549 results match your criteria rutosides prevention

In silico analysis of the potential mechanism of a preventive Chinese medicine formula on coronavirus disease 2019.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 5;275:114098. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Provincial Key Laboratory of TCM Diagnostics, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China; Hunan Engineering Technology Research Center for Medicinal and Functional Food, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China; Key Laboratory of TCM Heart and Lung Syndrome Differentiation, Medicated Diet and Dietotherapy, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: With the spread of Coronavirus Disease (2019) (COVID-19), combination with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely used as a prevention and therapy strategy in China. Xin guan No.1 (XG-1) prescription is a preventive formula recommended by the Hunan Provincial Administration of TCM to prevent the pandemic of COVID-19. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms involved in the prevention and reversal of ketamine-induced schizophrenia-like behavior by rutin: the role of glutamic acid decarboxylase isoform-67, cholinergic, Nox-2-oxidative stress pathways in mice.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Neuropharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Mounting evidences have shown that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase-2 (Nox-2) pathway modifies glutamic-acid decarboxylase-67 (GAD) (GABAergic enzyme) and cholinergic systems via oxidative-nitrergic mechanisms in schizophrenia pathology. Rutin, a neuroactive antioxidant compound, with proven neuroprotective property has been shown to reduce schizophrenic-like behavior in mice. This study sought to investigate the mechanisms of action of the psychopharmacological activity of rutin in the preventive and reversal effects of ketamine-induced schizophrenic-like behavior, oxidative-nitrergic stress, cholinergic and GABAergic derangements in mice. Read More

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Prevention of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity; an update review of clinical and preclinical studies.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran. Iran.

Purpose: Clinical and preclinical evidences regarding new strategies for prevention of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity are reviewed.

Methods: Evidence from 2014 to end of 2019 was included. Finally, twelve animal studies and one clinical trial were evaluated. Read More

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The effectiveness of Rutin for prevention of surgical induced endometriosis development in a rat model.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 30;11(1):7180. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Apoptosis and antioxidant mechanisms are pathways for the treatment of endometriosis (Endo). Rutin (Rtn) is an antioxidant flavonol that induces apoptosis. This study, for first time, was conducted to evaluate the effects of rutin on Endo through apoptosis and antioxidant mechanisms. Read More

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Tucumã () Prevents Oxidative and DNA Damage to Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells.

J Med Food 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Campus Chapecó, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Brazil.

Eye diseases have a negative impact on the eyesight quality of the world population. The age-related macular degeneration (AMD) draws special attention since it is a chronic disorder characterized by oxidative and inflammatory damage to the retinal epithelial pigment, which triggers progressive vision loss. In the Brazilian Amazon, is an Amazonian fruit () used by riverside communities in traditional medicine to treat a number of ailments. Read More

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Study on the mechanism of active components of Liupao tea on 3CL based on HPLC-DAD fingerprint and molecular docking technique.

J Food Biochem 2021 Mar 24:e13707. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

Liupao tea, a drink homologous to medicine and food. It can treat dysentery, relieve heat, remove dampness, and regulate the intestines and stomach. The objective of this study is to explore the material basis and mechanism of Liupao tea intervention in COVID-19 and to provide a new prevention and treatment programme for COVID-19. Read More

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Antiadhesive activity of hydroethanolic extract from bean pods of Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean) against uropathogenic E. coli and permeability of its constituents through Caco-2 cells monolayer.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Mar 19;274:114053. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Pharmacognosy and Molecular Basis of Phytotherapy, Faculty of Pharmacy with the Laboratory Medicine Division, Medical University of Warsaw, Ul. Banacha 1, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland; Microbiota Lab, Centre for Preclinical Studies, Medical University of Warsaw, Ul. Banacha 1b, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Phaseaoli pericarpium (bean pods) is a pharmacopeial plant material traditionally used as a diuretic and antidiabetic agents. Diuretic activity of pod extracts was reported first in 1608. Since then Phaseoli pericarpium tea figures in many textbooks as medicinal plant material used by patients. Read More

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Antioxidant Food Components for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases: Effects, Mechanisms, and Clinical Studies.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 28;2021:6627355. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have gained increasing attention because of their high prevalence and mortality worldwide. Epidemiological studies revealed that intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and cereals could reduce the risk of CVDs, and their antioxidants are considered as the main contributors. Moreover, experimental studies showed that some antioxidant natural products and their bioactive compounds exerted beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, anthocyanins, epigallocatechin gallate, quercetin, rutin, and puerarin. Read More

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January 2021

Morus alba leaves ethanol extract protects pancreatic islet cells against dysfunction and death by inducing autophagy in type 2 diabetes.

