26 results match your criteria schoolchildren 449

  • Page 1 of 1

Dental Visits and Predictors of Regular Attendance Among Female Schoolchildren in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2021 17;13:97-104. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: Regular dental visits are important for the maintenance of optimal oral health and improved quality of life. The purpose of the study was to evaluate patterns of dental visits and factors associated with routine dental attendance among female schoolchildren in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Patients And Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 449 female primary schoolchildren (6-11 years old) in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pathways between toothache and children's oral health-related quality of life.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2020 Aug 7. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.

Background: Toothache is considered a multifactorial health problem that is associated with oral diseases and comorbidities.

Aim: Evaluate the direct and indirect pathways between toothache and children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL).

Design: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of children from southern Brazil. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Physical activity, sedentary behaviors and dietary patterns as risk factors of obesity among Jordanian schoolchildren.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):189-194. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Science, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan.

Objective: To identify certain risk factors associated with childhood obesity related to lifestyle; dietary patterns, physical activity, and sedentary behavior.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 977 schoolchildren (473 boys and 449 girls) aged 7-18 years. Children were selected randomly from three main cities in Jordan: Amman, Irbid, and Mafraq by using multistage cluster sampling method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Congenital Heart Disease in Local and Migrant Elementary Schoolchildren in Dongguan, China.

Am J Cardiol 2016 Feb 18;117(3):461-4. Epub 2015 Nov 18.

Department of Cardiology, the Dongguan Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Jinan University, the Fifth People's Hospital of Dongguan (also called Taiping People's Hospital of Dongguan), Guangdong, China.

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and treated status of congenital heart disease (CHD) in elementary schoolchildren and facilitate the long-term planning of health care, resource allocation, and development of targeted primary prevention strategies. From November 2011 to November 2012, 540,574 schoolchildren from 449 elementary schools were screened for CHD by trained doctors in Dongguan City. The schoolchildren who were suspected to have CHD were referred to a pediatric cardiologist and/or an echocardiographist for complete evaluation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2016

Overweight trends among Polish schoolchildren before and after the transition from communism to capitalism.

Econ Hum Biol 2015 Dec 9;19:246-57. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

Polish Academy of Sciences, Unit of Anthropology, Podwale 75, 50-449 Wroclaw, Poland.

This study aims to reveal the secular trends in body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish schoolchildren between the years 1966-2012, during which intense socio-political changes took place. Four surveys were conducted in several districts of Poland looking at 69,746 schoolchildren aged 7-18. Significant increase in mean BMI as well as in the prevalence of overweight and obesity was observed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2015

Streptococcal pharyngitis in schoolchildren in Bamako, Mali.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2015 May;34(5):463-8

From the *Division of Infectious Disease and Tropical Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and ¶Division of Geographic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; †Centre pour le Développement des Vaccins-Mali, Bamako, Mali; ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; and §University of Tennessee Health Science Center and Veterans Affairs Medical Center Research Service, Memphis, Tennessee.

Background: Group A streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis is associated with high rates of rheumatic heart disease in developing countries. We sought to identify guidelines for empiric treatment of pharyngitis in low-resource settings. To inform the design of GAS vaccines, we determined the emm types associated with pharyngitis among African schoolchildren. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Contribution of beverages to energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intake of third- and fourth-grade schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala.

Matern Child Nutr 2010 Apr;6(2):174-89

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala.

Beverages are selected based on availability, culture, taste preference, health, safety and social context. Beverages may be important to energy and to the macronutrient and micronutrient quality of overall intake. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of beverages to the dietary energy and estimated macro- and micronutrient intake to the diet of young schoolchildren. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Total daily water intake in Guatemalan children.

Food Nutr Bull 2009 Dec;30(4):340-50

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism (CeSSIAM), 17 Avenida # 16-89 (interior), Zona 11 (Anillo Periferico), Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala.

Background: Water is an essential nutrient, but recommendations for total water requirements only emerged in 2005, in the context of estimated average population targets in the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for US and Canadian societies.

Objective: To assess total daily water acquisition, and the contribution of water acquired from all possible sources, among Guatemalan children.

Methods: A total of 449 urban Guatemalan schoolchildren, aged 8 to 11 years, evenly divided between two socioeconomic strata, completed a 1-day pictorial registry of all foods and beverages consumed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2009

Dietary intakes and food sources of fat and fatty acids in Guatemalan schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study.

Nutr J 2010 Apr 23;9:20. Epub 2010 Apr 23.

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism (CeSSIAM), 17 Avenida #16-89, Zona 11, Guatemala City, 01011, Guatemala.

