17 results match your criteria screenee group

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Patients benefit from participating in the German skin cancer screening program? A large cohort study based on administrative data.

Br J Dermatol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

National Center for Tumor Diseases, Dresden, Germany.

Background: The German program for skin cancer screening was established in 2008 with the aim to reduce mortality due to skin cancer. However, effectiveness and risk-to-benefit-ratio of the program remain elusive.

Objective: Comparison of mortality between patients with melanoma who participate in a screening program and those who do not. Read More

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Short and long-term psychosocial consequences of participating in a colorectal cancer screening programme: a matched longitudinal study.

BMJ Evid Based Med 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

The Research Unit for General Practice and Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Kobenhavn, Denmark.

Objectives: To investigate the psychosocial consequences of receiving a false-positive (no abnormalities) result or being diagnosed with polyps compared with receiving a negative result in a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme.

Design And Setting: This was a longitudinal study nested in the roll-out of the Danish CRC screening programme that targets all individuals aged 50-74 years.

Participants: In the inclusion period (April-September 2017), all positive screenees (n=1854) were consecutively enrolled and matched 2:1:1 on sex, age (±2 years), municipality and screening date with negative screenees (n=933) and individuals not yet invited to screening (n=933). Read More

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Differences in Dietary Patterns Identified by the Gaussian Graphical Model in Korean Adults With and Without a Self-Reported Cancer Diagnosis.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 Aug 5;121(8):1484-1496.e3. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Background: The synergistic effect of food groups on health outcomes is better captured by examining dietary patterns (DPs) than single food groups. Regarding this issue, a Gaussian graphical model (GGM) can identify pairwise correlations between food groups and adjust for the remaining items. However, the application of GGMs in the nutritional field has not been widely investigated, especially in Korean adults. Read More

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Risk Factors for Thyroid Cancer: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study in Korean Adults.

Cancer Res Treat 2017 Jan 23;49(1):70-78. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

School of Nursing, Shinhan University, Dongducheon, Korea.

Purpose: Although the incidence of thyroid cancer in Korea has rapidly increased over the past decade, few studies have investigated its risk factors. This study examined the risk factors for thyroid cancer in Korean adults.

Materials And Methods: The study design was a hospital-based case-control study. Read More

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January 2017

Rates of change to a positive result in subsequent screening mammography in Korean women: a retrospective observational study.

J Prev Med Public Health 2015 Jan 26;48(1):48-52. Epub 2014 Dec 26.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: This retrospective cohort study aimed at calculating some parameters of changes in the findings of the subsequent screening mammography (SSM) in female Korean volunteers.

Methods: The study included screenees aged 30 to 79 years who underwent SSM voluntarily after testing negative in the baseline screenings performed between January 2007 and December 2011. A change to a positive result was defined as category 4 or 5 by using the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. Read More

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January 2015

Biomarkers of thyroid function and autoimmunity for predicting high-risk groups of thyroid cancer: a nested case-control study.

BMC Cancer 2014 Nov 24;14:873. Epub 2014 Nov 24.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Molecular Epidemiology Branch, Research Institute, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si 410-769, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Background: A remarkable increase in the number of thyroid cancer cases has been reported in recent years; however, the markers to predict high-risk groups have not been fully established.

Methods: We conducted a case-control study (257 cases and 257 controls) that was nested in the Cancer Screenee Cohort Study between August 2002 and December 2010; the mean follow-up time for this study was 3.1 ± 2. Read More

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November 2014

Risk factors for presumptive melanoma in skin cancer screening: American Academy of Dermatology National Melanoma/Skin Cancer Screening Program experience 2001-2005.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2007 Jul 9;57(1):60-6. Epub 2007 May 9.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Since its inception in 1985, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) National Melanoma/Skin Cancer Screening Program has strived to enhance early detection of cutaneous malignant melanoma (MM) by providing nationwide skin cancer education campaigns in combination with free skin cancer screenings.

Objective: To analyze the AAD screening data from 2001 to 2005 in order to identify factors associated with MM detection, and thereby derive a model of increased likelihood for MM detection through visual skin examinations at screenings.

