Mol Vis 2021 20;27:61-77. Epub 2021 Jan 20.
Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Purpose: The effects of aqueous mediators possibly increasing the outflow resistance, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGF-β2, autotaxin (ATX), and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on human trabecular meshwork (hTM) cells and monkey Schlemm's canal endothelial (SCE) cells were characterized and compared, and the effects of intracameral application of these mediators on intraocular (IOP) elevation were also examined.
Methods: Cells were treated with TGF-β1, TGF-β2, ATX, LPA, or vehicle, and mRNA and protein expression levels of α-SMA, COL1A1, fibronectin, β-catenin, and ZO-1 were examined with real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) or immunofluorescence analyses or both. The permeability of cell monolayers was measured by determining the transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) or with the fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran permeability assay. Read More