Background: Consumption of healthy diets that contribute with adequate amounts of fat and fatty acids is needed for children. Among Guatemalan children, there is little information about fat intakes. Therefore, the present study sought to assess intakes of dietary fats and examine food sources of those fats in Guatemalan children. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Volume, frequency and participation in plain drinking water consumption by third and fourth-grade schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2009 ;18(2):164-70

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, 17 Avenida #16-89(interior), Zona 11(Anillo Periferico), Guatemala City, 01011, Guatemala.

Water intake was described and quantified in samples of urban Guatemalan schoolchildren stratified by gender and socio-economic status. The frequency of consumption and quantity of plain water drinking was estimated from one-day pictorial registries of all beverages, foods and snacks consumed over a 24-h period collected from 449 3rd and 4th graders from two social classes: 230 from higher SES and 219 from lower SES. Plain water was reported by 28. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2009

Ready-to-eat cereals are key sources of selected micronutrients among schoolchildren from public and private elementary schools in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala.

Nutr Res 2009 May;29(5):335-42

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala.

This cross-sectional dietary survey aimed to assess the consumption and relative nutrient contribution of ready-to-eat cereals (RTEC) among schoolchildren from 2 social classes in an urban center in the Guatemalan province of Quetzaltenango. A total of 449 24-hour dietary records were collected using a pictorial workbook registry method among third- and fourth-grade schoolchildren. The sample population was divided between low-income, public school attendants (n = 219) and students from higher-income private institutions (n = 230). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fruit and vegetable intake of schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala.

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2009 Feb;25(2):146-56

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Objective: To determine if fruit and vegetable consumption among high- and low-socioeconomic status (HSES-LSES) urban schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, was adequate according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from 449 third- and fourth-grade girls and boys from 12 elementary schools were collected, analyzed, and presented by socioeconomic status and gender. Public schoolchildren were classified as LSES (n = 219) and private schoolchildren were classified as HSES (n = 230). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2009

Distribution of macro- and micronutrient intakes in relation to the meal pattern of third- and fourth-grade schoolchildren in the city of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala.

Public Health Nutr 2009 Sep 9;12(9):1330-42. Epub 2008 Dec 9.

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Objective: Our objective was to assess the distribution of energy, macro- and micronutrient intakes by meal (breakfast, lunch, dinner and combined snacks) in a cross-sectional sample of schoolchildren.

Design: Cross-sectional dietary survey in schoolchildren.

Setting: Twelve private and public schools in the urban setting of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2009

Concordance with the New American Plate guidelines of the American Institute for Cancer Research in Guatemalan children.

Nutrition 2009 Apr 5;25(4):385-91. Epub 2008 Dec 5.

Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism (CeSSIAM), Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Objective: To determine concordance with the New American Plate guideline that no more than one-third of one's plate be covered with foods of animal origin in Guatemalan schoolchildren.

Methods: Dietary intake data collected with a 24-h pictorial diary in a convenience sample of 449 third- and fourth-grade schoolchildren were inspected. The weights of animal and vegetable items in each meal were calculated with respect to the food on the main plate and all elements of the meal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spatial analysis of dental trauma in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Curitiba, Brazil.

Dent Traumatol 2008 Aug;24(4):449-53

Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to build epidemiological indicators on the experience of dental trauma in 12-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Curitiba, Brazil, exploring its geographical and population distributions. A geographic information system (GIS) was used, built by means of ArcView GIS 3.2 software and geographical databases of streets and districts defined within the boundaries of the city of Curitiba, provided by Curitiba's Institute of Research and Public Planning (IPPUC). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dental caries in 6-12-year-old indigenous and non-indigenous schoolchildren in the Amazon basin of Ecuador.

Braz Dent J 2008 ;19(1):83-6

Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Quito, Ecuador.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the caries experience among 6-12-year-old indigenous (Naporunas) and non-indigenous (recent settlers of mixed ethnic origin) schoolchildren, living in the Amazon basin of Ecuador. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1,449 clinical exams according to the World Health Organization criteria. Nine (7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Epidemiology of tuberculosis].

An Esp Pediatr 2000 Nov;53(5):449-57

Dirección General de Salud Pública. Departamento de Sanidad y Seguridad Social. Generalitat de Catalunya.

Aim: To analyze the current epidemiological trend of childhood tuberculosis in Spain.

Methods: The annual reports from Tuberculosis and Respiratory Infections Group of the Spanish Society of Respiratory Disease and from the Multicenter Project for Tuberculosis Research Study Group (1996-1997) were used. The "mirror technique" was applied to detect interference in the interpretation of the tuberculin skin test in a tuberculin survey carried out in 51,877 schoolchildren (aged 418 years). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2000

The costs and coverage of a strategy to control schistosomiasis morbidity in non-enrolled school-age children in Egypt.

Authors:
M Talaat D B Evans

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2000 Jul-Aug;94(4):449-54

Department of Community and Social Medicine, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, P.O. Box 30, Imbaba, Egypt.

