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Safety and Effectiveness of a Novel Non-Pneumatic Active Compression Device for Treating Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema, a Multi-center Randomized, Crossover Trial (NILE).

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.

Objective: Advanced pneumatic compression devices (APCDs) have been shown to be an effective intervention for lymphedema when used as part of a self-care maintenance treatment regimen. However, adherence to self-care is poor, and APCDs require patients to be immobile during treatment. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel non-pneumatic compression device (NPCD) for treating lymphedema versus an APCD. Read More

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Online Dermatology Curriculum Experiences among U.S. Dermatology Residents and Faculty.

Clin Dermatol 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Many dermatology residency programs adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic by transitioning to online teaching methods. This may impact the quality of education and the satisfaction of residents. Dermatology faculty and residents nationwide were surveyed regarding their experiences with the novel online curricula. Read More

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Characterization of litigation after tonsillectomy in the United States.

Am J Otolaryngol 2022 Aug 2;43(5):103566. Epub 2022 Aug 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Jacobs School Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Tonsillectomy is a common procedure performed for both adults and children. When unfavorable outcomes occur during perioperative events, patients may seek compensation through medical malpractice or medical negligence litigation. An understanding of these cases can help physicians and involved health care providers avoid risk and improve patient satisfaction. Read More

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Secondary trauma, burnout and resilience among mental health professionals from India: A review of research.

Authors:
Hvovi Bhagwagar

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 Jul 28;76:103227. Epub 2022 Jul 28.

School of Social Sciences, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

While globally there has been growing research interest in the negative psychological consequences faced by helping professionals, literature among Indian Mental Health Professionals (MHPs) is sparse, and predominantly focussed on health care workers. This systematic review aims to synthesize and summarize current Indian literature on burnout, secondary traumatic stress and resilience among Indian MHPs. The review explores 14 research studies published in peer-reviewed journals between January 2005 to January 2022. Read More

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Kick-starting youth wellbeing and access to mental health care: Efficacy of an integrated model of care within a junior sports development program.

Behav Res Ther 2022 Aug 5;157:104166. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

National Rugby League, Australia.

One productive avenue for building adolescents' personal strengths and reducing mental health problems is integrating assessment and intervention into organised sports programs. We investigated the efficacy of the RISE program, a rugby league development program for 12- to 15-year-old boys, which integrated a mental health and wellbeing system called Life-Fit-Learning. The Life-Fit System is designed to measure youth's strengths and mental health symptoms and sends mental health feedback to parents, provides group-based workshops, connects youth and parents to online psychoeducation resources, and provides individual telephone follow-up and referral with parents of youth at high-risk for mental health problems. Read More

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Intergenerational social mobility and health in later life: Diagonal reference models applied to the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Lothian Birth Cohorts, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Objective: Although commonly used to model associations between intergenerational social mobility and health, linear regression cannot estimate the contributions of origin, destination and mobility independently. Non-linear Diagonal Reference Models (DRMs) have become a popular alternative and have been applied to various health outcomes, though few studies examine the impact of social mobility on later-life health.

Methods: This study revisits health outcomes examined in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, using DRMs to assess the association between intergenerational social mobility and satisfaction with life, self-rated health, depression, and mortality from age 68-82 years. Read More

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Mobile health vs. standard care after cardiac surgery: results of The Box 2.0 study.

Europace 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands.

Aims: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery, yet difficult to detect in ambulatory patients. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention on POAF detection after cardiac surgery.

Methods And Results: We performed an observational cohort study among 730 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery at a tertiary care hospital in The Netherlands. Read More

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Telehealth use and COVID-19: Assessing older veterans' perspectives.

Psychol Serv 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Mental Health Service.

Video telehealth (VT) technology has increased mental health treatment access for veterans. Although veterans report high levels of satisfaction with VT, age disparities remain. Older adults in the general population face several barriers to using new technology, reflecting a "digital divide" between age cohorts. Read More

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Temporal-spatial assessment of the vulnerability of human settlements in urban agglomerations in China.

Authors:
Jingsen Chen

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

School of Economics and Management, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, 350116, China.

Although many studies have focused on the livability and satisfaction of the human settlement environment in Chinese cities, few have paid attention to the vulnerability of human settlements in urban agglomerations in China (VHSUAC). The analytic hierarchy process and the entropy method are combined in this paper to comprehensively weight the constructed four-dimensional evaluation index system. Then, we identified the key factors influencing VHSUAC. Read More

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Breast-Specific Sensuality in Breast Cancer Survivors: Sexually Active or Not.

Ann Surg Oncol 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Breast Health Center, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

Background: We sought to better understand breast-specific sensuality (BSS) in sexually inactive breast cancer survivors.

Methods: We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional survey of breast cancer survivors during surveillance appointments from 2014 to 2016. Sexual inactivity was defined as no sexual activity within 4 weeks prior. Read More

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Successful same-day discharge in 88% of patients after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Computer Assisted Surgery Center, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of day-case unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) by assessment of successful same-day discharge (SDD), readmission, complication and reoperation rates in the recent literature.

