15,374 results match your criteria scoping review


Modelling multi-player strategic decisions in animal healthcare: A scoping review.

Prev Vet Med 2022 Jun 2;205:105684. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK. Electronic address:

Strategic decision making in animal healthcare involves an array of complex factors interacting for the allocation of scarce resources. Consequently, modelling techniques which consider the actions and interactions of multiple decision makers, such as game theory and agency theory, have potential to provide insight of past and future interventions and policy which seek to improve economic efficiency. This scoping review aimed to identify, describe, and synthesise literature relating to multi-actor strategic decision making in animal healthcare. Read More

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Hypertension Diagnosis and Management in Africa Using Mobile Phones: A Scoping Review.

IEEE Rev Biomed Eng 2022 Jun 28;PP. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Target 3.4 of the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly proposes to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by one-third. Epidemiological data presented by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016 show that out of a total of 57 million deaths worldwide, approximately 41 million deaths occurred due to NCDs, with 78% of such deaths occurring in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Read More

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Community engagement in health systems interventions and research in conflict-affected countries: a scoping review of approaches.

Glob Health Action 2022 Dec;15(1):2074131

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.

Background: Healthcare research, planning, and delivery with minimal community engagement can result in financial wastage, failure to meet objectives, and frustration in the communities that programmes are designed to help. Engaging communities - individual service-users and user groups - in the planning, delivery, and assessment of healthcare initiatives from inception promotes transparency, accountability, and 'ownership'. Health systems affected by conflict must try to ensure that interventions engage communities and do not exacerbate existing problems. Read More

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December 2022

Parental Depression Screening in Pediatric Health Care Settings: A Scoping Review.

Pediatrics 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Departments of Pediatrics.

Background And Objectives: Parental depression affects as many as 1 in 5 US families. Pediatric professionals can play an important role in detecting parental depression, yet most studies on parental depression screening focus only on the postpartum period. The authors performed this scoping review to understand the existing literature on parental depression screening outside the postpartum period (child >12 months old) and to identify knowledge gaps. Read More

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The Experiences and Perceptions of Sexually Abused Children as Participants in the Legal Process: Key Conclusions From a Scoping Literature Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2022 Jun 28:15248380221111463. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, 26745Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a phenomenon that receives attention from researchers and practitioners worldwide. An unknown percent of cases are disclosed bravely by children to authorities. One part of those children's journey can involve the legal process, which aims to decide whether a crime happened and, if so, to sentence the offender. Read More

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Developing and evaluating a toolkit of strategies to support remote inclusive research teams.

J Intellect Disabil 2022 Jun 27:17446295221110390. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Institute of Health Behaviors and Community Sciences, 33561National Taiwan University, Taipei, TW, USA.

Research teams must collaborate with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities to identify effective and inclusive responses to COVID-19 and other public health emergencies. Collaborating remotely requires telecommunication and other technologies. We designed and evaluated a digital "Toolkit for Remote Inclusive Research" to provide research teams with evidence-informed strategies to make remote research accessible to and inclusive of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Read More

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Food safety-related perspectives and practices of consumers and vendors in Ethiopia: A scoping review.

Food Res Int 2022 Jul 14;157:111376. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Despite being one of the first African countries to prioritize food safety, foodborne diseases are of acute concern in Ethiopia. This review aims to understand food safety-related perspectives and practices among consumers and food vendors in Ethiopia to identify motivations, beliefs, and values that shape and/or drive their practices. A well-defined search and review identified 116 relevant articles. Read More

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Barriers and Facilitators to Diabetes Self-Management in Pregnant Women with Pre-existing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review.

Curr Diabetes Rev 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing.

Background Pregnant women with pre-existing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at risk for poor maternal and neonatal health outcomes. Previous systematic reviews in pregnant women with T2DM have focused on physical activity, blood glucose monitoring, and insulin injections. Objective The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the barriers and facilitators to diabetes self-management in pregnant women with pre-existing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Read More

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Evidence for an expanded hypertension care cascade in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review.

BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Jun 27;22(1):827. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.

Background: With nearly 90% of annual hypertension-related deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is an urgent need to measure the coverage of health services that effectively manage hypertension. However, there is little agreement on how to define effective coverage and the existing hypertension care cascade (hypertension prevalence, percent aware, percent treated, and percent controlled) does not account for the quality of care received by patients. This study reviews definitions of effective coverage and service quality for hypertension management services and proposes an expanded hypertension care cascade to improve measurement of health systems performance. Read More

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Yohimbine as a pharmacological probe for alcohol research: a systematic review of rodent and human studies.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a significant public health concern, contributing to a myriad of social, psychological, and physiological issues. Despite substantial efforts within the alcohol research field, promising preclinical findings have failed to translate to clinical use, highlighting the necessity to develop safe and effective pharmacological probes with the ability to be used in preclinical and clinical research. Yohimbine, an α2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, is a well-validated pharmacological tool that has been widely employed in alcohol studies to evaluate noradrenergic activation. Read More

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Instruments to Identify Delirium in Patients Recovering From Anesthesia: A Scoping Review.

