviors cluster in eight Latin America countries. A secondary aim was to identify socio-demographic characteristics associated with these behaviors by country. Read More

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Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Sleep Time:Association with Cardiovascular Hemodynamic Parameters, Blood Pressure and Structural and Functional Arterial Properties in Childhood.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2021 May 31;8(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Centro Universitario de Investigación, Innovación y Diagnóstico Arterial (CUiiDARTE), Universidad de la República, General Flores 2125, Montevideo 11800, Uruguay.

An association between movement behavior (MB) components (sleep time (ST), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB)) and the state of the cardiovascular (CV) system in children has been postulated. However, it is still controversial whether MB components and/or sub-components (domains) during childhood are independently associated with aortic and peripheral blood pressure (BP), and structural or functional arterial properties.

Aims: (1) to evaluate MB components and subcomponents associations with CV characteristics, (2) to analyze the explanatory capacity of interindividual variations in MB on CV properties inter-individual variations at the beginning of school age. Read More

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mHealth Interventions to Address Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 28;18(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117549, Singapore.

This review aimed to identify, evaluate, and synthesize the scientific literature on mobile health (mHealth) interventions to promote physical activity (PA) or reduce sedentary behavior (SB) in cancer survivors. We searched six databases from 2000 to 13 April 2020 for controlled and non-controlled trials published in any language. We conducted best evidence syntheses on controlled trials to assess the strength of the evidence. Read More

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Reliability and Validity of the ONAPS Physical Activity Questionnaire in Assessing Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in French Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 25;18(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

Service de Médecine du Sport et des Explorations Fonctionnelles, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Gabriel Montpied, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

This study was conducted to assess the validity and reliability of a new questionnaire, the ONAPS-PAQ, developed to assess physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in the general population. A total of 137 healthy adults aged 18 to 69 years were included. Following completion of two physical activity questionnaires (ONAPS-PAQ and GPAQ, the Global physical activity questionnaire) to study concurrent validity, participants wore an accelerometer (UKK-RM42) for 7 days to study criterion validity. Read More

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Prospective Associations between Maternal and Child Diet Quality and Sedentary Behaviors.

Nutrients 2021 May 18;13(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group, IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institut, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

As the most likely primary caregivers, mothers are an integral part of children's social influence and are therefore greatly involved in shaping their children's behaviors. The objectives were to determine the prospective associations between maternal and child diet quality and sedentary behaviors. This study, within the framework of a community-based intervention study, included 1130 children aged 8-10 years and their mothers. Read More

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Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Due to Enforced COVID-19-Related Lockdown and Movement Restrictions: A Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 14;18(10). Epub 2021 May 14.

Warwickshire Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (WISDEM), University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry CV2 2DX, UK.

Prolonged lockdown/restriction measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic have reportedly impacted opportunities to be physically active for a large proportion of the population in affected countries globally. The exact changes to physical activity and sedentary behaviours due to these measures have not been fully studied. Accordingly, the objective of this PROSPERO-registered systematic review is to evaluate the available evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviours in the general population during COVID-19-related lockdown/restriction measures, compared to prior to restrictions being in place. Read More

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Changes in Sitting Time, Screen Exposure and Physical Activity during COVID-19 Lockdown in South American Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 14;18(10). Epub 2021 May 14.

The Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK.

The worldwide prevalence of insufficient physical activity (PA) and prolonged sedentary behavior (SB) were high before the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Measures that were taken by governments (such as home confinement) to control the spread of COVID-19 may have affected levels of PA and SB. This cross-sectional study among South American adults during the first months of COVID-19 aims to (i) compare sitting time (ST), screen exposure, moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) before and during lockdown to sociodemographic correlates and (ii) to assess the impact of lockdown on combinations of groups reporting meeting/not-meeting PA recommendations and engaging/not-engaging excessive ST (≥7 h/day). Read More

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Sedentary Time, Physical Activity Levels and Physical Fitness in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 10;18(9). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Physical Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung 802, Taiwan.

