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Transcutaneous Temperature-Controlled Radiofrequency Treatment: Improvement in Female Genital Appearance, Sexual Dysfunction, and Stress Urinary Incontinence.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Background: Transcutaneous temperature-controlled radiofrequency (TTCRF) is an emerging modality for vulvovaginal rejuvenation. Still, the clinical experience with this modality is limited.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of TTCRF in improving female genital appearance, sexual function, and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Read More

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Effects of PMS50 supplementation on psychological symptoms of students with premenstrual syndrome.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of PMS50 supplementation on psychological symptoms in students of AJUMS, Iran.

Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, between December 2018 and March 2019. 50 female students with moderate to severe PMS randomly received either 550 mg/d of PMS50 or placebo (n=25), starting from one week before till the end of menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles. Read More

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Compliance With the "Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative for Neonatal Wards" in Russian Hospitals.

J Hum Lact 2021 Apr 6:8903344211002754. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

53146 Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Department of Neonatology, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: The expansion of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to neonatal wards, known as the Neo-BFHI, provides recommendations to support breastfeeding, as outlined in the Three Guiding Principles, the expanded Ten Steps, and the International Code for Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes. In 2017, Russia participated in an international survey about compliance with the Neo-BFHI.

Research Aim: To assess breastfeeding support policies and practices in Russian neonatal wards at the country and federal district level in accordance with the Neo-BFHI recommendations. Read More

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'Should I Stay, or Should I Go?' Psychological Distress Predicts Career Change Ideation among Intensive Care Staff in Lithuania and the UK Amid COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 6;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Center for Psychotraumatology, Institute of Psychology, Vilnius University, M. K. Ciurlionio Str. 29, LT-03100 Vilnius, Lithuania.

The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant effect on healthcare globally. Additional pressure created by coronavirus adversely affected the mental health and psychological well-being of healthcare workers, leading many to question their desire and willingness to continue working in healthcare. This study aimed to identify predictors for career change ideation among healthcare professionals in two countries; Lithuania and the United Kingdom amid the coronavirus pandemic. Read More

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Drunkorexia and Emotion Regulation and Emotion Regulation Difficulties: The Mediating Effect of Disordered Eating Attitudes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 7;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, Dawida 1, 50-527 Wroclaw, Poland.

Drunorexia refers to food calorie intake restriction to prevent weight gain and the desire to enhance the more extensive intoxicating effects of alcohol. The present study aimed to investigate the association of drunkorexia with emotion regulation as well as emotion regulation difficulties across the Lebanese population, and assess disordered eating attitudes as a potential mediator of these relationships. The cross-sectional study enrolled participants ( = 258) from all Lebanese districts. Read More

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Whether Adding Vitamin D to Tadalafil 5 mg Treatment Is Useful in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction and Vitamin D Deficiency?

Urol Int 2021 Mar 31:1-6. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Urology Department, Alaaddin Keykubat University Alanya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Introduction: Numerous factors such as endothelial disease and hormonal disorder cause the development of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the relationship between vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and ED is unclear. Moreover, the benefit of vitamin D replacement on ED patients with VDD is uncertain. Read More

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Changes in Sexual Desire and Behaviors among UK Young Adults During Social Lockdown Due to COVID-19.

J Sex Res 2021 Mar 29:1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Bournemouth University.

This study examined self-reported changes in young adults' sexual desire and behaviors during the most significant social restrictions imposed to deal with COVID-19. Drawing on a survey of 565 British adults aged 18-32 collected at the peak of social lockdown restrictions, we document an overall decrease in sexual behaviors consistent with abiding by social restrictions. We found that the levels of sexual desire reported by women (but not men) decreased compared with reports of pre-lockdown levels. Read More

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The role of personal attitudes of control and responsibility for the uptake of peritoneal dialysis- a national survey among dialysis patients.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Mar 24;22(1):107. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

University of Cologne, Faculty of Human Sciences and Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sociology, Health Services Research and Rehabilitation Science (IMVR), Eupener Str. 129, 50933, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Although most patients are suitable for both hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), there seem to be differences in the outlook of patients who choose one modality over the other. There is currently limited literature about the impact of patients' personal attitudes on the decision for PD or HD. In this study, we tried to find out whether there were differences between patients who were on HD and PD in their desire for control and responsibility for their treatment. Read More

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Patient Preference Distribution for Use of Statin Therapy.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e210661. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Informed Medical Decisions Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Importance: Thresholds for initiating statin therapy should be informed by patients' preferences.

Objective: To define the preference distribution for statin therapy across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk after participants were informed about the benefits and harms of statin therapy.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from May 13 to June 2, 2020. Read More

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Children's eating behaviour traits and dental caries.

J Public Health Dent 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess eating behavior traits in children with or without dental caries.

Methods: A sample of 580 children aged 8 years enrolled in 20 public schools in the city of Pelotas, Brazil were included. Parents/caregivers provided sociodemographic information and answered the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) to assess eating behavior traits. Read More

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Physical fitness in older adults: Is there a relationship with the modified Functional Movement Screen™?