Phytomedicine 2021 Mar 28;83:153478. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of New Drug Research and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, China. Electronic address:

Background: Protection of pancreatic islet cells against dysfunction or death by regulating autophagy is considered to be an effective method for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Morus alba leaves (mulberry leaves), a popular herbal medicine, have been used for prevention of T2DM since ancient times.

Purpose: This study aimed to clarify whether Morus alba leaves ethanol extract (MLE) could protect islet cells in vivo and in vitro by regulating autophagy in T2DM, and explore the possible mechanism of action. Read More

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Diabetes-induced auditory complications: are they preventable? a comprehensive review of interventions.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pich-e-Shemiran, Enghelab Avenue, 0098, Tehran, Iran.

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, which, over time, lead to major chronic complications in various organs of the body. A growing body of research suggests that diabetes could also result in degenerative changes in the auditory system. To date, several attempts have been made to prevent and reduce diabetes-induced auditory complications. Read More

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February 2021

Proniosomal Gel for Topical Delivery of Rutin: Preparation, Physicochemical Characterization and In Vitro Toxicological Profile Using 3D Reconstructed Human Epidermis Tissue and 2D Cells.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Jan 10;10(1). Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Research Center for Pharmaco-Toxicological Evaluations, Faculty of Pharmacy, "Victor Babeș" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, Eftimie Murgu Square No. 2, 300041 Timișoara, Romania.

Rutin (Rut) is a natural flavonol, well-known for its broad-spectrum of therapeutic effects, including antioxidant and antitumoral activities; still, it has a reduced clinical outcome due to its limited solubility in aqueous solutions. To overcome this drawback, this study proposes a novel formulation for rutin as a proniosomal gel for cutaneous applications. The gel was prepared by coacervation phase-separation method and complies with the standard requirements in terms of particle size (140. Read More

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January 2021

Flavones, Flavonols, and Glycosylated Derivatives-Impact on Growth and Virulence, Expression of and , Cytotoxicity.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2020 Dec 30;14(1). Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Plant Physiology, Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković", National Institute of Republic of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Despota Stefana 142, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Due to the high incidence of fungal infections worldwide, there is an increasing demand for the development of novel therapeutic approaches. A wide range of natural products has been extensively studied, with considerable focus on flavonoids. The antifungal capacity of selected flavones (luteolin, apigenin), flavonols (quercetin), and their glycosylated derivatives (quercitrin, isoquercitrin, rutin, and apigetrin) along with their impact on genes encoding efflux pumps () and ergosterol biosynthesis enzyme () has been the subject of this study. Read More

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December 2020

Antioxidant, Anti-tyrosinase, Anti-α-amylase, and Cytotoxic Potentials of the Invasive Weed .

Plants (Basel) 2020 Dec 31;10(1). Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering Program, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739-8529, Japan.

is an invasive weed that seriously threatens agricultural production and economics worldwide. In this research, dried aerial parts of were extracted, applying Soxhlet and liquid-liquid phase methods to acquire the total crude (T-Anvi), hexane (H-Anvi), ethyl acetate (E-Anvi), butanol (B-Anvi), and water (W-Anvi) extracts, respectively. In which, T-Anvi contains the highest total phenolic and flavonoid contents (24. Read More

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December 2020

Moringa oleifera modulates cholinergic and purinergic enzymes activity in BV-2 microglial cells.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 04 4;36(4):627-638. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Center for Rural Sciences, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, 97105-900, Brazil.

Microglia are immune cells that are resident in central nervous system. Activation of microglial cells are detrimental to the survival of neurons. Thus, prevention of microglia activation and/or protection against microglia activation could be potential therapeutic strategy towards the management of inflammation-mediated neurodegenerative diseases. Read More

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Traditional Chinese medicine network pharmacology study on exploring the mechanism of Xuebijing Injection in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019.

Chin J Nat Med 2020 Dec;18(12):941-951

School of Science, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 211198, China. Electronic address:

As a representative drug for the treatment of severe community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis, Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is also one of the recommended drugs for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but its treatment mechanism for COVID-19 is still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential mechanism of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19 employing network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The corresponding target genes of 45 main active ingredients in XBJ injection and COVID-19 were obtained by using multiple database retrieval and literature mining. Read More

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December 2020

Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC: Evaluation of chemical constituents, oral safety, gastroprotective activity, and mechanism of action of its hydroethanolic extract.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Mar 19;268:113597. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Adamawa State University (ADSU), Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Abuja, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC is a seasonal herb with a spicy smell that grows wild in wet grounds of tropical Africa and Asia. The plant is used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases; that includes its use to treat gastric ulcers.

