1,621 results match your criteria sampled worldwide

Heavy metals and health risk of rice sampled in Yangtze River Delta, China.

Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill 2021 Apr 12:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China.

Dietary exposure to heavy metals is threatening human health worldwide. In this study, the concentration of cadmium, mercury, arsenic and chromium in 258 samples of brown rice, grown in Yangtze River Delta where the soils were low-level contaminated, were investigated. In 12 (4. Read More

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Community-based conservation with formal protection provides large collateral benefits to Amazonian migratory waterbirds.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0250022. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Biology and Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States of America.

Populations of migratory waterbirds are facing dramatic declines worldwide due to illegal hunting, habitat loss and climate change. Conservation strategies to reverse these trends are imperative, especially in tropical developing countries, which almost invariably allocate insufficient levels of investment for environmental protection. Here, we compared the effectiveness of sustainable-use Protected Areas (PAs) and Community-based Conservation (CBC) arrangements for the conservation of migratory waterbirds that breed on seasonal riverine sandy beaches in Brazilian Amazonia. Read More

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Reduced Efficacy of Fenbendazole and Pyrantel Pamoate Treatments against Intestinal Nematodes of Stud and Performance Horses.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 5;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università degli Studi di Torino, Largo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy.

Nematodes are an important cause of disease and loss of performance in horses. Changes in the parasitic fauna of horses have occurred in the past few decades, making cyathostomins the major parasites in adult horses, while large strongyles have become less prevalent. spp. Read More

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Re-Introduction of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus in a Disease-Free Region: Impact on the Affected Cattle Herd and Diagnostic Implications.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 18;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) is one of the most important infectious cattle diseases worldwide. The major source of virus transmission is immunotolerant, persistently infected (PI) calves, which makes them the key target of control programs. In the German federal state of Saxony-Anhalt, a very low prevalence was achieved, with more than 99. Read More

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Genetic Variation in the Glycoprotein B Sequence of Equid Herpesvirus 5 among Horses of Various Breeds at Polish National Studs.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 9;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Virology, National Veterinary Research Institute, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland.

Equid herpesvirus 5 (EHV-5) is one of two γ-herpesviruses that commonly infect horses worldwide. The objective of the study was to estimate the genetic variability within EHV-5 viruses circulating among horses in Poland. Partial glycoprotein B (gB) sequences from 92 Polish horses from 13 studs throughout Poland were compared to each other and to three EHV-5 sequences from other countries. Read More

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VNTR typing of the bacterial rice pathogen reveals the coexistence of several diverging lineages in a single field in Colombia.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

International Center for Tropical Agriculture, AgroBiodiversity Research Area, Km 17 recta Cali-Palmira, Cali, Colombia, 763537.

is responsible for the panicle blight disease of rice. This disease is present worldwide and can result in significant drop in yields. In order to estimate the genetic diversity of the bacterial strains present in a rice paddy field in Colombia, we sampled 109 strains from infected panicles. Read More

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A whole-body circulatory neutrophil model with application to predicting clinical neutropenia from in vitro studies.

CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

A circulatory model of granulopoiesis and its regulation is presented that includes neutrophil trafficking in lung, liver, spleen, bone marrow, lymph node and blood. In each organ, neutrophils undergo transendothelial migration from vascular to interstitial space, clearance due to apoptosis, and recycling via the lymphatic flow. The model includes cell cycling of progenitor cells in the bone marrow, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) kinetics and its neutrophil regulatory action, as well as neutrophil margination in the blood. Read More

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Monitoring Mosquito-Borne Arbovirus in Various Insect Regions in China in 2018.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 11;11:640993. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China.

Background: Increases in global travel and trade are changing arbovirus distributions worldwide. Arboviruses can be introduced by travelers, migratory birds, or vectors transported international trade. Arbovirus surveillance in field-collected mosquitoes may provide early evidence for mosquito-borne disease transmission. Read More

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Activity of Novel Copper(II)-Based Formulations to Inhibit the Esca-Associated Fungus in Grapevine Propagation Material.

Front Plant Sci 2021 15;12:649694. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Unité Résistance Induite et Bioprotection des Plantes, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Reims, France.

Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are a serious and growing threat to vineyards worldwide. The need for innovative control tools persists since pesticides used against some GTDs have been banned and only methods to prevent infections or to reduce foliar symptoms have been developed so far. In this context, the application of imaging methods, already applied to study plant-microbe interactions, represents an interesting approach to understand the effect of experimental treatments applied to reduce fungal colonization, on GTD-related pathogens activity. Read More

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First Report of Crown Rot Caused by Fusarium redolens on Wheat in Kazakhstan.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

CIMMYT Turkey, CIMMYT Uluslararası Buğday ve Mısır Geliştirme Merkezi, Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi No : 9/11, Tarla Bitkileri Araştırma Enstitüsü Kampüsü içi, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey, 06170;

Fusarium crown rot, caused by several species within the genus, is a major constraint that results in significant losses in wheat production worldwide. In June 2019, diseased wheat plants with typical symptoms of crown rot, including discoloration on the first two or three internodes of the stem just above the soil line and stunted, dry rotted, and discolored roots were collected in several bread wheat fields during the maturity stage in Almaty, East Kazakhstan, and Karaganda Regions of Kazakhstan. For each field, approximately twenty tillers were randomly sampled. Read More

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The geographic distribution of retail tobacco outlets in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Introduction: Tobacco smoking prevalence in Indonesia is among the highest in the world. Research worldwide identifies that physical access to tobacco through retail outlets is related to increased tobacco smoking. Tobacco outlet density is very high in many Indonesian cities, so tobacco access may contribute to the high prevalence of tobacco use in that country. Read More

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Prevalence and genomic investigation of Salmonella isolates recovered from animal food-chain in Xinjiang, China.

Food Res Int 2021 Apr 5;142:110198. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Veterinary Medicine & Institute of Preventive Veterinary Sciences, Zhejiang University College of Animal Sciences, Hangzhou, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Hangzhou, China; State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Diseases, National Medical Center for Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Hainan Institute of Zhejiang University, Sanya, China. Electronic address:

Salmonella is a major foodborne pathogen worldwide, causing serious cases of morbidity and mortality due to the consumption of contaminated foods. Animal-borne foods were considered the main source of transferring Salmonella to humans; however, route surveillance by genomic platforms along the food-chain is limited in China. Here, we proceeded to the application of whole genome sequencing in the epidemiological analysis of Salmonella isolated along the food-chain in Xinjiang, China. Read More

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Air pollutants and their degradation of a historic building in the largest metropolitan area in Latin America.

Chemosphere 2021 Mar 14;277:130286. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Civil and Environmental, Universidad de la Costa, CUC, Calle 58 # 55-66, Barranquilla, Atlántico, Colombia. Electronic address:

Historic buildings that comprise the cultural heritage of humanity are in need of preservation on a worldwide scale in regard to degradation resultant from atmospheric pollutants. The Brazilian Public Market, located in the historic center of the mega city of São Paulo, is the object of this research, due to its representation of historical Brazilian architecture. The general objective of this manuscript is to analyze the influence of air pollutants on the degradation of the historic São Paulo Public Market in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Read More

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Whole-genome analyses provide no evidence for dog introgression in Fennoscandian wolf populations.

Evol Appl 2021 Mar 9;14(3):721-734. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Ecology and Genetics Uppsala University Uppsala Sweden.

Hybridization and admixture can threaten the genetic integrity of populations and be of particular concern to endangered species. Hybridization between grey wolves and dogs has been documented in many wolf populations worldwide and is a prominent example of human-mediated hybridization between a domesticated species and its wild relative. We analysed whole-genome sequences from >200 wolves and >100 dogs to study admixture in Fennoscandian wolf populations. Read More

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Neutralizing antibodies for SARS-CoV-2 in stray animals from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

PLoS One 2021 25;16(3):e0248578. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Laboratório de Imunologia Viral, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel Betacoronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) became a public health emergency worldwide. Few reports indicate that owned pets from households with at least one human resident that was diagnosed with COVID-19 can be infected by SARS-CoV-2. However, the exposure to SARS-CoV-2 of pets from households with no COVID-19 cases or stray animals remains less assessed. Read More

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Advocating for CMV maternal serological screening in the first trimester of pregnancy: If you don't know where you're going, you'll wind up somewhere else..