J Perianesth Nurs 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Medical Surgical Department, School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil; The Brazilian Centre of Evidence-based Healthcare: A JBI Centre of Excellence (JBI Brazil).

Purpose: To identify the validated instruments used for screening and detecting postoperative delirium (POD) during Post Anesthesia Recovery (PAR) period, and the incidence and associated risk factors with POD.

Design: A scoping review.

Methods: The study search occurred in May 2021 in the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science and LILACS databases. Read More

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Minimal clinical data sets for spine-related musculoskeletal disorders in primary care and outpatient settings: a scoping review protocol.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 27;12(6):e057677. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Chiropractic Medicine, Balgrist University Hospital and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Introduction: Lack of standardised clinical data collection may lead to reduced quality in musculoskeletal (MSK)-related clinical care and research. Little is known about the availability and characteristics of minimal clinical data sets for spine-related MSK disorders in primary care and outpatient settings and their utility for improving healthcare quality. Our objective is to undertake a scoping review aiming to identify and map current literature on minimal clinical data sets for measuring and monitoring health status in patients with spine-related MSK disorders in primary and outpatient healthcare settings. Read More

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Development and validation of a tool for advising primiparous women during early labour: study protocol for the GebStart Study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 27;12(6):e062869. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Research Institute of Midwifery, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Introduction: Pregnant women experience early labour with different physical and emotional symptoms. Early admission to hospital has been found to be associated with increased intervention and caesarean section rates. However, primiparous women often contact the hospital before labour progresses because they encounter difficulties coping with symptoms of onset of labour on their own. Read More

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Setting Preconception Care Priorities in Australia Using a Delphi Technique.

Semin Reprod Med 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University. Clayton, VIC, Australia.

Preconception health affects fertility, pregnancy, and future health outcomes but public awareness of this is low. Our aims were to rank priorities for preconception care (PCC), develop strategies to address these priorities, and establish values to guide future work in preconception healthcare in Australia. A Delphi technique involved two rounds of online voting and mid-round workshops. Read More

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Influence of systemic comorbidities on the complications of orthognathic surgery: A scoping review.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

OMFS IMPATH research group, Department of Imaging & Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, KU Leuven and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

The potential impact of systemic comorbidities has not yet been thoroughly explored in orthognathic surgery. Therefore, the following scoping review was conducted to accumulate evidence on the possible impact of systemic comorbidities on the orthognathic surgery complications. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched up to April 2022 to identify studies about patients with systemic comorbidities who underwent orthognathic surgery. Read More

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Readers Theatre as an arts-based approach to education: A scoping review on experiences of adult learners and educators.

Nurse Educ Today 2022 Jun 14;116:105440. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Faculty of Health, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Arts-based educational methodologies have been implemented in nursing and other health disciplines to promote person-centered approaches to care. Readers Theatre has been applied as a tool to promote compassionate and holistic approaches to care. Readers Theatre is a form of drama that requires participants to read aloud a scripted narrative to the audience. Read More

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A Proposed Framework to Describe Movement Variability within Sporting Tasks: A Scoping Review.

Sports Med Open 2022 Jun 27;8(1):85. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

Movement variability is defined as the normal variations in motor performance across multiple repetitions of a task. However, the term "movement variability" can mean different things depending on context, and when used by itself does not capture the specifics of what has been investigated. Within sport, complex movements are performed repeatedly under a variety of different constraints (e. Read More

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Implementation initiatives to improve low back pain care in Australia: a scoping review.

Pain Med 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

The University of Sydney, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: This scoping review aimed to comprehensively review strategies for implementation of low back pain (LBP) guidelines, policies and models of care in the Australian healthcare system.

Methods: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Amed and Web of Science to identify studies that aimed to implement or integrate evidence-based interventions/practices to improve LBP care within Australian settings.

Results: Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Cardiac Arrest in Children Following Cardiac Surgery: A Scoping Review of Contributing Factors.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2022 Jul;13(4):475-481

Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley 548952Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Nearly half of children experiencing cardiac arrest following cardiac surgery do not survive hospital discharge and patients who survive often experience significant neurological impairment. Additionally, increased resource utilization following cardiac arrest translates into adverse logistical and financial consequences. Although some studies have identified patient characteristics that increase the risk of cardiac arrest after pediatric cardiac surgery, modifiable risk factors, which could provide a foundation for effective prevention strategies, have been elusive. Read More

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Application of Serious Games in Health Care: Scoping Review and Bibliometric Analysis.

Front Public Health 2022 10;10:896974. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

The School of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Background: Serious games (SGs) as one kind of intervention that can improve the level of knowledge and change behavior to affect health outcomes has been increasingly applied in health care.

Objective: Analyze hotspots and trends of the application of SGs in health care and provide reference and direction for further research in the future.

