303,930 results match your criteria salt


Double-headed amphiphile-based sponge droplets: synthesis, characterization and potential for the extraction of compounds over a wide polarity range.

Talanta 2021 Nov 27;239:123108. Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Department of Analytical Chemistry. Institute of Fine Chemistry and Nanochemistry. Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Marie Curie (anexo), E-14071, Córdoba, Spain.

Supramolecular solvents (SUPRASs) are gaining momentum in the multi-residue analysis of liquid samples thanks to the delimited hydrophilic and hydrophobic microenvironments in their nanostructures. In this work, SUPRASs with increased hydrophilicity were synthesized with the aim of enhancing the extractability of polar compounds. For this purpose, a double-headed amphiphile, 1,2-decanediol, was self-assembled in hydro-organic media in the presence and absence of sodium chloride. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Brain blood flow: The more you N.O.

J Physiol 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Nature Inspired MXene-Decorated 3D Honeycomb-Fabric Architectures Toward Efficient Water Desalination and Salt Harvesting.

Nanomicro Lett 2021 Dec 4;14(1):10. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

School of Biomedical Engineering, Health Science Center, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, People's Republic of China.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Effects of dexmedetomidine on the degree of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, oxidative stress and TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in rats.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2021 Sep;34(5(Special)):2047-2051

Department of Anesthesiology, The Central Hospital of Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province, China.

To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on the degree of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), oxidative stress and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor κB (NF-kappa B) signaling pathway in rats. Thirty-six adult healthy SD rats were randomly divided into experimental group, injury group and control group by random number table. Dexmedetomidine, 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Reversible Kinetic Trapping of FUS Biomolecular Condensates.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2021 Dec 4:e2104247. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 107 W. Dean Keeton Rd., Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

Formation of membrane-less organelles by self-assembly of disordered proteins can be triggered by external stimuli such as pH, salt, or temperature. These organelles, called biomolecular condensates, have traditionally been classified as liquids, gels, or solids with limited subclasses. Here, the authors show that a thermal trigger can lead to formation of at least two distinct liquid condensed phases of the fused in sarcoma low complexity (FUS LC) domain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Impact of mean blood pressure and blood pressure variability after diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and risk of dementia.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2021 Dec 4. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Hypertension and increased blood pressure variability (BPV) are associated with the development of dementia. However, previous studies did not focus on the risk of dementia among participants with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and controlled blood pressure level. To address this limitation, the authors performed a post-hoc analysis of SPRINT MIND participants diagnosed with MCI (mean Montreal Cognitive Assessment score at diagnosis 16. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Clinic and ambulatory blood pressure in relation to the interaction between plasma advanced glycation end products and sodium dietary intake and renal handling.

Hypertens Res 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Advanced glycation end product (AGE) clearance may cause renal tubular injuries, such as changes in sodium reabsorption. We hypothesize that AGEs interact with sodium metabolism to influence blood pressure (BP). The study participants were outpatients who were suspected of having hypertension but had not been treated with antihypertensive medication. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Single-cell analysis of salt-induced hypertensive mouse aortae reveals cellular heterogeneity and state changes.

Exp Mol Med 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Wuxi School of Medicine, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214000, China.

Elevated blood pressure caused by excessive salt intake is common and associated with cardiovascular diseases in most countries. However, the composition and responses of vascular cells in the progression of hypertension have not been systematically described. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing on the aortic arch from C57BL/6J mice fed a chow/high-salt diet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Comparison of methods to experimentally induce opacification and elasticity change in ex vivo porcine lenses.

Sci Rep 2021 Dec 3;11(1):23406. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery (VIROS), a Karl Landsteiner Institute, Heinrich-Collin-Straße 30, 1140, Vienna, Austria.

At the moment, cataract, which is the opacification of the eye's lens, can only be treated by surgery. In order to develop and test new pharmacological treatment strategies for the disease, there is a need for an appropriate in vitro model using ex vivo animal lenses. In this study, porcine lenses were incubated in either culture medium, glucose, triamcinolone acetonide, sodium chloride, hydrogen peroxide, sodium selenite, neutral buffered formalin, or were exposed to microwave heating to experimentally induce lens opacification. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Longitudinal Comparison of Continuing Medical Education Learning Objectives and Intent-to-Change Statements of Participants.

J Contin Educ Health Prof 2021 Dec 1. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Dunson: Medical Student, Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Dr. Park: Associate Professor and Associate Head of Medical Education, Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL. Dr. Park's current affiliation is Massachusetts General Hospital, Havard Medical School, Boston, MA. Dr. Richards: Professor of Pediatrics on the Lecturer Track,School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Dr. Hirshfield: Associate Professor, Co-director of the PhD program in Curriculum Studies/HPE and the Associate Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL. Dr. Jensen: Professor of Neurosurgery, Radiation Oncology, and Oncological Sciences; Neurosurgery Vice Chair of Education and Residency Program Director, Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Introduction: Successful completion of continuing medical education (CME) activities is often required for ongoing physician board certification, licensure, and hospital privileges. CME activities are designed to address professional knowledge or practice gaps. The authors examined participants' "intent to change" after CME activities to evaluate whether CME activity content was suitably linked with the stated learning objectives. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Protocol for #iBeatCRC: a community-based intervention to increase early-onset colorectal cancer awareness using a sequential explanatory mixed-methods approach.

