1,469 results match your criteria scabies mite


Porcine scabies induces marked apoptosis, increased pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1, TNF-α and shedding of ICAM-1.

Parasite Immunol 2021 Sep 24:e12878. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Division of Medicine, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Scabies is one of the leading causes of morbidity in pigs worldwide. Limited data are available regarding the role of immune reactions in the development of porcine scabies.

Materials And Methods: The aim of this study was to investigate key pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, TNF-α), soluble variant of adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and mite-mediated apoptosis of peripheral leukocytes in 20 pigs with scabies, in addition to 10 healthy controls. Read More

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September 2021

First report of interspecific transmission of sarcoptic mange from Iberian ibex to wild boar.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Sep 19;14(1):481. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Espacio Natural de Sierra Nevada and Wildlife Ecology & Health Group (WE&H), Pinos Genil, Granada, Spain.

Background: Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed parasitic disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei. This mite has a certain degree of host specificity, although interspecific transmission can occur among phylogenetically related species or through prey-predator mediated exposure. In 2018, a wild boar (Sus scrofa) with lesions compatible with sarcoptic mange was hunted in Ports de Tortosa i Beseit Natural Park (PTB, north-eastern Spain), where an active epizootic outbreak of sarcoptic mange is affecting Iberian ibexes (Capra pyrenaica) since 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Mite is right: A case of infected scabies masquerading as a blistering disorder.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Sep 5;9(9):e04730. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Psychiatry Department Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan.

Scabies classically presents with itching and skin lesions in the interdigital spaces of hands, trunk, and genitals. Rarely, non-classical skin lesions can result in misdiagnosis and inappropriate management of patients. Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiological investigations in Sarcoptic mange in camels with special reference in treatment.

J Parasit Dis 2021 Sep 21;45(3):689-694. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Infectious Diseases Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt.

This study was conducted in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the period from (August 2019 to August 2020) to investigate the sarcoptic mange infestation level in one humped camels (), and to assess the effect of the age and season on the mange infestation, to assess the effect of the mange infestation on the appetite and body condition score (BCS) and to develop a good an applicable treatment protocol. 250 female camels were examined clinically and parasitologically, skin scraping revealed that mite was found in 28% of the examined animals, data analysis of the selected parameters showed that there was an effect for the age and season on the mange infestation, on the other hand there was no effect for the mange infestation on the appetite and BCS. Administration of Doramectin injection and Deltamethrin spray together founded to be the best treatment protocol for the sarcoptic mange infestation in camels, this finding indicates that using the acaricides alone is not enough for the disease eradication and must combined with treatment of the contaminated environment to prevent the reinfection from surrounding arears and achieve the highest cure level. Read More

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September 2021

Environmental suitability of bare-nosed wombat burrows for .

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2021 Dec 10;16:37-47. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Tasmania, Australia.

Some of the most important pathogens affecting wildlife are transmitted indirectly via the environment. Yet the environmental stages of pathogens are often poorly understood, relative to infection in the host, making this an important research frontier. Sarcoptic mange is a globally widespread disease caused by the parasitic mite . Read More

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December 2021

Crusted Scabies Infection in the Setting of Chronic Steroid and Omalizumab Use.

Cureus 2021 Jul 19;13(7):e16490. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA.

Scabies infection is a very common skin disease that occurs due to infestation with the mite. Typically, it results in intensely pruritic papules and excoriations in the webs of the hand, groin, or axilla, and remains limited in its spread. In rare cases, the disease can become diffuse and progress to crusted or nodular subtypes. Read More

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Scabies as a part of the World Health Organization roadmap for neglected tropical diseases 2021-2030: what we know and what we need to do for global control.

Authors:
Amal A El-Moamly

Trop Med Health 2021 Aug 16;49(1):64. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Round Road, Ismailia, Postal Code 41522, Egypt.

Background: Scabies is an under-recognized global health problem with an unacceptably high prevalence in many settings worldwide. Fortunately, the World Health Organization (WHO) has formally designated scabies as a neglected tropical disease in 2017, in the hope of increasing awareness and encouraging efforts to eradicate it. Also, scabies has recently been included as part of the WHO roadmap for neglected tropical diseases 2021-2030, aimed at ending the neglect to attain the Sustainable Development Goals. Read More

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Spinosad at 0.9% in the treatment of scabies: Efficacy results from 2 multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Aug 12. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

ParaPRO LLC, Carmel, Indiana. Electronic address:

Background: Scabies is a contagious skin disease resulting from Sarcoptes scabiei infestation. There are no approved over-the-counter treatments, and approved prescription products have disadvantages, including potential resistance. Spinosad, an insecticide derived from fermentation of a soil actinobacterium, shows promise as a potential treatment agent. Read More

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First evidence of the activity of an entomopathogenic fungus against the eggs of Sarcoptes scabiei.

