Mar Drugs 2020 Nov 27;18(12). Epub 2020 Nov 27.
Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Marine Lab Rd., St. John's, NL A1C 5S7, Canada.
Triterpenoid biosynthesis is generally anaerobic in bacteria and aerobic in Eukarya. The major class of triterpenoids in bacteria, the hopanoids, is different to that in Eukarya, the lanostanoids, and their 4,4,14-demethylated derivatives, sterols. In the deep sea, the prokaryotic contribution to primary productivity has been suggested to be higher because local environmental conditions prevent classic photosynthetic processes from occurring. Read More