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Feasibility and Provisional Efficacy of Embedding High-Intensity Interval Training Into Physical Education Lessons: A Pilot Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pediatr Exerc Sci 2021 Aug 4:1-10. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

University of Newcastle.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of generalist school teachers delivering curriculum connected high-intensity interval training in a school's physical education class time.

Method: Two schools volunteered to participate. A total of 84 students (11. Read More

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Understanding Implications of Residual limb length, Strength and Range of motion impairments of Veterans with Upper Limb Amputation.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Research Department, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America Health Services, Policy and Practice, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America US Army Burn Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Ft. Sam Houston, TX, USA Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Services, James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital & Clinics, Tampa, FL, USA Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA Rehabilitation & Prosthetic Services (10P4R). Orthotic, Prosthetic & Pedorthic Clinical Services. US Department of Veterans Affairs. Washington DC. USA. School of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Sciences. Morsani College of Medicine. University of South Florida. Tampa, FL. USA Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service, North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System, Gainesville, Florida, USA James A Haley VA Hospital, Tampa, FL Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University Staff Physician, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia.

Objective: To describe and quantify the relationship between limb impairment variables to key functional outcomes.

Design: Observational study of 107 participants with unilateral above/at elbow (AE) or below elbow/wrist (BE) amputation. Demographics, prosthesis characteristics, residual limb length (RLL), and prevalence of passive range-of-motion (PROM) restrictions, and strength impairments were described. Read More

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Virtual mask fitting in pediatric patients during COVID-19: A case series.

Can J Respir Ther 2021 23;57:93-98. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Division of Respiratory Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has been an unprecedented threat to our health care system. Clinicians had to pivot and develop creative and timely "virtual" solutions to provide clinical care. Our aim was to develop a standardized approach to virtual "mask fitting" for children who are either being initiated or are already on existing long-term ventilation (LTV) at a pediatric hospital. Read More

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The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure: a Feasible Multidisciplinary Outcome Measure for Pediatric Telerehabilitation.

Int J Telerehabil 2021 22;13(1):e6372. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Children's Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

This study describes the feasibility of using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) as a multidisciplinary outcome measure for pediatric telerehabilitation (TR). The COPM was administered at monthly time points over four months. A follow-up survey was conducted with the therapists to assess clinical utility of the COPM. Read More

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Telerehabilitation in Italy During the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Feasibility and Acceptability Study.

Int J Telerehabil 2021 22;13(1):e6334. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy.

This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a telerehabilitation program during the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of adult patients with physical disabilities. Of the twenty-three patients enrolled, 11 agreed to participate in a video-based telerehabilitation program. Barriers and facilitators to the adoption of telerehabilitation were identified and clinical, demographic, and psychological variables were analysed as predictors of success. Read More

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Classification of psychiatric symptoms using deep interaction networks: the CASPIAN-IV study.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 3;11(1):15706. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Pediatrics Department, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Identifying the possible factors of psychiatric symptoms among children can reduce the risk of adverse psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. We designed a classification tool to examine the association between modifiable risk factors and psychiatric symptoms, defined based on the Persian version of the WHO-GSHS questionnaire in a developing country. Ten thousand three hundred fifty students, aged 6-18 years from all Iran provinces, participated in this study. Read More

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Multimodal rheumatologic complex treatment in patients with spondyloarthritis - a prospective study.

Eur J Intern Med 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Rheumatology, Immunology, Osteology and Physical Medicine, Campus Kerckhoff, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Benekestr. 2-8, 61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany.

Introduction: Aim of this study was to prospectively assess the effects of multimodal rheumatologic complex treatment (MRCT), a special concept of in-patient physical treatment (PT) for treating spondyloarthritis (SpA), namely radiographic (r-) and non-radiographic (nr-) axial (ax-) SpA and psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

Methods: r-, nr-axSpA and PsA patients receiving a 16-day MRCT were eligible. MRCT was delivered to participants over 64 PT sessions of various modalities with a minimum of 1,400 min of treatment. Read More

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Preoperative quadratus lumborum block reduces opioid requirements in the immediate postoperative period following hip arthroscopy: a randomized, blinded clinical trial.