: This cross-sectional study assessed the associations of gender, age, level of intellectual disabilities (IDs) and of daily sedentary and physical activity (PA) time with physical fitness in adults with ID. : Sixty adults (mean age = 39.19 ± 11. Read More

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The Relationship between Physical Activity, Mobile Phone Addiction, and Irrational Procrastination in Chinese College Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between physical activity, mobile phone addiction, and irrational procrastination after adjustment for potential confounding variables. The participants were 6294 first- and second-year students recruited as a cluster sample from three public universities in Shanghai, China. Physical activity, mobile phone use, and irrational procrastination were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), the mobile phone addiction index scale (MPAI), and the irrational procrastination scale (IPS). Read More

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Physical Activity, Sleep, and Sedentary Behavior among Successful Long-Term Weight Loss Maintainers: Findings from a U.S. National Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 22;18(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA.

Despite adults' desire to reduce body mass (weight) for numerous health benefits, few are able to successfully lose at least 5% of their starting weight. There is evidence on the independent associations of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and sleep with weight loss; however, this study provided insight on the combined effects of these behaviors on long-term body weight loss success. Hence, the purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the joint relations of sleep, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors with successful long-term weight loss. Read More

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Global Variation in Hand Hygiene Practices Among Adolescents: The Role of Family and School-Level Factors.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 7;18(9). Epub 2021 May 7.

Centre for Rural and Remote Health, James Cook University, Mount Isa, QLD 4825, Australia.

While appropriate hand hygiene practices (HHP) are protective against infections, the paucity of evidence on global estimates and determinants of HHP in adolescents limits effective design and planning of intervention to improve HHP in young people. We examined the prevalence and correlates of HHP in adolescents. We used nationally representative data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey (2003-2017) from 92 countries. Read More

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Effect of Wearable Technology-Based Physical Activity Interventions on Breast Cancer Survivors' Physiological, Cognitive, and Emotional Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2021 May 8;10(9). Epub 2021 May 8.

School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, 208 Cooke Hall, 1900 University Ave SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

This systematic review synthesized all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled trials examining the effects of wearable health technology-based physical activity interventions on physiological, cognitive, and emotional outcomes in breast cancer survivors (BCS). We searched NCBI, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed, and Medline from inception to March 2021. We included studies which: (1) were RCTs or controlled trials ≥8 weeks in duration; (2) were peer-reviewed and published in English; (3) sampled BCS in full remission and had not received treatment for at least six months; (4) utilized wearable health technology (e. Read More

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Special Attention to Physical Activity in Breast Cancer Patients during the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: The DianaWeb Cohort.

J Pers Med 2021 May 6;11(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Research, Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milano, Italy.

Recent evidence highlights that physical activity (PA) is associated with decreased recurrence risk, improved survival and quality of life for breast cancer (BC) patients. Our study aimed to explore patterns of increased/decreased PA, and sedentary behaviors among BC women of the DianaWeb cohort during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic, and examined the association with residential locations, work changes, different modality used to increase PA, and quality of life. The study analyzed the questionnaires completed by the 781 BC women (age 54. Read More

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Influence of the Duration and Timing of Data Collection on Accelerometer-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Time and Associated Insulin Resistance.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 6;18(9). Epub 2021 May 6.

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, 20521 Turku, Finland.

Accelerometry is a commonly used method to determine physical activity in clinical studies, but the duration and timing of measurement have seldom been addressed. We aimed to evaluate possible changes in the measured outcomes and associations with insulin resistance during four weeks of accelerometry data collection. This study included 143 participants (median age of 59 (IQR9) years; mean BMI of 30. Read More

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Calibration and Cross-Validation of Accelerometer Cut-Points to Classify Sedentary Time and Physical Activity from Hip and Non-Dominant and Dominant Wrists in Older Adults.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 11;21(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Science, Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD 20892, USA.

