4,808 results match your criteria sales strategies

Fabrication strategies and surface tuning of hierarchical gold nanostructures for electrochemical detection and removal of toxic pollutants.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 14;420:126648. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Core-Facility Center for Photochemistry & Nanomaterials, Department of Chemistry (BK21 FOUR), Research Institute of Natural Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, South Korea. Electronic address:

The intensive research on the synthesis and characterization of gold (Au) nanostructures has been extensively documented over the last decades. These investigations allow the researchers to understand the relationships between the intrinsic properties of Au nanostructures such as particle size, shape, morphology, and composition to synthesize the Au nano/hybrid nanostructures with novel physicochemical properties. By tuning the properties above, these nanostructures are extensively employed to detect and remove trace amounts of toxic pollutants from the environment. Read More

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Disparities in antimicrobial consumption and resistance within a country: the case of beta-lactams in Argentina.

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2021 26;45:e76. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

National Administration of Drugs, Food and Technology Buenos Aires Argentina National Administration of Drugs, Food and Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: To describe bacterial resistance and antimicrobial consumption ratio at the subnational level in Argentina during 2018, considering beta-lactams group as a case-study.

Methods: Antimicrobial consumption was expressed as defined daily doses (DDD)/1000 inhabitants. Resistance of and to beta-lactams was recorded. Read More

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Consumer Privacy Protection With the Growth of AI-Empowered Online Shopping Based on the Evolutionary Game Model.

Front Public Health 2021 7;9:705777. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China.

Social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic has driven some consumers to online shopping, and concerns about pandemic risks and personal hygiene have increased the demand for e-commerce. Providing personalized recommendations seems quite profitable for e-commerce platforms, and consumers also benefit from personalized content with the advancement of AI technologies. However, this possible win-win situation is marred by the increase in consumers' privacy concerns. Read More

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Commercial determinants of youth smoking in ASEAN countries: A narrative review of research investigating the influence of tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship.

Thomas Stubbs

Tob Induc Dis 2021 20;19:61. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.

Introduction: Tobacco smoking is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Despite implementation of some tobacco control measures, youth continue to initiate smoking. This narrative review outlines how tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship (TAPS) may influence smoking attitudes and uptake among youth in the region. Read More

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Growing a Compounding Practice: Successful Marketing to Underserved Populations.

Int J Pharm Compd 2021 Jul-Aug;25(4):270-274

Stanley Specialty Pharmacy, Charlotte, North Carolina.

In this article, we provide an example of an effective novel therapy plan (the Stanley Protocol) that compounders can offer or use as a template for other services to grow their pharmacy practice, expand their role in patient care, and provide essential assistance for prescribers. We also share our successful consultative strategy for marketing that plan, which consists of several elements: identifying a treatment vacancy in underserved populations, changing the paradigm of compounding services, developing strategies that reach target populations, and dedicating the time and effort necessary to implement those strategies. Since we introduced the Stanley Protocol to prescribers and patients in 2020, our compounding practice has grown substantially in a number of aspects, which we describe in detail in this article. Read More

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Evaluation of neighborhood deprivation and store characteristics in relation to tobacco retail outlet sales violations.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(7):e0254443. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Health Behavior & Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States of America.

Introduction: Regulations of the sale of tobacco products to minors have been effective at reducing adolescent tobacco use overall. However, these efforts may not be uniformly enforced in all areas, creating uneven protection against adolescent smoking. Knowledge regarding factors associated with tobacco retail outlet (TRO) violations could help inform better enforcement strategies. Read More

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Improving C4 photosynthesis to increase productivity under optimal and sub-optimal conditions.

J Exp Bot 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK.

