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HIV-Related Stigma and Psychological Adjustment Among Perinatally HIV-Infected Youth in Cape Town, South Africa.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health in the Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

The effect of chronic HIV-infection on psychological adjustment, including the impact of HIV-related stigma in perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) youth across Africa is largely unknown. This study examined psychological adjustment and HIV-related stigma using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and a 10-item stigma questionnaire in a cohort of PHIV+ youth in Cape Town, South Africa. The relationships between SDQ scores, elevated viral load, and suboptimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence were also explored. Read More

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Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish Child Sheehan Disability Scale in adolescent psychiatric patients.

Scand J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Psychol 2021 2;9:137-146. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Center for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västmanlands County Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Assessment of disability is part of the psychiatric diagnostic process, and validated scales are needed for the assessment of functioning. The Swedish translations of the Child Sheehan Disability Scale (CSDS) for adolescents and parents (CSDS-P) have been adapted for use in psychiatric settings. The purpose of the study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Swedish CSDS and the CSDS-P among adolescent psychiatric patients. Read More

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Prenatal and childhood exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and child executive function and behavioral problems.

Environ Res 2021 Jul 6;202:111621. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA, USA; Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Early life exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) may adversely impact neurodevelopment, but epidemiological findings are inconsistent. In the Project Viva pre-birth cohort, we examined associations of prenatal and childhood PFAS plasma concentrations with parent and teacher assessments of children's behavior problems [Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)] and executive function abilities [Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF)] at age 6-10 years (sample sizes 485-933). PFAS concentrations in pregnant Project Viva mothers (in 1999-2002) and children at ages 6-10 (in 2007-10) were similar to concentrations at similar time points in women and children in the nationally representative U. Read More

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Mental Health in Schoolchildren in Joint Physical Custody: A Longitudinal Study.

Children (Basel) 2021 Jun 4;8(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.

This study investigated mental health in schoolchildren in different living arrangements after parental separation. The study population included 31,519 children from the Danish National Birth Cohort, followed-up at age 11 in 2010-2014. Child mental health was measured with a maternal report of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Read More

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Prenatal exposure to a mixture of elements and neurobehavioral outcomes in mid-childhood: Results from Project Viva.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 21;201:111540. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se) and methylmercury (MeHg) can be neurotoxic individually, despite Mn and Se also being essential elements. Little is known about the joint effects of essential and non-essential elements on neurobehavior, particularly for prenatal exposures.

Objectives: To evaluate associations of prenatal exposure to multiple elements with executive function and neurobehavior in children. Read More

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Changes in Emotional-Behavioral Functioning Among Pre-school Children Following the Initial Stage Danish COVID-19 Lockdown and Home Confinement.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:643057. Epub 2021 May 31.

The Parker Institute, Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Bispebjerg og Frederiksberg Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Unintended negative outcomes on child behavior due to lockdown and home confinement following the corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic needs highlighting to effectively address these issues in the current and future health crises. In this sub-study of the ODIN-study, the objectives were to determine whether the Danish lockdown and home confinement following the COVID-19 pandemic affected changes in emotional-behavioral functioning of pre-school-aged children using the validated Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) answered by parents shortly before lockdown and 3 weeks into lockdown, and moreover, to examine whether baseline family and social characteristics could predict change in child emotional-behavioral functioning during lockdown. Parents of 40 (82%) children with a mean(SD) age of 5. Read More

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Effects of Cybervictimization on the Mental Health of Primary School Students.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:588209. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

Although many studies have addressed the consequences of cyberbullying on mental health in secondary school, there is a lack of research in primary education. Moreover, most students who are cybervictims also suffer from traditional bullying, and studies on cyberbullying do not always control for the effects of the latter. The aim of our study is therefore to address the possible effects of cyberbullying on different aspects of the life and behavior of students in Years 3 to 6 of primary school. Read More

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Left-Behind Children, Parent-Child Communication and Psychological Resilience: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 12;18(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China.

This study aims to examine the role of parental migration status and parent communication in the psychological and related behavioral status of left-behind children and their psychological resilience. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Anhui Province of China, and a questionnaire survey was conducted with 1992 teens using the Chinese version of the Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale (PACS), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ). Compared with the never left-behind group, left behind children had relatively lower PACS, CD-RISC and SDQ scores. Read More

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Association of Child Mental Health with Child and Family Characteristics in Rural China: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 12;18(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

China Center for Health Development Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Assessing the mental health problems encountered by school children and understanding the contributing factors are crucial to inform strategies aimed at improving mental health in low-resource contexts. However, few studies have investigated the mental health problems among disadvantaged children in poorer countries. This study examines the prevalence of mental health problems in rural China and their association with child and family characteristics. Read More

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Orbito-frontal thinning together with a somatoform dissociation might be the fingerprint of PNES.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 08 26;121(Pt A):108044. Epub 2021 May 26.

Institute of Neurology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy; Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy; Neuroimaging Research Unit, Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and Physiology, National Research Council, Catanzaro, Italy.