Yves Ville

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Mar 21:100356. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Obstetrics, and fetal medicine and surgery department. Hôpital Necker-Enfants maladies, University of Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Congenital CMV infection is an important health problem for the individual and the community. Although it could derive from both primary and non-primary maternal infection, the prospective risk of congenital infection in seronegative pregnant women is four times that of immune women. Maternal serology is the only reliable screening tool in pregnancy that would identify up to 50% of all congenital cytomegalovirus infections, by yielding positive IgM, IgG and low IgG avidity in around 0. Read More

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Plant-parasitic nematode associated with wheat in central, eastern, and south-eastern Kazakhstan.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

CIMMYT Turkey, CIMMYT Uluslararası Buğday ve Mısır Geliştirme Merkezi, Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi No : 9/11, Tarla Bitkileri Araştırma Enstitüsü Kampüsü içi, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey, 06170;

Kazakhstan is one of the biggest wheat producers, however, its wheat production is far below the average international wheat production standard due to biotic and abiotic stressors. Plant-parasitic nematodes are devastating for cereal production systems worldwide. A comprehensive survey was conducted in 2019 to identify plant-parasitic nematodes associated with wheat in different locations of central, eastern, and south-eastern Kazakhstan. Read More

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Zoonotic Giardia duodenalis sub-assemblage BIV in wild raccoons (Procyon lotor) from Germany and Luxembourg.

Zoonoses Public Health 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.

Giardia duodenalis is a cosmopolitan flagellate that causes giardiasis, one of the most significant gastrointestinal diseases in humans. This parasite can be a serious threat to public health because it can cause waterborne outbreaks as well as sporadic infections in humans. Invasive raccoons (Procyon lotor) may play a role in disseminating Giardia into the environment and transmitting it to humans and domestic animals because they live in high densities and deposit their faces in latrines near areas used by humans. Read More

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Genomic epidemiology of a densely sampled COVID-19 outbreak in China.

Virus Evol 2021 Jan 14;7(1):veaa102. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Microbiology, Weifang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Weifang 261061, China.

Analysis of genetic sequence data from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic can provide insights into epidemic origins, worldwide dispersal, and epidemiological history. With few exceptions, genomic epidemiological analysis has focused on geographically distributed data sets with few isolates in any given location. Here, we report an analysis of 20 whole SARS- CoV-2 genomes from a single relatively small and geographically constrained outbreak in Weifang, People's Republic of China. Read More

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January 2021

Chronic exposure to glyphosate in Florida manatee.

Environ Int 2021 Mar 16;152:106493. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Physiological Sciences and Center for Environmental and Human Toxicology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address:

Florida manatees depend on freshwater environments as a source of drinking water and as warm-water refuges. These freshwater environments are in direct contact with human activities where glyphosate-based herbicides are being used. Glyphosate is the most used herbicide worldwide and it is intensively used in Florida as a sugarcane ripener and to control invasive aquatic plants. Read More

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Investigating the population structure and genetic diversity of Arabian horses in Oman using SNP markers.

Anim Genet 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, College of Agriculture and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 34, Al Khod, Muscat, 123, Oman.

Arabian horses were selected for metabolic efficiency, beauty, efficiency and endurance. Therefore, Bedouins have for centuries traced their prized horses' ancestries. With the establishment of the World Arabian Horse Organization (WAHO), registration of Arabian horses became centralized and countries worldwide registered them in its database. Read More

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First Report of Citrus tristeza virus Infecting Citrus Trees in Georgia, USA.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

University of Georgia, 1355, Plant Pathology, 2360 Rainwater Road, Tifton, Georgia, United States, 31793.

Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) [genus Closterovirus; family Closteroviridae] is one of the most important, economically devastating viruses of citrus worldwide. On citrus trees grafted onto sour orange rootstock, typical CTV symptoms include dieback and defoliation, stunting, curling and chlorotic leaves, stem-pitting, and pinholes below the bud union on the inner face of the bark (Moreno et al. 2008). Read More

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Changes in virus transmission dynamics following the emergence of RHDV2 shed light on its competitive advantage over previously circulating variants.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Centre for Invasive Species Solutions, Bruce, ACT, Australia.