Methods: The Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection database was used for extracting the literature on SGs in health care for the period from the database established to 11 October, 2021. Read More

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How can Big Data Analytics Support People-Centred and Integrated Health Services: A Scoping Review.

Int J Integr Care 2022 Apr-Jun;22(2):23. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Witten/Herdecke University, Germany.

Introduction: Health systems in high-income countries face a variety of challenges calling for a systemic approach to improve quality and efficiency. Putting people in the centre is the main idea of the WHO model of people-centred and integrated health services. Integrating health services is fuelled by an integration of health data with great potentials for decision support based on big data analytics. Read More

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Couples Coping Together: A Scoping Review of the Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence and Conceptual Work Across Three Decades.

Front Psychol 2022 10;13:876455. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Clinical Psychology for Children/Adolescents and Couples/Families, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Dyadic coping (DC), how couples cope together to deal with a stressor like chronic illness, has received increased attention over the last three decades. The aim of the current study was to summarize the current state of research on DC in couples. We conducted a scoping review of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies published between 1990 and 2020, assessing DC in couples during three decades. Read More

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Valuing the "Burden" and Impact of Rare Diseases: A Scoping Review.

Front Pharmacol 2022 8;13:914338. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS), Paris, France.

Rare diseases (RDs) are a severe, chronic, degenerative and often life-threatening group of conditions affecting more than 30 million people in Europe. Their impact is often underreported and ranges from psychological and physical symptoms seriously compromising quality of life. There is then a need to consolidate knowledge on the economic, social, and quality of life impacts of rare diseases. Read More

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White spot lesions during orthodontic clear aligner therapy: A scoping review.

J Orthod Sci 2022 4;11. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Orthodontics, Subharti Dental College, Swamivivekanand Subharti University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: White spot lesions (WSL) are an unsightly and a rather frequent drawback of orthodontic treatment. The complex design of fixed orthodontic appliances (FAs) makes it difficult to perform proper oral hygiene, which amounts to white spot lesions being three times more prevalent in patients wearing orthodontic appliances. As clear thermoplastic aligners (CAs) are removable appliances, it has been speculated that they allow better oral hygiene maintenance and thus less incidence of WSLs. Read More

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Patient Compliance With Wearing Lower Limb Assistive Devices: A Scoping Review.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Biomechanics, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska; Department of Surgery and Research Service, Omaha VA Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.

Objective: The aim of this scoping review was to identify information on compliance with wearing orthoses and other supportive devices, to discuss the barriers to adherence, and to suggest strategies for improvement based on these findings.

Methods: Online databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles about patients' compliance with regard to lower limb assistive devices. In addition, a methodological quality control process was conducted. Read More

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Breathing Back Better! A State of the Art on the Benefits of Functional Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Post-Tuberculosis and Post-COVID Lungs.

Arch Bronconeumol 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Servizio di Epidemiologia Clinica delle Malattie Respiratorie, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Tradate, Italy. Electronic address:

Currently, tuberculosis (TB) and COVID-19 account for substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide, not only during their acute phase, but also because of their sequelae. This scoping review aims to describe the specific aspects of post-TB and post-COVID (long-COVID-19) sequelae, and the implications for post-disease follow-up and rehabilitation. In particular, evidence on how to identify patients affected by sequelae is presented and discussed. Read More

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Empowerment in people with Parkinson's disease: A scoping review and qualitative interview study.

Patient Educ Couns 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Program in Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurology, & Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To synthesize empowerment definitions in Parkinson's disease (PD) literature and understand people with PD's perspective on empowerment in the context of an existing empowerment conceptual model.

Methods: This mixed-methods study included a scoping review of PD empowerment literature and interviews with adults with PD. Five databases were searched for articles that defined empowerment concepts. Read More

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Physiological markers of sleep quality: A scoping review.

Sleep Med Rev 2022 Jun 9;64:101657. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Center for Sleep Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA; Department of Pulmonology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA.

Understanding the associations between adequate sleep, performance and health outcomes is vital, yet a major limitation in the design and interpretation of studies of sleep and performance is the variability of subjective and objective markers used to assess sleep quality. The aim of this scoping review is to investigate how various physiological signals recorded during sleep or wakefulness relate to objective measures of cognitive or physical performance and subjectively perceived sleep quality to inform conceptual understanding of the elusive, amorphous, and multi-dimensional construct of sleep quality. We also aimed to suggest priorities for future areas of research in sleep quality and performance. Read More

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Muscarinic Receptor Antagonism and Allergen Induced Airway Responses in Allergic Asthma: A Scoping Review.

Clin Invest Med 2022 Jun 26;45(2):E10-20. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK; Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify existing clinical and basic science knowledge surrounding the effect of muscarinic receptor antagonism on allergen-induced airway responses to inform future clinical research in this area.

Methods: Multiple advanced searches were performed using the National Library of Medicine PubMed search engine. Each search began with two terms; for example, "atropine and asthma" or "tiotropium and airway inflammation". Read More

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