267 results match your criteria sabbatical

Sex-specific costs of reproduction on survival in a long-lived seabird.

Biol Lett 2021 Mar 24;17(3):20200804. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Facultat de Biologia, Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio), Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 643, Barcelona 08028, Spain.

Costs of reproduction on survival have captured the attention of researchers since life history theory was formulated. Adults of long-lived species may increase survival by reducing their breeding effort or even skipping reproduction. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the costs of current reproduction on survival and whether skipping reproduction increases adult survival in a long-lived seabird. Read More

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A Sabbatical in Clinical Faculty Practice: Maintaining Currency in Advanced Nursing Practice.

Nadine M Aktan

Nurse Educ 2021 Mar-Apr 01;46(2):E22

By Nadine M. Aktan, PhD, RN, APN-BC, Department of Nursing, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ,

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Learning temporal attention in dynamic graphs with bilinear interactions.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(3):e0247936. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Reasoning about graphs evolving over time is a challenging concept in many domains, such as bioinformatics, physics, and social networks. We consider a common case in which edges can be short term interactions (e.g. Read More

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Antioxidant and antimicrobial material by grafting of L-arginine onto enzymatic poly(gallic acid).

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Feb 22;121:111650. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Facultad de Química, Departamento de Alimentos y Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México 04510, Mexico. Electronic address:

Microwave-mediated grafting of L-Arg onto naturally derived and stable multiradical poly(gallic acid) (PGAL) in aqueous media has been successfully achieved. This polymeric material has no adverse effect in human cells as there is no hemolytic activity upon MTT and Neutral Red assays. The analytical and computational characterization studies carried out in this study describe a helical molecular structure with random incorporation of L-Arginine pendant groups from PGAL's backbone. Read More

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February 2021

Comparison and calibration of 24-hour physical activity recall in adult population.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Jan 18:1-8. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Nutrition, School of Health Science, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.

This study compared and calibrated metabolic equivalents (METs) per day from 24-hour physical activity recall (24hPAR) with accelerometry. A sub-sample of 74 adults of both sexes, residents of Brasília, Brazil, from a larger study had same day measurements of accelerometry and 24hPAR data. METs values were assessed by accelerometry (7 consecutive days of use) and by 24hPAR (minimum of one and maximum of 2 per person). Read More

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January 2021

Accountability for sexual and reproductive health and rights in development practice: building synergies.

Sex Reprod Health Matters 2020 Dec;28(1):1848399

Individual Researcher for UNFPA's Sabbatical Programme, Geneva, Switzerland.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the culmination of 25 years of global efforts to embed human rights in the development discourse. Epitomising the principle of Leaving No-one Behind, the 2030 Agenda contains concrete references to the realisation of human rights as the ultimate purpose of sustainable development as well as to governments' accountability towards citizens. Despite this compelling narrative, the information produced by States in reviewing progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) reveals a gap between rhetoric and practice. Read More

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December 2020

Multi-Window CT Based Radiological Traits for Improving Early Detection in Lung Cancer Screening.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 27;12:12225-12238. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Cancer Physiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.

Rationale And Objectives: Evaluate ability of radiological semantic traits assessed on multi-window computed tomography (CT) to predict lung cancer risk.

Materials And Methods: A total of 199 participants were investigated, including 60 incident lung cancers and 139 benign positive controls. Twenty lung window features and 2 mediastinal window features were extracted and scored on a point scale in three screening rounds. Read More

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November 2020

Sterol Composition of Sponges, Cnidarians, Arthropods, Mollusks, and Echinoderms from the Deep Northwest Atlantic: A Comparison with Shallow Coastal Gulf of Mexico.

Mar Drugs 2020 Nov 27;18(12). Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Marine Lab Rd., St. John's, NL A1C 5S7, Canada.