Arthroscopy 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Orthopaedics and Physical Medicine, 2060 Sam Rittenberg Blvd, Charleston, SC 29407, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine acute postoperative opioid consumption in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy and randomized to either receive a preoperative lateral quadratus lumborum block or sham injection.

Methods: This trial randomized 46 subjects undergoing hip arthroscopy with a single surgeon to receive a preoperative lateral quadratus lumborum block (40 ml, ropivacaine 0.25%) or sham injection. Read More

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Forming Habits, Overcoming Obstacles, and Setting Realistic Goals: A Qualitative Study of Physical Activity Maintenance Among Latinas.

Int J Behav Med 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

School of Public Health, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr, CA, 92182, San Diego, USA.

Background: The impact of physical activity interventions for Latina women can be enhanced by identifying and implementing strategies to achieve long-term physical activity maintenance. Physical activity promotion research has mainly focused on physical activity initiation and we know little regarding individual, interpersonal, or environmental factors that influence maintenance of physical activity. This study aimed to qualitatively explore and understand factors associated with maintenance and non-maintenance of physical activity among Latinas. Read More

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COVID-19 AND DENTAL DISTANCE-BASED EDUCATION: students' perceptions in an Italian University.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Aug 2;21(1):414. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Oral and Maxillo-facial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Caserta 6, 00161, Rome, RM, Italy.

Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the perception of dental faculties students regarding the complete transition to distance-based education (DE) and the adaptation of this educational strategy, due to Covid-19 pandemic. A questionnaire to be completed anonymously was submitted online to students attending the faculties of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene at Sapienza, University of Rome, after the end of distance lessons. The collected data were processed statistically, providing descriptive data and analysis of correlation of the most significant parameters, using Chi-squared test, Cramér V and Pearson φ, Goodman and Kruskal's γ and λ and Kendall's τb. Read More

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Multicenter Outcomes After Revision Hip Arthroscopy: Comparative Analysis of 2-Year Outcomes After Labral Repair Versus Labral Reconstruction.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Aug 2:3635465211030511. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Section of Young Adult Hip Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hip Preservation Center, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: There is a paucity of literature evaluating patient outcomes in patients undergoing revision labral repair and labral reconstruction.

Purpose: To compare outcomes in patients undergoing revision hip arthroscopy for treatment of labral tears by labral repair or labral reconstruction.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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Satisfaction with Online Versus In-Person Yoga During COVID-19.

J Altern Complement Med 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Allied Health & Human Performance, Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, University of South Australia: Allied Health and Human Performance, Adelaide, Australia.

During COVID-19 restrictions, yoga classes transitioned to online delivery. This report compares the perceived benefits and barriers to online and in-person yoga and determine the preferred format. A secondary aim was to compare how well each format was perceived to produce common benefits of yoga practice. Read More

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Utility of telephone consultations during COVID-19 and beyond: a study of orthopaedic spinal patients.

Minerva Surg 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, UK.

Background: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital clinic lists have abruptly shifted towards remote appointments via telephone. This study investigated the views and experiences of telephone consultations in a population of orthopaedic spinal patients.

Methods: A 10-item telephone questionnaire was completed by 202 orthopaedic spinal patients. Read More

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Predictive Outcome Modeling of Preoperative Clinical Symptoms and Electrodiagnostic Data in Tarsal Tunnel Surgery.

J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj 2021 Jan 27;16(1):e37-e45. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Henry Ford Macomb Hospital, Michigan State University, Clinton Twp., Michigan, United States.

 The relationship between tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), electrodiagnostic (Edx) findings, and surgical outcome is unknown. Analysis of TTS surgical release outcome patient satisfaction and comparison to Edx nerve conduction studies (NCSs) is important to improve outcome prediction when deciding who would benefit from TTS release.  Retrospective study of 90 patients over 7 years that had tarsal tunnel (TT) release surgery with outcome rating and preoperative tibial NCS. Read More

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January 2021

An Examination of the Relationship Between Coaches' Transformational Leadership and Athletes' Personal and Group Characteristics in Elite Youth Soccer.