Objective: To investigate neuroanatomical changes in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) compared to major depressive disorder (MDD) and healthy controls.

Methods: Forty-two drug-naïve PNES subjects and 25 patients with MDD, matched for demographic characteristics and level of depression (as measured by Beck Depression Inventory-II, BDI-II), were consecutively recruited. Patients performed an extensive neuropsychiatric assessment including: Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Traumatic Experience Checklist, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20). Read More

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Do allergic clinical manifestations increase the risk of behavioral problems in children? A cross-sectional study.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Integrated Health Sciences, Nursing Sciences, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Children with allergic clinical manifestations tend to have behavioral or emotional problems such as hyperactivity or worse mental health. However, previous studies on this association did not adequately adjust for confounders like parenting stress, demographic characteristics, or allergy presentation. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between childhood allergic clinical manifestations and behavioral problems, adjusting for confounders such as demographic characteristics, parenting stress, and allergy-related variables. Read More

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Longer-term effects of school-based counselling in UK primary schools.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Children's mental health is deteriorating while access to child and adolescent mental health services is decreasing. Recent UK policy has focused on schools as a setting for the provision of mental health services, and counselling is the most common type of school-based mental health provision. This study examined the longer-term effectiveness of one-to-one school-based counselling delivered to children in UK primary schools. Read More

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Screening for Children's Chronic Health Conditions and Their Strengths and Difficulties in Primary Care.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH; Department of Pediatrics, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH; Community Research, Department of Pediatrics, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH.

Objective: This study explores parents' perceptions of their child's health status and their strengths and difficulties using 2 validated instruments in primary care settings.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between February 2018 and October 2019. Parents of children aged 2 to 18 years completed the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) screener and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) as well as demographics. Read More

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Emotional and behavioral problems in pediatric patients with migraine and tension-type headache.

Brain Dev 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the associations between psychopathological characteristics of children and adolescents with primary headache, as measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and treatment outcomes.

Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 124 pediatric patients with primary headache. At the first consultation, the SDQ was completed by the parents. Read More

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Psychological well-being of early and continuously treated phenylketonuria patients.

JIMD Rep 2021 May 21;59(1):69-80. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Center for Pediatric Research Leipzig (CPL), Department of Women and Child Health, University Hospital, University of Leipzig Leipzig Germany.

Background: Despite enormous advances in therapy, phenylketonuria (PKU) remains an incurable, inherited metabolic disease requiring life-long treatment with potential to negatively impact quality of life and psychological well-being. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen early diagnosed and continuously treated children with PKU on psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties.

Methods: Evaluation of psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties in 49 patients with PKU (23f, 2-17 years) by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; self-report 11-17 years and parent-report 2-17 years). Read More

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Mental health and health-related quality of life in preschool-aged childhood cancer survivors. Results of the prospective cohort study ikidS-OEVA.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Aug 7;68(8):e29039. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology/Hemostaseology, Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Objectives: Long-term survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for sequelae such as poor mental health (MH) or impaired health-related quality of life (HrQoL). We aimed to evaluate early adverse effects on MH and HrQoL in young childhood cancer survivors (YCCS) before school entry.

Methods: In a nationwide prospective cohort study, children with cancer other than brain tumors diagnosed at preschool age and completed cancer treatments were identified from the German Childhood Cancer Registry. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Division of Urology, Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common pediatric problem that describes a constellation of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with constipation and/or encopresis. Its association with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric (NDP) problems is not well understood.

Objectives: Our primary aim was to identify pre-existing NDP disorders in children with BBD. Read More

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The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirates: a nationwide cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 05 3;21(1):224. Epub 2021 May 3.

Sharjah Institute of Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Background: The psychosocial impact of previous infectious disease outbreaks in adults has been well documented, however, there is limited information on the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirate (UAE) community. The aim of this study was to explore anxiety levels among adults and children in the UAE and to identify potential risk and protective factors for well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Using a web-based cross-sectional survey we collected data from 2200 self-selected, assessed volunteers and their children. Read More

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Self-harm as the first presentation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adolescents.

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust, London, UK.

Background: Self-harm (SH) in adolescence has previously been shown to significantly overlap with both attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and emotional dysregulation (ED). Our objective as such was to investigate the relationship between self-harm and ADHD in our population and consider its clinical relevance.

Methods: This case series analysis examined 124 presentations of SH in 13- to 17 year-olds to Accident and Emergency Departments in South West London (97F:27M). Read More

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Psychiatric morbidity in children and adolescents with dermatological disorders.

Scand J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Psychol 2021 29;9:1-8. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Dermatology, Sultan 1. Murat State Hospital, Edirne, Turkey.

Background: Understanding the existence of a cycle, where psychological disturbances cause skin diseases and in turn, skin diseases cause psychological disorders, provides the basis for good dermatological practice.

Objective: The aim of this case-control study is to examine the psychiatric morbidity of dermatological disorders in children and adolescents with no history of psychiatric disorders.