Although improving photosynthetic efficiency is widely recognised as an underutilized strategy to increase crop yields, research in this area is strongly biased towards species with C3 photosynthesis relative to C4 species. Here, we outline potential strategies for improving C4 photosynthesis to increase yields in crops by reviewing the major bottlenecks limiting the C4 NADP-ME pathway under optimal and suboptimal conditions. Recent experimental results demonstrate that steady state C4 photosynthesis under non-stressed conditions can be enhanced by increasing Rubisco content or electron transport capacity, both of which may also stimulate CO2 assimilation at supra-optimal temperatures. Read More

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The Sharing Economy in China's Aging Industry: Applications, Challenges, and Recommendations.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 6;23(7):e27758. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

School of Management, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Background: All aging societies face the challenge of allocating limited resources for the highest value of use. The sharing economy provides one method to address the imbalance between the demand and supply of health services to the older adult population. With a substantial aging population, China's practices in the sharing aging industry may set examples for other "getting old before getting rich" countries. Read More

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Synthetic access to thiolane-based therapeutics and biological activity studies.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jun 27;224:113659. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Department of Chemistry, Government College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Khandola Marcela, Goa, 403 107, India; Directorate of Higher Education, Porvorim, Goa 403 521, India. Electronic address:

Secondary metabolites isolated from bioactive extracts of natural sources iteratively pioneer the research in drug discovery. Modern medicine is often inspired by bioactive natural products or the bio-functional motifs embedded in them. One of such consequential bio-functional motifs is the thiolane unit. Read More

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"Pivoting" by food industry firms to cope with COVID-19 in developing regions: E-commerce and "copivoting" delivery intermediaries.

Agric Econ 2021 May 16;52(3):459-475. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California Berkeley California USA.

Coronavirus disease 2019 and related lockdown policies in 2020 shocked food industry firms' supply chains in developing regions. Firms "pivoted" to e-commerce to reach consumers and e-procurement to reach processors and farmers. "Delivery intermediaries" copivoted with food firms to help them deliver and procure. Read More

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Oral and parenteral antibiotic use in Norwegian nursing homes: are primary care institutions becoming our new local hospitals?

JAC Antimicrob Resist 2020 Dec 29;2(4):dlaa093. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Antibiotic Center for Primary Care, Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Norwegian nursing homes (NHs) have over the last 10 years increasingly applied the use of parenteral treatment, which in turn allows more broad-spectrum use of antibiotics. Previous studies from Norwegian NHs have for the most part not described parenteral formulations.

Objectives: To describe systemic antibiotic use in Norwegian NHs. Read More

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December 2020

Cashless Japan: Unlocking Influential Risk on Mobile Payment Service.

Inf Syst Front 2021 Jun 25:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Commerce and Economics, Chiba University of Commerce, 1-3-1 Konodai, Chiba, 272-8512 Japan.

In Japan, cashless is not yet popular but government and companies are devoted to the development of mobile payment methods. This research collected 241 Japanese users and applied decision trees algorithm. Six types of perceived risks (financial, privacy, performance, psychological, security, and time) were used and the categorized class is intention to use mobile payment (low, medium, and high). Read More

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Comprehensive management of risk factors in peripheral vascular disease. Expert consensus.

Rev Clin Esp (Barc) 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Outcomes'10, S.L., Universitat Jaume I, Castellón de la Plana, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: There is currently a degree of divergence among the main clinical practice guidelines on the management of risk factors for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This project aims to gain understanding of the management of PAD risk factors in clinical practice and to reach a multidisciplinary consensus on the strategies to be followed in order to optimize its identification, treatment, and follow-up.

Methodology: A multidisciplinary consensus following the Delphi methodology. Read More

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Assessment of IQOS Marketing Strategies at Points-of-Sale in Israel at a Time of Regulatory Transition.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Health, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel.

Introduction: IQOS, a tobacco heating system, and accompanying tobacco sticks (HEETS) entered the Israeli market in 2016, prior to rapid regulatory change. This study assessed IQOS marketing strategies and regulatory compliance at IQOS/HEETS point-of-sale (POS) in Israel in December 17, 2019-January 7, 2020, after the ban on advertisement went into effect in March 8, 2019.

Methods: Research staff audited 80 randomly-selected IQOS/HEETS POS in 4 cities using a structured form to assess store types, product placement, price, promotional strategies, and regulatory compliance. Read More

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How Do Failed Entrepreneurs Cope with Their Prior Failure When They Seek Subsequent Re-Entry into Serial Entrepreneurship? Failed Entrepreneurs' Optimism and Defensive Pessimism and Coping Humor as a Moderator.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 30;18(13). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Graduate School, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea.