Front Psychol 2021 16;12:707669. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.

There is a growing body of the literature highlighting the positive impact of transformational leadership behaviours across contexts, including sport. However, there is a lack of knowledge of this relationship within elite sport settings. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between elite youth athletes' perceptions of coaches' transformational coaching-behaviours and variables that have been linked to transformational leadership in other settings (i. Read More

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Activities of daily living as a longitudinal moderator of the effect of autonomic dysfunction on anxiety and depression of Parkinson's patients.

Brain Behav 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Background: There is no clear time point for the onset of depression and anxiety in Parkinson's disease (PD), and their atypical physical symptoms often overlap with other nonmotor symptoms. Autonomic dysfunction usually appears earlier than motor symptoms, seriously impairing activities of daily living (ADL), even quality of life. Whether autonomic dysfunction can affect depression and anxiety in PD patients through ADL is still unclear. Read More

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Psychological and work-related factors associated with emotional exhaustion among healthcare professionals during COVID-19 outbreak in Italian hospitals.

Nurs Health Sci 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has burdened considerable psychological distress on health care workers, increasing the risk of burnout. This research aimed to investigate socio-demographic, work-related, COVID-19 related and psychological factors associated with emotional exhaustion (the core component of burnout) among health care professionals during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess risk (e. Read More

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"The Feasibility of a Lifestyle Physical Activity Intervention for African American Women with Asthma".

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Background: African American (AA) women are disproportionately impacted by both physical inactivity and asthma. Lifestyle physical activity (PA) interventions targeted for AA women with asthma are lacking.

Objective: Assess the feasibility/acceptability and preliminary effects of a lifestyle PA intervention culturally-tailored for AA women with asthma. Read More

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Effects of Intuitive Eating on the Quality of Life and Wellbeing of Yoga Practitioners, Physical Activity Practitioners and Sedentary Individuals.

Altern Ther Health Med 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

This study is a comparative analysis of the effects of intuitive eating and correlations with quality of life and wellbeing in Yoga practitioners, physical activity practitioners and sedentary individuals. The study involved 204 participants, comprising 66 Yoga practitioners, 74 physical activity practitioners and 64 sedentary individuals, between the ages of 20 and 59, who were resident in Brazil at the time of the study. Quantitative research was conducted through Facebook and the application questionnaires via Google Forms to measure intuitive eating, food consumption, quality of life, stress level, satisfaction with body image and level of mindfulness. Read More

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Elder abuse in the oldest old: prevalence, risk factors and consequences.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Lehrstuhl für Rehabilitationswissenschaftliche Gerontologie, Humanwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany.

Background: Experiences of abuse in relationships with an expectation of trust are a common phenomenon among older people and is called elder abuse (EA). This can take various forms, such as physical, verbal, emotional, psychological, financial, sexual abuse or neglect. Due to their high vulnerability and difficulties in receiving support, people aged over 80 years old have been pointed out as a group that needs special focus in research. Read More

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Online-Delivered Group and Personal Exercise Programs to Support Low Active Older Adults' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 07 30;23(7):e30709. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, experts in mental health science emphasized the importance of developing and evaluating approaches to support and maintain the mental health of older adults.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether a group-based exercise program relative to a personal exercise program (both delivered online) and waitlist control (WLC) can improve the psychological health of previously low active older adults during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The Seniors COVID-19 Pandemic and Exercise (SCOPE) trial was a 3-arm, parallel randomized controlled trial conducted between May and September 2020 in which low active older adults (aged ≥65 years) were recruited via media outlets and social media. Read More

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Effects of Xuefu Zhuyu Granules on Patients with Stable Coronary Heart Disease: A Double-Blind, Randomized, and Placebo-Controlled Study.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 16;2021:8877296. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Pathophysiology, Graduate School, PLA General Hospital, 100853 Beijing, China.

Despite advances in the drug treatment strategy for stable coronary heart disease (CHD), the mortality of CHD continues to rise. New or adjuvant treatments would be desirable for CHD. Xuefu Zhuyu granules are derived from the formula of traditional Chinese medicine. Read More

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Clients' perceptions of the quality of post-abortion care in eight health facilities in Dakar, Senegal.