BMJ Open 2021 Dec 3;11(12):e048959. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Introduction: Th last two decades have seen a twofold increase in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence among individuals under the recommended screening age of 50 years. Although the origin of this early-onset CRC (EOCRC) spike remains unknown, prior studies have reported that EOCRC harbours a distinct molecular and clinical phenotype in younger individuals. The sharp increase in EOCRC incidence rates may be attributable to a complex interplay of factors, including race; lifestyle; and ecological, sociodemographic and geographical factors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

SNMMI Clinical Trials Network Research Series for Technologists: Ethical Issues and Regulations in the Medical Workplace.

J Nucl Med Technol 2021 Dec;49(4):303-310

Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Ethical principles and laws have developed as medical practice and research have grown. This article discusses regulatory policies in patient care and the governing bodies that provide oversight. These include but are not limited to the Food and Drug Administration, Office for Human Research Protection, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Joint Commission, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, World Health Organization, and International Conference on Harmonization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

SNMMI Clinical Trials Network Research Series for Technologists: Introduction.

J Nucl Med Technol 2021 Dec;49(4):297-302

Center for Quantitative Cancer Imaging, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; and.

The field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging has grown tremendously over the past several years with the approval of new imaging agents, diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals, and radiopharmaceutical therapies. Clinical research continues to expand within nuclear medicine and molecular imaging departments. Working as a nuclear medicine technologist on a clinical trial or with investigational radiopharmaceuticals can be quite different from working in an approved-drug setting in the clinic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Acute Treatment Effects on GFR in Randomized Clinical Trials of Kidney Disease Progression.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

L Inker, Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, United States

Acute changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can occur following initiation of interventions targeting progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). These acute changes complicate the interpretation of long-term treatment effects. To assess the magnitude and consistency of acute effects in randomized clinical trials and explore factors that might affect them, we performed a meta-analysis of 53 randomized clinical trials for CKD progression enrolling 56,413 participants with at least one estimated GFR measurement by 6 months following randomization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Introduction.

Authors:
Claire S Kaufman

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 28;24(3):100765. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Image Guided Bone Marrow Biopsy.

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 28;24(3):100771. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration are common diagnostic procedures used for the diagnosis and monitoring of multiple conditions including hematologic malignancies, non-hematologic malignancies, infection, and metabolic processes. While these procedures can be done on the inpatient floor or in clinic, imaging guidance has been utilized to improve patient safety. This article will review the patient work-up and considerations, as well as technique for performing both computed tomography and fluoroscopic guided bone marrow biopsies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Rapid On Site Evaluation (ROSE): A Pathologists' Perspective.

Authors:
Benjamin L Witt

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 27;24(3):100767. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Pathology, University of Utah/ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, UT; Department of Pathology, University of Utah/ARUP Laboratories, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address:

Rapid on site evaluation (ROSE) has been recognized as a safeguard to help ensure adequate aspirate or biopsy sample is present for diagnostic evaluation. The method involves having a pathologist (generally a cytopathologist) on site during specimen collection to allow for feedback for the performing proceduralist. ROSE can allow for appropriate ancillary tests to be collected at the time of biopsy (eg, flow cytometry or cultures), fewer passes in the event of adequate lesional representation on initial pass(es), or adjusting the biopsy target. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Image Guided Head and Neck Biopsies: From Superficial to Deep.

Authors:
Troy Hutchins

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 27;24(3):100769. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Neuroradiology Division, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Associate Professor of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address:

Image guided head and neck biopsies are indicated for the evaluation of primary and metastatic neoplasm or suspected infection. They are often requested for non-palpable lesions or those with non-diagnostic palpation guided biopsies. For neoplasms, they are helpful in planning extent of surgery and nodal dissection, consideration of preoperative chemo-radiation, and in cases where primary treatment may be non-operative (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Ultrasound Guided Core Breast Biopsies.

Authors:
Nicole S Winkler

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 2;24(3):100776. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah and Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake, City, UT. Electronic address:

Core needle biopsies are common procedures performed in breast imaging centers. Utilizing ultrasound guidance for biopsy of suspicious findings within the breast and axilla is the standard of care when lesions are visible on ultrasound. Most ultrasound guided breast biopsies are performed by radiologists interpreting breast imaging who correlate findings across modalities including mammography, ultrasound and breast MRI, however interventional radiologists may perform in some practice settings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Ultrasound Guided Thyroid Biopsy.