Aim Of The Study: This study aimed to investigate the chemical constituents of the hydroethanolic extract of Sphaeranthus senegalensis DC and evaluate its oral safety, gastroprotective activity, and mechanisms of action using laboratory models in rats and mice. Read More

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Network pharmacology for the identification of phytochemicals in traditional Chinese medicine for COVID-19 that may regulate interleukin-6.

Biosci Rep 2021 01;41(1)

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200001, China.

Objective: ´Three formulas and three medicines,' namely, Jinhua Qinggan Granule, Lianhua Qingwen Capsule, Xuebijing Injection, Qingfei Paidu Decoction, HuaShi BaiDu Formula, and XuanFei BaiDu Granule, were proven to be effective for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment. The present study aimed to identify the active chemical constituents of this traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and investigate their mechanisms through interleukin-6 (IL-6) integrating network pharmacological approaches.

Methods: We collected the compounds from all herbal ingredients of the previously mentioned TCM, but those that could down-regulate IL-6 were screened through the network pharmacology approach. Read More

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January 2021

Antioxidant effects and in vitro cytotoxicity on human cancer cell lines of flavonoid-rich Flamboyant (Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf.) flower extract.

Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2020 Oct 29. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Burapha University, 169 Long-haad Bangsaen Road, Saensook, Mueng, Chonburi 20131. Thailand.

Background: Cancer is a noncommunicable disease with increasing incidence and mortality rates both worldwide and in Thailand. Its apparent lack of effective treatments is posing challenging public health issues.

Introduction: Encouraging research results indicating probable anti-cancer properties of the Delonix regia flower extract (DRE) have prompted us to evaluate the feasibility of developing a type of product for future cancer prevention or treatment. Read More

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October 2020

The anticancer potential of the dietary polyphenol rutin: Current status, challenges, and perspectives.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020 Oct 15:1-28. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Biotechnology and Food Engineering Program, Guangdong Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Shantou, China.

Rutin is one of the most common dietary polyphenols found in vegetables, fruits, and other plants. It is metabolized by the mammalian gut microbiota and absorbed from the intestines, and becomes bioavailable in the form of conjugated metabolites. Rutin exhibits a plethora of bioactive properties, making it an extremely promising phytochemical. Read More

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October 2020

Citrus Flavonoids as Promising Phytochemicals Targeting Diabetes and Related Complications: A Systematic Review of In Vitro and In Vivo Studies.

Nutrients 2020 Sep 23;12(10). Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Research Center for Plants and Human Health, Institute of Urban Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Chengdu 600103, China.

The consumption of plant-based food is important for health promotion, especially concerning the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Flavonoids are the main bioactive compounds in citrus fruits, with multiple beneficial effects, especially antidiabetic effects. We systematically review the potential antidiabetic action and molecular mechanisms of citrus flavonoids based on in vitro and in vivo studies. Read More

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September 2020

Hop Extract: An Efficacious Antimicrobial and Anti-biofilm Agent Against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococci Strains and .

Front Microbiol 2020 13;11:1852. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

LAQV/REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química e Bioquímica, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Bacteria belonging to genus, in particular methicillin-resistant and multidrug-resistant , together with are the main strains involved in skin disease. The increase in multidrug-resistant bacteria has revived attention on natural compounds as alternative agents for the treatment management. Among these, hop extract, a hydroalcoholic solution obtained from experimental crops of L. Read More

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Antiviral Properties of Flavonoids and Delivery Strategies.

Nutrients 2020 Aug 21;12(9). Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Section of Biochemistry and Biotechnologies, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, 61029 Urbino, Italy.

This review summarizes the latest advancements in phytochemicals as functional antiviral agents. We focused on flavonoids, like apigenin, vitexin, quercetin, rutin and naringenin, which have shown a wide range of biological effects including antiviral activities. The molecular mechanisms of their antiviral effects mainly consist in the inhibition of viral neuraminidase, proteases and DNA/RNA polymerases, as well as in the modification of various viral proteins. Read More

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Targeting Multiple Signaling Pathways in Cancer: The Rutin Therapeutic Approach.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Aug 14;12(8). Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Bradenton, FL 34211, USA.

Multiple dysregulated signaling pathways are implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer. The conventional therapies used in cancer prevention/treatment suffer from low efficacy, considerable toxicity, and high cost. Hence, the discovery and development of novel multi-targeted agents to attenuate the dysregulated signaling in cancer is of great importance. Read More

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Prevention effect of quercetin and its glycosides on obesity and hyperglycemia through activating AMPKα in high-fat diet-fed ICR mice.

J Clin Biochem Nutr 2020 Jul 5;67(1):74-83. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Agrobioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.

