1,335 results match your criteria schools screened

Business outcomes of healthy food service initiatives in schools: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Geelong, Global Obesity Centre, Institute for Health Transformation, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Fear of unfavorable business outcomes, including negative financial impacts, deters implementation of school food service initiatives to support healthy student eating behaviors. There have been no systematic reviews to guide feasible long-term healthy school food initiatives. This review aimed to synthesize evidence on the effect of school food service initiatives on business outcomes, including commercial viability, stakeholder perceptions, customer perceptions, and initiative maintenance and scale-up. Read More

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Depression and its determinants among adolescents in Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0250927. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and socio-demographic and parental-related factors of depression among school adolescents in Jimma town, southwest Ethiopia.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional survey, 546 school adolescents were screened for depression using the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) from five randomly selected public and private schools. Oslo social support scale, adverse childhood experience tool, and socio-demographic questionnaire were used to gather data on risk factors. Read More

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Nutrition across the curriculum: a scoping review exploring the integration of nutrition education within primary schools.

Nutr Res Rev 2021 Apr 30:1-44. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW2308, Australia.

Primary schools contribute to promoting healthy eating behaviour and preventing overweight and obesity by providing nutrition education. Research highlights the importance of improving teachers' program implementation to enhance intervention effectiveness. An integrative approach has been suggested to reduce time barriers that teachers currently experience in teaching nutrition. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of body mass index among school children with and without Bruxism of age group of 6-12 years in Kanchipuram district: A cross-sectional study.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2021 Jan-Mar;39(1):42-46

Department of Paediatric and preventive dentistry, Rajah Muthaiah Dental College and Hospital, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the body mass index (BMI) of school-going children with bruxism and without bruxism of age between 6 and 12 years.

Settings And Design: To find the correlation between BMI and oral habit bruxism among school children and compare with those children without bruxism.

Materials And Methods: A total of 6122 children were screened from 28 government and 12 private schools, in which 1854 (30. Read More

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A systematic review of the effects of temperature and precipitation on pollen concentrations and season timing, and implications for human health.

Int J Biometeorol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Departments of Emergency Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, and Global Health, and the Center for Health and the Global Environment, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Climate and weather directly impact plant phenology, affecting airborne pollen. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the impacts of meteorological variables on airborne pollen concentrations and pollen season timing. Using PRISMA methodology, we reviewed literature that assessed whether there was a relationship between local temperature and precipitation and measured airborne pollen. Read More

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Health-related quality of life in mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan: The roles of child, parent, and family characteristics.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Jun 6;113:103944. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: No study has examined how child and maternal psychopathological difficulties and family factors contribute to the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD).

Aims: To investigate the impact of children's diagnosis of ADHD, children's and maternal psychopathology and significant sociodemographic variables of the children, parents and family on HRQOL of mothers of children with ADHD and those of children with typical development (TD) in Taiwan.

Methods And Procedures: Children with ADHD (n = 257) and children with typical development (n = 324) and their mothers were recruited from a psychiatric clinic of a medical center and 10 elementary schools and four high schools in northern Taiwan. Read More

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Which factors influence the extent of indoor transmission of SARS-CoV-2? A rapid evidence review.

J Glob Health 2021 Apr 3;11:10002. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Usher Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: This rapid evidence review identifies and integrates evidence from epidemiology, microbiology and fluid dynamics on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in indoor environments.

Methods: Searches were conducted in May 2020 in PubMed, medRxiv, arXiv, Scopus, WHO COVID-19 database, Compendex & Inspec. We included studies reporting data on any indoor setting except schools, any indoor activities and any potential means of transmission. Read More

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Exposure to formaldehyde and asthma outcomes: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and economic assessment.

PLoS One 2021 31;16(3):e0248258. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

University of California San Francisco, Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: Every major federal regulation in the United States requires an economic analysis estimating its benefits and costs. Benefit-cost analyses related to regulations on formaldehyde exposure have not included asthma in part due to lack of clarity in the strength of the evidence.

Objectives: 1) To conduct a systematic review of evidence regarding human exposure to formaldehyde and diagnosis, signs, symptoms, exacerbations, or other measures of asthma in humans; and 2) quantify the annual economic benefit for decreases in formaldehyde exposure. Read More

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Early language screening and intervention can be delivered successfully at scale: evidence from a cluster randomized controlled trial.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: It is well established that oral language skills provide a critical foundation for formal education. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Nuffield Early Language Intervention (NELI) programme in ameliorating language difficulties in the first year of school when delivered at scale.

Methods: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) in 193 primary schools (containing 238 Reception classrooms). Read More

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[School nurse in the restrain of pandemics and the re-opening school. An integrative review].