Entrepreneurial failure is prevalent, and particularly when the COVID-19 crisis exacerbates the economic recession, it becomes even more prevalent. Entrepreneurs experience an intensive emotional crisis when their ventures fail, and this deleterious impact, including stress and emotional pain, may prevent failed entrepreneurs (FEs) from restarting; hence, how they cope with failure has received increased attention in recent years. However, most of the extant literature focuses on success rather than failure, and there is very limited literature on how FEs cope with the psychological and emotional crisis caused by failure. Read More

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Community-Based Efforts Aim to Improve the Food Environment within a Highly Obese Rural Appalachian County.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 26;13(7). Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.

Rural communities in Appalachia are displaying increased obesity prevalence, yet traditional interventions have not provided a broad enough impact to improve dietary consumption patterns. Therefore, expanding efforts that address the food environment and incorporate behavioral nudges through community-developed marketing strategies may be a viable mechanism to improve food and beverage choices within this unique population. This study installed shelf-wobblers across = 5 gas stations in one rural Appalachian county in Kentucky. Read More

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High Survivorship of First-Generation Monarch Butterfly Eggs to Third Instar Associated with a Diverse Arthropod Community.

Insects 2021 Jun 21;12(6). Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Texas AM University-Commerce, Commerce, TX 75428, USA.

Based on surveys of winter roost sites, the eastern migratory population of the monarch butterfly () in North America appears to have declined in the last 20 years and this has prompted the implementation of numerous conservation strategies. However, there is little information on the survivorship of first-generation monarchs in the core area of occupancy in Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana where overwinter population recovery begins. The purpose of this study was to determine the survivorship of first-generation eggs to third instars at a site in north Texas and to evaluate host plant arthropods for their effect on survivorship. Read More

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The impact of the Covid-19 related media coverage upon the five major developing markets.

PLoS One 2021 1;16(7):e0253791. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

National Research University Higher School of Economics / HSE University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

This paper analyses the influence of the Covid-19 coverage by the social media upon the shape of the sovereign yield curves of the five major developing countries, namely Federative Republic of B razil, Russian Federation, Republic of India, People's Republic of China, and the Republic of South Africa (BRICS). The coherenc e between the level, slope, and the curvature of the sovereign yield term structures and the Covid-19 medi a coverage is found to vary between low and high ranges, depending on the phases of the pandemic. The empirical estimations of the yield-curve factors a re performed by means of the Diebold-Li modified version of the Nelson-Siegel model. Read More

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How risky is it to visit a supermarket during the pandemic?

PLoS One 2021 1;16(7):e0253835. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Center for Computational and Data-Intensive Science and Engineering, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Moscow, Russia.

We performed large-scale numerical simulations using a composite model to investigate the infection spread in a supermarket during a pandemic. The model is composed of the social force, purchasing strategy and infection transmission models. Specifically, we quantified the infection risk for customers while in a supermarket that depended on the number of customers, the purchase strategies and the physical layout of the supermarket. Read More

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Chemodynamic Therapy Combined with Multifunctional Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Tumor Treatment.

Chemistry 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing road, Xiangfang district, Harbin city, Heilongjiang province, 150040, Harbin, CHINA.

During the past few decades, radiotherapy and chemotherapy have once been the standard approaches for tumor treatments. However, the potential toxic effect and side effects of both radiotherapy and chemotherapy on the human body still cannot be neglected. Given this, the Fenton reaction has become one of the most effective treatment strategies to combat tumor cells. Read More

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Participation of communal cattle farmers in drought risk reduction in Southern Zimbabwe.

Jamba 2021 14;13(1):982. Epub 2021 May 14.

Disaster Management Centre, Mulungushi University, Kabwe, Zambia.

Communal cattle farming has remained the mainstay of many rural livelihoods in Zimbabwe and beyond. This was an enterprise that has stood the test of time, despite the increasing threats from drought shocks in the last two decades in Southern Africa. Prevalence of weather-related shocks was of concern, which had not galvanised communal farmers to actively engage in disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives in order to shield cattle from the negative effects of drought. Read More

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Optimal control of carbon emission reduction strategies in supply chain with wholesale price and consignment contract.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

School of Economics and Management, Southeast University, Nanjing, 211189, China.