Triterpenoid biosynthesis is generally anaerobic in bacteria and aerobic in Eukarya. The major class of triterpenoids in bacteria, the hopanoids, is different to that in Eukarya, the lanostanoids, and their 4,4,14-demethylated derivatives, sterols. In the deep sea, the prokaryotic contribution to primary productivity has been suggested to be higher because local environmental conditions prevent classic photosynthetic processes from occurring. Read More

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November 2020

Martha Helson Wilson (1929-2020).

David A Washburn

Am Psychol 2020 Nov;75(8):1182

Georgia State University.

Memorializes Martha Helson Wilson (1929-2020), a physiological psychologist. Martha enrolled at Yale University for doctoral study in 1952, where she studied the physiological aspects of sensation with Burton Rosner. She also developed skills in electrophysiology under the direction of Karl Pribram, who became her career-long mentor, collaborator, and friend. Read More

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November 2020

Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH): novel therapies for an ancient disease.

Br J Haematol 2020 11;191(4):579-586

Centre for Haematology, Department of Immunology and Inflammation, Imperial College London, London, UK.

In the UK, early work on paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) was conducted by John Dacie who, at the Hammersmith Hospital, first hypothesised that the PNH abnormality might arise through a somatic mutation; and who outlined with S.M. Lewis the relationship between PNH and aplastic anaemia. Read More

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November 2020

A sabbatical reboot.

Thomas Gernon

Science 2020 Nov;370(6517):738

Thomas Gernon is an associate professor at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom.

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November 2020

Adherence to National Food Guide Recommendations: Can It Slow the Obesity Epidemic? A Systematic Review.

Curr Nutr Rep 2020 12 4;9(4):316-328. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Nutrition, School of Health Science, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, 70919-970, Brazil.

Purpose Of Review: Dietary guidelines (DG) have the objective to promote healthy diet and prevent chronic diseases. In order to evaluate if this purpose is being achieved, we systematically reviewed studies that associated adherence to DG with obesity.

Recent Findings: We identified 2012 articles published in the last 5 years, and 38 remained in the final sample. Read More

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December 2020

[The Discovery of Insulin].

Peter Diem

Ther Umsch 2020 Sep;77(7):289-296

Endokrinologie Diabetologie Bern.

The Discovery of Insulin The initiative for the work that led to the discovery of insulin in Toronto in 1921 came from Frederik G. Banting. He worked under the direction of John J. Read More

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September 2020

Structural Characterization of Glycerophosphorylated and Succinylated Cyclic β-(1→2)-d-Glucan Produced by 1021.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Sep 12;12(9). Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Microbial Carbohydrate Resource Bank (MCRB), Center for Biotechnology Research in UBITA (CBRU), Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

produces different types of surface polysaccharides. Among them, cyclic β-(1→2)-d-glucan is located in the periplasmic space of rhizobia and plays an important role in the adaptation of bacteria to osmotic adaptation. Cyclic β-(1→2)-d-glucan (CG), synthesized from 1021, has a neutral and anionic form. Read More

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September 2020

Over 60 Years of Experimental Hematology (without a License).

Harvey F Lodish

Exp Hematol 2020 09 13;89:1-12. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Departments of Biology and Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. Electronic address:

I am deeply honored to receive the International Society for Experimental Hematology (ISEH) 2020 Donald Metcalf Lecture Award. Although I am not a physician and have had no formal training in hematology, I have had the privilege of working with some of the top hematologists in the world, beginning in 1970 when Dr. David Nathan was a sabbatical visitor in my laboratory and introduced me to hematological diseases. Read More

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September 2020

The JAPAN-FORTA (Fit fOR The Aged) list: Consensus validation of a clinical tool to improve drug therapy in older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Aug 3;91:104217. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Purpose: Multimorbidity and subsequent polypharmacy are highly prevalent in older people. To improve inappropriate drug treatment, listing approaches such as the Beers or FORTA lists have been developed. Latter is the only clinically validated drug list issuing both positive (FORTA labels A, B) and negative (FORTA labels C, D) recommendations. Read More

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A Surprise Sabbatical: How Mayo Clinic Neurosurgery Coped with Coronavirus Disease 2019.