Prof Inferm 2020 Oct-Dec;73(4):237-243

RN, MSN, Professore Associato Med/45 Scienze Infermieristiche, Universita' degli Studi di Brescia. Email:

Introduction: School nurse is present today in many countries around the world. Its contribution within schools is described in the literature especially with regard to the management of chronic diseases and health education interventions. The Sars-CoV2 pandemic has forced many states to close schools, involving major psycho-social problems. Read More

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A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of School Based Interventions on Sexual Risk Behaviors and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Young Adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa.

AIDS Behav 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), 2nd Floor, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X7, Congella, Durban, 4013, South Africa.

Young adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at high risk of involvement in sexual risk behaviors; and curable sexually transmitted infections (STI), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and unintended pregnancies remain persistently high in this population. Evidence based strategies are urgently needed to improve these outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT) to determine whether school-based interventions promote safe sex behaviors, reduce sexual risk behaviors and risk of curable STIs, HSV-2, HIV and unintended pregnancies among young adolescents aged 9-19 years in SSA. Read More

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Prevalence and associated factors of alcohol use patterns among university students in Uganda.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 14;37:339. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Introduction: majority of alcohol use pattern studies among university students are from developed countries. Information about the different alcohol use patterns and their correlates among university students in sub-Saharan Africa is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and cardinal demographic and psychosocial factors associated with specific alcohol use patterns among Ugandan university students. Read More

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Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children in summer schools applying stringent control measures in Barcelona, Spain.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

NIHR Southampton Clinical Research Facility and NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust; and Faculty of Medicine and Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Background: Understanding the role of children in SARS-CoV-2 transmission is critical to guide decision-making for schools in the pandemic. We aimed to describe the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 among children and adult staff in summer schools.

Methods: During July 2020 we prospectively recruited children and adult staff attending summer schools in Barcelona who had SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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What Works to Address Violence Against Children (VAC) in and Around Schools.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Mar 3:1524838021998309. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Violence against children (VAC) is a pervasive, global issue with both short- and long-term health, social, and economic consequences. This systematic review sought to identify best practices for designing and implementing social and behavior change communication (SBCC) programs targeting VAC in and around schools. Combinations of key search terms within five domains were entered into four databases: PubMed Central, Google Scholar, Sociological Abstracts, and EBSCOhost. Read More

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Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Among Medical Students During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Med Educ Curric Dev 2021 Jan-Dec;8:2382120521991150. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Purpose: The Covid-19 pandemic is a public health emergency with both physical and mental health risks. Medical students have baseline elevated rates of anxiety, depression and burnout. As such, they may be especially susceptible to the psychological stresses of Covid-19. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence of hearing loss in school aged Nepalese children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 19;143:110658. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Ear Care Nepal, Jawalakhel, Lalitpur-4, Nepal.

Objectives: The main objective of this study is to identify the prevalence of hearing loss in school aged children of Nepal.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on school aged children attending the government run schools of Nepal. A total of 79,340 children from grades 1 through 10 were included in the study. Read More

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Epidemiological characterization of pityriasis versicolor and distribution of species among students in Hai Phong city, Vietnam.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 Jun;6(2):11-17

Department of Genetics and Cytogenetics, Institute for Military Medical Research, Military Medical University, Ha Noi, Vietnam.

Background And Purpose: Pityriasis versicolor (PV) is a common fungal skin infection caused by species. Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of PV is influenced by geographic factors. The aim of the current study was to find the epidemiological characteristics of PV and distribution of species in the secondary school students living in Hai Phong city, Vietnam. Read More

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Prevalence of Asthma and Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder in School-Going Children.

Indian J Community Med 2020 Oct-Dec;45(4):539-542. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Objective: The main objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of asthma and sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) in school-going children.

Methods: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among children of age groups of 6-7 and 13-14 years from 31 public and private schools in rural and urban areas of Jodhpur. A pretested and validated questionnaire in Hindi for childhood asthma, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire and 22-item pediatric SRBD scale were used to collect data. Read More

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October 2020

Periodontal Status Among Schoolchildren in the Republic of Moldova: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Pathfinder Study Design.

Int Dent J 2021 Feb 12;71(1):63-66. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Objectives: To screen a sample of Moldavian schoolchildren to establish their periodontal condition using the Pathfinder study design of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Methods: Two cohorts - 12- and 15-year schoolchildren - were screened in 12 schools around the country: four schools in the capital city; four more schools in two other larger cities (two schools in each city); and four village schools (one school in each village). In addition to demographic data, the periodontal parameters dental plaque, calculus and bleeding on probing (BOP) were collected. Read More

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February 2021

Urogenital Schistosomiasis among Primary School Children in Rural Communities in Obudu, Southern Nigeria.