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2021 Jan 17;25:28-34. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Kinesiology, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The modified Functional Movement Screen™ (mFMS) has been used to screen for mobility, stability, motor control, and balance in older adults, yet, its relationship to measures of physical fitness is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between mFMS scores and measures of physical fitness in older adults. A secondary aim was to determine physical fitness differences depending on mFMS Lower Body Motor Control Screen scores. Read More

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January 2021

Touchscreen-based assessment of food approach biases: Investigating reliability and item-specific preferences.

Appetite 2021 Mar 9;163:105190. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Psychology, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Strong cravings for unhealthy foods and implicit tendencies to approach them threaten the physical and mental health of vulnerable populations. Yet, implicit measures of food approach tendencies have methodological limitations, as existing approach-avoidance tasks (AAT) are often unreliable and require specialized hardware. We propose a novel method to measure approach biases: on a touchscreen, participants slide their hand either toward a food item (and away from control images) or away from it (and toward control images) in separate blocks. Read More

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Hedonic Hunger Is Associated with Intake of Certain High-Fat Food Types and BMI in 20- to 40-Year-Old Adults.

J Nutr 2021 Apr;151(4):820-825

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Hedonic hunger occurs in response to a desire to consume food for pleasure. The μ-opioid system regulates the hedonic impact of food and the opioid receptor mu 1 gene (OPRM1) polymorphism has been associated with fat intake.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether the intake of high-fat food is associated with hedonic hunger and the OPRM1 polymorphism and whether these variables are related to BMI. Read More

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Knowledge of Chinese dentists on HPV, their willingness and barriers to recommend HPV vaccination to patients.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Mar 9:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial & Head and Neck Oncology, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, P.R. China.

: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of Chinese dentists on human papilloma virus (HPV), their willingness and factors prevention them from recommending patients for HPV vaccination, and to identify ways through which dentists can acquire HPV-related knowledge.: This was a cross-sectional study based on Chinese dentists. The anonymous self-filled questionnaire method was used to collect demographic information of participants, their knowledge of HPV, willingness and barriers to recommending HPV vaccines to patients, and the strategies they can adopt to obtain HPV-related knowledge. Read More

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'Desire for more analgesic treatment': pain and patient-reported outcome after paediatric tonsillectomy and appendectomy.

Br J Anaesth 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Jena, Jena, Germany.

Background: Insufficiently treated pain after paediatric appendectomy and tonsillectomy is frequent. We aimed to identify variables associated with poor patient-reported outcomes.

Methods: This analysis derives from the European PAIN OUT infant registry providing information on perioperative pharmacological data and patient-reported outcomes 24 h after surgery. Read More

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Perspectives of Women Who Forgo Post-mastectomy Breast Reconstruction: A Mixed Methods Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Feb 22;9(2):e3203. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Despite a growing body of evidence suggesting improved psychosocial well-being and survival after post-mastectomy breast reconstruction (PMBR), rates remain stagnant at approximately 40%. Although PMBR access and utilization have been well reported, there is much less known from the point of view of women who decide not to undergo PMBR. This study uses a mixed methods approach to fill that gap by investigating the patient-level decisions that lead to foregoing PMBR. Read More

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February 2021

Differences between male and female university students in sleepiness, weekday sleep loss, and weekend sleep duration.

J Adolesc 2021 Apr 2;88:84-96. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Laboratory of Sleep/Wake Neurobiology, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Women and men experience sleep differently and the difference in intrinsic desire for sleep might underlie some of the observed male-female differences. The objective of this cross-sectional questionnaire study of university students was to determine male-female differences in self-reported sleepiness and sleep-wake patterns.

Methods: Five questionnaires were completed by 1650 students at four Russian universities. Read More

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Quality of life after reconstruction of traumatic orbital floor defects using titanium mesh and medpore: A randomised controlled trial.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2021 Apr-Jun;11(2):200-203. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Dept of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, 226003, India.

Aim And Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyse the outcomes of orbital floor reconstruction with two types of orbital implants and assess patients' quality of life.

Material And Methods: 39 sequential patients with clinical and radiological evidence of orbital floor fracture, presenting diplopia, enophthalmos, paraesthesia or a post traumatic residual orbital deformity were included in this study and randomised for orbital floor reconstruction using porous polyethylene sheet (Biopore™) or preshaped titanium mesh on a 3D model. Their pre and postoperative quality of life were compared. Read More

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January 2021

Quantitative investigation of the esthetic impact of lip prominence in relation to the esthetic line.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing, Kingston University, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: The purpose of this quantitative investigation was to assess the influence of lip prominence in relation to the esthetic line (E-line) on perceived attractiveness and threshold values of desire for treatment.

Methods: The lip prominence of an idealized silhouette male white profile image was altered incrementally between -16 mm to 4 mm from the E-line. The images were rated on a Likert scale by pretreatment orthognathic patients (n = 75), laypeople (n = 75), and clinicians (n = 35). Read More

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February 2021

Assessing sexual function in middle-aged sexually active Spanish women: a community-based study focusing on the intimate partner.