Accelerometers' accuracy for sedentary time (ST) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) classification depends on accelerometer placement, data processing, activities, and sample characteristics. As intensities differ by age, this study sought to determine intensity cut-points at various wear locations people more than 70 years old. Data from 59 older adults were used for calibration and from 21 independent participants for cross-validation purposes. Read More

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The Future of Women and Heart Disease in a Pandemic Era: Let's Learn from the Past.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 11;57(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY 1468, USA.

When the pandemic started in February, about 5 million women were running businesses. Just 2 months later, 25% of those businesses closed. Approximately 2. Read More

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Interactions with Home and Health Environments Discourage Physical Activity: Reports from Children with Complex Congenital Heart Disease and Their Parents.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 4;18(9). Epub 2021 May 4.

Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.

Children with complex congenital heart disease are less active than recommended for optimal health, with social and physical environments important determinants. The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity perceptions of children with complex congenital heart disease and their parents to identify social and physical environment intervention targets. A semi-structured discussion guide elicited physical activity perceptions from children (26 boys, 19 girls, 6. Read More

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Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Associated Factors in Older Adults: Amazonia Brazilian Community Study.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 5;9(5). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, and Audiology and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine at University of São Paulo, Cipotânea Street, Vila Universitária, 51, São Paulo 05360-000, SP, Brazil.

To investigate the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and associated factors in the older adult Amazonia Brazilian community, a cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate 700 participants that were ≥60 years old. Pain intensity and functional disability were assessed using the Numerical Pain Scale and the Roland Morris Questionnaire, respectively, and their sociodemographic, clinical, and behavior variables were collected, i.e. Read More

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Predictors of Feelings of Anxiety in Graduate Allied Health Students: An Exploratory Study.

J Allied Health 2021 ;50(2):e73-e77

Dep. of Physical Therapy, Clarkson University, 8 Clarkson Ave, Potsdam, NY 13699, USA. Tel 315-268-1663.

The objective of this study was to take a multi-domain approach to predict feelings of anxiety among graduate allied health students. Participants (n=77) from a small university in upstate New York completed a series of questionnaires [International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF), Rapid Eating Assessment of Participants-Short Form (REAP-S), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI), Profile of Mood Survey-Short Form (POMS-SF), Trait and State Mental and Physical Energy and Fatigue Survey], and their resting metabolic rate, fat free mass and muscle oxygen saturation levels were measured. A backwards linear regression was used to identify predictors of anxiety. Read More

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January 2021

Health-Risk Behaviors and Dietary Patterns Among Jordanian College Students: A Pilot Study.

Front Nutr 2021 14;8:632035. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Al-Huson University College, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt, Jordan.

Health promotion and the incorporation of health-protective behaviors in people's lifestyles have a great role in enhancing individuals' overall health and well-being. College students are at increased risk of developing unhealthy dietary and lifestyle behaviors. A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted to assess the health-risk behaviors among undergraduate college students at Jordan University of Science and Technology. Read More

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Structured Exercise in Cancer Survivors: Is it Enough for Neural, Mental Health and Well-being?

Int J Exerc Sci 2021 1;14(3):162-176. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

School of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, USA.

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore physical activity, depression, fatigue, and quality of life (QOL), and their relationship to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in cancer survivors enrolled in a structured exercise program. Participants were recruited into two groups: in-treatment (IT), currently receiving chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, and out of treatment (OT), not undergoing therapy. Participants wore accelerometers for 7 days and completed cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and depression, fatigue, and QOL assessments. Read More

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Investigating whether a combination of higher CRP and depression is differentially associated with worse executive functioning in a cohort of 43,896 adults.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Many depressed individuals experience difficulties in executive functioning that contribute substantially to functional impairment. It is unknown whether a subtype of depression characterized by chronic inflammation is differentially associated with worse executive functioning. This study examined whether the combination of depression and higher C reactive protein (CRP) is differentially associated with worse executive functioning and whether this association is stronger in older adults. Read More

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