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Sep 27;24(3):100768. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Division of Interventional Radiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address:

Thyroid nodules are extremely prevalent among older adults, and pose a challenge due to the frequency in which they are incidentally encountered. Approximately 5% of all nodules are malignant. Ultrasound is the first line tool to evaluate thyroid nodules, and can help identify nodules that are high-risk for malignancy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) in severe COVID-19 patients: role of T3 on the Na/K pump gene expression and on hydroelectrolytic equilibrium.

J Transl Med 2021 Dec 3;19(1):491. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Clinical and Surgical Translational Medicine, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Background: Nonthyroidal Illness Syndrome (NTIS) can be detected in many critical illnesses. Recently, we demonstrated that this condition is frequently observed in COVID-19 patients too and it is correlated with the severity the disease. However, the exact mechanism through which thyroid hormones influence the course of COVID-19, as well as that of many other critical illnesses, is not clear yet and treatment with T4, T3 or a combination of both is still controversial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Socioeconomic and demographic factors in the diagnosis and treatment of Chiari malformation type I and syringomyelia.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Dec 3:1-10. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

24Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the social determinants that influence access and outcomes for pediatric neurosurgical care for patients with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) and syringomyelia (SM).

Methods: The authors used retro- and prospective components of the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium database to identify pediatric patients with CM-I and SM who received surgical treatment and had at least 1 year of follow-up data. Race, ethnicity, and insurance status were used as comparators for preoperative, treatment, and postoperative characteristics and outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Putrescine regulates stomatal opening of cucumber leaves under salt stress via the HO-mediated signaling pathway.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Nov 26;170:87-97. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China; Suqian Academy of Protected Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Suqian, 223800, China. Electronic address:

The stomatal aperture is imperative for photosynthesis in higher plants. The function of polyamines (PAs) in stomatal regulation under a stressful environment has not been fully determined. In this study, we demonstrated the mechanism by which putrescine (Put) regulates stomatal changes in cucumber leaves under salt stress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Spinal Metastasis: A Review.

World Neurosurg 2021 Nov 30. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques have advanced the treatment of metastatic diseases to the spine. The objective of this review was to describe clinical outcomes, benefits, and complications of these techniques.

Methods: All relevant clinical studies describing the role of MIS, computer-assisted navigation (CAN), robot-assisted (RA) procedures, and laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in the treatment of metastatic spine diseases were identified from PubMed, MEDLINE, and relevant article bibliographies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Deciphering mono/multivalent draw solute-induced microbial ecology and membrane fouling in anaerobic osmotic membrane bioreactor.

Water Res 2021 Nov 16;209:117869. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; Research and Application Center for Membrane Technology, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address:

Anaerobic osmotic membrane bioreactor (AnOMBR) attracted attention due to high quality effluent production with low energy demand, and draw solute has significant effect on the system performance. However, the mutual relationship between draw solute-induced salinity accumulation and microbial community had many unknown questions to be solved. This study purpose was to construct two AnOMBR to compare the impact of draw solutes of NaCl and MgCl on the dynamic change of microbial ecology and membrane fouling. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Is Workload Associated with Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major Tears in Professional Baseball Pitchers? An Analysis of Days of Rest, Innings Pitched and Batters Faced.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Nov 30. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute, 176 3(rd) Ave., New York, NY 10003, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM) tears have become increasingly recognized injuries in professional baseball pitchers. The purpose of this study was to determine if workload, as measured by number of days rest between outings, innings pitched, batters faced, and starting pitcher, is associated with increased risk for sustaining a LD/TM tear in professional baseball pitchers.

Methods: All professional baseball pitchers who sustained a LD/TM tear between 2011-2017 were identified using the Major League Baseball (MLB) Health and Injury Tracking System (HITS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Bioremediation of trichloroethylene-polluted groundwater using emulsified castor oil for slow carbon release and acidification control.

Water Environ Res 2021 Dec 3:e1673. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.

In this study, the emulsified castor oil (ECO) substrate was developed for a long-term supplement of biodegradable carbon with pH buffering capacity to anaerobically bioremediate trichloroethylene (TCE)-polluted groundwater. The ECO was produced by mixing castor oil, surfactants [sapindales and soya lecithin (SL)], vitamin complex, and a citrate/sodium phosphate dibasic buffer system together for slow carbon release. Results of the emulsification experiments and microcosm tests indicate that ECO emulsion had uniform small droplets (diameter = 539 nm) with stable oil-in-water characteristics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

COVID-19 psychological impact, knowledge and perceptions of healthcare professionals in Greece: Α nationwide cross-sectional study.

Psychiatriki 2021 Nov 26. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Faculty of Social and Education Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Corinth,Greece.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of healthcare professionals is currently under research and prevalence of mental health symptoms across the world vary a lot. Moreover, knowledge and perceptions of healthcare professionals towards the new coronavirus is yet to be explored since very few data have been published to date. Thus, we decided to conduct a cross-sectional, web-based survey to measure the levels of depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021