Methods: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched to identify all eligible studies reporting outcomes of day-case UKA. Studies with intended same-day home discharge after UKA were included. Read More

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Traditional Chinese Nursing Using Fennel With Coarse Salt for Ironing and Umbilical Moxibustion for Epigastric Pain With Spleen-stomach Vacuity Cold.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Context: Spleen-stomach vacuity cold is the primary TCM pattern for epigastric pain, accounting for 75% of the patients. According to the TCM theory of treating both the tip and the root, epigastric pain requires the caregiver to dissipate cold and relieve pain, the treatments for the tip, which warm and supplement the spleen and stomach, the treatments for the root.

Objective: This study aimed to explore effectiveness of traditional Chinese nursing care using fennel mixed with coarse salt for ironing,with umbilical moxibustion, for epigastric pain, with a pattern of spleen-stomach vacuity cold. Read More

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Effect of Roy's Adaptation, Model-based, Perioperative Nursing Service on Patients: A Clinical Observational Study.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Context: Surgery for early-stage lung carcinoma (LC) is invasive and most patients will experience psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Accumulating evidence has shown that a nursing intervention can exert significant improvements in clinical efficacy for perioperative patients.

Objective: The study intended to investigate the clinical value during the perioperative period of a nursing service based on Roy's Adaptation Model (RAM), for patients undergoing radical resection for early-stage LC, to provide accurate guidance and reference for a future clinical nursing intervention for LC patients. Read More

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Value of Tranexamic Acid and Progressive Nursing in Accelerating Postoperative Rehabilitation After Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Altern Ther Health Med 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Context: Knee arthritis is the primary cause of disability in middle-aged and older adults. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is also a common treatment in clinics and has a remarkable effect on improving knee-joint function. However, TKA is an invasive procedure that includes a large amount of trauma. Read More

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Quality of life and lifetime achievement in adult survivors of pediatric heart transplant.

Pediatr Transplant 2022 Aug 11:e14370. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Survival in pediatric heart transplantation has improved since the first successful transplant over 35 years ago leading to increasing numbers of patients entering adulthood. We sought to examine quality of life and various lifetime achievements in our institutional population of long-term adult survivors of pediatric heart transplant.

Methods: Participants ≥18 years of age who received a heart transplant as a pediatric patient (<18 years old), and who have survived ≥10 years post-transplant, completed two self-report surveys: (1) Ferrans and Powers QLI cardiac version which reports a measure of life satisfaction with a range of 0 (very dissatisfied) to 1 (very satisfied); and (2) CHONY Pediatric Heart Transplant Life Achievement Survey to examine lifetime achievement. Read More

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Nationwide Clinical Practice Patterns of Anesthesiology Critical Care Physicians-A Survey to Members of the Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists.

Anesth Analg 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Despite the growing contributions of critical care anesthesiologists to clinical practice, research, and administrative leadership of intensive care units (ICUs), relatively little is known about the subspecialty-specific clinical practice environment. An understanding of contemporary clinical practice is essential to recognize the opportunities and challenges facing critical care anesthesia, optimize staffing patterns, assess sustainability and satisfaction, and strategically plan for future activity, scope, and training. This study surveyed intensivists who are members of the Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists (SOCCA) to evaluate practice patterns of critical care anesthesiologists, including compensation, types of ICUs covered, models of overnight ICU coverage, and relationships between these factors. Read More

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Minimal invasiveness in soft tissue augmentation at dental implants: A systematic review and meta-analysis of patient-reported outcome measures.

Periodontol 2000 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

The aim of this study was to compare patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of soft tissue substitutes versus autogenous grafts for soft tissue augmentation procedures at implant sites. Comprehensive and systematic literature searches were performed until December 2021. A focused question was formulated based on the Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome criteria (PICO): In patients with dental implants undergoing soft tissue augmentation (P), do soft tissue substitutes (I) compared to autogenous soft tissue graft (SCTG [subepithelial connective tissue graft]) (C) limit the post-operative morbidity and other patient reported-outcomes measures (O). Read More

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Creating age-friendly nursing homes: The time is now.

Gerontol Geriatr Educ 2022 Aug 11:1-18. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Gerontology, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

The current global age-friendly movement supports older adults by promoting different policies and services. However, there is a dearth of attention to nursing home (NH) residents as part of age-friendly movements. The pioneering idea of an age-friendly health system, i. Read More

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[Treatment of adult-acquired buried penis with suprapubic liposuction combined with modified Devine operation].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2022 Aug;54(4):741-745

Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of suprapubic liposuction combined with modified Devine surgery in adult patients with concealed penis caused by obesity.