Vet Parasitol 2021 Oct 6;298:109553. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

EA 7380 Dynamic, Ecole nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort, UPEC, USC ANSES, 7 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94700, Maisons-Alfort, France.

The entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana has been successfully used for the control of phytopathogenic arthropods and there are a growing number of studies suggesting that this kind of fungus could also be used for the control of ectoparasites in mammals. This study evaluated for the first time the efficacy of different Beauveria strains against the eggs of Sarcoptes scabiei collected from experimentally infected pigs. Eggs were exposed to fungal conidia and monitored for hatching over 10 days. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical diagnosis and treatment of scabies, a neglected tropical disease.

S Afr Fam Pract (2004) 2021 Jul 9;63(1):e1-e6. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Tshwane.

Scabies is a parasitic infestation of the skin caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. It is common in tropical areas, including the sub-tropical areas of Southern Africa. Read More

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A transitional fossil mite (Astigmata: Levantoglyphidae fam. n.) from the early Cretaceous suggests gradual evolution of phoresy-related metamorphosis.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 23;11(1):15113. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

X-BIO Institute, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, 625003, Russia.

Metamorphosis is a key innovation allowing the same species to inhabit different environments and accomplish different functions, leading to evolutionary success in many animal groups. Astigmata is a megadiverse lineage of mites that expanded into a great number of habitats via associations with invertebrate and vertebrate hosts (human associates include stored food mites, house dust mites, and scabies). The evolutionary success of Astigmata is linked to phoresy-related metamorphosis, namely the origin of the heteromorphic deutonymph, which is highly specialized for phoresy (dispersal on hosts). Read More

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Scabies and nocturnal pruritus: preliminary observations in a group of African migrants.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2021 06 30;15(6):889-891. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Foundation IRCCS, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Pruritus of scabies is due to a type IV T cell-mediated reaction to the mite's saliva, eggs, excrements and other products released by the mite during its life cycle. Movements of the mite also induce pruritus. According to the literature, scabies pruritus has higher frequency and intensity at night. Read More

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Second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) as genetic marker for molecular characterization of in rabbits from several areas of East Java, Indonesia.

J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol 2021 Jun 25;32(4):701-705. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to use the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) to determine the molecular characteristics of in rabbits from several areas of East Java.

Methods: Collecting mites from rabbits with clinical signs of scabies; DNA extraction with minikit QIAamp DNA; polymerase chain reaction amplification; nucleotide sequence analysis; homology and phylogenetic tree using the Neighbor-Joining method in the program molecular evolutionary genetics analysis-7 (MEGA-7).

Results: Sequence analysis of ITS-2 from five regions in East Java showed an identity >91. Read More

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Mass drug administration for endemic scabies: a systematic review.

Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines 2021 Jul 1;7(1):21. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Scabies is an extremely fastidious infestation caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. It causes a persistent itch that can disrupt a person's mental health, sleep, and overall quality of life. In endemic areas, treatment by targeting symptomatic individuals and their contacts is often unsuccessful due to an asymptomatic period and high rates of re-infection. Read More

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[Sarcoptes scabiei: Ectoparasite of scabies].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2021 Apr;38(2):279-280

Laboratorio de Investigación, Hospital Regional Lambayeque, Chiclayo, Perú.

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Understanding potential implications for non-trophic parasite transmission based on vertebrate behavior at mesocarnivore carcass sites.

Vet Res Commun 2021 Jun 26. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain.

High infection risk is often associated with aggregations of animals around attractive resources. Here, we explore the behavior of potential hosts of non-trophically transmitted parasites at mesocarnivore carcass sites. We used videos recorded by camera traps at 56 red fox (Vulpes vulpes) carcasses and 10 carcasses of other wild carnivore species in three areas of southeastern Spain. Read More

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Prevalence of in Patients with Suspected scabies

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2021 06;45(2):133-136

Fırat Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ, Türkiye

Objective: Scabies is caused by an ectoparasite called (), which penetrates the epidermis through skin folds and burrows in the stratum corneum, following the development of tunnels (sillion). The disease is specifically characterised by keratosis, allergy and itching that increases at night-time. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of in patients with a pro-diagnosis of scabies. Read More

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A case of human ectoparasitic infestation caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. vulpes.

Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

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Risk factors associated with scabies infestation among primary schoolchildren in a low socio-economic area in southeast of Iran.

BMC Pediatr 2021 05 25;21(1):249. Epub 2021 May 25.

Bashagard Health Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bashagard, Iran.

Background: Scabies is a neglected tropical disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei that burrows under the skin. It is a major health problem in tropical areas, largely affecting children. Scabies is common and highly contagious and in schoolchildren spreads quite rapidly, due to overcrowding and close contact within the schools. Read More

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Scabies itch: an update on neuroimmune interactions and novel targets.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Sep 29;35(9):1765-1776. Epub 2021 May 29.