Method: In this study, 502 participants (251 patients and 251 healthy individuals) were evaluated according to DSM-IV criteria. Read More

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January 2021

Validation of the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to screen mental health problems among school-age children in Mongolia.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 04 29;21(1):218. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1, Okura, Tokyo, Setagaya, 157-8535, Japan.

Background: Child and adolescent mental health problems are urgent health issues in low- and middle-income countries. To promote child and adolescent mental health services, simple validated screening tools are helpful. In Mongolia, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), an internationally used child and adolescent mental health screening tool for children aged 4-17, was translated but not yet validated. Read More

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Movement Patterns in Students Diagnosed with ADHD, Objective Measurement in a Natural Learning Environment.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 7;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Architectural Constructions, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the most common neuropsychological disorder in childhood and adolescence, affecting the basic psychological processes involved in learning, social adaptation and affective adjustment. From previous research, the disorder is linked to problems in different areas of development, with deficiencies in psychological processes leading to the development of the most common characteristics of the disorder such as inattention, excess of activity and lack of inhibitory control. As for the diagnosis, in spite of being a very frequent disorder, there are multiple controversies about which tools are the most suitable for evaluation. Read More

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Atopic diseases in children and adolescents are associated with behavioural difficulties.

BMC Pediatr 2021 04 23;21(1):197. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Women and Children's Health, Hospital for Children and Adolescents and Center for Pediatric Research (CPL), Leipzig University, Liebigstrasse 20a, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Atopic diseases and behavioural difficulties in children have both been on the rise in recent decades. This study seeks to assess associations between atopic diseases and behavioural difficulties, examining the differences considering child age and how behavioural difficulties were reported (via self-report or parent-report).

Methods: Data on behavioural difficulties, assessed through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and on atopic diseases, assessed through the participant's medical history, were available for 2701 study participants aged 3 to 18 years. Read More

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Assessing recovery in treatment as usual provided by community child and adolescent mental health services.

BJPsych Open 2021 Apr 23;7(3):e87. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Group, Department for Health, University of Bath, UK; and Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: Despite the importance of routinely assessing the outcomes of everyday practice, few studies have reported outcome metrics for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS).

Aims: Our aim is to investigate reliable change and recovery rates for treatment as usual, provided by one community CAMHS over two time periods.

Method: We prospectively audited accepted consecutive referrals from November 2017 to January 2018, and April to September 2019. Read More

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Youth with hearing loss: Emotional and behavioral problems and quality of life.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 19;145:110718. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Oslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Department of Research and Innovation, Norway; University of Oslo, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Norway.

Objectives: To compare parent- and self-reported emotional and behavioral problems and quality of life (QoL) among youth with hearing loss (HL) to norms, and to investigate possible associations between emotional and behavioral problems and QoL among youth with HL.

Methods: We used the Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) and the Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents (ILC) to measure emotional and behavioral problems and QoL in youth with HL (n = 317, ages 6-18), where 78% had bilateral HL, 22% unilateral HL, 16% had cochlear implants, and 59% conventional hearing aids.

Results: The youth with HL had significantly more parent-reported (but not self-reported) emotional and behavioral problems and poorer parent- and self-reported QoL than hearing youth. Read More

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A Longitudinal and Gender Invariance Analysis of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Across Ages 3, 5, 7, 11, 14, and 17 in a Large U.K.-Representative Sample.

Assessment 2021 Apr 19:10731911211009312. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Developmental invariance is important for making valid inferences about child development from longitudinal data; however, it is rarely tested. We evaluated developmental and gender invariance for one of the most widely used measures of child mental health: the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Using data from the large U. Read More

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Urgency in children with overactive bladder or voiding postponement: What's the difference?

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Center for Children's Urinary Disorders (CEDIMI), Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding postponement (VP) can share the same symptom of urgency, but with different pathophysiology, including the cerebral interpretation of bladder filling. The objective of the present study was to compare the clinical, psychological and sociodemographic features of children with urgency for OAB with those who presented urgency for VP (UrVP).

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study with an analytical component was conducted with patients of 5-14 years of age with urinary urgency between January, 2014, and January, 2019. Read More

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Psychological health in preschool children with underweight, overweight or obesity: a regional cohort study.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 15;5(1):e000881. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Clincal Science, Universitetet i Bergen Det Medisinske Fakultet, Bergen, Norway.

Objective: To examine if underweight (UW), overweight (OW) or obesity (OB), or body mass index (BMI) expressed as its SD score (BMI SDS), were associated with psychological difficulties in preschool children.

Design: Regional cohort study.

Setting: Oppland County, Norway. Read More

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Parent-Adolescent Agreement on Adolescents' Emotional and Behavioral Problems Assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 12;8:2333794X211001245. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon City, Ehime, Japan.

. The perception of emotion and behavior is different between adolescents and their parents. Parent-adolescent agreement on emotional and behavioral problems has not been well researched. Read More

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