Menopause 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Doctoral Program in Health Sciences at the University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain Department of Nursing, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Objective: This study evaluated sexual function, the influence of the relationship with the intimate partner, and the factors related to sexual function in middle-aged Spanish women.

Methods: The methodology entailed a cross-sectional study of 187 sexually active women aged 40-59 years. The participants were randomly recruited from primary public health care. Read More

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Prospective assessment of urinary and bowel symptoms, and sexual function between laparoscopic assisted vaginal radical trachelectomy and radical hysterectomy.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Mar;31(3):484-489

Department of Gynecology, Asklepios Clinic Lich, Hessen, Germany.

Objective: Radical trachelectomy is a valid alternative to radical hysterectomy in women with a desire to retain their fertility. Data regarding the oncological outcomes of radical trachelectomy are comparable with those of radical hysterectomy but information regarding urinary and sexual function is limited. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare quality of life, urinary and bowel symptoms, and sexual dysfunction between patients who underwent laparoscopic assisted vaginal radical trachelectomy versus radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer. Read More

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The Gross-to-Scope Program for Gross Room Personnel: An Innovative Initiative for Providing Case Follow-Up and Education to "Close the Pathology Loop".

Acad Pathol 2021 Jan-Dec;8:2374289521990781. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Pathology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Gross room personnel (GRP) work alongside pathologists in grossing, frozen section, and autopsy. We observed that gross room personnel desire follow-up and feedback on the specimens they gross or autopsies they perform. Our goal was to create a sustainable educational program for gross room personnel. Read More

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February 2021

Reduced opioid prescribing following arthroscopic meniscectomy does not negatively impact patient satisfaction.

Knee 2021 Feb 25;29:216-221. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

NYU Langone Health, United States.

Background: Prior research has demonstrated that physician desire to optimize patient satisfaction is a cause of over-prescription of opioid medications in the healthcare setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate what effect, if any, decreased opioid prescribing following arthroscopic meniscectomy had on Press-Ganey (PG) satisfaction survey scores.

Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively-collected data was conducted on patients who underwent arthroscopic meniscectomy between October2014-October2019. Read More

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February 2021

The Life Quality and Sexual Function of Women Underwent Radical Hysterectomy.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Feb 1;22(2):581-589. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

S.D. Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Background: Up to date, there no studies were conducted on the quality of life (QL) and sexual function (SF) of women from Kazakhstan treated for cervical cancer. The study was aimed at the assessment of the QL and SF of women of the Kazakh population who underwent radical hysterectomy compared with chemo-radiotherapy group.

Methods: The study was conducted prospectively on 157 women of the Kazakh population. Read More

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February 2021

An evaluation of compassion-focused therapy within adult mental health inpatient settings.

Psychol Psychother 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

1st affiliation Hywel Dda Health Board, NHS Wales, UK.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion-focused therapy (CFT) group in improving patient outcomes compared to those receiving treatment as usual (TAU) with a trans-diagnostic population who are inpatients within an acute psychiatric ward.

Design: Quantitative data were gathered as part of routine clinical practice within three adult psychiatric wards using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) at admission and discharge and non-standardized Likert scales pre- and post-group sessions.

Method: Between April and August 2017, the Acute Psychology Service (APS) gathered CORE-OM admission and discharge data from inpatients across three acute wards (n = 32) whilst 249 pre/post-group data sets were gathered from CFT group work undertaken on the inpatient wards. Read More

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February 2021

Training "Pivots" from the Pandemic: Lessons Learned Transitioning from In-Person to Virtual Synchronous Training in the Clinical Scholars Leadership Program.

J Healthc Leadersh 2021 17;13:63-75. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Center for Health Equity Research, UNC School of Medicine Department of Social Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Introduction: Since the inception of distance-based teaching modalities, a debate has ensued over the quality of online versus in-person instruction. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of teaching environments-including leadership development trainings for post-graduate learners-have been thrust into exploring the virtual learning environment more thoroughly. One three-year leadership development program for interdisciplinary healthcare professionals transitioned three simultaneous leadership intensives from in-person to online in the spring of 2020. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing measures on the sexual functions of women treated for vaginismus (genitopelvic pain/penetration disorder).

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Feb 19. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Capa, 34093, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Female sexual function is influenced by the emotional and hormonal state. COVID-19 has been the major global health crisis of our time with high psychosocial impact. Vaginismus is a form of female sexual dysfunction and a subset of genitopelvic pain/penetration disorder in which any form of vaginal penetration is painful or impossible. Read More

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February 2021

Body adiposity and oral feeding outcomes in infants: a pilot study.

J Perinatol 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Innovative Infant Feeding Disorders Research Program, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Prevalence of oral feeding difficulties in high-risk infants is increasing. Desire to take orally can be influenced by hunger and satiety, which may influence growth and body fat.

Objective: To determine the association between body adiposity and infant oral feeding. Read More

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February 2021