Int J MCH AIDS 2021 6;10(1):70-80. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

Background: Schistosomiasis is a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) that constitutes a public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Nigeria. There is need for updated information on the extent of the disease burden at community level to facilitate effective prioritization and monitoring of the disease.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among school-aged children in Obudu Local Government Area (LGA), one of the 18 LGAs in Cross River State, Southern Nigeria. Read More

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February 2021

What knowledge is available on massive open online courses in nursing and academic healthcare sciences education? A rapid review.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Apr 9;99:104812. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: With the recent challenges due to the Coronavirus 2019 outbreak, distance learning has been largely introduced in healthcare sciences curricula, and universities have been called upon to share learning opportunities with each other to ensure continuity of education and delivery of new graduates to the health system. However, decisions about its introduction should be supported by up-to-date evidence capable of providing an overview of available knowledge.

Objectives: To map the (a) state of research on massive open online courses in undergraduate and postgraduate health sciences education, (b) evaluation methods and tools used to measure learning outcomes, and (c) factors increasing their effectiveness as documented to date. Read More

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Status of eye health among tribal school children in South India.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Mar;69(3):543-547

Elite School of Optometry, Sankara Nethralaya, Unit of Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Purpose: Global trends show a high prevalence of refractive errors among children. The prevalence of vision impairment due to uncorrected refractive errors among school children is increasing and the need for management of other ocular conditions is also reported. This study presents the status of eye health and pattern of daily activities among the school children of a tribal location in Tamil Nadu, South India. Read More

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Availability of adequately iodized salt at the household level in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(2):e0247106. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a global, regional, and national public health problem that is preventable. Universal salt iodization is a worldwide accepted strategy to prevent IDD. The level of iodine in the salt should be adequate at the household level (≥15ppm). Read More

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February 2021

Comparison of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Screening Using Reverse Transcriptase-Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction or CRISPR-Based Assays in Asymptomatic College Students.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 02 1;4(2):e2037129. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Importance: The reopening of colleges and universities in the US during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a significant public health challenge. The development of accessible and practical approaches for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) detection in the college population is paramount for deploying recurrent surveillance testing as an essential strategy for virus detection, containment, and mitigation.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in asymptomatic participants in a university community by using CREST (Cas13-based, rugged, equitable, scalable testing), a CRISPR-based test developed for accessible and large-scale viral screening. Read More

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February 2021

Information About COVID-19 Testing on College Websites in the New York City Metropolitan Area.

J Community Health 2021 Feb 10. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Public Health, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, 07470, USA.

The continuing COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted the Fall reopening plans among institutions of higher education (IHEs) in the United States (U.S.). Read More

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February 2021

Interventions for improving medical students' interpersonal communication in medical consultations.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Feb 8;2:CD012418. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Communication is a common element in all medical consultations, affecting a range of outcomes for doctors and patients. The increasing demand for medical students to be trained to communicate effectively has seen the emergence of interpersonal communication skills as core graduate competencies in medical training around the world. Medical schools have adopted a range of approaches to develop and evaluate these competencies. Read More

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February 2021

Data for the narrative skills of Urdu-speaking preschoolers.

Data Brief 2021 Feb 11;34:106737. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Centre for Clinical Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

A total of 80 participants were recruited from three private middle SES schools of Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan to explore the narrative skills development in Urdu-speaking preschoolers aged between 4-and-5 years. Data collection was completed using a two-stage sampling technique (convenience and purposive). After obtaining parental consent, the participants were screened for their intellectual functioning. Read More

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February 2021

Is an integrated model of school eye health delivery more cost-effective than a vertical model? An implementation research in Zanzibar.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2021 19;6(1):e000561. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Brien Holden Vision Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To review and compare the cost-effectiveness of the integrated model (IM) and vertical model (VM) of school eye health programme in Zanzibar.

Methods And Analysis: This 6-month implementation research was conducted in four districts in Zanzibar. Nine and ten schools were recruited into the IM and VM, respectively. Read More

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January 2021

Digital contact tracing technologies in epidemics: a rapid review.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 08 18;8:CD013699. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Charles Perkins Centre and School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Reducing the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a global priority. Contact tracing identifies people who were recently in contact with an infected individual, in order to isolate them and reduce further transmission. Digital technology could be implemented to augment and accelerate manual contact tracing. Read More

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Comparison of Outcomes of Vision and Eye Screening of Children of Four Orphanages and School Children of Riyadh.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul-Sep;27(3):172-176. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Research, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose was to compare vision and ocular disease among orphans to age-matched school children and determine the barriers they faced for ophthalmic care in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: Children of four orphanages of Riyadh (Gr1) were screened for vision refractive error (RE) and eye ailment on "World Sight Day-2019." They were compared to age-matched school children (comparison group; Gr2). Read More

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January 2021