Schistosomiasis still constitutes a major public health problem in some endemic parts of rural Egypt, particularly in school-aged children. The school-based health programme for schistosomiasis control adopted by the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) focuses on treating enrolled schoolchildren. Children who are not enrolled or who do not attend regularly (out-of-school) do not have access to this service, in spite of evidence that the prevalence and intensity of infection are higher in these children than among children who attend school regularly. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2001

[Frequency of food intake by adolescent schoolchildren in Cantabria, Spain. Comparison with the consensus document: Food Guidelines for the Spanish Population].

Gac Sanit 1999 Nov-Dec;13(6):449-55

Instituto de Educación Secundaria "Cantabria", Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Santander, España.

Objective: To analyze food consumption patterns among schoolchildren in Cantabria and to compare results obtained with Spanish food guidelines for this population group.

Methods: A food frequency questionnaire was the chosen method, with some 53 food types divided into 15 groups. A total of 1,205 teenagers of both sexes aged between 14 and 18 attending 18 secondary schools in Cantabria completed the questionnaire. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Do our patients understand? A comparison of understanding in adult inpatients and schoolchildren.

N Z Med J 1998 Nov;111(1078):449-51

Department of Anaesthesia, Dunedin Hospital.

Aim: To test the assumption that if an explanation about a resuscitation policy is understood by a 12-year-old then it will be understood by an adult patient.

Method: The comprehension of a paragraph about resuscitation by inpatients was compared to the comprehension of the same paragraph by 12-year-old schoolchildren.

Results: The schoolchildren demonstrated better comprehension of a paragraph about resuscitation than the inpatients (p = 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 1998

Short-term air pollution exposures and responses in Los Angeles area schoolchildren.

J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 1996 Oct-Dec;6(4):449-72

Environmental Health Service, Rancho Los Amigos, Medical Center, Downey, California 90242, USA.

We studied 269 school children from three Southern California communities of contrasting air quality in two successive school years, to investigate short-term effects of ambient ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), or particulate matter (PM) on respiratory health. We measured lung function and symptoms twice daily for one week each in fall, winter and spring; and concurrently assessed time-activity patterns and personal exposures. Average daily personal exposures correlated with pollutant concentrations at central sites (r = 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Quantitative assessment of exposure to dog (Can f 1) and cat (Fel d 1) allergens: relation to sensitization and asthma among children living in Los Alamos, New Mexico.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 1995 Oct;96(4):449-56

University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Charlottesville 22908, USA.

Background: Our objective was to identify the allergens associated with asthma among schoolchildren in an area of the United States where dust mite growth is expected to be poor. Los Alamos, N.M. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 1995

Goiter in Thai schoolchildren: study in Hat Yai, southern Thailand.

J Med Assoc Thai 1995 Sep;78(9):449-54

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand.

Examination for goiter was performed in 6,035 schoolchildren (2,899 girls, 3,136 boys), aged 8-17 years, from primary and secondary schools in Hat-Yai municipality, Songkhla province. Goiter was detected in 355 children (combined prevalence 6%; 232 or 8% in girls, 123 or 4% in boys). Of the 355 children with goiter, 214 (60%; 148 girls, 66 boys) participated in the study, and had blood drawn for free thyroxine (FT4), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid antibodies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 1995

Measuring exposure to injury risk in schoolchildren aged 11-14.

BMJ 1994 Feb;308(6926):449-52

Department of Child Health, University of Newcastle Medical School, Newcastle Upon Tyne.

Objective: To apply a measure of exposure to injury risk for schoolchildren aged 11-14 across a population and to examine how risk factors vary with sex, age, and affluence.

Design: Self completion questionnaire survey administered in schools in May 1990.

Setting: 24 schools in Newcastle upon Tyne. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 1994

Project lifestyle: developing positive health lifestyles for schoolchildren in Antigua.

Authors:
D P Sinha

J Sch Health 1992 Dec;62(10):449-53

Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute, PAHO/WHO, Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies.

Countries of the English-speaking Caribbean are in epidemiological transition. Following 30 years of socioeconomic change, obesity and chronic diseases have almost replaced malnutrition and infectious diseases as major health problems. Major risk factors for this modern epidemic are lifestyle-related. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 1992

The epidemiology of schistosomiasis in the later stages of a control programme based on chemotherapy: the Basrah study. 1. Descriptive epidemiology and parasitological results.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1987 ;81(3):449-59

Department of Tropical Hygiene, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

The association between infection with Schistosoma haematobium and various factors including water contact pattern, past history of haematuria and treatment for schistosomiasis and cercarial dermatitis was investigated in Southern Iraq. The study covered mainly primary schoolchildren in different areas of Basrah and in Al-maadan locality where the majority of households with infected schoolchildren occurred. Urine examination was by the sedimentation and Nuclepore filtration methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 1987
  • Page 1 of 1