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is highly pathogenic to European rabbits. Until recently, only one serotype of RHDV was known, GI.1/RHDV. Read More

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First report of leaf spot caused by Colletotrichum siamense on Michelia alba in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Guangxi University, 100, Daxue RoadNanning, Guangxi, China, 530005;

Michelia alba (common name: white champaca), native to Indonesia, is a preciously ornamental and medicinal plant in the west and southeast of China and widely distributed in Nanning, Guangxi, China (Hou et al. 2018). In May 2020, a foliar disease of M. Read More

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Serosurvey of anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in wild boars (Sus scrofa), hunting dogs and hunters of Brazil.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2021 Jan 24;23:100522. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Graduate College of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Coronel Francisco Heráclito dos Santos Avenue, 100, Curitiba, Paraná 81531-970, Brazil; Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, 725 Harrison Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2027, USA. Electronic address:

The protozoan Neospora caninum is an important cause of abortion in cattle worldwide, with domestic dogs serving as the definitive hosts. Although hunting activities have been indicated as a potential risk factor for N. caninum infection in dogs, no serological evidence has so far been reported in hunting dogs, wild boars (Sus scrofa), and hunters. Read More

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January 2021

Assessing service availability and readiness to manage Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(3):e0247700. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRDs) are some of the most prevailing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide and cause three times higher morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) than in developed nations. In Bangladesh, there is a dearth of data about the quality of CRD management in health facilities. This study aims to describe CRD service availability and readiness at all tiers of health facilities using the World Health Organization's (WHO) Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool. Read More

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Clustering patterns mirror the geographical distribution and genetic history of Lemnos and Lesvos sheep populations.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(3):e0247787. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Animal Science, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Elucidating the genetic variation and structure of Lemnos and Lesvos sheep is critical for maintaining local genetic diversity, ecosystem integrity and resilience of local food production of the two North Aegean islands. In the present study, we explored genetic diversity and differentiation as well as population structure of the Lemnos and Lesvos sheep. Furthermore, we sought to identify a small panel of markers with the highest discriminatory power to assign animals across islands. Read More

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Molecular Assay on Detection of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) Virus in Ixodid Ticks Collected from Livestock in Slaughterhouse from South of Iran.

J Arthropod Borne Dis 2020 Sep 30;14(3):286-292. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Health Services and Health Promotion, School of Health, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Background: Ticks are vectors of a wide variety of pathogens that can be transmitted to humans, and tick-borne diseases are a significant public health issue worldwide. The present study was carried out on the hard tick infestation of livestock transported to Rafsanjan slaughter house in the southeast of Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out biweekly from April to September 2016 to determine tick infestation of the meat-producing animals. Read More

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September 2020

Effects of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) on fish body and scale shape in natural waters.

PeerJ 2021 11;9:e10642. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Freshwater Fish Ecology, Institute of Aquaculture and Environmental Safety, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gödöllő, Hungary.

Background: In recent years, there are growing concerns about pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in natural ecosystems. These compounds have been found in natural waters and in fish tissues worldwide. Regarding their growing distribution and abundance, it is becoming clear that traditionally used risk assessment methodologies and ecotoxicological studies have limitations in several respects. Read More

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February 2021

An elongated COI fragment to discriminate botryllid species and as an improved ascidian DNA barcode.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 18;11(1):4078. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Biotecnologie and Biofarmaceutica, Università Degli Studi di Bari 'Aldo Moro', 70125, Bari, Italy.

Botryllids are colonial ascidians widely studied for their potential invasiveness and as model organisms, however the morphological description and discrimination of these species is very problematic, leading to frequent specimen misidentifications. To facilitate species discrimination and detection of cryptic/new species, we developed new barcoding primers for the amplification of a COI fragment of about 860 bp (860-COI), which is an extension of the common Folmer's barcode region. Our 860-COI was successfully amplified in 177 worldwide-sampled botryllid colonies. Read More

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February 2021