Materials And Methods: Patients completed a standardized AAD pre-screening form with historical and phenotypic information. Read More

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Cost-benefit analysis of Helicobacter pylori screening.

Health Policy 2004 Oct;70(1):85-96

Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Taimenkuja 1 A, 02170 Espoo, Finland.

Background: Helicobacter pylori screening may markedly reduce mortality and morbidity in the decades ahead.

Aims: This study explores the costs and benefits of population-based H. pylori screening in terms of health care cost taking into account all relevant H. Read More

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October 2004

Lung cancer screening with sputum cytologic examination, chest radiography, and computed tomography: an update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

Ann Intern Med 2004 May;140(9):740-53

Oregon Health & Science University Evidence-based Practice Center, Portland, Oregon 97239-3098, USA.

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States and worldwide. No major professional organizations, including the U.S. Read More

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Colorectal cancer screening in Italy: feasibility and cost-effectiveness in a model area.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1999 Jun;11(6):655-60

Department of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, University of Udine School of Medicine, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of screening programmes for colorectal cancer in Italy. DESIGN; We compared five types of programmes: annual faecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy (every 5 years), faecal occult blood testing plus sigmoidoscopy (every 1 and 5 years), colonoscopy (every 10 years) (all in the age group 55-69 years, last examination at 70 years) and 'filter' colonoscopy. The latter had to be performed in persons at 50 years of age and repeated every 10 years until the age of 70. Read More

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Multicenter study of the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in the urban Brazilian population aged 30-69 yr. The Brazilian Cooperative Group on the Study of Diabetes Prevalence.

Diabetes Care 1992 Nov;15(11):1509-16

Laboratory of Human Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of diabetes and IGT in the urban adult Brazilian population.

Research Design And Methods: We used a two-stage, multicenter, cross-sectional survey in a random sample of 21,847 individuals aged 30-69 yr from nine large cities. Subjects were first screened by FCG. Read More

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November 1992

Cholesterol and coronary artery disease: age as an effect modifier.

J Clin Epidemiol 1992 Oct;45(10):1053-9

Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

An elevation of serum cholesterol has been one of the more frequently cited risk factors for coronary heart disease, found in both case-control and cohort studies. As a result, this country has undertaken massive screening of adults older than 20 years of age in an attempt to identify those persons with cholesterol levels greater than 200 mg/dl, and follow up with an active approach for intervention. The suggested cutpoints for borderline (200-240 mg/dl), and definite (> or = 240 mg/dl) hypercholesterolemia have been applied to all age groups despite suggestions of a diminution of risk conferred by cholesterol in the elderly. Read More

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October 1992

Cost-justification analysis of prenatal maternal serum alpha-feto protein screening.

Med Care 1988 Dec;26(12):1185-202

Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Seattle, Washington 98121.

The costs to an insurer of a 10-year maternal serum alpha-feto protein (MSAFP) screening program were subtracted from future medical care costs avoided by the insurer (benefits) to examine whether such a program would be cost-justified from the perspective of a managed health care system (i.e., result in net costs greater than or equal to 0). Read More

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December 1988

A clinicopathologic correlation of mammographic parenchymal patterns and associated risk factors for human mammary carcinoma.

Ann Surg 1982 May;195(5):582-94

The five-year screening experience for 10,131 asymptomatic women evaluated at the Louisville Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (LBCDDP) disclosed 144 breast carcinomas in 1,209 patients (12%) aged 35 to 74 years in whom 904 biopsies and 305 aspirations were performed. This study included 44,711 high-quality xeromammograms (XM) prospectively classified by the modified Wolfe mammographic parenchymal patterns into low-risk (N(1), P(1)) versus high-risk (P(2), DY) groups, with expansion of the P(2) cohort into three additional categories. Using BMDP computer-program analysis, each XM pattern was collated with 21 nonneoplastic and 18 malignant pathologic variables and commonly associated risk factors. Read More

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On the diagnosis of minimal breast cancer in a screenee population.

Cancer 1976 May;37(5):2543-52

As a result of screening of 8100 consecutive volunteers, 67 breast cancers have been detected. Fourteen percent of these cancers were found in women aged 35-44 years. Eighty percent of the cancers found in this age group were minimal breast cancer. Read More

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