J Biosoc Sci 2021 Jul 30:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Le Centre de Formation, Recherche et de Plaidoyer en Santé de la Reproduction (CEFOREP), Dakar, Senegal.

Post-abortion care (PAC) integrates elements that are vital for women's survival after abortion complications and their ability to meet their subsequent fertility intentions. Currently, the utilization of PAC among women in need remains too low, particularly in settings where unsafe abortion is an appreciable cause of maternal mortality. Interventions have aimed at addressing unmet need; however, these still require information on the extent to which women value different aspects of PAC. Read More

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Health worries, life satisfaction, and social well-being concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic: Insights from Lebanon.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0254989. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Information Technology and Operations Management, Adnan Kassar School of Business, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.

The COVID-19 outbreak has struck Lebanon in its worst period of instability, not only impacting physical health, but also increasing psychological distress. Using an online survey enhanced by response time measurement, this study describes the overall patterns in mental well-being outcomes and examines their association with sociodemographic characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, it identifies significant predictors for COVID-19 good practices. Read More

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"Sharing Success with Someone": Building therapeutic alliance in physiotherapist-delivered physical activity coaching for healthy aging.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Jul 29:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, University of Sydney and Sydney Local Health District, Level 10N King George V Building Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: Therapeutic alliance, a goal-orientated partnership between clients and practitioners, can enhance program engagement and adherence, and improve treatment outcomes and satisfaction.

Objectives: To develop an empirical model that describes how therapeutic alliances can be operationalized in clinical and research settings and use this in our evaluation of the Coaching for Healthy Ageing (CHAnGE) trial.

Methods: Secondary analysis of interviews with participants in the CHAnGE trial (n = 32) and a focus group with the physiotherapists who delivered health coaching in that trial (n = 3). Read More

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The longitudinal impact of a chronic physical health condition on subjective well-being.

Health Psychol 2021 Jun;40(6):357-367

Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF).

Objective: Chronic health conditions (CHC) can have severe impacts on an individual's life, affecting well-being and mental health. Nonetheless, individuals can show different response patterns of psychological adaptation following a CHC onset. This study aimed to identify profiles of subjective well-being (SWB) at 1 year before (T - 1), 1 year after (T + 1), and 4 years after (T + 4) the onset of a physical CHC using seven indicators (health satisfaction, life satisfaction, energy, joy, worry, sadness, anger), examine transitions between the identified profiles, and determine predicting factors of these transitions. Read More

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Blended and e-learning in pediatric education: harnessing lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298, USA.

Face-to-face education as the traditional basis for medical education was disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic as learners and educators were moved online with little time for preparation. Fortunately, as online learning has grown, together with medical education shifting to problem-based and team-centered learning over the last three decades, existing resources have been adapted and improved upon to meet the challenges. Effective blended learning has resulted in innovative synchronous and asynchronous learning platforms. Read More

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Design, Implementation, and Examination of a Remote Patient Monitoring System for Pediatric Obesity: Protocol for an Open Trial Pilot Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jul 28;10(7):e29858. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Center for Telehealth, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, United States.

Background: Pediatric obesity is a critical public health issue. Augmenting care in multidisciplinary pediatric obesity clinics with innovative evidence-based technology to improve weight status and health outcomes is needed.

Objective: This study describes the design and methods of an open trial pilot study to examine a remote patient monitoring system (RPMS) for children aged 8-17 years who are receiving treatment in a multidisciplinary pediatric obesity clinic. Read More

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Sex-Specific Difference in Dynamic Balance Following Total Hip Replacement.

Innov Aging 2021 12;5(2):igab019. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background And Objectives: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical procedure in older adults (65 years or older). THA has high patient satisfaction, but little is known about balance and mobility limitations after surgery and if outcomes are sex-specific. This study was aimed to evaluate post-THA asymmetry during unilateral standing and a dynamic balance and reach test and test the hypotheses that balance performance would be decreased on the surgical limb and that balance deficits would be greater in women than in men. Read More

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