Front Psychol 2021 24;12:632585. Epub 2021 Jun 24.
Division of Mental and Physical Health, Department of Public Health Science, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
In light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its large economic consequences, we used a three-layer nested structural model (individual, community, and country), each with a corresponding measure of income, trust, and satisfaction, to assess change in their interrelationships following a global crisis; which, in this study, is the 2008/2009 financial crisis. With multilevel techniques, we analyzed data from two waves (2006 and 2012) of the European Social Survey (ESS) in 19 countries (weighted = 73,636) grouped according to their levels of trust. In high trust countries, personal life satisfaction (LS) was not related to personal, community, or national income before or after the crisis. Read More