Quercetin and its glycosides possess various health beneficial functions, but comparative study of them on energy metabolism in different tissues are not well studied. In this study, we investigated AMP-activated protein kinase regulated glucose metabolism in the skeletal muscle and lipid metabolism in the white adipose tissue and liver to compare the effectiveness of quercetin and its glycosides, namely isoquercitrin, rutin, and enzymatically modified isoquercitrin, in male ICR mice. The mice were fed a standard or high-fat diet supplemented with 0. Read More

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Effect of Nakai Leaf Flavonoids on the Prevention of Esophageal Cancer in C57BL/6J Mice by Regulating the IL-17 Signaling Pathway.

Onco Targets Ther 2020 17;13:6987-6996. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhengzhou Key Laboratory of Surgical Treatment for End-Stage Lung Diseases, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450003, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Background: The aim of this study was to observe the preventive effect of flavonoids extracted from Nakai leaves (FMANL) on esophageal cancer in mice, especially the ability of FMANL to regulate the interleukin 17 (IL-17) signaling pathway during this process.

Materials And Methods: The C57BL/6J mice were treated with 4-nitroquinoline -oxide (4NQO) to induce esophageal cancer, and the visceral tissue index and the serum and esophageal tissue indexes of mice were used to verify the effect of FMANL.

Results: The experimental results showed that FMANL can effectively control the changes in visceral tissue caused by esophageal cancer. Read More

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A combined prophylactic modality of podophyllotoxin and rutin alleviates radiation induced injuries to the lymphohematopoietic system of mice by modulating cytokines, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis.

Free Radic Res 2020 Jul 11;54(7):497-516. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Division of Radiation Biosciences, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), DRDO, Delhi, India.

The present study was conceptualized to delineate radioprotective efficacy of a formulation G-003M (a combination of podophyllotoxin and rutin) against radiation-induced damage to the lymphohematopoietic system of mice. C57BL/6J mice, treated with G-003M 1 h prior to 9 Gy lethal dose, were assessed for reactive oxygen species (ROS)/nitric oxide (NO) generation, antioxidant alterations, Annexin V/PI and TUNEL staining for apoptosis, modulation of apoptotic proteins, cell proliferation, histological alterations in thymus and cell cycle arrest in bone marrow cells. Induction of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocytes macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-IL-6, IL-10, IL-1α, and IL-1β in response to G-003M was also evaluated in different groups of mice. Read More

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Varicose veins and occupational health: symptoms, treatment and prevention.

Rev Bras Med Trab 2019 1;17(4):589-593. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, Master's in Health Organization Management - Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil. Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine Master's in Health Organization Management Brazil.

The aim of the present study was to perform a literature review about the symptoms, treatment and prevention of varicose veins (VV) within the occupational medicine setting. I reviewed scientific articles, books, master's and doctoral dissertations and synthesized the results of quantitative and qualitative studies. I further retrieved information from Brazilian federal government occupational health websites. Read More

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December 2019

Supplementation with Whey Protein, Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Polyphenols Combined with Electrical Muscle Stimulation Increases Muscle Strength in Elderly Adults with Limited Mobility: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Nutrients 2020 Jun 23;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Age-related sarcopenia is a progressive and generalized skeletal muscle disorder associated with adverse outcomes. Herein, we evaluate the effects of a combination of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) and a whey-based nutritional supplement (with or without polyphenols and fish oil-derived omega-3 fatty acids) on muscle function and size. Free-living elderly participants with mobility limitations were included in this study. Read More

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Role of Rutin in 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis: Prevention of Histological Damage and Reduction of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress.

Molecules 2020 Jun 17;25(12). Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Morphology, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, s/n Delmiro of Farias Street, Porangabuçu Campus, Fortaleza 60416-030, Brazil.

Intestinal mucositis, characterized by inflammatory and/or ulcerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract, occurs due to cellular and tissue damage following treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Rutin (RUT), a natural flavonoid extracted from , exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, and gastroprotective properties. However, the effect of RUT on inflammatory processes in the intestine, especially on mucositis promoted by antineoplastic agents, has not yet been reported. Read More

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Nanoformulated Ajwa (Phoenix Dactylifera) Bioactive Compounds Improve the Safety of Doxorubicin without Compromising its Anticancer Efficacy in Breast Cancer.

Molecules 2020 Jun 3;25(11). Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA.

One of the major causes of women's death in the world is breast cancer. Consequently, numerous regimens for the control of this severe disease have been created. The chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) is frequently used to treat breast cancer, but DOX can also cause cardiotoxic effects that lead to heart failure. Read More

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