Dr Philip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, Miami Itch Center, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Frequently described as 'the worst itch' one can ever experience scabies itch is the hallmark of Sarcoptes scabiei mite infestation. Notably, the itchiness often persists for weeks despite scabicides therapy. The mechanism of scabies itch is not yet fully understood, and effective treatment modalities are still missing which can severely affect the quality of life. Read More

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September 2021

Entodermoscopy Update: A Contemporary Review on Dermoscopy of Cutaneous Infections and Infestations.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar-Apr;12(2):220-236. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Infectious cutaneous diseases are very common, especially in certain geographic and tropical regions. Sometimes they may simulate other dermatoses, ordering verification of diagnosis with particular investigations. Dermoscopy is among one of the most important tools readily available in the outpatient setting for the dermatologist to confirm the diagnosis. Read More

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Is It Possible to Improve Scabies Diagnosis Performance?

Dermatol Pract Concept 2021 Mar 12;11(2):e2021015. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Dermatology Unit, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Italy.

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A multi-state occupancy model to non-invasively monitor visible signs of wildlife health with camera traps that accounts for image quality.

J Anim Ecol 2021 08 21;90(8):1973-1984. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Conservation and Science, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, IL, USA.

Camera traps are an increasingly popular tool to monitor wildlife distributions. However, traditional analytical approaches to camera trap data are difficult to apply to visible wildlife characteristics in single images, such as infection status. Several parasites produce visible signs of infection that could be sampled via camera traps. Read More

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First Description of the Composition and the Functional Capabilities of the Skin Microbial Community Accompanying Severe Scabies Infestation in Humans.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 23;9(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Scabies Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Program, Biology Department, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane 4006, Australia.

Epidemiological studies link infection and impetigo. Scabies mites can promote (Group A ) and infections by breaching the skin barrier and excreting molecules that inhibit host innate immune responses. However, little is known about the composition and the function of the scabies-associated microbiota. Read More

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Case series: Efficacy of a formulation containing selamectin and sarolaner against naturally acquired mite infestations (Demodex sp., Ornithonyssus bacoti) in degus (Octodon degus).

Vet Parasitol 2021 May 19;293:109430. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

IDEXX Laboratories, Humboldstr. 2, D-70806 Kornwestheim, Germany.

Ectoparasite infestations are not common in degus. Two cases are presented here where use of Stronghold® Plus/Revolution® Plus (selamectin and sarolaner topical solution) was successfully administered to a degu (Octodon degus) for treatment of naturally-occurring mite infesations. Selamectin (Stronghold®/Revolution®) has been demonstrated to be effective against naturally-occurring mite infections in dogs and selamectin is approved for use in dogs for the treatment of sarcoptic mange (caused by Sarcoptes scabiei) at a dose of 6 mg/kg. Read More

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[Sarcoptes scabiei mite moving].

An Pediatr (Engl Ed) 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Departamento de Dermatología, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, Málaga, España.

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Paediatrics: how to manage scabies.

Drugs Context 2021 26;10. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Dermatology, Liverpool and Campbelltown Hospitals, South Western Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This narrative review addresses scabies, a highly contagious, pruritic infestation of the skin caused by the mite S. Scabies is a common disorder that has a prevalence worldwide estimated to be between 200 and 300 million cases per year. Infestation is of greatest concern in children, the elderly, immunocompromised people and resource-poor endemic populations at risk of chronic complications. Read More

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Recent advances in understanding and treating scabies.

Fac Rev 2021 11;10:28. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

St Vincent's Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Scabies is an infestation of the skin caused by the mite In 2017, scabies was recognised by the World Health Organisation as a disease of public importance and was consequently added to the list of neglected tropical diseases. An estimated 200 million people currently have scabies worldwide. Scabies is endemic in many developing countries, with the highest prevalence being in hot, humid climates such as the Pacific and Latin American regions. Read More

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Seroprevalence of Sarcoptes scabiei in Free-Ranging Black Bears (Ursus americanus) in Eastern North Carolina, USA.

J Wildl Dis 2021 Jul;57(3):628-631

Environmental Medicine Consortium, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Dr., Raleigh, North Carolina 27607, USA.

Recent sarcoptic mange epizootics have affected free-ranging black bears (Ursus americanus) in the northeastern US, but not in North Carolina. To determine whether black bears in eastern North Carolina have exposure to Sarcoptes scabiei, serum samples from hunter-harvested black bears (n=45) were collected and evaluated for antibodies using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay previously validated in black bears. No dermal lesions consistent with sarcoptic mange were identified in the sampled bears. Read More

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Laboratory-based diagnosis of scabies: a review of the current status.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Kings College London, Guys Campus, London SE1 9RT,UK.

Scabies is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) of the skin that is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. It is considered to be an important public health problem in many regions. The disease is at its most prevalent in low-resource countries where there are overcrowded living conditions coupled with poor hygiene. Read More

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