World Neurosurg 2020 11 31;143:26-27. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

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November 2020

The immunobiology of humanized Anti-IL6 receptor antibody: From basic research to breakthrough medicine.

Yoshiyuki Ohsugi

J Transl Autoimmun 2020 23;3:100030. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Ohsugi BioPharma Consulting Co., Ltd., 5th Fl. Denbo Bldg., 1-39-11 Asakusa, Taito-ku, Tokyo, 111-0032, Japan.

The clinical use of monoclonal antibodies is well established in human medicine and has been amongst the most important contributions of basic science to clinical disease. One such antibody, the humanized anti-human IL-6 receptor antibody, is used to treat a variety of autoimmune diseases, particularly rheumatoid arthritis. It is extremely difficult and a laborious process to go from a concept at the research bench, to government approval. Read More

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December 2019

The skeletal muscles of mice infected with Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium chabaudi reveal a crosstalk between lipid mediators and gene expression.

Malar J 2020 Jul 14;19(1):254. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Bone-Muscle Research Center, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, University of Texas-Arlington, 655 W. Mitchell Street, Arlington, TX, 76010, USA.

Background: Malaria is one of the most prevalent infectious disease in the world with 3.2 billion humans at risk. Malaria causes splenomegaly and damage in other organs including skeletal muscles. Read More

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Toolkit for a Successful Nurse Educator Sabbatical.

Nurs Educ Perspect 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

About the Author Kaye Wilson-Anderson, DNS, RN, is an associate professor, University of Portland College of Nursing, Portland, Oregon. For more information, contact her at

This article provides evidence to support the need for nursing faculty to attain sabbaticals. In addition, a toolkit is provided that walks faculty through a step-by-step process to ensure a successful sabbatical. Future nurses are counting on strong, engaging, and visionary faculty. Read More

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Late Embryogenesis Abundant Protein-Client Protein Interactions.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Jun 29;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Horticulture, University of Kentucky Seed Biology Program, Plant Science Building, 1405 Veterans Drive, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546-0312, USA.

The intrinsically disordered proteins belonging to the LATE EMBRYOGENESIS ABUNDANT protein (LEAP) family have been ascribed a protective function over an array of intracellular components. We focus on how LEAPs may protect a stress-susceptible proteome. These examples include instances of LEAPs providing a shield molecule function, possibly by instigating liquid-liquid phase separations. Read More

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An antibody staining protocol variation for nematodes that adds heat-induced antigen retrieval (HIAR).

MicroPubl Biol 2019 Aug 29;2019. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Department of Biological Sciences, HHMI, Columbia University, NY, USA [CL, while visiting scholar on sabbatical].

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Is sabbatical a dirty word?: Sabbatical is a privilege and a challenge and too often becomes a "staybatical" to finally tackle the demanding projects.

David R Smith

EMBO Rep 2020 07 4;21(7):e50886. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

For most academics - those who have the privilege - a sabbatical is an opportunity to get a larger project done rather than an excuse to go to exotic places. Read More

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Adverse outcome pathways as a tool for the design of testing strategies to support the safety assessment of emerging advanced materials at the nanoscale.

Part Fibre Toxicol 2020 05 25;17(1):16. Epub 2020 May 25.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Toxicity testing and regulation of advanced materials at the nanoscale, i.e. nanosafety, is challenged by the growing number of nanomaterials and their property variants requiring assessment for potential human health impacts. Read More

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Optimizing status epilepticus care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 08 21;109:107124. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

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Shape selection and mis-assembly in viral capsid formation by elastic frustration.

Elife 2020 04 21;9. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Departament de Física de la Matèria Condensada, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

The successful assembly of a closed protein shell (or capsid) is a key step in the replication of viruses and in the production of artificial viral cages for bio/nanotechnological applications. During self-assembly, the favorable binding energy competes with the energetic cost of the growing edge and the elastic stresses generated due to the curvature of the capsid. As a result, incomplete structures such as open caps, cylindrical or ribbon-shaped shells may emerge, preventing the successful replication of viruses. Read More

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