Methods: The clinical data of 26 adult patients with buried penis admitted to the Department of Urology of Peking University People' s Hospital and the Department of Surgery of Beijing Eden Hospital from September 2017 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The average age of the patients was (33. Read More

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Evaluating the Benefits of a Family Support Program on the Health and Well-Being of Aging Family Caregivers of Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

J Gerontol Soc Work 2022 Aug 11:1-20. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Michigan Developmental Disabilities Institute & Department of Helath Care Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Providing care to a family member with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) takes a toll on the health of the caregiver and the family, especially as they age. Research shows that peer mediated family support programs can improve caregiver health and well-being. To date, most family support programs have focused on family caregivers of children and youth with I/DD. Read More

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Community acceptance, satisfaction, and support for case management of malaria of various degrees in selected rural communities in Ibadan, Oyo-State.

Ghana Med J 2021 Sep;55(3):198-205

Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess communities' perception and adoption of the evidenced-based malaria diagnosis and case management intervention targeted at under-five children. The effectiveness of trained Volunteer Community Health Workers (VCHWs) to diagnose malaria among under-five children using rapid diagnostic testing kit, provide treatment using Artemisinin Combination Therapy and rectal Artesunate were assessed.

Design: A qualitative evaluation study was conducted in October 2015. Read More

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September 2021

Predictors of Multiple Sexual Partners among Men in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2022 Jul;32(4):689-698

Department of Statistics, College of Natural Science, Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Background: Multiple sexual partnerships were one of the public health issues in the spread of high rates of sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan regions. An increase in the number of non-marital sexual partners can lead to a loss of satisfaction as well as other mental health repercussions such as greater rates of anxiety, depression, etc. This study examined the predictors of multiple sexual partners among men in Ethiopia. Read More

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A cross sectional study on patient satisfaction and its association with length of consultation at the University Malaya Medical Centre Primary Care Clinic.

Malays Fam Physician 2022 Jul 25;17(2):71-80. Epub 2022 May 25.

MBBS (UM), MFamMed (UM), PhD, Department of Primary Care Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: Patient satisfaction has been found to be a determinant of patient compliance to medical advice and treatment, medical service utilisation, the doctor-patient relationship, and continuity of care. Assessment of patient satisfaction can be used to evaluate health care services and identify areas to target for quality improvement.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the satisfaction level of patients attending a primary care clinic and its associated factors. Read More

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Prevalence and factors associated with sexual dysfunction among middle-aged women in a multi-ethnic country: A cross sectional study in Malaysia.

Malays Fam Physician 2022 Jul 17;17(2):56-63. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

MRCP, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Introduction: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with female sexual dysfunction in an outpatient clinic in Malaysia.

Methods: The study was conducted among female patients aged 50 years and older who attended the outpatient clinic of a public hospital in Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire was used that was based on the Malay version of the Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire. Read More

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Patients' satisfaction with healthcare services providers and its determinants in the urban family physician program in Iran: A cross-sectional study.

Malays Fam Physician 2022 Jul 17;17(2):99-106. Epub 2022 May 17.

PhD in Nutrition Sciences, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Email:

Introduction: The quality of healthcare services can be determined by patient satisfaction as it affects the performance, sustainability, and durability of health services. This study aims to determine patients' satisfaction with healthcare service providers and its determinants in the urban family physician program in Fars and Mazandaran provinces, Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the populations covered by the urban family physician program in Fars and Mazandaran provinces in 2016. Read More

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The Feasibility of a Telehealth Exercise Program Aimed at Increasing Cardiorespiratory Fitness for People After Stroke.

Int J Telerehabil 2019 12;11(2):9-28. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: Accessing suitable fitness programs post-stroke is difficult for many. The feasibility of telehealth delivery has not been previously reported.

Objectives: To assess the feasibility of, and level of satisfaction with home-based telehealth-supervised aerobic exercise training post-stroke. Read More

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December 2019

Evaluation of an online case study-based course in translational science for a broad scientific audience: Impacts on students' knowledge, attitudes, planned scientific activities, and career goals.

J Clin Transl Sci 2022 7;6(1):e82. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Education Branch; Office of Policy, Communications and Education; National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences; National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, MD, USA.

Purpose: There is a need for education activities in translational science (TS) that focus on teaching key principles, concepts, and approaches to effectively overcome common scientific and operational bottlenecks in the translational process. Delivering this content to the broad range of individuals interested in advancing translation will help to both expand and develop the TS workforce. Rigorous evaluations will build the evidence base for effective educational approaches for varied audiences. Read More

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Internet-Based Learning for Professionals in Addiction Psychiatry: A Scoping Review.

Indian J Psychol Med 2022 Jul 8;44(4):325-331. Epub 2022 May 8.

Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Background And Aim: Distance learning techniques are gaining popularity as the internet today is a faster and more convenient source of spreading exhaustive information. We aim at conducting a scoping review on the utility of internet-based learning in addiction psychiatry.

Methods: We performed a systematic search of databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, and Cochrane using the following keywords: Distance education, substance related disorder, teaching, internet, along with the MeSH terms ("Internet" AND "Teaching" AND "Substance Related Disorders") OR ("Distance Education" AND "Substance Related Disorders"). Read More

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