To further reduce carbon emissions, supply chain members implement the low-carbon production process and use varieties of contracts to coordinate the channel. Considering the effect of emission reduction, this paper studies a two-echelon supply chain consisting of one manufacturer and one retailer. Two supply chain members dedicate to maximize profits by reducing their products' carbon emissions under two different contracts: the wholesale price contract and the consignment contract. Read More

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Association between income levels and prevalence of heat- and cold-related illnesses in Korean adults.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 29;21(1):1264. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Given that low income worsens health outcomes, income differences may affect health disparities in weather-related illnesses. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between income levels and prevalence of heat- and cold-related illnesses among Korean adults.

Methods: The current study comprised 535,186 participants with all variables on income and health behaviors. Read More

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Role of Primary Care and Challenges for Public-Private Cooperation during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: An Expert Delphi Study in South Korea.

Yonsei Med J 2021 Jul;62(7):660-669

Department of Family Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the role of primary care facilities and their support measures in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to identify challenges to achieving public-private cooperation in South Korea.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four leading experts were selected and recruited to participate in this iterative web-based Delphi study. An open-ended questionnaire was administered to collect the expert panel's views in the first round. Read More

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[Tobacco industry strategies to attract new and young smokers].

Rev Prat 2021 Mar;71(3):279-282

"Comité national contre le tabagisme, Paris, France".

"Tobacco industry strategies to attract new and young smokers .Tobacco consumption, the paradigm of an industrial pandemic, has been declining in recent years around the world, following implementation of the recommendations of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). To survive, the four transnational companies that control the market must adapt their strategy, which they do by shifting from the tobacco trade to the wider nicotine trade through the promotion of new products (electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products). Read More

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Microfluidic processing of stem cells for autologous cell replacement.

Stem Cells Transl Med 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Institute for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Autologous photoreceptor cell replacement is one of the most promising approaches currently under development for the treatment of inherited retinal degenerative blindness. Unlike endogenous stem cell populations, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be differentiated into both rod and cone photoreceptors in high numbers, making them ideal for this application. That said, in addition to photoreceptor cells, state of the art retinal differentiation protocols give rise to all of the different cell types of the normal retina, the majority of which are not required and may in fact hinder successful photoreceptor cell replacement. Read More

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A critical view on the technology readiness level (TRL) of microbial plastics biodegradation.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Jun 14;37(7):116. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Biochemical Engineering Department, School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149. Ilha do Fundão Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Accumulation of plastic wastes and their effects on the ecosystem have triggered an alarm regarding environmental damage, which explains the massive investigations over the past few years, aiming technological alternatives for their proper destination and valorization. In this context, biological degradation emerges as a green route for plastic processing and recycling in a circular economy approach. Some of the main polymers produced worldwide are poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), which are among the most recalcitrant materials in the environment. Read More

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Online or Offline? How Smog Pollution Affects Customer Channel Choice for Purchasing Fresh Food.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:682981. Epub 2021 May 26.

School of Business Administration, Faculty of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China.

Due to fresh foods' unique characteristics, where quality, freshness, and perishability are the main concerns, consumers are more inclined to choose offline channels for purchasing foods. However, it is not well-understood how these behaviors are affected by the adverse external environment, e.g. Read More

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Importance of patient bed pathways and length of stay differences in predicting COVID-19 hospital bed occupancy in England.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 9;21(1):566. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Predicting bed occupancy for hospitalised patients with COVID-19 requires understanding of length of stay (LoS) in particular bed types. LoS can vary depending on the patient's "bed pathway" - the sequence of transfers of individual patients between bed types during a hospital stay. In this study, we characterise these pathways, and their impact on predicted hospital bed occupancy. Read More

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Marketing management practices in an emergency care department.

J Med Life 2021 Mar-Apr;14(2):271-276

Department of Healthcare Marketing and Medical Technology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucurest, Romania.

The aim of this case study was to identify effective marketing management strategies in the Emergency Care Department of a Romanian Emergency Hospital. An observational design study was conducted, and the instrument for collecting the data was the self-administered questionnaire. Out of 100 questionnaires completed, 74 proved to be valid. Read More

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